Racial/ethnic differences in the risk of AIDS in the United States.


:We analyzed the variation in the risk of AIDS in US Blacks, Hispanics, and other racial/ethnic groups relative to that in Whites (non-Hispanic) by geographic area and mode of acquiring HIV infection, based on data reported between June 1, 1981 and January 18, 1988 to the Centers for Disease Control and 1980 US census data. Relative risks (RRs) in Blacks and Hispanics were highest in the northeast region, and higher in suburbs than in central cities of metropolitan areas. RRs in Blacks and Hispanics were greatest for AIDS directly or indirectly associated with intravenous-drug abuse by heterosexuals (range: 5.7-26.9) and were also high for AIDS associated with male bisexuality (range: 2.5-4.8), suggesting that these behaviors may be more prevalent in Blacks and Hispanics than in Whites. Prevention strategies should take into account these racial/ethnic differences.


Am J Public Health


Selik RM,Castro KG,Pappaioanou M




Has Abstract


1988-12-01 00:00:00












  • Mycoplasma genitalium among young adults in the United States: an emerging sexually transmitted infection.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with Mycoplasma genitalium infection in a nationally representative sample of young adults in the United States. METHODS:Urine specimens from 1714 women and 1218 men who participated in Wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adoles...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manhart LE,Holmes KK,Hughes JP,Houston LS,Totten PA

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal nonstandard work schedules and adolescent overweight.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated whether nonstandard work schedules by mothers were associated with adolescent overweight. METHODS:We conducted multiple regression analyses using a sample of mother-child pairs (n=2353) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the association between the number of years moth...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller DP,Han WJ

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological Attempts to Change a Person's Gender Identity From Transgender to Cisgender: Estimated Prevalence Across US States, 2015.

    abstract::Objectives. To examine exposure to psychological attempts to change a person's gender identity from transgender to cisgender (PACGI) among transgender people in the United States, lifetime and between the years 2010 and 2015, by US state.Methods. We obtained data from the 2015 US Transgender Survey, a cross-sectional ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turban JL,King D,Reisner SL,Keuroghlian AS

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sudden unexpected infant deaths: sleep environment and circumstances.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to describe the characteristics and sleep circumstances of infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly and to examine similarities and differences in risk factors among infants whose deaths are classified as resulting from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), suffocation, or undetermined causes. MET...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schnitzer PG,Covington TM,Dykstra HK

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Controlled trial of Giardia lamblia: control strategies in day care centers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Strategies for control of Giardia lamblia in day care differ in numbers of children treated and in costs to parents and day care operators. The effectiveness of these strategies has not been systematically evaluated. METHODS:We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing three strategies f...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bartlett AV,Englender SJ,Jarvis BA,Ludwig L,Carlson JF,Topping JP

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Because larger food portions could be contributing to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity, this study was designed to weigh samples of marketplace foods, identify historical changes in the sizes of those foods, and compare current portions with federal standards. METHODS:We obtained informat...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young LR,Nestle M

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Tracking gender-based human rights violations in postwar Kosovo.

    abstract::Four years have passed since the institution of the cease-fire in Yugoslavia, and questions remain as to how Kosovar women are faring in the country's postwar reconstruction. Reports, albeit fragmented, suggest that violence against women began to increase in 1998 and 1999. This trend continued through 2001, even whil...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Desai S,Perry MJ

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Home apnea monitoring and disruptions in family life: a multidimensional controlled study.

    abstract::We used data from telephone interviews and mailed questionnaires to examine 12 aspects of family life among 93 families with infants considered at high risk for sudden infant death syndrome and on home apnea monitors and a matched comparison group with infants not requiring monitoring. Using logistic regression to con...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmann E,Wulff L,Meny RG

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Preventable Emergency Department Visits for Nontraumatic Dental Conditions: Trends and Disparities in Nevada, 2009-2015.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine trends and socioeconomic disparities for preventable dental-related emergency department (ED) visits in Nevada. METHODS:We pooled retrospective data containing 66 267 ED visits involving dental conditions from Nevada hospital ED databases from 2009 to 2015. The dependent variable was nontraumatic...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou W,Kim P,Shen JJ,Greenway J,Ditmyer M

