Health locus of control beliefs and socio-economic differences in self-rated health.


BACKGROUND:Social inequalities in health are well documented in the social epidemiology literature. However, less is known about the mechanisms linking individual and area-level socio-economic status to health. In this paper we examine whether health locus of control (HLC) beliefs can help to explain socio-economic differences in self-rated health using the multidimensional HLC scale. METHODS:Data for this study come from the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Survey (n=10,892). Multilevel modelling was used to examine the variation in HLC beliefs across different socio-demographic groups and levels of neighbourhood socio-economic status, and to investigate whether HLC beliefs mediate the health effects of individual and neighbourhood socio-economic position. RESULTS:This study found that the HLC scales were significantly associated with individual and neighbourhood socio-economic status, as well as with self-rated health. HLC beliefs appeared to mediate some of the health effects of individual socio-economic status and to a lesser extent the health effects of neighbourhood socio-economic status. CONCLUSIONS:Some evidence was found that HLC forms part of the pathway between individual and neighbourhood socio-economic status and health. Future research should further explore the psychological consequences of living in economically deprived conditions, alongside material, social and behavioural processes, and examine how this impacts upon people's health and well-being.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Poortinga W,Dunstan FD,Fone DL




Has Abstract


2008-04-01 00:00:00














  • Telephone counseling as adjuvant treatment for nicotine replacement therapy in a "real-world" setting.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Physicians prescribing nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), or health plans covering NRT, often want their patients to receive adjuvant behavioral treatment. However, how to do that in a "real world" is unclear. This paper reports results from a public health program that uses proactive telephone counseling a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu SH,Tedeschi G,Anderson CM,Rosbrook B,Byrd M,Johnson CE,Gutiérrez-Terrell E

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • Recognition and liking of tobacco and alcohol advertisements among adolescents: relationships with susceptibility to substance use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Exposure to tobacco and alcohol advertising has been associated with adolescent substance use. However, it is not clear whether favorable reactions to advertising are an antecedent to or a consequence of substance use. This study investigated relationships between adolescents' levels of susceptibility to sub...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unger JB,Johnson CA,Rohrbach LA

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • A favorable built environment is associated with better physical fitness in European adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the association between the built environment and physical fitness and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS:The study included 3528 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study. The health-related physical fit...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanhelst J,Béghin L,Salleron J,Ruiz JR,Ortega FB,De Bourdeaudhuij I,Molnar D,Manios Y,Widhalm K,Vicente-Rodriguez G,Mauro B,Moreno LA,Sjöström M,Castillo MJ,Gottrand F,HELENA study group.

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Total quality leadership in the U.S. Navy: effective for health promotion activities?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although the U.S. Navy mandated Total Quality Leadership (TQL) as a management strategy throughout its medical department in the early 1990s, it was unknown to what extent it was being used for health promotion activities and, if so, how effectively. METHODS:A brief mail survey of 204 Navy commands suppleme...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hourani LL,Hurtado SL

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood environment profiles related to physical activity and weight status: a latent profile analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Neighborhood built environments (BE) include combinations of co-existing stimuli influencing physical activity (PA). Dealing with numerous environmental variables and complexity presents a significant challenge. The current analysis explored whether a range of reported BE features associated with adults' phy...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams MA,Sallis JF,Kerr J,Conway TL,Saelens BE,Frank LD,Norman GJ,Cain KL

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Interventions promoting active transport to school in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::The systematic review investigated the effectiveness of active travel (AT) interventions on physical activity and fitness in primary school children. The review assessed intervention effectiveness, design, complexity, and study quality. Searches were conducted in five databases on 30/08/2018. Studies with an AT interv...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Jones RA,Blackburn NE,Woods C,Byrne M,van Nassau F,Tully MA

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Burden of invasive cervical cancer in North Carolina.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Cervical cancer causes over 4000 deaths yearly in the United States, although highly preventable through vaccination, screening, and early treatment. We aimed to determine demographic correlates for cervical cancer in North Carolina to identify target populations for interventions and to create a framework fo...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denslow SA,Knop G,Klaus C,Brewer NT,Rao C,Smith JS

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of worksite physical exercise intervention on physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability among home care workers: five-year follow-up.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effects and constancy of a worksite physical exercise intervention were examined in relation to the physical fitness, perceived health status, and work ability of female service workers during periods of 1 and 5 years. METHODS:The subjects comprised female home care workers divided into an intervention g...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Pohjonen T,Ranta R

