Are fashion models a group at risk for eating disorders and substance abuse?


BACKGROUND:Few studies to date have investigated whether in fact the prevalence of eating disorders (ED) and/or use of illicit drugs is higher among models than among other groups of females. METHOD:A group of 63 professional fashion models of various nationalities were studied by means of self-reported questionnaires. They were compared with a control group of 126 female subjects recruited from the general population. RESULTS:Fashion models weigh significantly less than controls, but only a small percentage of them uses unhealthy methods to control their weight. The current frequency of full-syndrome ED did not differ between the groups, but partial-syndrome ED were significantly more common among fashion models than among controls. Current substance use or alcohol abuse was reported by 35% of fashion models and 12% of controls. CONCLUSION:Our findings suggest that fashion models are more at risk for partial ED and use of illicit drugs than females in the general population.


Psychother Psychosom


Santonastaso P,Mondini S,Favaro A




Has Abstract


2002-05-01 00:00:00














  • A study of somatopsychic vulnerability in encopretic children.

    abstract::In this article the results of a study to determine the degree of somatopsychic vulnerability in children with encopresis are discussed. A checklist was constructed for the registration of somatic and functional data relevant to encopresis. Twenty-five children with encopresis were compared with a control group. The e...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wolters WH,Wauters EA

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy improves polysomnographic and subjective sleep profiles in antidepressant users with sleep complaints.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many antidepressant medications (ADM) are associated with disruptions in sleep continuity that can compromise medication adherence and impede successful treatment. The present study investigated whether mindfulness meditation (MM) training could improve self-reported and objectively measured polysomnographic...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Britton WB,Haynes PL,Fridel KW,Bootzin RR

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alexithymia and psychopathology in patients with psychiatric and functional gastrointestinal disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alexithymia and psychopathology may influence the way individuals experience psychological distress and somatic symptoms. This study evaluated patients referred to psychiatric and gastroenterologic outpatient settings in order to investigate the levels of alexithymia and psychopathology, and the possible rol...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Porcelli P,Affatati V,Bellomo A,De Carne M,Todarello O,Taylor GJ

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Inverse and direct cancer comorbidity in people with central nervous system disorders: a meta-analysis of cancer incidence in 577,013 participants of 50 observational studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a lack of scientific consensus about cancer comorbidity in people with central nervous system (CNS) disorders. This study assesses the co-occurrence of cancers in patients with CNS disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), autism spectrum disorders, Down's s...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Catalá-López F,Suárez-Pinilla M,Suárez-Pinilla P,Valderas JM,Gómez-Beneyto M,Martinez S,Balanzá-Martínez V,Climent J,Valencia A,McGrath J,Crespo-Facorro B,Sanchez-Moreno J,Vieta E,Tabarés-Seisdedos R

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological adaptation to isolator therapy in acute leukaemia.

    abstract::Treatment under conditions of gnotobiotic isolation can augment the stress of adaptation to a diagnosis of leukaemia. Identification of the psychological problems experienced in isolator treatment can contribute to the effective maintenance of therapy. Individual patterns of adjustment to treatment relate to the psych...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gordon AM

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term dynamic psychotherapy. I. The Oslo group's form to score outcome, the reliability testing of this form and observer characteristics.

    abstract::The aim of short-term dynamic psychotherapy is, through working with a central conflict and transference reactions, to obtain lasting changes based on cognitive and emotional understanding of the main dynamics of the central conflict, called insight. The aim of the present study was to construct a follow-up form that ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husby R,Dahl AA,Dahl CI,Heiberg AN,Olafsen OM,Weisaeth L

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Inpatient versus day clinic treatment for bulimia nervosa: a randomized trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In bulimia nervosa, more intense treatments are recommended if outpatient treatment fails. This is the first randomized controlled trial comparing the options of inpatient versus day clinic treatment. METHOD:Patients with severe bulimia nervosa were randomly assigned to inpatient or day clinic treatment of ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zeeck A,Weber S,Sandholz A,Wetzler-Burmeister E,Wirsching M,Hartmann A

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life measurements in chronic disorders.

