Combined effects of cognitive impairment and pre-frailty on future frailty and death in older Mexican Americans.


:Objectives: Impaired cognition and pre-frailty are associated with poor health outcomes. However, research has not examined the combined impact of cognitive impairment and pre-frailty on future frailty and mortality among older Mexican Americans. Methods: Data for this analysis came from the 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 waves of the Hispanic EPESE. The final sample included 639 Mexican Americans aged ≥77 years who were non-frail or pre-frail in 2006-2007. Frailty measure included weight loss, exhaustion, weakness, and slow walking speed. Participants were classified as non-frail (0 criteria) and pre-frail (1 criterion) at baseline. Cognitive impairment was defined as <21 points on the MMSE. At baseline, participants were grouped as: cognitively intact non-frail, cognitively intact pre-frail, cognitively impaired non-frail, and cognitively impaired pre-frail. Logistic and hazard regression models were used to evaluate the odds of being frail in 2010-2011 and risk for 10-year mortality. Results: Cognitively impaired pre-frail participants were more likely to become frail (OR = 4.82, 95% CI = 2.02-11.42) and deceased (HR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.42-2.78). Cognitively impaired non-frail participants had significantly higher risk for mortality (HR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.12-2.19) but not frailty (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 0.50-3.11). Being cognitively intact and pre-frail at baseline was not significantly associated with being frail at follow-up (OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 0.83-3.19) or mortality (HR = 1.29, 95% CI = 0.97-1.71). Conclusions: Comorbid cognitive impairment and pre-frailty is associated with future frailty and mortality in older Mexican Americans. Screening for cognitive impairment may be effective for identifying pre-frail Mexican Americans who are at the highest risk of frailty and mortality.


Aging Ment Health


Aging & mental health


Downer B,Al Snih S,Howrey BT,Raji MA,Markides KS,Ottenbacher KJ




Has Abstract


2019-10-01 00:00:00












  • Does participation in art classes influence performance on two different cognitive tasks?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Effects of two mentally stimulating art interventions on processing speed and visuo-spatial cognition were compared in three samples. METHOD:In a randomized 10-week art intervention study with a pre-post follow-up design, 113 adults (27 healthy older adults with subjective memory complaints, 50 healthy olde...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schindler M,Maihöfner C,Bolwerk A,Lang FR

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • The curvilinear relationship of early-life adversity and successful aging: the mediating role of mental health.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The steeling effect suggests that early-life adversity can have a beneficial impact later in life. However, little is known about its underlying mechanisms and long-term outcomes . The study aimed to examine the role of early-life adversity (ELA) on successful aging, and whether this relationship can be expl...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Höltge J,Mc Gee SL,Thoma MV

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Shall I compare thee…to a robot? An exploratory pilot study using participatory arts and social robotics to improve psychological well-being in later life.

    abstract::Research suggests that the use of creative, artistic activities in later life may positively impact the psychological well-being of older adults. Social robots have been utilized in research with older adults, however, few studies have integrated participatory arts (e.g. theatre) into social robotic platforms for the ...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fields N,Xu L,Greer J,Murphy E

    更新日期:2019-12-18 00:00:00

  • Assessing the validity and reliability of the Pool Activity Level (PAL) Checklist for use with older people with dementia.

    abstract::Activity is key to maintaining physical and mental health and well-being. However, as dementia affects the ability to engage in activity, care-givers can find it difficult to provide appropriate activities. The Pool Activity Level (PAL) Checklist guides the selection of appropriate, personally meaningful activities. T...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wenborn J,Challis D,Pool J,Burgess J,Elliott N,Orrell M

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Episodic memory and executive functioning in informal dementia caregivers.

    abstract::Objectives: Informal dementia caregivers are thought to experience high levels of depression and burden, which can contribute to worse cognitive functioning. However, poorer cognitive functioning in caregivers is not always found. The current study explored whether caregivers perform better, worse, or similar to non-c...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jütten LH,Mark RE,Sitskoorn MM

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Trajectories of depression symptoms in Chinese elderly during widowhood: a secondary analysis.

    abstract::Objectives: This study aims to identify heterogeneous depressive symptom trajectories among the widowed elderly in China, to explore predictive variables of latent class membership, and to detect between-classes differences in life satisfaction across time.Method: Data of 198 individuals widowed between 2011 and 2013 ...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen C,Chow AYM,Tang S

