Factor analysis of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale: elucidation of a polythetic construct.


:The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) offers a reliable method to measure alexithymia, a personality construct describing individuals endorsing the inability to identify and report emotions, processing a minimal fantasy life, utilizing an analytic cognitive style, and tending to somatize. Utilizing four cohorts of both patients and controls, a three-factor solution emerged from a principal-components analysis utilizing a varimax rotation. The factors of inability to identify and report feelings, an analytic cognitive style, and paucity of fantasy life were independent and internally reliable. These data are reviewed in the context of previous research and offer three subscales for future investigations utilizing the Toronto Alexithymia Scale.


Psychother Psychosom


Mann LS,Wise TN,Shay L




Has Abstract


1992-01-01 00:00:00












  • Graves'disease after the onset of panic disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is still unknown whether anxiety disorders observed in Graves' disease are a consequence of increased thyroid hormone levels or precede the onset of Graves' disease. METHODS:Two case reports are described. RESULTS:In 2 patients Graves' disease occurred in the setting of previously established euthyroid ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matsubayashi S,Tamaí H,Matsumoto Y,Tamagawa K,Mukuta T,Morita T,Kubo C

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does It Matter Who Provides Psychological Interventions for Medically Unexplained Symptoms? A Meta-Analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are difficult to treat and cause high health-care costs. Psychological interventions might be a beneficial option for treating patients with MUS, but evidence is inconsistent. This meta-analysis compares the effectiveness of psychological interventions for M...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Gerger H,Hlavica M,Gaab J,Munder T,Barth J

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • The medical-psychiatric unit: a novel psychosomatic approach.

    abstract::A retrospective chart review of 600 general hospital patients, of whom 200 had been admitted to a medical-psychiatric unit, 200 to a conventional psychiatric unit and 200 to medical-surgical units, and for whom psychiatric consultation had been requested, disclosed significant differences in the patient populations of...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fava GA,Wise TN,Molnar G,Zielezny M

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long-Term Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Routine Outpatient Care: A 5- to 20-Year Follow-Up Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Long-term follow-ups several years after receiving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are scarce and most of the existing literature describes follow-up data of randomized-controlled trials. Thus, very little is known about the long-term effects of CBT in routine care. METHODS:We investigated psychological f...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Brachel R,Hirschfeld G,Berner A,Willutzki U,Teismann T,Cwik JC,Velten J,Schulte D,Margraf J

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosomatic aspects of hyperprolactinemia.

    abstract::A review of some recent studies on the psychosomatic aspects of hyperprolactinemia is presented. Women seem to be more prone to suffer from the behavioral effects of prolactin than males. Women with hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea rated themselves significantly more hostile, more depressed and more anxious than women wi...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fava M,Fava GA,Kellner R,Buckman MT,Lisansky J,Serafini E,DeBesi L,Mastrogiacomo I

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Schalling-Sifneos personality scale: findings and recommendations.

    abstract::Noting concerns for the measurement of alexithymia, the present study attempted (1) to provide descriptive data on the Schalling - Sifneos Personality Scale ( SSPS ); (2) to replicate previous factor-analytic findings on the SSPS , and (3) to suggest an alternative to the present method of scoring the SSPS . A sample ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin JB,Pihl RO,Dobkin P

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Work environment, skills utilization and health of Swedish nurses--results from a national questionnaire study.

    abstract::Nurses make up a considerable proportion of the Swedish health care staff. Few nationally representative studies of their work environment and health, however, have been published. The present questionnaire study on work conditions, skill utilization, health and well-being of a national representative sample of 3,500 ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petterson IL,Arnetz BB,Arnetz JE,Hörte LG

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alexithymia and somatic conditions in patients with affective illnesses during lithium prophylaxis.

    abstract::The personality trait of alexithymia was assessed in 95 patients (35 male, 60 female) with affective illnesses, receiving lithium prophylactically, by means of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale (SSPS). The mean SSPS score was similar to that of the healthy population: only 8 patients had a score below 50 points. No ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rybakowski JK,Dyson WL,Amsterdam JD

