The effect of vaccinated children on increased hepatitis B immunization among high-risk adults.


OBJECTIVES:We sought to examine trends in hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination among high-risk adults and assess the potential effect vaccinated adolescents have on these trends as they age. METHODS:We used data from the National Health Interview Survey 2000, 2002, and 2004 to examine trends in HBV vaccination among high-risk adults aged 18 to 49 years and in age subgroups (18-29, 30-39, and 40-49 years). We investigated temporal differences in vaccination rates for the 18- to 29-year-old cohort with model-based linear contrasts constructed from a logistic regression model with age and survey year as predictors. RESULTS:There was a significant increasing trend in vaccination prevalence across the 3 survey years (32.6%, 35.3%, and 41.4%; trend test, P=.001). We found that respondents aged 18 to 29 years were more likely to be vaccinated in 2004 than in 2000, after adjusting for relevant confounders (odds ratio=1.73; 95% confidence interval=1.14, 2.6); there was no significant increase in vaccination for the other cohorts. CONCLUSIONS:A cohort effect, in which successfully vaccinated adolescents have reached young adulthood, contributes significantly to recent trends showing improved HBV vaccination among high-risk adults.


Am J Public Health


Koya DL,Hill EG,Darden PM




Has Abstract


2008-05-01 00:00:00














  • The exclusion of nicotine: closing the gap in addiction policy and practice.

    abstract::Addiction is a complex brain disease with frequently overlapping expressions involving nicotine, alcohol, and other drugs. Yet current health care practices, public policies, and national treatment data too often exclude nicotine or address its use as completely separate from other forms of substance use and addiction...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richter L,Foster SE

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Association of park size, distance, and features with physical activity in neighborhood parks.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We studied whether park size, number of features in the park, and distance to a park from participants' homes were related to a park being used for physical activity. METHODS:We collected observational data on 28 specific features from 33 parks. Adult residents in surrounding areas (n=380) completed 7-day p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaczynski AT,Potwarka LR,Saelens BE

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Boston Safe Shops model: an integrated approach to community environmental and occupational health.

    abstract::Small, immigrant-owned businesses, such as auto repair shops and nail salons, often face barriers to environmental and occupational health compliance and may be a source of neighborhood pollution complaints. The Boston Public Health Commission established the Safe Shops Project to improve safety and environmental prac...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roelofs C,Shoemaker P,Skogstrom T,Acevedo P,Kendrick J,Nguyen N

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Epigenome: biosensor of cumulative exposure to chemical and nonchemical stressors related to environmental justice.

    abstract::Understanding differential disease susceptibility requires new tools to quantify the cumulative effects of environmental stress. Evidence suggests that social, physical, and chemical stressors can influence disease through the accumulation of epigenetic modifications. Geographically stable epigenetic alterations could...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olden K,Lin YS,Gruber D,Sonawane B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Case-control study of lung cancer and truck driving in the Teamsters Union.

    abstract::We conducted a case-control study of lung cancer deaths in the Teamsters Union to compare the risk of different occupations within the teamsters, after controlling for smoking and other confounders. Occupations with no presumed exposure to diesel fumes were used as the nonexposed group. The study population consisted ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steenland NK,Silverman DT,Hornung RW

    更新日期:1990-06-01 00:00:00

  • Denial of abortion because of provider gestational age limits in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the factors influencing delay in seeking abortion and the outcomes for women denied abortion care because of gestational age limits at abortion facilities. METHODS:We compared women who presented for abortion care who were under the facilities' gestational age limits and received an abortion (n ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Upadhyay UD,Weitz TA,Jones RK,Barar RE,Foster DG

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of medical or surgical and psychiatric hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We identified factors associated with inpatient hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS:We recruited participants from shelters and meal programs. We then linked them to administrative databases to capture hospital admissions during the study (2005-20...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chambers C,Katic M,Chiu S,Redelmeier DA,Levinson W,Kiss A,Hwang SW

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • At-risk drinking in an HMO primary care sample: prevalence and health policy implications.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to determine the prevalence of at-risk drinking using varying alcohol use criteria. METHODS:A period prevalence survey was conducted in 22 primary care practices (n = 19372 adults). RESULTS:The frequency of at-risk alcohol use varied from 7.5% (World Health Organization criteria) to...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fleming MF,Manwell LB,Barry KL,Johnson K

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking policies and smoking cessation programs of large employers in Massachusetts.

