Health locus of control beliefs and socio-economic differences in self-rated health.


BACKGROUND:Social inequalities in health are well documented in the social epidemiology literature. However, less is known about the mechanisms linking individual and area-level socio-economic status to health. In this paper we examine whether health locus of control (HLC) beliefs can help to explain socio-economic differences in self-rated health using the multidimensional HLC scale. METHODS:Data for this study come from the Caerphilly Health and Social Needs Survey (n=10,892). Multilevel modelling was used to examine the variation in HLC beliefs across different socio-demographic groups and levels of neighbourhood socio-economic status, and to investigate whether HLC beliefs mediate the health effects of individual and neighbourhood socio-economic position. RESULTS:This study found that the HLC scales were significantly associated with individual and neighbourhood socio-economic status, as well as with self-rated health. HLC beliefs appeared to mediate some of the health effects of individual socio-economic status and to a lesser extent the health effects of neighbourhood socio-economic status. CONCLUSIONS:Some evidence was found that HLC forms part of the pathway between individual and neighbourhood socio-economic status and health. Future research should further explore the psychological consequences of living in economically deprived conditions, alongside material, social and behavioural processes, and examine how this impacts upon people's health and well-being.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Poortinga W,Dunstan FD,Fone DL




Has Abstract


2008-04-01 00:00:00














  • Compensation strategies in sun protection behaviors by a population with nonmelanoma skin cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Initiation of sun protection strategies can be promoted, to some extent, by educational efforts, but little is known about the merit of continuing education interventions in sustaining the desired behaviors or adding new behaviors. This prospective study clarifies the choices individuals make among the four ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robinson JK

    更新日期:1992-11-01 00:00:00

  • How hearing about harmful chemicals affects smokers' interest in dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes.

    abstract::Substantial harm could result from concurrent cigarette and e-cigarette use (i.e., dual use) were it to undermine smoking cessation. Perceptions of chemical exposure and resulting harms may influence dual use. We conducted a probability-based phone survey of 1164 U.S. adult cigarette smokers in 2014-2015 and analyzed ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pepper JK,Byron MJ,Ribisl KM,Brewer NT

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Use of population-referenced total activity counts percentiles to assess and classify physical activity of population groups.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Population-referenced total activity counts per day (TAC/d) percentiles provide public health practitioners a standardized measure of physical activity (PA) volume obtained from an accelerometer that can be compared across populations. The purpose of this study was to describe the application of TAC/d popula...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wolff-Hughes DL,Troiano RP,Boyer WR,Fitzhugh EC,McClain JJ

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of use of smoking cessation aids in 27 European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify determinants of use of smoking cessation aids among current and former smokers in the European Union (EU). METHODS:Data from n=9921 current and ex-smokers from 27 European countries (Eurobarometer 77.1, February-March 2012) were analysed. Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to assess...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Filippidis FT,Gerovasili V,Vardavas CI,Agaku IT,Tountas Y

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood, family and individual characteristics related to adolescent park-based physical activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Local parks are an important community resource that may influence levels of physical activity among youth. However, few population-based studies have investigated park-based physical activity among youth. PURPOSE:This study examines sociodemographic, family, and neighborhood characteristics associated with...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Babey SH,Tan D,Wolstein J,Diamant AL

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for coronary heart disease among Jerusalem schoolchildren: preliminary findings.

    abstract::The presence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases were investigated in 7- and 11-year-old schoolchildren (808 subjects). Data analysis was performed according to sex, age, and country of origin of the father. The following variables were investigated: weight, height, total plasma cholesterol (TCH), high density...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halfon ST,Eisenberg S,Tamir D,Stein Y

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of brief advice and extended smoking cessation counseling programs when implemented routinely in hospitals.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of two in-hospital smoking cessation interventions -- brief advice and extended counseling with follow-up. METHODS:The subjects (n=770) were in-patients who were daily smokers or had stopped smoking 30 days preceding admission to 15 wards in five Swedish hospitals. All wards sta...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hjalmarson A,Boëthius G

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Development and nationwide application of an antibiotic knowledge scale.