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Community-Based, Preclinical Patient Navigation for Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Older Black Men Recruited From Barbershops: The MISTER B Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To test the effectiveness of a preclinical, telephone-based patient navigation intervention to encourage colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among older Black men. METHODS:We conducted a 3-parallel-arm, randomized trial among 731 self-identified Black men recruited at barbershops between 2010 and 2013 in New ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cole H,Thompson HS,White M,Browne R,Trinh-Shevrin C,Braithwaite S,Fiscella K,Boutin-Foster C,Ravenell J

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • A metabolic-epidemiological microsimulation model to estimate the changes in energy intake and physical activity necessary to meet the Healthy People 2020 obesity objective.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We combined a metabolic and an epidemiological model of obesity to estimate changes in calorie intake and physical activity necessary to achieve the Healthy People 2020 objective of reducing adult obesity prevalence from 33.9% to 30.5%. METHODS:We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Basu S,Seligman H,Winkleby M

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Unprotected anal intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases in high-risk heterosexual women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the association between unprotected anal intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among heterosexual women. METHODS:In 2006 through 2007, women were recruited from high-risk areas in New York City through respondent-driven sampling as part of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jenness SM,Begier EM,Neaigus A,Murrill CS,Wendel T,Hagan H

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • "Speaking the dialect": understanding public discourse in the aftermath of an HIV vaccine trial shutdown.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated how persons from key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure interpreted the process and outcomes of the Step Study HIV-1 vaccine trial, which was terminated early, and implications for willingness to participate in and community support for HIV vaccine research. METHODS:We used qualitati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newman PA,Logie C,James L,Charles T,Maxwell J,Salam K,Woodford M

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Declines in Anogenital Warts Among Age Groups Most Likely to Be Impacted by Human Papillomavirus Vaccination, United States, 2006-2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To detect decreases in anogenital warts (AGW) among sex and age groups likely to be affected by human papillomavirus vaccination. METHODS:We estimated annual AGW prevalence during 2006 to 2014 using health care claims among US private health insurance enrollees aged 15 to 39 years. We derived AGW diagnoses ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flagg EW,Torrone EA

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Compliance with the 1992 California motorcycle helmet use law.

    abstract::To evaluate helmet use in California before and after the introduction of an unrestricted helmet use law on January 1, 1992, observations of motorcycles and their riders were made at 60 locations in seven California counties, twice before and four times after the law was introduced. Helmet use increased from about 50%...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kraus JF,Peek C,Williams A

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of smokeless tobacco use in a population of high school students.

    abstract::We assessed the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use by 901 high school students in two Arkansas communities, and identified factors associated with initiation and maintenance. Results showed that 36.7 per cent of males and 2.2 per cent of females currently used smokeless tobacco. Modal responses indicated that if smok...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marty PJ,McDermott RJ,Williams T

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • The economic gains of achieving reduced alcohol consumption targets for Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To inform prevention policy, we estimated the economic benefits to health, production, and leisure in the 2008 Australian population of a realistic target reduction in per capita annual adult alcohol consumption. METHODS:We chose a target of 6.4 liters annually per capita on average. We modeled lifetime hea...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magnus A,Cadilhac D,Sheppard L,Cumming T,Pearce D,Carter R

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of worldwide oil price fluctuations on biomass fuel use and child respiratory health: evidence from Guatemala.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the effect of worldwide oil price fluctuations on household fuel use and child respiratory health in Guatemala. METHODS:We regressed measures of household fuel use and child respiratory health on the average worldwide oil price and a rich set of covariates. We leveraged variation in oil prices o...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Venkataramani AS,Fried BJ

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Uses of ecologic analysis in epidemiologic research.

    abstract::Despite the widespread use of ecologic analysis in epidemiologic research and health planning, little attention has been given by health scientists and practitioners to the methodological aspects of this approach. This paper reviews the major types of ecologic study designs, the analytic methods appropriate for each, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morgenstern H

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Current sickle cell screening program for newborns in New York City, 1979-1980.