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Normal and pathological aging of attention in presymptomatic Huntington's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's Disease, and nondemented elderly subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Attention models view attention as having at least two components: endogenous attention defined as executive and directed by voluntary acts, and exogenous attention defined as automatic and directed by external stimulation. METHODS:Three studies (2 of our own) were designed to evaluate the decline of these ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peretti CS,Ferreri F,Blanchard F,Bakchine S,Peretti CR,Dobrescu A,Chouinard VA,Chouinard G

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Compliance.

    abstract::Compliance is an ancient topic subjected to intense recent scrutiny as a result of scientific and social changes which focus on lifestyle adjustment to chronic illness and emphasize increasing patient involvement in self-care. Difficulties in definition, measurement and research design as well as the complexity of the...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Blackwell B

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hyperprolactinaemia as a result of immaturity or regression: the concept of maternal subroutine. A new model of psychoendocrine interactions.

    abstract::Pathological hyperprolactinaemia (PH) is significantly associated with: (1) paternal deprivation during childhood, (2) depression, (3) non-specific symptoms including obesity and weight gain. The clinical onset of the symptoms often follows pregnancy or a loss. Prolactin is an insulin antagonist which does not promote...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sobrinho LG,Almeida-Costa JM

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biofeedback and behavioral approaches in Japan.

    abstract::A number of studies and case histories involving the use of biofeedback and behavioral approaches throughout Japan have been selected from Japanese journals and summarized. Areas of biofeedback research covered are experimental, clinical and psychological/educational. The behavioral approaches mentioned have been limi...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ishikawa H,Robinson A

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alexithymia and psychopathology in patients with psychiatric and functional gastrointestinal disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alexithymia and psychopathology may influence the way individuals experience psychological distress and somatic symptoms. This study evaluated patients referred to psychiatric and gastroenterologic outpatient settings in order to investigate the levels of alexithymia and psychopathology, and the possible rol...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Porcelli P,Affatati V,Bellomo A,De Carne M,Todarello O,Taylor GJ

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive dysfunctions in bipolar disorder: evidence of neuropsychological disturbances.

    abstract::Although cognitive dysfunctions in psychosis have classically been associated with schizophrenia, there is clinical evidence that some bipolar patients show cognitive disturbances either during acute phases or in remission periods. The authors critically review the data on cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder. The...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martínez-Arán A,Vieta E,Colom F,Reinares M,Benabarre A,Gastó C,Salamero M

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety and hope during the course of three different medical illnesses: a longitudinal study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Somatic illness and its consequences evoke strong emotions of various kinds. They may affect the course of illness and the treatment results through their physiological components. The purpose of the study was to explore emotional reactions to different kinds of illnesses and changes of these emotions over t...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heszen-Niejodek I,Gottschalk LA,Januszek M

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of patients by DSM-III-R and DSM-IV in a Japanese psychosomatic clinic.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of psychosomatic disorders in Japan. METHODS:A total of 1,432 outpatients (515 males and 917 females; 9-95 years of age, mean age 36) attending a psychosomatic clinic for the first time were assessed by the DSM-III-R or DSM-IV semistructured int...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakao M,Nomura S,Yamanaka G,Kumano H,Kuboki T

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relations between pain, anxiety, mood and muscle tension in chronic pain patients. A correlation study.

    abstract::The relationship between psychological variables, particularly depressed mood and anxiety, and pain has received a good deal of attention. In this study, 16 chronic pain patients rated their mood, anxiety level, pain, muscle tension, and reclining time daily over a period of about 6 weeks. Correlations were calculated...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linton SJ,Götestam KG

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Combined inpatient and outpatient group psychotherapy: a therapeutic model for psychosomatics.

    abstract::A special strategy of psychotherapeutic approach to psychosomatic patients is described including a 3-month period of inpatient and a 2-year period of outpatient group psychotherapy. Additional therapeutic procedures applied during the time of hospitalization are a special kind of sensitivity training ('sensual awaren...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Rad M,Rüppell A

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychoanalytic-Interactional Therapy versus Psychodynamic Therapy by Experts for Personality Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Efficacy-Effectiveness Study in Cluster B Personality Disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With regard to cluster B personality disorders, most psychotherapeutic treatments focus on borderline personality disorder. Evidence-based treatments for patients with other cluster B personality disorders are not yet available. Psychoanalytic-interactional therapy (PIT) represents a transdiagnostic treatmen...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Leichsenring F,Masuhr O,Jaeger U,Rabung S,Dally A,Dümpelmann M,Fricke-Neef C,Steinert C,Streeck U