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Weight loss competitions at the worksite: how they work and how well.

    abstract::Three studies were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of competition as a method of weight loss at the worksite. Study 1 found team competitions more effective than either cooperation or individual competition for men, and more effective than individual competition for women. Study 2 replicated the effectiveness ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stunkard AJ,Cohen RY,Felix MR

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Influenza vaccination among minority populations in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A large portion of the elderly population of the United States fails to receive an annual influenza vaccination. Minorities may receive disproportionately fewer vaccinations. The objectives of this study were to (a) estimate the levels of influenza vaccination among noninstitutionalized, U.S. citizens, 65 ye...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marin MG,Johanson WG Jr,Salas-Lopez D

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking cessation among coal miners as predicted by baseline respiratory function and symptoms: a 5-year prospective study.

    abstract::A prospective analysis was used to test whether respiratory impairment or the presence of respiratory symptoms predicts 5-year cigarette smoking cessation in a sample of 1,118 U.S. white, male, underground coal miners. Miners were examined in 1977 and re-examined in 1982 by NIOSH, and all miners with test abnormalitie...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ames RG,Hall DS

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of children's dietary interventions with parents as change agents: Application of the RE-AIM framework.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Interventions targeting children's dietary behavior often include strategies that target parents as implementation agents of change, though parent involvement on intervention effectiveness is unclear. The present study systematically assessed (1) reporting of reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schlechter CR,Rosenkranz RR,Guagliano JM,Dzewaltowski DA

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Screen-viewing and the home TV environment: the European Youth Heart Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Examine if home environmental factors are associated with screen-viewing. METHODS:Data are for 2670, 3rd and 9th grade participants in Denmark, Portugal, Estonia and Norway collected between 1997 and 2000. Outcomes were spending >2 h after-school watching television (TV) and >1 h per day playing computer gam...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jago R,Page A,Froberg K,Sardinha LB,Klasson-Heggebø L,Andersen LB

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of active video games on patients' rehabilitative outcomes: A meta-analysis.

    abstract::A meta-analysis on Active Video Games (AVG) as a rehabilitative tool does not appear to be available. This meta-analytic review synthesizes the effectiveness of AVGs on patients' rehabilitative outcomes. Ninety-eight published studies on AVGs and rehabilitation were obtained in late 2015 with 14 meeting the following ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Pope Z,Zeng N,Gao Z

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of Chinese tea on the occurrence of esophageal tumors induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine in rats.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Based on previous studies on the blocking effect of Chinese tea in the formation of N-nitroso compounds in rats and humans, experiments were carried out to study the effects of Chinese tea on the occurrence of esophageal tumors induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBzA) in rats. METHODS:In the first expe...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen J

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of differences in health services utilization for children in Nigerian communities.

    abstract::Health service utilization is an important component of child health promotion. Evidence shows that two-thirds of child deaths in low and middle income countries could be prevented if current interventions were adequately utilized. Aim of this study was to identify determinants of variation in health services utilizat...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adekanmbi VT,Adedokun ST,Taylor-Phillips S,Uthman OA,Clarke A

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence and detection of substance use disorders among inpatients ages 18 to 49: an opportunity for prevention.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have found that substance use disorders are prevalent among inpatients of general medical hospitals. These studies were limited in the validity of their measures, their failure to distinguish between current and lifetime disorders, or their lack of attention to drugs other than alcohol. MET...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown RL,Leonard T,Saunders LA,Papasouliotis O

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Overcoming the challenges of conducting physical activity and built environment research in Latin America: IPEN Latin America.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:There is evidence linking the built environment (BE) with physical activity (PA), but few studies have been conducted in Latin America (LA). State-of-the-art methods and protocols have been designed in and applied in high-income countries (HIC). In this paper, we identify key challenges and potential solution...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salvo D,Reis RS,Sarmiento OL,Pratt M

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol use patterns and risk of diabetes onset in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Cohort.

    abstract::One of the major limitations in studying alcohol's effect on risk for diabetes is the issue of classifying drinking patterns across the life course prior to the onset of diabetes. Furthermore, this research often overlooks important life course risk factors such as obesity and early-life health problems that may compl...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerr WC,Williams E,Li L,Lui CK,Ye Y,Greenfield TK,Lown EA

