Fraction of gestational diabetes mellitus attributable to overweight and obesity by race/ethnicity, California, 2007-2009.


OBJECTIVES:We calculated the racial/ethnic-specific percentages of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) attributable to overweight and obesity. METHODS:We analyzed 1 228 265 records of women aged 20 years or older with a live, singleton birth in California during 2007 to 2009. Using logistic regression, we estimated the magnitude of the association between prepregnancy body mass index and GDM and calculated the percentages of GDM attributable to overweight and obesity overall and by race/ethnicity. RESULTS:The overall estimated GDM prevalence ranged from 5.4% among White women to 11.9% among Asian/Pacific Islander women. The adjusted percentages of GDM deliveries attributable to overweight and obesity were 17.8% among Asians/Pacific Islander, 41.2% among White, 44.2% among Hispanic, 51.2% among Black, and 57.8% among American Indian women. Select Asian subgroups, such as Vietnamese (13.0%), Asian Indian (14.0%), and Filipino (14.2%), had the highest GDM prevalence, but the lowest percentage attributable to obesity. CONCLUSIONS:Elevated prepregnancy body mass index contributed to GDM in all racial/ethnic groups, which suggests that decreasing overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age could reduce GDM, associated delivery complications, and future risk of diabetes in both the mother and offspring.


Am J Public Health


Kim SY,Saraiva C,Curtis M,Wilson HG,Troyan J,Sharma AJ




Has Abstract


2013-10-01 00:00:00












  • Monitoring Sexual Violence Trends in Emergency Department Visits Using Syndromic Data From the National Syndromic Surveillance Program-United States, January 2017-December 2019.

    abstract::Objectives. To report trends in sexual violence (SV) emergency department (ED) visits in the United States.Methods. We analyzed monthly changes in SV rates (per 100 000 ED visits) from January 2017 to December 2019 using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Syndromic Surveillance Program data. We stra...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: D'Inverno AS,Idaikkadar N,Houry D

    更新日期:2021-01-21 00:00:00

  • Family physicians' views of chiropractors: hostile or hospitable?

    abstract::Family physicians in the State of Washington were surveyed about their knowledge and views about chiropractors; 79 per cent (476) responded. Sixty-six per cent indicated discomfort with what they believed chiropractors do while acknowledging their effectiveness for some patients; 25 per cent viewed chiropractors as an...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cherkin D,MacCornack FA,Berg AO

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS): Overview of Design and Methodology.

    abstract::Data System. The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is an ongoing state-based surveillance system of maternal behaviors, attitudes, and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. PRAMS is conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Reproductive Health in col...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shulman HB,D'Angelo DV,Harrison L,Smith RA,Warner L

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized trial of augmented prenatal care for multiple-risk, Medicaid-eligible African American women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This project investigated whether augmented prenatal care for high-risk African American women would improve pregnancy outcomes and patients' knowledge of risks, satisfaction with care, and behavior. METHODS:The women enrolled were African American, were eligible for Medicaid, had scored 10 or higher on a r...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Klerman LV,Ramey SL,Goldenberg RL,Marbury S,Hou J,Cliver SP

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • The drinking water disparities framework: on the origins and persistence of inequities in exposure.

    abstract::With this article, we develop the Drinking Water Disparities Framework to explain environmental injustice in the context of drinking water in the United States. The framework builds on the social epidemiology and environmental justice literatures, and is populated with 5 years of field data (2005-2010) from California...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balazs CL,Ray I

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Rural hospitals' experience with the National Practitioner Data Bank.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined hospital administrators' experiences with the National Practitioner Data Bank. METHODS:One hundred forty-nine rural hospital administrators completed questionnaires assessing their perceptions of the data bank. RESULTS:Nearly 90% of respondents rated the data bank as an important source...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neighbor WE,Baldwin LM,West PA,Hart LG

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating mortality in the Hispanic population of Connecticut, 1990 to 1991.

    abstract::Among all deaths to Connecticut residents (1990/91), 1260 were acceptable Spanish-surname matches (using father's surname for females), of which only 793 (62.9%) were identified as Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Certificates also identified 127 non-Spanish-surnamed Hispanics. With death rates for non-Hispan...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polednak AP

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Global alcohol producers, science, and policy: the case of the International Center for Alcohol Policies.

