Interleukin-6 in Schizophrenia-Is There a Therapeutic Relevance?

Abstract:

:Renewing interest in immune aspects of schizophrenia and new findings about the brain-fat axis encourage us to discuss the possible role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in schizophrenia. Previously, it was suggested that a primary alteration of the innate immune system may be relevant in schizophrenia. Functional dichotomy of IL-6 suggests that this chemical messenger may be responsible for regulating the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory responses, with tissue-specific properties at the periphery and in the central nervous system. Specific phase of this chronic and deteriorating disorder must be considered, which can involve IL-6 in acute or possible chronic inflammation and/or autoimmunity. We give an overview of IL-6 role in the onset and progression of this disorder, also considering cognitive impairment and metabolic changes in patients with schizophrenia. Data suggest that decreased serum level of IL-6 following antipsychotic therapy could be predisposing factor for the development of obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders in schizophrenia. As we reviewed, the IL-6 plays significant role in disease genesis and progression, so the use of specific inhibitors may not only be beneficial for exacerbation and alleviation of positive symptoms, but may attenuate cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia.

journal_name

Front Psychiatry

journal_title

Frontiers in psychiatry

authors

Borovcanin MM,Jovanovic I,Radosavljevic G,Pantic J,Minic Janicijevic S,Arsenijevic N,Lukic ML

doi

10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00221

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-11-06 00:00:00

pages

221

issn

1664-0640

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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