    abstract::The newborn screening program mandated by the New York State Public Health Law requires that every baby born in the state be tested for eight conditions including sickle cell anemia. Although sickle cell screening of newborns has been in operation since 1975, the follow-up program for case retrieval to obtain repeat b...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grover R,Shahidi S,Fisher B,Goldberg D,Wethers D

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • Impaired and disabled elderly in the community.

    abstract::A nine-year representative, longitudinal study of 1,598 urban elderly shows that two to eight times as many impaired or disabled are cared for in the community as in institutions. Younger age, male gender, better income, and living with others, especially children, favor continuing care in the home. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ford AB,Roy AW,Haug MR,Folmar SJ,Jones PK

    更新日期:1991-09-01 00:00:00

  • Projecting the Impact of the Affordable Care Act Provisions on Accessibility and Availability of Primary Care Providers for the Adult Population in Georgia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate how met need for accessibility and availability of primary care among nonelderly individuals in Georgia will be affected by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) over the next 10 years. METHODS:We used a stock-and-flow model to predict the number of available visits from 2013 to 2...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gentili M,Harati P,Serban N

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Ten Things I Wish Someone Had Told Me When I Became a Health Officer.

    abstract::Public health, like politics, is the art of the possible. To maximize effectiveness, public health officers in any jurisdiction should (1) get good data and ensure timely and effective dissemination; (2) prioritize and tackle more difficult initiatives first; (3) find, fight, and win winnable battles in areas where pr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frieden TR

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Discovering environmental cancer: Wilhelm Hueper, post-World War II epidemiology, and the vanishing clinician's eye.

    abstract::Today, our understanding of and approach to the exogenous causes of cancer are dominated by epidemiological practices that came into widespread use after World War II. This paper examines the forces, considerations, and controversies that shaped postwar risk factor epidemiology in the United States. It is argued that,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Sellers C

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Nonoccupational and occupational injuries to US workers with disabilities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined medically treated injuries among US workers with disability. METHODS:Using 2006-2010 National Health Interview Survey data, we compared 3-month rates of nonoccupational and occupational injuries to workers with disability (n = 7729) and without disability (n = 175 947). We fitted multivariable l...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Price J,Shi J,Lu B,Smith GA,Stallones L,Wheeler KK,Xiang H

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bone mineral density in postmenopausal women as determined by prior oral contraceptive use.

    abstract::The long-term consequences of prior oral contraceptive use for bone mineral density were examined in 239 postmenopausal women, 35.1% of whom reported prior oral contraceptive use. Women who had used oral contraceptives for 6 or more years had significantly higher bone densities of the lumbar spine and femoral neck, bu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kritz-Silverstein D,Barrett-Connor E

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • The invisibility of public health: population-level measures in a politics of market individualism.

    abstract::This paper models the prevailing political attack on government as a heuristic, a judgmental strategy that simplifies complex phenomena by applying simple tests to a limited set of relevant data. The heuristic of market individualism offers three tools for analyzing the problems of governing: the supremacy of the free...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burris S

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Herpes zoster and exposure to the varicella zoster virus in an era of varicella vaccination.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We performed a case-control study to determine if participants with herpes zoster had fewer contacts with persons with varicella or zoster, and with young children, to explore the hypothesis that exposure to persons with varicella zoster virus (VZV) results in "immune boosting." METHODS:Participants were pa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donahue JG,Kieke BA,Gargiullo PM,Jumaan AO,Berger NR,McCauley JS,Belongia EA

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • The use of vitamin supplements and the risk of cataract among US male physicians.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to examine prospectively the association between reported use of vitamin supplements and risk of cataract and cataract extraction. METHODS:The study population consisted of 17,744 participants in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin therapy and beta-carot...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seddon JM,Christen WG,Manson JE,LaMotte FS,Glynn RJ,Buring JE,Hennekens CH

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects on outpatient and emergency mental health care of strict Medicaid early periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment enforcement.

    abstract::We investigated enforcement of mental health benefits provided by California Medicaid's Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) program. Enforcement, compelled by a consumer-driven lawsuit, resulted in an almost 4-fold funding increase over a 5-year period. We evaluated the impact of enforcement on ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snowden LR,Masland MC,Wallace NT,Evans-Cuellar A

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00