An anti-inflammatory ent-kaurane from the stems of Annona squamosa that inhibits various human neutrophil functions.

Abstract:

:We have previously shown that 11 ent-kauranes isolated from the stems of Annona squamosa exhibited immunomodulating effects in leukocytes. In this study, a cellular model using isolated human neutrophils, which are important in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, ischemia-reperfusion injury, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and other inflammatory diseases, was established in order to elucidate the anti-inflammatory functions of 16beta,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (1). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and granule proteases produced by neutrophils contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Compound 1 inhibited the generation of superoxide anion, the formation of ROS, and the release of elastase in formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP)-activated human neutrophils in a concentration-dependent manner with IC (50) values of 3.95 +/- 0.68, 12.20 +/- 2.16, and 12.52 +/- 2.26 microM, respectively. The anti-inflammatory actions were not attributable to cytotoxicity because incubation of the neutrophils with 1 did not result in lactate dehydrogenase release. Compound 1 did not display antioxidant or superoxide anion-scavenging activity. Furthermore, neither subcellular NADPH oxidase activity nor cAMP-dependent pathways were altered by 1. Compound 1 significantly inhibited rapid calcium release from internal calcium stores induced by FMLP but not by thapsigargin. In summary, the presented results indicate that the inhibitory effects of 1 on respiratory burst and degranulation of human neutrophils are through the inhibition of cytosolic calcium mobilization, but not via the cAMP-dependent pathways.

journal_name

Planta Med

journal_title

Planta medica

authors

Yeh SH,Chang FR,Wu YC,Yang YL,Zhuo SK,Hwang TL

doi

10.1055/s-2005-871234

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2005-10-01 00:00:00

pages

904-9

issue

10

eissn

0032-0943

issn

1439-0221

journal_volume

71

pub_type

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