Overcoming Target Driven Fratricide for T Cell Therapy.

Abstract:

:Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cells expressing the fusion of the NKG2D protein with CD3ζ (NKG2D-CAR T Cells) acquire a specificity for stress-induced ligands expressed on hematological and solid cancers. However, these stress ligands are also transiently expressed by activated T cells implying that NKG2D-based T cells may undergo self-killing (fratricide) during cell manufacturing or during the freeze thaw cycle prior to infusion in patients. To avoid target-driven fratricide and enable the production of NKG2D-CAR T cells for clinical application, two distinct approaches were investigated. The first focused upon the inclusion of a Phosphoinositol-3-Kinase inhibitor (LY294002) into the production process. A second strategy involved the inclusion of antibody blockade of NKG2D itself. Both processes impacted T cell fratricide, albeit at different levels with the antibody process being the most effective in terms of cell yield. While both approaches generated comparable NKG2D-CAR T cells, there were subtle differences, for example in differentiation status, that were fine-tuned through the phasing of the inhibitor and antibody during culture in order to generate a highly potent NKG2D-CAR T cell product. By means of targeted inhibition of NKG2D expression or generic inhibition of enzyme function, target-driven CAR T fratricide can be overcome. These strategies have been incorporated into on-going clinical trials to enable a highly efficient and reproducible manufacturing process for NKG2D-CAR T cells.

journal_name

Front Immunol

journal_title

Frontiers in immunology

authors

Breman E,Demoulin B,Agaugué S,Mauën S,Michaux A,Springuel L,Houssa J,Huberty F,Jacques-Hespel C,Marchand C,Marijsse J,Nguyen T,Ramelot N,Violle B,Daro D,De Waele P,Gilham DE,Steenwinckel V

doi

10.3389/fimmu.2018.02940

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-12 00:00:00

pages

2940

issn

1664-3224

journal_volume

9

pub_type

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