The economic burden of hospitalizations associated with child abuse and neglect.


OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the economic burden of child abuse-related hospitalizations. METHODS:We compared inpatient stays coded with a diagnosis of child abuse or neglect with stays of other hospitalized children using the 1999 National Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Costs and Utilization Project. RESULTS:Children whose hospital stays were coded with a diagnosis of abuse or neglect were significantly more likely to have died during hospitalization (4.0% vs 0.5%), have longer stays (8.2 vs 4.0 days), twice the number of diagnoses (6.3 vs 2.8), and double the total charges (19,266 vs 9513 US dollars) than were other hospitalized children. Furthermore, the primary payer was typically Medicaid (66.5% vs 37.0%). CONCLUSION:Earlier identification of children at risk for child abuse and neglect might reduce the individual, medical, and societal costs.


Am J Public Health


Rovi S,Chen PH,Johnson MS




Has Abstract


2004-04-01 00:00:00












  • Morbidity and use of ambulatory care services among poor and nonpoor children.

    abstract::Using data from the Child Health Supplement to the 1981 National Health Interview Survey, illness and use of physician services are compared for children under 18 years old in three family income groups. The results indicate that although annual prevalence of many health problems does not differ greatly by income leve...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newacheck PW,Starfield B

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Eighteen of 1918-1919: Black Nurses and the Great Flu Pandemic in the United States.

    abstract::This article examines the role of Black American nurses during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic and the aftermath of World War I. The pandemic caused at least 50 million deaths worldwide and 675 000 in the United States. It occurred during a period of pervasive segregation and racial violence, in which Black Americans...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Jones MM,Saines M

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Preventing tobacco use among young people in India: Project MYTRI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the effectiveness of a 2-year multicomponent, school-based intervention designed to reduce tobacco use rates among adolescents in an urban area of India. METHODS:Students from 32 schools in Delhi and Chennai, India, were recruited and randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. Baseli...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Perry CL,Stigler MH,Arora M,Reddy KS

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Diet discontinuation policies and practices of PKU clinics in the United States.

    abstract::Marked diversity in policies and practices for discontinuation of the PKU diet in the U.S. was found in a nationwide survey. Seventy-two of the 78 identified clinical centers treating PKU provided data. No clinicians are currently considering diet discontinuation at ages earlier than their present policy or practice. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schuett VE,Gurda RF,Brown ES

    更新日期:1980-05-01 00:00:00

  • Decisions near the end of life: professional views on life-sustaining treatments.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:How do health care professionals assess the care of hospital patients near the end of life? Are physicians and nurses aware of and in agreement with national recommendations regarding patients' rights to forgo life-sustaining medical treatments and to receive adequate pain control? METHODS:We surveyed 687 p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solomon MZ,O'Donnell L,Jennings B,Guilfoy V,Wolf SM,Nolan K,Jackson R,Koch-Weser D,Donnelley S

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Stigma and US Nurses' Intentions to Provide the Standard of Maternal Care to Incarcerated Women, 2017.

    abstract::Objectives. To examine relationships among actionable drivers and facilitators of stigma and nurses' intentions to provide the standard of maternal care recommended by the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) for incarcerated women.Methods. We conducted a Web-based survey of perinatal...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goshin LS,Sissoko DRG,Stringer KL,Sufrin C,Byrnes L

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Premigration exposure to political violence and perpetration of intimate partner violence among immigrant men in Boston.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined associations between premigration political violence exposure and past-year intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration among immigrant men attending community health centers in Boston. METHODS:A convenience sample of immigrant men (N = 379; aged 18-35 years), largely from the Caribbean and Cap...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gupta J,Acevedo-Garcia D,Hemenway D,Decker MR,Raj A,Silverman JG

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Patient privacy and conflicting legal and ethical obligations in El Salvador: reporting of unlawful abortions.

    abstract::Postabortion care providers who breach patient confidentiality endanger women's health and violate ethics. A 1998 abortion ban in El Salvador likely spurred an increase in the number of women investigated, because many women were reported to legal authorities by health care providers. Having analyzed safeguards of con...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McNaughton HL,Mitchell EM,Hernandez EG,Padilla K,Blandon MM

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Family allowance and family planning in Chile.

    abstract::Family allowances designed to promote maternal and child health and welfare could be self-defeating if they stimulated otherwise unwanted births, as often assumed. That assumption, with its public health and demographic implications, needs testing. An attempt to test it was made in Chile in 1969--1970 through intervie...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plank SJ

    更新日期:1978-10-01 00:00:00

  • Project D.A.R.E. outcome effectiveness revisited.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: West SL,O'Neal KK

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Addict death rates during a four-year posttreatment follow-up.

    abstract::Mortality rates were examined among 3,324 Black and White daily opioid drug users for a four-year period following treatment in community-based agencies located across the United States. A total of 179 of these addicts died during this follow-up period, yielding a death rate of 15.2 per 1,000 person-years at risk. Whe...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joe GW,Lehman W,Simpson DD

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental and biological monitoring for lead exposure in California workplaces.

    abstract::Patterns of environmental and biological monitoring for lead exposure were surveyed in lead-using industries in California. Employer self-reporting indicates a large proportion of potentially lead-exposed workers have never participated in a monitoring program. Only 2.6 percent of facilities have done environmental mo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rudolph L,Sharp DS,Samuels S,Perkins C,Rosenberg J