    abstract::In this article, I document strategies used by alcohol producers to influence national and global science and policy. Their strategies include producing scholarly publications with incomplete, distorted views of the science underlying alcohol policies; pressuring national and international governmental institutions; ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jernigan DH

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumonia and influenza mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 1990-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared pneumonia and influenza death rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) people with rates among Whites and examined geographic differences in pneumonia and influenza death rates for AI/AN persons. METHODS:We adjusted National Vital Statistics Surveillance mortality data for racial miscla...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Groom AV,Hennessy TW,Singleton RJ,Butler JC,Holve S,Cheek JE

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • What are the odds that smoking will kill you?

    abstract::We calculated the long-term risks of death from smoking for individuals of various ages and smoking status in terms of the excess mortality contributed by smoking, over and above the baseline mortality from the same diseases caused by factors other than smoking using standard life table procedures. Since mortality dat...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mattson ME,Pollack ES,Cullen JW

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • Life-style and death patterns of the Missouri RLDS church members.

    abstract::Members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (RLDS) are dissuaded from the use of tobacco, alcohol, and hot drinks. A well-balanced diet is also stressed. This study compares the 1972-78 mortality experience of the Missouri RLDS with three other population groups. The findings show Missouri R...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McEvoy L,Land G

    更新日期:1981-12-01 00:00:00

  • Development of the pediatric environmental health specialty unit network in North America.

    abstract::Training in environmental health in general, and pediatric environmental health in particular, is inadequate. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry began to develop pediatric environmental health specialty units (PEHSUs) after noting the dearth of practitioners who could evaluate and manage children wit...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paulson JA,Karr CJ,Seltzer JM,Cherry DC,Sheffield PE,Cifuentes E,Buka I,Amler RW

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Legal tools for preparedness and response: variation in quarantine powers among the 10 most populous US states in 2004.

    abstract::From April 2004 through December 2004, we reviewed the express legal authorities of the 10 most populous US states to restrict the movement of persons to control communicable diseases. All 10 of the states possessed express legal authority to quarantine and isolate individuals, but the laws varied substantially. In th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shaw FE,McKie KL,Liveoak CA,Goodman RA,State Public Health Counsel Review Team.

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol advertising on Boston's Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority transit system: an assessment of youths' and adults' exposure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated the frequency with which alcohol advertisements appeared on Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) transit lines in Boston, MA, and we calculated adult and youths' exposure to the ads. METHODS:We measured the nature and extent of alcohol advertisements on 4 Boston transit lines on...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nyborn JA,Wukitsch K,Nhean S,Siegel M

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Herpes zoster and exposure to the varicella zoster virus in an era of varicella vaccination.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We performed a case-control study to determine if participants with herpes zoster had fewer contacts with persons with varicella or zoster, and with young children, to explore the hypothesis that exposure to persons with varicella zoster virus (VZV) results in "immune boosting." METHODS:Participants were pa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donahue JG,Kieke BA,Gargiullo PM,Jumaan AO,Berger NR,McCauley JS,Belongia EA

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • A Smoke-Free Paso del Norte: impact over 10 years on smoking prevalence using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the impact of a tobacco control initiative over 10 years on cessation and prevention. METHODS:We examined 2000-2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System cases of a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) with systematic tobacco control efforts throughout the decade (El Paso, TX) and 2 comparis...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor T,Cooper TV,Hernandez N,Kelly M,Law J,Colwell B

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of a theoretical model for oral health-related quality of life among youths with cleft.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated relationships among physical and psychological indicators and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in youths with cleft. METHODS:We recruited youths aged 7 to 18 years with cleft palate (n = 282) or cleft lip and palate (n = 918) and their caregivers into a 5-year observational investig...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broder HL,Wilson-Genderson M,Sischo L

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating the Prevalence of HIV and Sexual Behaviors Among the US Transgender Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, 2006-2017.

    abstract::Background. Transgender women (transwomen) in the United States have been shown to have high HIV risk with Black and Hispanic transwomen being particularly vulnerable. Growing research on transgender men (transmen) also shows increased HIV risk and burden, although not as much is known for this transgender population....