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of healthy eating habits in low-income black women and Latinas.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few factors related to healthy or unhealthy eating habits in low-income, ethnic minority groups have been identified. In this study, factors associated with healthy and unhealthy eating habits and intent to change eating habits were examined in a sample of low-income Black and Latino women. METHODS:Survey q...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanders-Phillips K

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • A discrete time hazards model of smoking initiation among West Coast youth from age 5 to 23.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify factors associated with age of smoking initiation and distinguish vulnerable periods for initiation according to those factors. METHOD:Discrete time hazards analysis was used to model smoking initiation as a function of age (5-23), demographic and familial influence variables (measured at age 13)...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edelen MO,Tucker JS,Ellickson PL

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patients at elevated risk of melanoma: individual predictors of non-compliance to GP referral for a dermatologist consultation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study is to assess whether patients at elevated risk of melanoma attended a dermatologist consultation after a General Practitioner referral and to determine individual predictors of non-compliance. METHOD:This survey included 1506 high-risk French patients (selected using the Self-Assessment...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rat C,Quereux G,Monegier du Sorbier M,Gaultier A,Bonnaud-Antignac A,Khammari A,Dreno B,Nguyen JM

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • The motivational determinants of breast-feeding: predictors for the continuation of breast-feeding.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to evaluate the motivational determinants of the continuation of breast-feeding until 3 months postpartum. METHODS:A prospective cohort study using the Integrated Change Model in 341 women in 5 child health care centers. RESULTS:At birth, 73% of the mothers started with breast-feed...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kools EJ,Thijs C,Kester AD,de Vries H

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Measles epidemic in Israel-successful containment in the military.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Measles vaccination at ages 12-15 months is a routine part of standard health care in developed countries. Nonetheless, the prevention and control of measles outbreaks remain a challenge, owing to incomplete or variable compliance with immunization programs and primary vaccine failure (approximately 5%). In ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gdalevich M,Ephros M,Mimouni D,Grotto I,Shpilberg O,Eldad A,Ashkenazi I

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • It is possible to help smokers in early motivational stages to quit. The Inter99 study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In a population-based sample of smokers in early motivational stages, we found a high acceptance of smoking cessation groups. METHODS:Inter99 is a randomized population-based intervention study, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Smokers in all motivational stages were included. All participants underwent a lifestyle ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pisinger C,Vestbo J,Borch-Johnsen K,Jørgensen T

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived seriousness of seasonal and A(H1N1) influenzas, attitudes toward vaccination, and vaccine uptake among U.S. adults: does the source of information matter?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We estimated uptake of seasonal and 2009 influenza A(H1N1) vaccine among U.S. adults and assessed their perceptions of the seriousness of both types of influenza and corresponding attitudes toward vaccination during the 2009-2010 influenza season. We further documented how vaccine uptake and attitudes varied ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maurer J,Uscher-Pines L,Harris KM

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Self-reported diabetes and posttraumatic stress disorder among adults in the community.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the association between self-reported diabetes and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adults in the community and to investigate the specificity of this link. METHOD:Data were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), a household probability sample of adults ages 15-54 in the Uni...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goodwin RD,Davidson JR

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence of the dose effects of an antitobacco counteradvertising campaign.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objectives were to assess the cumulative effects of exposure to multiple antitobacco advertisements shown over a 22-month period on smoking uptake, and determine if there is evidence of a dose effect and how this effect operates through response to the campaign's major message theme and antitobacco attitu...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sly DF,Trapido E,Ray S

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of intensified diet counseling on the diet of hypertensive subjects in primary health care: a 2-year open randomized controlled trial of lifestyle intervention against hypertension in eastern Finland.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Diet is an essential part of the nonpharmacological management of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate in a primary health care setting the effect of intensified diet counseling on the diet of hypertensive subjects. METHODS:A total of 715 free-living subjects, ages 25-74 years, with systol...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Korhonen M,Kastarinen M,Uusitupa M,Puska P,Nissinen A

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lipid-lowering medication for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in a German outpatient population: the gap between treatment guidelines and real life treatment patterns.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few published data in particular from the United States indicate that the implementation of guidelines for prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) is far from optimal. The objective of our study was to identify the type and prevalence of lipid-lowering medications in a German outpatient CHD population and...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ruof J,Klein G,März W,Wollschläger H,Neiss A,Wehling M

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00