Reducing pregnancy and induced abortion rates in China: family planning with husband participation.


OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the effectiveness of a family planning intervention with and without husband's participation in reducing pregnancy and abortion rates in Shanghai, China. METHODS:In this 3-arm randomized trial among 1800 nonsterilized married women, educational interventions targeting both spouses and targeting the wife only were compared with usual family planning care. RESULTS:Among women not using intrauterine devices (IUDs), the intervention with husband's participation had an effect in reducing pregnancy rates (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.12, 1.1) and abortion rates (adjusted OR = 0.29, CI = 0.09, 0.94) compared with control subjects, and a significant effect in reducing pregnancy rates (adjusted OR = 0.29, CI = 0.10, 0.85) and abortion rates (adjusted OR = 0.24, CI = 0.07, 0.77) compared with wife-only subjects. CONCLUSIONS:Family planning interventions involving husbands may reduce pregnancy and abortion rates among non-IUD users.


Am J Public Health


Wang CC,Vittinghoff E,Hua LS,Yun WH,Rong ZM




Has Abstract


1998-04-01 00:00:00












  • Senile dementia: public policy and adequate institutional care.

    abstract::Increasing costs of institutional care for the aged have occasioned a variety of government cost containment measures. People with senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) will be the principal group to suffer from cutbacks. SDAT patients are usually eligible for Intermediate Care Facilities (ICFs), rather than ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brody EM,Lawton MP,Liebowitz B

    更新日期:1984-12-01 00:00:00

  • The relation of breastfeeding and body mass index to asthma and atopy in children: a prospective cohort study to age 6 years.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated the relationship between breastfeeding, asthma and atopy, and child body mass index (BMI). METHODS:From a prospective birth cohort (n = 2860) in Perth, Western Australia, 2195 children were followed up to age 6 years. Asthma was defined as doctor-diagnosed asthma and wheeze in the last year,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oddy WH,Sherriff JL,de Klerk NH,Kendall GE,Sly PD,Beilin LJ,Blake KB,Landau LI,Stanley FJ

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Controlled trial of Giardia lamblia: control strategies in day care centers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Strategies for control of Giardia lamblia in day care differ in numbers of children treated and in costs to parents and day care operators. The effectiveness of these strategies has not been systematically evaluated. METHODS:We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing three strategies f...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bartlett AV,Englender SJ,Jarvis BA,Ludwig L,Carlson JF,Topping JP

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Defending diversity: affirmative action and medical education.

    abstract::Affirmative action programs of all types are under attack legally and politically. Although medical schools have not been specifically targeted, their affirmative action programs, like others in higher education, are potentially in danger. This article examines the current legal status of affirmative action in medical...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeVille K

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of DRGs on community-based service providers: implications for the elderly.

    abstract::We investigated changes in community-based agencies following the implementation of the Medicare prospective payment system for hospitals utilizing DRGs (diagnosis-related groups). Data were collected in 1986 and 1987 from 771 community service providers. There were five major findings: 1) hospital discharge planners,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wood JB,Estes CL

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Job strain and ambulatory blood pressure: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

    abstract::We reviewed evidence of the relationship between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in 29 studies (1985-2012). We conducted a quantitative meta-analysis on 22 cross-sectional studies of a single exposure to job strain. We systematically reviewed 1 case-control study, 3 studies of cumulative exposure to job...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Landsbergis PA,Dobson M,Koutsouras G,Schnall P

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Effectiveness of a Multisector Childhood Obesity Prevention Intervention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate racial/ethnic and language differences in the effectiveness of the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (MA-CORD) study among children aged 2 to 4 years enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). METHODS:We performed a mult...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson CC,Colchamiro R,Perkins M,Taveras EM,Leung-Strle P,Kwass J,Woo Baidal JA

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • The validity of self-reported smoking: a review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to identify circumstances in which biochemical assessments of smoking produce systematically higher or lower estimates of smoking than self-reports. A secondary aim was to evaluate different statistical approaches to analyzing variation in validity estimates. METHODS:Literature...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Patrick DL,Cheadle A,Thompson DC,Diehr P,Koepsell T,Kinne S

