Respiratory factors do not limit maximal symptom-limited exercise in patients with mild cystic fibrosis lung disease.

Abstract:

:To evaluate whether respiratory factors limit exercise capacity in patients with mild cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease (mean FEV(1) = 76 +/- 7.7% predicted) we stressed the respiratory system of seven patients using added dead space (V(D)). Primary outcomes were exercise duration (Ex(dur)) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)). Dyspnoea/leg-discomfort were assessed at end-exercise. Ex(dur) was identical between control and V(D) studies (520 +/- 152 versus 511 +/ -166 s, p = NS) as was VO(2max)(1.6 +/- 0.5 versus 1.6 +/- 0.6 L/min, p = NS). Significant resting, sub-maximal and maximal workload increases in minute ventilation (V(E)) were detected (70.8 +/- 13.7 versus 79.5 +/- 16.9 L/min, p < 0.05). Analysis of breathing pattern revealed increases in V(E) were attributable to increases in tidal volume (2.0 +/- 0.5 versus 2.2 +/- 0.6 L, p < 0.05) with no change in respiratory frequency. There was no difference in dyspnoea/leg discomfort between tests. The increase in V(E) in response to V(D), with no change in [Exdur/VO(2max) suggests maximal symptom-limited exercise limitation is not primarily limited by respiratory factors in mild CF lung disease. Focused investigation and treatment of non-respiratory factors contributing to exercise limitation may improve exercise rehabilitation in this patient group.

authors

Dodd JD,Barry SC,Gallagher CG

doi

10.1016/j.resp.2005.08.003

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-06-01 00:00:00

pages

176-85

issue

2

eissn

1569-9048

issn

1878-1519

pii

S1569-9048(05)00210-7

journal_volume

152

pub_type

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