    abstract::To assess the current extent of programs and policies to facilitate smoking cessation among employees, we queried 128 large employers in Massachusetts in mid-1978. Eighty-four (66 per cent) responded. Fifty-four (64 per cent) of the respondents had designated jobs or work areas in which smoking was prohibited usually ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bennett D,Levy BS

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Public awareness and knowledge about the risks of drinking during pregnancy in Multnomah County, Oregon.

    abstract::Public awareness of the risks of drinking during pregnancy was assessed in a Northwestern metropolitan county. Ninety per cent of respondents stated spontaneously that drinking might be harmful, and one-fourth of this group felt pregnant women should customarily abstain from alcohol. The balance of those who considere...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Little RE,Grathwohl HL,Streissguth AP,McIntyre C

    更新日期:1981-03-01 00:00:00

  • Rotating shift work, sleep, and accidents related to sleepiness in hospital nurses.

    abstract::A hospital-based survey on shift work, sleep, and accidents was carried out among 635 Massachusetts nurses. In comparison to nurses who worked only day/evening shifts, rotators had more sleep/wake cycle disruption and nodded off more at work. Rotators had twice the odds of nodding off while driving to or from work and...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gold DR,Rogacz S,Bock N,Tosteson TD,Baum TM,Speizer FE,Czeisler CA

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Homicide Rates of Transgender Individuals in the United States: 2010-2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To estimate homicide rates of transgender US residents and relative risks (RRs) of homicide with respect to cisgender comparators intersected with age, gender, and race/ethnicity. METHODS:I estimated homicide rates for transgender residents and transfeminine, Black, Latin@, and young (aged 15-34 years) subp...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dinno A

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Operationalization of community-based participatory research principles: assessment of the national cancer institute's community network programs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined how National Cancer Institute-funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS:We reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, we developed a 27-item questionnaire for CNPs to ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braun KL,Nguyen TT,Tanjasiri SP,Campbell J,Heiney SP,Brandt HM,Smith SA,Blumenthal DS,Hargreaves M,Coe K,Ma GX,Kenerson D,Patel K,Tsark J,Hébert JR

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in New York health care facilities, 1988. The New York MRSA Study Group.

    abstract::The emergence in 1988 of ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in New York City was studied in nine hospitals and eight nursing homes. Of the 43 hospitalized patients studied, 21 were admitted from home, while nine of the 12 nursing home patients were transferred from a hospital. T...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Budnick LD,Schaefler S

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of changes in job strain and its components on the risk of depression.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the impact of changes in dimensions of the psychosocial work environment on risk of depression in a longitudinal cohort of Canadian workers who were free of depression when work conditions were initially reported. METHODS:Using a sample (n = 3735) from the Canadian National Population Health Sur...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith PM,Bielecky A

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cancer prevention among working class, multiethnic adults: results of the healthy directions-health centers study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We analyzed outcomes from a study that examined social-contextual factors in cancer prevention interventions for working class, multiethnic populations. METHODS:Ten community health centers were randomized to intervention or to control. Patients who resided in low-income, multiethnic neighborhoods were elig...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Emmons KM,Stoddard AM,Fletcher R,Gutheil C,Suarez EG,Lobb R,Weeks J,Bigby JA

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Industry Payments to Physicians for Opioid Products, 2013-2015.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify payments that involved opioid products from the pharmaceutical industry to physicians. METHODS:We used the Open Payments program database from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to identify payments involving an opioid to physicians between August 2013 and December 2015. We used medi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hadland SE,Krieger MS,Marshall BDL

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Years of potential life lost (YPLL) before age 65 in Italy.

    abstract::The Italian death rates and years of potential life lost (YPLL) for all causes and for 12 selected aggregations of causes are reported for 1979 and 1983, with the latter compared to United States data. Cancer is the leading cause of YPLL in Italy (23.8 per cent of total YPLL), followed by unintentional injuries (16.3 ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arcà M,di Orio F,Forastiere F,Tasco C,Perucci CA

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a social-network method for group assignment strategies on peer-led tobacco prevention programs in schools.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Our study tested the effectiveness of network methods for identifying opinion leaders and for constructing groups. METHODS:Three conditions-random, teacher, and network--ere randomly assigned to 84 6th-grade classrooms within 16 schools. Pre- and postcurriculum data on mediators of tobacco use were collecte...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Valente TW,Hoffman BR,Ritt-Olson A,Lichtman K,Johnson CA