    abstract::The political or ecological concept of quality of life refers to irreplaceable aspects of life. The health-related quality of life concept has the same impact of considering the irreplaceable (idiographic) aspects of treatment outcome in patients with chronic disorders. When comparing the different attempts to measure...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bech P

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychoneuroendocrinology of stress and emotions: issues for future research.

    abstract::It is stated that much psychoneuroendocrinological research is carried out that lacks a theoretical framework and therefore adds little to our current knowledge. Therefore, five research issues have been presented which need further exploration: (1) the temporal relation between subjective and biological stress respon...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vingerhoets AJ,Assies J

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Borderlines: problems of self and object separation.

    abstract::The borderline has deficiencies in the capacity to maintain stable self and object representations and in establishing 'emotional separateness' from others. In order to create and maintain a 'propitious treatment situation' and a 'therapeutic alliance' the therapist must work with unusual sensitivity and repetitivenes...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leibovich MA

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long-Term and Short-Term Antidepressant Use in General Practice: Data from a Large Cohort in the Netherlands.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Antidepressant use is highly prevalent. Research has mainly focused on efficacy during short periods of use for depression and anxiety. There is a relative paucity of data regarding the frequency of long-term use. METHODS:To determine the prevalence and possible increase of long-term use of antidepressants ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huijbregts KM,Hoogendoorn A,Slottje P,van Balkom AJLM,Batelaan NM

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Language acquisition in relation to cumulative posttraumatic stress disorder symptom load over time in a sample of re-settled refugees.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and dissociation as well as cumulative symptom load on language learning during the introduction phase in re-settled refugees. METHOD:Participants were re-settled refugees of Iraqi origin. They were assessed by means of a st...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Söndergaard HP,Theorell T

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Explicit incestuous motifs and emotional crises in psychosomatic patients.

    abstract::This paper examines the emergence of incestuous motifs in the first four interviews of 50 people seeking psychotherapy. Results show a percentage (6%) which is neither relevant nor specific for any kind of diagnosis. The progress in psychotherapy of two groups of 8 patients, psychosomatic + neurotic respectively, is t...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pasini A,Callea G

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between disturbed eating behavior and other psychosomatic symptoms in adolescents.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There has been relatively little research on subthreshold eating disorders and factors which might promote their transition to eating disorders. METHODS:A sample consisting of 1,944 Swiss adolescents of both sexes, 14-19 years of age, was investigated for eating behavior (EAT-26), psychological (SCL-90-R) a...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buddeberg-Fischer B,Bernet R,Schmid J,Buddeberg C

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Intact physiological response to arousal with impaired emotional recognition in alexithymia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between the recognition of emotion and physiological response to emotion (i.e. arousal) in alexithymia. METHODS:This study investigated differences in physiological arousal state, as measured by continuous heart rate, electrodermal activity (E...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone LA,Nielson KA

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional aspects of hyperprolactinemia.

    abstract::Patients with hyperprolactinemia often present with emotional difficulties. These occasionally persist even after successful treatment. Insight into the roots of their diseased state makes a difference in the handling of all cases, but becomes crucial in the not-so-rare situations in which the normalization of hormona...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sobrinho LG

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective and objective assessments of medical comorbidity in chronic depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While the extent of medical comorbidity in depressive illness is widely recognised, there have been few studies where objective and subjective assessment of comorbidity in chronic depression have been made. The aim of this study was to determine the extent and nature of medical comorbidity, in terms of both ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schrader GD

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Circadian blood pressure patterns and life stress.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Scarce data are available on the influence of psychological aspects on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure patterns either in normotensive or hypertensive subjects. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between psychological profile and changes in daytime/nighttime blood pressure rhythm. METHOD...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fallo F,Barzon L,Rabbia F,Navarrini C,Conterno A,Veglio F,Cazzaro M,Fava GA,Sonino N

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Training general practitioners in the treatment of functional somatic symptoms: effects on patient health in a cluster-randomised controlled trial (the Functional Illness in Primary Care study).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with medically unexplained or functional somatic symptoms (FSS) are prevalent in primary care. In this pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial we aimed to test the effect of a training programme (The Extended Reattribution and Management model) for general practitioners (GPs) in the treatment ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Toft T,Rosendal M,Ørnbøl E,Olesen F,Frostholm L,Fink P