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Becasen JS,Denard CL,Mullins MM,Higa DH,Sipe TA

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of the Voluntary Safety Standard for Liquid Laundry Packets on Child Injuries Treated in US Hospital Emergency Departments, 2012-2018.

    abstract::Objectives. To evaluate the effect of the voluntary safety standard for liquid laundry packets on the rate of injury involving children younger than 5 years in the United States.Methods. Semiannual national estimates of child injuries involving liquid laundry packets treated in US hospital emergency departments were d...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hanway SJ,Rodgers GB

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • First, do no harm: the US sexually transmitted disease experiments in Guatemala.

    abstract::Beginning in 1946, the United States government immorally and unethically-and, arguably, illegally-engaged in research experiments in which more than 5000 uninformed and unconsenting Guatemalan people were intentionally infected with bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases. Many have been left untreated to t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodriguez MA,García R

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with increased dental care utilization in five urban, low-income areas.

    abstract::Survey data were used to measure change in dental utilization in five urban low-income areas as a result of increased financial (Medicaid) and facility (community health centers) access to dental care. The average annual dental visit between the baseline and follow-up surveys showed a dramatic increase in four of the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okada LM,Wan TT

    更新日期:1979-10-01 00:00:00

  • The GLBT Health Access Project: a state-funded effort to improve access to care.

    abstract::The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender (GLBT) Health Access Project is a unique public-private collaboration working to eliminate barriers to health care for the GLBT community, foster development of comprehensive, culturally appropriate health promotion policies and health care services for GLBT people and their...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clark ME,Landers S,Linde R,Sperber J

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Estimation of health benefits from a local living wage ordinance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study estimated the magnitude of health improvements resulting from a proposed living wage ordinance in San Francisco. METHODS:Published observational models of the relationship of income to health were applied to predict improvements in health outcomes associated with proposed wage increases in San Fr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatia R,Katz M

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Disability trends among older Americans: National Health And Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated trends in disability among older Americans from 1988 through 2004 to test the hypothesis that more recent cohorts show increased burdens of disability. METHODS:We used data from 2 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1988-1994 and 1999-2004) to assess time trends in basic activ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seeman TE,Merkin SS,Crimmins EM,Karlamangla AS

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric gonococcal infection, Florida, 1984 to 1988.

    abstract::We reviewed Florida pediatric gonococcal (GC) infection surveillance data collected between 1984 and 1988. The incidence rate was 11 per 100,000 per year for the age group 1 month through 9 years. Incidence rates were higher for females, other-than-Whites, and residents of rural counties than for males, Whites, and re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Desenclos JC,Garrity D,Wroten J

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological Attempts to Change a Person's Gender Identity From Transgender to Cisgender: Estimated Prevalence Across US States, 2015.

    abstract::Objectives. To examine exposure to psychological attempts to change a person's gender identity from transgender to cisgender (PACGI) among transgender people in the United States, lifetime and between the years 2010 and 2015, by US state.Methods. We obtained data from the 2015 US Transgender Survey, a cross-sectional ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turban JL,King D,Reisner SL,Keuroghlian AS

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Future directions in research on institutional and interpersonal discrimination and children's health.

    abstract::Research evidence indicates that 2 forms of racial discrimination-perceived interpersonal discrimination and racial/ethnic residential segregation (a form of institutional discrimination)-may influence children's health and disparities. Although research on these 2 forms of discrimination and health has primarily focu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Acevedo-Garcia D,Rosenfeld LE,Hardy E,McArdle N,Osypuk TL

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Low-level air pollution and hospital admissions for cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases in Helsinki.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study investigated whether low concentrations of ambient air pollutants are associated with hospital admissions for ischemic cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases. METHODS:Associations between daily concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and particulates and daily hospi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pönkä A,Virtanen M

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • The contribution of preterm birth to the Black-White infant mortality gap, 1990 and 2000.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated whether the decline of the racial disparity in preterm birth during the last decade was commensurate with a decline in the contribution of preterm birth to the infant mortality gap. METHODS:We used linked files of 1990 and 2000 data on US infant births and deaths to partition the gap between Bl...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schempf AH,Branum AM,Lukacs SL,Schoendorf KC

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Bicycle guidelines and crash rates on cycle tracks in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We studied state-adopted bicycle guidelines to determine whether cycle tracks (physically separated, bicycle-exclusive paths adjacent to sidewalks) were recommended, whether they were built, and their crash rate. METHODS:We analyzed and compared US bicycle facility guidelines published between 1972 and 1999...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lusk AC,Morency P,Miranda-Moreno LF,Willett WC,Dennerlein JT

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00