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Young parenthood program: supporting positive paternal engagement through coparenting counseling.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Because of their youth, adolescent parents often lack the interpersonal skills necessary to manage the relationship challenges involved in parenting, leaving them and their children vulnerable to the health risks associated with relational stress and conflict. The primary goal of this study was to test the e...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Florsheim P,Burrow-Sánchez JJ,Minami T,McArthur L,Heavin S,Hudak C

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Encouraging use of coupons to stimulate condom purchase.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Dahl DW,Gorn GJ,Weinberg CB

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of risky sexual behavior among young African American men who have sex with men.

    abstract::This study examined the prevalence and correlates of unprotected anal intercourse among 758 young African American men who have sex with men. A quarter of the sample reported unprotected anal intercourse in the past 3 months; nonsupportive peer norms and not carrying condoms predicted risky sexual behavior. Effective ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hart T,Peterson JL,Community Intervention Trial for Youth Study Team.

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Emmons KM,Stoddard AM,Fletcher R,Gutheil C,Suarez EG,Lobb R,Weeks J,Bigby JA

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Recurrence of Maltreatment After Newborn Home Visiting: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate whether a newborn home visiting program for primiparous adolescent mothers (aged 16-20 years at childbirth) reduced recurrence of child maltreatment in child protective services (CPS) reports. METHODS:We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Healthy Families Massachusetts, a statewide ho...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Easterbrooks MA,Kotake C,Fauth R

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of individually motivating smoking cessation in male blue collar workers.

    abstract::Adverse demonstrable health effects linked to the individual's smoking were shown to 2,689 American workers to motivate cessation during routine examinations to detect asbestosis. This intervention was evaluated six to 25 months later by a mailed questionnaire and by telephone to non-responders. Results were compared ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilburn KH,Warshaw RH

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Frequency of hospitalization among hospital employees and their families.

    abstract::Using claims data from 443 employee groups in North Carolina, this study examines the acute care hospital utilization rates of hospital employees and their dependents and compares them to employee groups in non-hospital settings. Results show that hospital employee groups account for 28 per cent more hospital days tha...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greene SB

    更新日期:1981-09-01 00:00:00

  • Health outcomes for HIV-infected persons released from the New York City jail system with a transitional care-coordination plan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to assess 6-month outcomes for HIV-infected people released from New York City jails with a transitional care plan. METHODS:Jail detainees in New York City living with HIV who accepted a transitional care plan during incarceration were asked to participate in a multi-site evaluation aimed at impro...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teixeira PA,Jordan AO,Zaller N,Shah D,Venters H

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying a sample of HIV-positive beneficiaries from Medicaid claims data and estimating their treatment costs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to identify people living with HIV/AIDS from Medicare and Medicaid claims data to estimate Medicaid costs for treating HIV/AIDS in California. We also examined how alternate methods of identifying the relevant sample affect estimates of per capita costs. METHODS:We analyzed data on Californians en...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leibowitz AA,Desmond K

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) among embalmers: a pilot seroprevalence study.

    abstract::We performed a serosurvey of 133 embalmers in an urban area where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is prevalent. Although we found histories of needlesticks to be common, and the seropositivity rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV) (13%) was approximately twice that of a blood donor comparison group, HIV antibod...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner SB,Kunches LM,Gordon KF,Travers PH,Mueller NE

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • "Speaking the dialect": understanding public discourse in the aftermath of an HIV vaccine trial shutdown.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated how persons from key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure interpreted the process and outcomes of the Step Study HIV-1 vaccine trial, which was terminated early, and implications for willingness to participate in and community support for HIV vaccine research. METHODS:We used qualitati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newman PA,Logie C,James L,Charles T,Maxwell J,Salam K,Woodford M

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol consumption patterns among Mexican American mothers and among children from single- and dual-headed households: findings from HHANES 1982-84.

    abstract::Data from the southwestern United States sample of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were employed to compare the patterns of alcohol use among Mexican American mothers and children in female-headed households with use patterns among mothers and children in couple-headed households. Single female he...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stroup-Benham CA,Treviño FM,Treviño DB

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • An ethics framework for public health.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kass NE

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Admission and mid-stay MedisGroups scores as predictors of death within 30 days of hospital admission.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iezzoni LI,Ash AS,Coffman G,Moskowitz MA

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Secular trends of obesity in early life: the Bogalusa Heart Study.

    abstract::Secular changes in height and weight measurements were examined in five- to 14-year-olds from 1973 to 1984. The age-sex specific 85th percentile was used to classify persons as overweight (based on ponderal index; kg/m3). Secular increases in weight (2.5 kg), and ponderosity (0.5-0.7 kg/m3) were found. Gains in ponder...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shear CL,Freedman DS,Burke GL,Harsha DW,Webber LS,Berenson GS

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of two measures of life stress among outpatients at a Veterans Hospital.

    abstract::To measure test-retest reliability, 38 Veterans Administration clinic patients completed a modification of the Sarason Life Experience Survey (LES) twice within several weeks. Summary scores were found to be more reliable than scores on individual questions. Patients attending the Mental Hygiene Clinic responded less ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bailey GA,Koepsell TD,Belcher DW

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhoods and obesity in later life.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grafova IB,Freedman VA,Kumar R,Rogowski J

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cubbin C,LeClere FB,Smith GS

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00