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol environments and disparities in exposure associated with adolescent drinking in California.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated sociodemographic disparities in alcohol environments and their relationship with adolescent drinking. METHODS:We geocoded and mapped alcohol license data with ArcMap to construct circular buffers centered at 14 595 households with children that participated in the California Health Interview...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Truong KD,Sturm R

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Ongoing Disparities in Prediagnosis Preexposure Prophylaxis Use Among Persons Recently Diagnosed With HIV in New York City, 2015-2017.

    abstract::Objectives. To quantify sociodemographic disparities in prediagnosis preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use in persons recently diagnosed with HIV in New York City and assigned for partner services.Methods. We used partner services data from November 2015 to September 2017 from persons diagnosed with HIV in the past 12 mo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Misra K,Huang JS,Udeagu CN

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • The efficacy of female condom skills training in HIV risk reduction among women: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the efficacy of skills training designed to increase female condom use among women. METHODS:We conducted a randomized controlled trial of 409 women, recruited from family planning clinics in northern California, who were randomly assigned to the experimental 4-session female condom skills train...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Choi KH,Hoff C,Gregorich SE,Grinstead O,Gomez C,Hussey W

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic disadvantage and periodontal disease: the Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used data from the Dental Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study to examine whether individual- and neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics were associated with periodontal disease. METHODS:We assessed severe periodontitis with a combination of clinical attachment loss and pocket depth measur...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borrell LN,Beck JD,Heiss G

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Oral Health Care Receipt and Self-Rated Oral Health for Diverse Asian American Subgroups in New York City.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify determinants of receipt of annual oral health examinations and self-rated oral health among diverse Asian American subgroups. METHODS:We used data from the Community Health Resources and Needs Assessment, a community-based survey of Asian American immigrant adults conducted in the New York City ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jung M,Kwon SC,Edens N,Northridge ME,Trinh-Shevrin C,Yi SS

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Planning for posttrial access to antiretroviral treatment for research participants in developing countries.

    abstract::Despite recognition of the importance of posttrial access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), the implementation process has not been studied. We examined whether the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidance document was being implemented in NIH-funded ART trials conducted in developing countries between July 2005 an...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shah S,Elmer S,Grady C

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ethics in public health research: privacy and public health at risk: public health confidentiality in the digital age.

    abstract::Public health agencies increasingly use electronic means to acquire, use, maintain, and store personal health information. Electronic data formats can improve performance of core public health functions, but potentially threaten privacy because they can be easily duplicated and transmitted to unauthorized people. Alth...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Myers J,Frieden TR,Bherwani KM,Henning KJ

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of individually motivating smoking cessation in male blue collar workers.

    abstract::Adverse demonstrable health effects linked to the individual's smoking were shown to 2,689 American workers to motivate cessation during routine examinations to detect asbestosis. This intervention was evaluated six to 25 months later by a mailed questionnaire and by telephone to non-responders. Results were compared ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilburn KH,Warshaw RH

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • State smoking prevalence estimates: a comparison of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and current population surveys.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined whether there are systematic differences between the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and the Current Population Survey (CPS) for state cigarette smoking prevalence estimates. METHODS:BRFSS telephone survey estimates were compared with estimates from the US Census CPS t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arday DR,Tomar SL,Nelson DE,Merritt RK,Schooley MW,Mowery P

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Decreasing Hepatitis C Incidence Among a Population With Repeated Tests: British Columbia, Canada, 1993-2011.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated HCV incidence among individuals who repeatedly underwent anti-HCV testing. METHODS:We studied HCV-negative individuals who had at least 2 tests between April 1992 and September 2012 in British Columbia, Canada. We calculated incidence as the number of new infections per 100 person-years at risk...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuo M,Janjua NZ,Burchell AN,Buxton JA,Krajden M,Gilbert M

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Community education for cardiovascular disease prevention: risk factor changes in the Minnesota Heart Health Program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Minnesota Heart Health Program is a 13-year research and demonstration project to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease in whole communities. METHODS:Three pairs of communities were matched on size and type; each pair had one education site and one comparison site. After baseline su...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luepker RV,Murray DM,Jacobs DR Jr,Mittelmark MB,Bracht N,Carlaw R,Crow R,Elmer P,Finnegan J,Folsom AR