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Unemployment during working life and mental health of retirees: results of a representative survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to examine differences in mental health and satisfaction with life in retired men and women depending on experienced unemployment during working life. METHOD:Based on a representative survey, 1396 retirees in the age range of 60-92 years were interviewed face-to-face, assessing two...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zenger M,Brähler E,Berth H,Stöbel-Richter Y

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • The experience of caring for older people with dementia in a rural area: using services.

    abstract::This paper reports findings from the carer component of the Gwynedd Dementia Study. It is based on carer interviews, using quantitative and qualitative data. It confirms earlier findings that carers for people with dementia are typically female and older than other carers, although it notes that caring husbands are am...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Wenger GC,Scott A,Seddon D

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing young adults' attitudes and knowledge of late-life sexuality among older women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although sexuality is valued throughout the lifespan, older women's sexual expression can be influenced by physical, mental and social factors, including attitudes and stereotypes held by younger generations. By gaining an understanding of what influences negative attitudes toward sexuality and beliefs about...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allen RS,Petro KN,Phillips LL

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Medical conditions in geriatric hoarding disorder patients.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Hoarding disorder (HD) in late life is associated with increased risk for fire, falling, poor sanitary conditions, disability, and health risks. However, research on the health status of individuals with HD is limited. Hoarding symptoms and the resulting clutter may exacerbate health conditions and lead to i...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ayers CR,Iqbal Y,Strickland K

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Serum interleukin-6 is related to lower cognitive functioning in elderly patients with major depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is an increased evidence of an association between inflammatory mediators, particularly serum IL-6, depression and cognitive impairment in the elderly. This study aims at exploring the relation of peripheral IL-6 to cognitive functions in elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). OBJECTIV...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ali NS,Hashem AHH,Hassan AM,Saleh AA,El-Baz HN

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Learning and knowing technology as lived experience in people with Alzheimer's disease: a phenomenological study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Most research on learning in the field of dementia has studied teaching approaches, while little is known about learning as experienced and enacted by the people with dementia. The aim was to explore the lived experience of learning and maintaining knowledge related to technology among people with mild to mo...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenberg L,Nygård L

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • The long-term impact of combat exposure on health, interpersonal, and economic domains of functioning.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Wartime combat exposure is linked to a broad array of negative outcomes. The current study identified potential differences between middle-to-older aged men exposed to combat and those not exposed for physical health, interpersonal, and economic functioning over 10 years. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) a...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheffler JL,Rushing NC,Stanley IH,Sachs-Ericsson NJ

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prefrontal-limbic connectivity during worry in older adults with generalized anxiety disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders in older adults, very little is known about the neurobiology of worry, the hallmark symptom of GAD in adults over the age of 60. This study investigated the neurobiology and neural circuitry of worry in older GAD patie...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohlman J,Eldreth DA,Price RB,Staples AM,Hanson C

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Partners' adjustment to older workers' retirement: testing the role of preretirement expectations in a 10-year panel study.

    abstract::Objectives: Retirement is not only an important later-life transition for the retiring individual, but also for his or her life partner. This study aims to improve our understanding of the partner's adjustment to the retirement of the older worker, by paying attention to the multidimensional nature of adjustment, and ...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Damman M,Segel-Karpas D,Henkens K

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of stressors, appraisal and personal conditions on the burden of spousal caregivers of persons with dementia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to explore the main and mediating influences of stressors, a caregiver's appraisal, coping, personal conditions and social resources on the burden of dementia caregivers. METHOD:The study sample consisted of 95 spousal caregivers of non-institutionalized persons with dementia. A pa...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Den Wijngaart MA,Vernooij-Dassen MJ,Felling AJ

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of gerotranscendence support group on gerotranscendence perspective, depression, and life satisfaction of institutionalized elders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this research was to test the clinical use of the gerotranscendence (GT) theory and its influence on GT perspective, depression, and life satisfaction among a group of institutionalized elders. METHODS:An experimental study utilizing pre-post group design and random assignment of elders into i...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wang JJ,Lin YH,Hsieh LY

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring engagement with music: development of an informant-report questionnaire.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study describes the development of the Music Engagement Questionnaire (MusEQ), a 35-item scale to measure engagement with music in daily life. Music has implications for well-being and for therapy, notably for individuals living with dementia. A number of excellent scales or questionnaires are now avail...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanstone AD,Wolf M,Poon T,Cuddy LL