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring response to a cancer information telephone facility: Can-Dial.

    abstract::In an attempt to meet the need for increasing public knowledge about cancer, a system providing free information by telephone has been developed. The system is comprised of 36 pre-recorded taped lectures containing information about various aspects of cancer. Interested individuals call a toll-free number, indicate a ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilkinson GS,Mirand EA,Graham S

    更新日期:1976-04-01 00:00:00

  • Obstetrical intervention and the singleton preterm birth rate in the United States from 1991-2006.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the relationship between obstetrical intervention and preterm birth in the United States between 1991 and 2006. METHODS:We assessed changes in preterm birth, cesarean delivery, labor induction, and associated risks. Logistic regression modeled the odds of preterm obstetrical intervention after r...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDorman MF,Declercq E,Zhang J

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Finding synergy: reducing disparities in health by modifying multiple determinants.

    abstract::Although researchers acknowledge that health disparities have multiple determinants, most recommendations for reducing inequities focus on a single approach. We suggest integrating 2 approaches for reducing disparities: improving access to primary care and updating and more vigorously enforcing consumer and environmen...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freudenberg N,Olden K

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of enteroviruses in community swimming pools.

    abstract::Municipal swimming pools and wading pools were examined for the presence of human enteric viruses using a portable virus concentrator at the site to concentrate viruses from 100-gallon to 500-gallon samples. Ten of 14 samples contained viruses; three of these were positive for virus in the presence of residual free ch...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keswick BH,Gerba CP,Goyal SM

    更新日期:1981-09-01 00:00:00

  • Child abuse incidence and reporting by hospitals: significance of severity, class, and race.

    abstract::Estimates from the National Study of the Incidence and Severity of Child Abuse and Neglect suggest that hospitals recognized over 77,000 cases of child abuse between May 3, 1979, and April 30, 1980. Compared to other agencies in the sample, hospitals identified children who were younger, Black, lived in urban areas, a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hampton RL,Newberger EH

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in the social networks of African American men who have sex with men only and those who have sex with men and women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared social network characteristics of African American men who have sex with men only (MSMO) with social network characteristics of African American men who have sex with men and women (MSMW). METHODS:Study participants were 234 African American men who have sex with men who completed a baseline soc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Latkin C,Yang C,Tobin K,Penniman T,Patterson J,Spikes P

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • International Health Regulations, Ebola, and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    abstract::The World Health Organization's determination of the Ebola virus disease outbreak as a public health event of international concern prompted nonaffected countries to implement measures to prevent, detect, and manage the introduction of the virus in their territories. The outbreak provided an opportunity to assess the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Espinal M,Aldighieri S,St John R,Becerra-Posada F,Etienne C

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond Nazi War Crimes Experiments: The Voluntary Consent Requirement of the Nuremberg Code at 70.

    abstract::The year 2017 marks both the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Code and the first major revisions of federal research regulations in almost 3 decades. I suggest that the informed consent provisions of the federal research regulations continue to follow the requirements of the Nuremberg Code. However, modifications are...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Annas GJ

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Visits to physicians before and after exposure to urea formaldehyde foam insulation.

    abstract::The average number of visits to a physician made by a sample of 351 residents of homes insulated with urea formaldehyde foam insulation in Montreal in the one year period before exposure was 5.25, and in the year following 5.62, an increase of 7 per cent (odds ratio 1.07, 95% CI = 1.00, 1.15). The increase in visits i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: L'Abbé KA,Hoey JR,Hanley J,Wacholder S,Nantel A

    更新日期:1988-11-01 00:00:00

  • Social Network Diagramming as an Applied Tool for Public Health: Lessons Learned From an HCV Cluster.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We present an applied example of social network diagramming from 2010 to 2012 that was used to guide follow-up in a large HCV cluster in rural Wisconsin. METHODS:In addition to collecting standard individual-level attributes, we also obtained partner-level information. Both sets of data were input into a ne...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grande KM,Stanley M,Redo C,Wergin A,Guilfoyle S,Gasiorowicz M

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of a Medicaid managed care program on the adequacy of prenatal care utilization in Rhode Island.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine whether adequacy of prenatal care utilization improved after the implementation of a Medicaid managed care program in Rhode Island. METHODS:Rhode Island birth certificate data (1993-1995; n = 37021) were used to analyze pre- and post-program implementation changes ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffin JF,Hogan JW,Buechner JS,Leddy TM

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00