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Racial Prejudice on the Health of Communities: A Multilevel Survival Analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined whether and how racial prejudice at both the individual and community levels contributes to mortality risk among majority as well as minority group members. METHODS:We used data on racial attitudes from the General Social Survey (1993-2002) prospectively linked to mortality data from the Nationa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee Y,Muennig P,Kawachi I,Hatzenbuehler ML

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • The intended and unintended consequences of a legal measure to cut the flow of illegal cigarettes into New York City: the case of the South Bronx.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the impact of a change in New York tax law on the numbers of untaxed cigarettes bootlegged from Native American reservations and resold in the South Bronx. METHODS:Discarded cigarette packs were systematically collected in 30 randomized South Bronx census tracks before and after the amended tax ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kurti M,von Lampe K,Johnson J

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Vaccine failures in the epidemiology and control of measles.

    abstract::Data were employed from confirmed measles case reports and an immunization survey to estimate the apparent effectiveness of measles vaccine in Los Angeles County in 1976. We evaluated the age-specific proportions of our case load arising from persons erroneously thought to possess immunity. Thirty five per cent of our...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strassburg MA,Greenland S,Fannin SL

    更新日期:1979-10-01 00:00:00

  • Stigmatization of AIDS patients by physicians.

    abstract::A randomly selected sample of physicians in three large cities was asked to read one of four vignettes describing a patient. They then completed a set of objective attitude measures eliciting their reactions to the patient described in the vignette. The vignettes were identical except that the patient's illness was id...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelly JA,St Lawrence JS,Smith S Jr,Hood HV,Cook DJ

    更新日期:1987-07-01 00:00:00

  • Plumbism reinvented: childhood lead poisoning in France, 1985-1990.

    abstract::Although the history of childhood lead poisoning started a century ago in the United States, the first French cases were identified in 1985. Instead of merely adopting knowledge accumulated for decades, the public health professionals and activists involved had to reestablish, against incredulity from medical authorit...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Fassin D,Naudé AJ

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Excess Medical Care Spending: The Categories, Magnitude, and Opportunity Costs of Wasteful Spending in the United States.

    abstract::Landmark reports from reputable sources have concluded that the United States wastes hundreds of billions of dollars every year on medical care that does not improve health outcomes. While there is widespread agreement over how wasteful medical care spending is defined, there is no consensus on its magnitude or catego...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Speer M,McCullough JM,Fielding JE,Faustino E,Teutsch SM

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Distributional change in physician manpower, United States, 1963-80.

    abstract::Using data from the American Medical Association's Physician Masterfiles (1963-80) and the GINI index of resource concentration as a global measure of changes in the pattern of locational choice, the expectation of a more uniform distribution of physicians is shown to have been met for all major categories of physicia...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McConnel CE,Tobias LA

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hurricane Harvey Hospital Flood Impacts: Accuracy of Federal Emergency Management Agency Flood Hazard Areas in Harris County, Texas.

    abstract::Objectives. To compare the flood impacts experienced by Harris County, Texas, hospitals with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood hazard areas and Hurricane Harvey's inundation boundary.Methods. One year following Hurricane Harvey, we created a novel data set of Hurricane Harvey's flood impacts in Harris C...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hines E,Reid CE

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Standards for local public health services: where stand the states?

    abstract::Of the 47 states that participated in a 1983 survey of State Health Departments, 30 were found to have public health standards in place or started. Most states' standards emphasize the range of services to be provided, but substantial variations were found in how standards are formulated, adopted, and used by state an...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schaefer M,Abrantes A

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational carpal tunnel syndrome in Washington State, 1984-1988.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are no published population-based studies of occupational carpal tunnel syndrome (OCTS) using a strict case definition. Most studies are either industry specific or present patient self-report of symptoms. METHODS:We conducted a population-based incidence study of OCTS using the Washington State Worke...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franklin GM,Haug J,Heyer N,Checkoway H,Peck N

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • School-based health centers: cost-benefit analysis and impact on health care disparities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the impact of school-based health centers-which provide essential health care for students by aiming to eliminate many access barriers-on health care access disparities and conducted a cost-benefit analysis. METHODS:We employed a longitudinal quasi-experimental repeated-measures design. Primary...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo JJ,Wade TJ,Pan W,Keller KN

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00