    abstract::Misconceptions about antibiotics among the public can potentially lead to their inappropriate use. Currently, there is no antibiotic knowledge assessment tool to address this issue. This study aimed to develop and validate an antibiotic knowledge scale (AKS) and apply this scale to assess public knowledge about antibi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li D,Yang H,Gong Y,Zhao Y,Qiu L,Sun N,Yin X

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal employment and preventive child health practices.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The impact of maternal employment on preventive child health practices has not been studied empirically. Using a household production model, we investigated the relationship between level of maternal employment and child immunization status, use of automobile seat belts, and use of bicycle helmets. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coreil J,Wilson F,Wood D,Liller K

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of methods of recruitment to a health promotion program for university seniors.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Participant recruitment is an understudied part of health research. It can be a limiting factor and can affect the external validity of a study. This study compares two recruitment methods, active and passive, used to recruit university seniors into a health promotion study. METHODS:During active recruitmen...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarkin JA,Marshall SJ,Larson KA,Calfas KJ,Sallis JF

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • A combined breast health/weight loss intervention for Black women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Overall incidence of breast cancer is slightly lower, but mortality rates are higher, for Black women compared to White women. Higher body mass index (BMI), sedentary lifestyles, and lower compliance with recommended breast health behaviors may contribute to higher risk and mortality. METHODS:A randomized p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Fitzgibbon ML,Stolley MR,Schiffer L,Sanchez-Johnsen LA,Wells AM,Dyer A

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Is an index of co-occurring unhealthy lifestyles suitable for understanding migrant health?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study investigated variation in unhealthy lifestyles within Australia according to where people were born. METHOD:Multilevel linear regression models were used to explore variation in co-occurring unhealthy lifestyles (from 0 to 8) constructed from responses to tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, mode...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feng X,Astell-Burt T,Kolt GS

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in anthropometric measures in immigrants and Swedish-born individuals: results from two community-based cohort studies.

    abstract:AIM:To study differences in body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD), waist-hip-height ratio (WHHR) and percent body fat in immigrants and Swedish-born men and women in two large population-based samples. METHODS:A cross-sectional analysis of 60-year-old...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlsson AC,Wändell P,Riserus U,Ärnlöv J,Borné Y,Engström G,Leander K,Gigante B,Hellénius ML,de Faire U

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of access to health services on prediabetes awareness: A population-based study.

    abstract::Research demonstrates that prediabetes awareness has important implications for participation in diabetes risk-reducing behaviors. We examined the impact of levels of access to health services on prediabetes awareness. In 2016, we conducted an analysis among U.S. adults with prediabetes using cross-sectional data from...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell TJ,Alberga A,Rosella LC

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of fat reduction on micronutrient density of children's diets: the CATCH Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of fat reduction on vitamin and mineral density in the diets of groups of children who participated in the CATCH school-based intervention study for 2 1/2 years. METHODS:Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on 1,182 children residing in four sta...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Nicklas TA,Dwyer J,Mitchell P,Zive M,Montgomery D,Lytle L,Cutler J,Evans M,Cunningham A,Bachman K,Nichaman M,Snyder P

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • The receipt of prevention services by veterans using VA versus non-VA facilities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper compares the health promotion/disease prevention services received by veterans who reported receiving 90%+ of their care inside Veterans Health Administration (VA) facilities with counterparts who reported receiving 90%+ of their care outside VA facilities. Results are compared with the U.S. Healt...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rabiner DJ,Branch LG,Sullivan RJ

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and associated factors of cancer screening: why are so many older Mexican American women never screened?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to identify patterns of mammogram and Papanicolaou (Pap) screenings among Mexican American women ages 67 and over. METHODS:Data on 1,403 Mexican American women from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly, a cohort study of community-dwellin...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu ZH,Black SA,Markides KS

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Streptozotocin diabetes in rats after acclimation to cold environment.

    abstract::To investigate the effects of acclimation to a cold environment on the alteration of glucose and fat metabolism in diabetes, the levels of blood glucose, triacylglycerol, nonesterified fatty acid, and immunoreactive insulin were measured before and on the 3rd and 14th days after streptozotocin treatment in cold-acclim...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takano T,Honma T,Motohashi Y,Kobayashi Y