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of treatments for electromagnetic hypersensitivity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is a poorly understood condition in which patients report symptoms following perceived exposure to weak electromagnetic fields (EMFs) such as those produced by mobile phones or visual display units. Little is known about the aetiology of the condition although experimen...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rubin GJ,Das Munshi J,Wessely S

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of alexithymic characteristics on the self-perception and facial expression of a physiological stress state.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In spite of the connection of alexithymic characteristics to many stress-related disorders, little is known about the effects of these characteristics on the self-perception of stress, which may have functional value in the regulation of daily behavior. The present study assessed the influence of alexithymic...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Näätänen P,Ryynänen A,Keltikangas-Järvinen L

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Increase of medical hospital length of stay by depression in stroke and amputation patients: a pilot study.

    abstract::Past studies have found that medical patients with the diagnosis of depression (comorbidity) have longer hospital lengths of stay (LOS) than those without the diagnosis of depression. This suggested that scores on a depression scale would be positively correlated with LOS. On a rehabilitation ward, 14 stroke and 17 am...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schubert DS,Burns R,Paras W,Sioson E

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cue exposure therapy for the treatment of opiate addiction: results of a randomized controlled clinical trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Persistent cue reactivity to drug-related stimuli is a well-known phenomenon among abstinent drug users and has been found to be a predictor of relapse. Cue exposure therapy (CET) aims to reduce this cue reactivity by exposing abstinent drug users to conditioned drug-related stimuli while preventing their ha...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Marissen MA,Franken IH,Blanken P,van den Brink W,Hendriks VM

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term dynamic psychotherapy. I. The Oslo group's form to score outcome, the reliability testing of this form and observer characteristics.

    abstract::The aim of short-term dynamic psychotherapy is, through working with a central conflict and transference reactions, to obtain lasting changes based on cognitive and emotional understanding of the main dynamics of the central conflict, called insight. The aim of the present study was to construct a follow-up form that ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husby R,Dahl AA,Dahl CI,Heiberg AN,Olafsen OM,Weisaeth L

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reflections on relevance: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics in 2004.

    abstract::Relevance of an article is a highly desirable yet hardly predictable quality at the time of its publication. Article relevance is frequently measured by the impact factor of the journal where the article is published. Furthermore, impact factor, citation index and citation analysis are used as a measure of research pr...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balon R

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Integrating cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy in the treatment and prophylaxis of depression: a novel approach.

    abstract::Psychiatric clinicians frequently prescribe biologic treatments such as antidepressant medication in combination with psychologic treatments such as psychotherapy. In the present article we propose a model integrating antidepressant treatment with Beck's cognitive therapy, a form of psychotherapy with established effi...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pava JA,Fava M,Levenson JA

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial aspects of disease and their management.

    abstract::The pathogenesis of psychosomatic distress is considered. This emphasises interest in aetiology of distress rather than solely of disease. The influence of psychological aspects is as important whether the disease is of known or unknown aetiology, and can be of greater importance in poorer socio-economic circumstances...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aitken C

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Different models of analytic group psychotherapy. A comparative survey.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to reflect on and to compare various psychoanalytic models which are used in the conceptualisation of the processes occurring in small psychotherapeutic groups. Three tendencies are roughly differentiated: (1) the tendency to analyse the individual patient in the group (Slavson, Wolfson an...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verhaest S,Pierloot R

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of the Derogatis Stress Profile using laboratory and real world data.

    abstract::The Derogatis Stress Profile (DSP) is unique among the numerous measures of 'stress' in that it incorporates the interactional model of Lazarus and Folkman in a multidimensional structure. Derogatis has studied the psychometric properties of the DSP but its validity has not been demonstrated in the 'real world' nor ha...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dobkin PL,Pihl RO,Breault C

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Father kills mother: post-traumatic stress disorder in the children.

    abstract::Results of a study of over 100 children whose father killed their mother have been summarized and principles for practice have been formulated. All children orphaned by the death of one parent at the other's hands should be seen as soon as possible in a child psychiatry department and assessed. An immediate crisis int...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Black D,Harris-Hendriks J,Kaplan T

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00