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Body awareness and personality.

    abstract::The relation between personality characteristics and body awareness, defined as the attention paid to different body zones and measured by means of the Fisher Body Focus Questionnaire, is examined in two ways in groups of medical and dental students: (1) Our results replicate fairly well the relation, reported by Fish...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vinck J

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • An exploratory study into the effect of group psychotherapy on cardiovascular and immunoreactivity to acute stress in breast cancer patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:: Previous studies of cancer patients investigated the effect of psychological treatment on basal endocrine and immune values. Using a randomized experiment, we explored the effect of a 13-week experiential-existential group psychotherapy (EEGP) program on the reactivity to a speech task in breast cancer pat...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: van der Pompe G,Antoni MH,Duivenvoorden HJ,de Graeff A,Simonis RF,van der Vegt SG,Heijnen CJ

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Financial ties between DSM-IV panel members and the pharmaceutical industry.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Increasing attention has been given to the transparency of potential conflicts of interest in clinical medicine and biomedical sciences, particularly in journal publishing and science advisory panels. The authors examined the degree and type of financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry of panel members r...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cosgrove L,Krimsky S,Vijayaraghavan M,Schneider L

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Different models of analytic group psychotherapy. A comparative survey.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to reflect on and to compare various psychoanalytic models which are used in the conceptualisation of the processes occurring in small psychotherapeutic groups. Three tendencies are roughly differentiated: (1) the tendency to analyse the individual patient in the group (Slavson, Wolfson an...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verhaest S,Pierloot R

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Depression after surgery for breast cancer. Comparison of mastectomy and lumpectomy.

    abstract::The impact of the loss of the breast in women undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer is subordinated to the confrontation with the diagnosis of a malignancy in causing depression. The equal distribution of depression in mastectomy and in lumpectomy patients supports the hypothesis that it is the confrontation...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Heeringen C,Van Moffaert M,de Cuypere G

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biofeedback and behavioral approaches in Japan.

    abstract::A number of studies and case histories involving the use of biofeedback and behavioral approaches throughout Japan have been selected from Japanese journals and summarized. Areas of biofeedback research covered are experimental, clinical and psychological/educational. The behavioral approaches mentioned have been limi...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ishikawa H,Robinson A

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • The psychosomatic theory of bronchial asthma.

    abstract::The author discusses the development of the psychosomatic asthma theory as a paradigm of theory formation in psychomatic medicine. The first formulation of the theory was based on clinical and psychiatric observations. It was tested by psychological, physiological and experimental methods and as a result was reformula...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Groen JJ

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • How are women sicker than men? An overview of psychosomatic problems in women.

    abstract::An overview is presented of psychosomatic problems in women - the epidemiology, physiology and psychology. Surveys of sickness rates in women and psychological studies are used as a basis of speculation about higher female morbidity rates. Theories of psychosomatic illness, the somatic concomitants of hysteria and ale...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Apfel RJ

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Compliance.

    abstract::Compliance is an ancient topic subjected to intense recent scrutiny as a result of scientific and social changes which focus on lifestyle adjustment to chronic illness and emphasize increasing patient involvement in self-care. Difficulties in definition, measurement and research design as well as the complexity of the...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Blackwell B

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy versus Escitalopram in Chronic Major Depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A specific psychotherapy for chronic depression, the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP), was compared to escitalopram (ESC). METHODS:Sixty patients with chronic major depression were randomized to 'CBASP' (22 sessions) or 'ESC plus clinical management' (ESC/CM) at two treatment si...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schramm E,Zobel I,Schoepf D,Fangmeier T,Schnell K,Walter H,Drost S,Schmidt P,Brakemeier EL,Berger M,Normann C

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does It Matter Who Provides Psychological Interventions for Medically Unexplained Symptoms? A Meta-Analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are difficult to treat and cause high health-care costs. Psychological interventions might be a beneficial option for treating patients with MUS, but evidence is inconsistent. This meta-analysis compares the effectiveness of psychological interventions for M...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Gerger H,Hlavica M,Gaab J,Munder T,Barth J

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00