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Total quality leadership in the U.S. Navy: effective for health promotion activities?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although the U.S. Navy mandated Total Quality Leadership (TQL) as a management strategy throughout its medical department in the early 1990s, it was unknown to what extent it was being used for health promotion activities and, if so, how effectively. METHODS:A brief mail survey of 204 Navy commands suppleme...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hourani LL,Hurtado SL

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood predictors of adult obesity in the Chicago Longitudinal Study.

    abstract::Despite obesity being a major concern for both children and adults in the United States today, there are few successful childhood interventions that curb obesity later in life. The objective of the current study is to identify childhood predictors of adult obesity at multiple levels in a large longitudinal sample of p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eales L,Reynolds AJ,Ou SR

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Context of care or provider training: the impact on preventive screening practices.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While MD adherence to U.S. Preventive Services Task Force guidelines has been found to be uneven, nurse practitioners (NPs) and their adherence to guidelines have not been closely examined. METHODS:A retrospective chart review of new patients (n = 1339) in an NP primary health care center, four MD primary h...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hopkins SC,Lenz ER,Pontes NM,Lin SX,Mundinger MO

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol consumption and blood pressure: analysis of data from the Canada Health Survey.

    abstract::Recent epidemiologic studies report a significant association between alcohol consumption and elevations in both systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a multivariate analysis of physical examination and other data on 721 men and 697 women aged 20 or more collected du...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coates RA,Corey PN,Ashley MJ,Steele CA

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reported changes in sexual behavior in response to AIDS in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The AIDS epidemic has profoundly affected public health policy and everyday choices of individuals. Understanding the self-protective strategies adopted by the general population is crucial to designing appropriate and more effective primary AIDS prevention strategies. METHODS:A probability sample of the U....

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feinleib JA,Michael RT

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Inverse associations between cycling to work, public transport, and overweight and obesity: findings from a population based study in Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between various modes of transport to work and overweight and obesity, in men and women. METHODS:The study was conducted using data from a representative sample of 6810 respondents who reported being in the workforce, extracted from the 2003 New South...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wen LM,Rissel C

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Suicide in older men: The health in men cohort study (HIMS).

    abstract::Suicide rates are high in later life, particularly among older men. Mood disorders are known risk factors, but the risk of suicide associated with poor physical health remains unclear. We completed a cohort study of a community representative sample of 38,170 men aged 65-85 in 1996 who were followed for up to 16years....

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Almeida OP,McCaul K,Hankey GJ,Yeap BB,Golledge J,Flicker L

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Association of environment and policy characteristics on children's moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and time spent sedentary in afterschool programs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Afterschool programs are an important setting in which to promote children's physical activity. This study examines the association of environmental and policy characteristics on the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behavior of children attending afterschool programs. METHODS:A total of ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Ajja R,Clennin MN,Weaver RG,Moore JB,Huberty JL,Ward DS,Pate RR,Beets MW

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of healthy eating habits in low-income black women and Latinas.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few factors related to healthy or unhealthy eating habits in low-income, ethnic minority groups have been identified. In this study, factors associated with healthy and unhealthy eating habits and intent to change eating habits were examined in a sample of low-income Black and Latino women. METHODS:Survey q...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanders-Phillips K

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with condom use among young Denver inner city women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the availability of condoms and theoretically based interventions to promote their use, sexually active women aged 15 to 25 years continue to put themselves at risk for sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancy. METHODS:One hundred ninety-eight inner city women were interviewed about kn...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Posner SF,Bull SS,Ortiz C,Evans T

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking as a risk factor for injury death: a meta-analysis of cohort studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Injury and tobacco effects represent one-quarter of the global burden of disease. Understanding the causes of injury and the effects of smoking may help reduce those burdens. Some smokers have high risks of injury. We provide an initial meta-analysis of cohort associations between smoking and fatal injury. ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Leistikow BN,Martin DC,Jacobs J,Rocke DM

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • BMI trajectory groups in veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The study sought to determine BMI trajectories in Iraq/Afghanistan veterans over 6 years and to examine sociodemographic factors associated with BMI trajectory membership. METHODS:Our study sample included 16,656 veterans post-deployment and entering the Veteran Healthcare Administration (VHA) healthcare sys...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenberger PH,Ning Y,Brandt C,Allore H,Haskell S

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00