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning among older adults with cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The US population of older adults is growing, with an increase in diseases like cancer. As cancer rates increase, there is a concomitant increase in adverse correlates, such as cognitive impairment and depressive symptomatology. In order to develop appropriate interventions, it is vital to assess relationship...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morin RT,Midlarsky E

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Behaviour assessment tools in long-term care homes in Canada: a survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Many people living in long-term care homes (LTCH) experience changes in behaviour termed the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The valid and reliable assessment of BPSD is essential to guide treatment and monitor the effect of interventions. The aim of this study was to identify behav...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Penko M,Quirt H,Schindel Martin L,Iaboni A

    更新日期:2020-07-21 00:00:00

  • Substance abuse treatment initiation among older adults in the GET SMART program: effects of depression and cognitive status.

    abstract::This study examines how individual patient characteristics predict substance abuse treatment initiation among older adults, in an investigation based on the behavioral health service use model. Analyses tested the impact of demographic factors, substance abuse symptoms, depression and cognitive status on subsequent tr...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Satre DD,Knight BG,Dickson-Fuhrmann E,Jarvik LF

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Toward an understanding of late life suicidal behavior: the role of lifespan developmental theory.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Suicidal behavior in late life differs in important ways from suicidal behavior that occurs earlier in the lifespan, suggesting the possibility of developmental differences in the etiology of suicidal behavior. This paper examines late life suicidal behavior within the context of lifespan developmental theor...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fiske A,O'Riley AA

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Spirituality and wellbeing in later life: a multidimensional approach.

    abstract::Objectives: Previous studies pointed at positive associations between spirituality and Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) in later life, but were typically limited to one dimension of spirituality and/or one measure of SWB. Applying Fisher's (2010) multidimensional approach to spirituality and measuring both positive and nega...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lifshitz R,Nimrod G,Bachner YG

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender older people in Ireland: mental health issues.

    abstract::International policy initiatives have highlighted the need to include older lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) issues in the provision of appropriate health and social care. However, empirical studies in the area remain sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences and needs of LGBT peopl...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCann E,Sharek D,Higgins A,Sheerin F,Glacken M

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal trajectories of subjective care stressors: the role of personal, dyadic, and family resources.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Stressors are critical to the caregiver stress process, yet little work has examined resources that contribute to longitudinal changes in subjective stressors. The present study examines a variety of factors that contribute to changes in subjective stressors across time. METHOD:Dementia caregivers (N = 153)...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bangerter LR,Liu Y,Zarit SH

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • CASP-19 special section: how does chronic disease status affect CASP quality of life at older ages? Examining the WHO ICF disability domains as mediators of this relationship.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The effect of chronic disease status on quality of life (QoL) has been well established. However, less is known about how chronic diseases affect QoL. This article examines impairment in three domains of the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Health and Disability (ICF) - body function, activit...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sexton E,King-Kallimanis BL,Layte R,Hickey A

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosis associated behavioral and psychological signs and symptoms in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's dementia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of psychosis in mild cognitive impairment (MCI, Petersen's criteria) and patients with Alzheimer's dementia, and to characterize the associated behavioral and psychological signs and symptoms of dementia (BPSD). METHOD:A cross-sectional analysis of baseli...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van der Mussele S,Mariën P,Saerens J,Somers N,Goeman J,De Deyn PP,Engelborghs S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • An updated measure for investigating basic knowledge of Alzheimer's disease in underserved rural settings.

    abstract::Objective: Older rural adults face a higher burden of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and delayed detection. This risk is heightened in rural populations that are ethnically diverse. Patients and providers are often hesitant to participate in screening, partially due to gaps in knowledge of the current science. The purpose o...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiese LK,Williams CL,Tappen RM,Newman D

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health service use among older Canadians with anxiety and comorbid physical conditions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to understand the relationship between mental health service use and comorbid any anxiety and commonly occurring physical conditions (i.e., arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and gastrointestinal disease) in a national sample of older Canadians. METHODS:The sample consisted o...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El-Gabalawy R,Mackenzie CS,Sareen J

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality communication as a predictor of psychological distress among family caregivers of home hospice and hospital inpatients with terminal cancer.

    abstract::Terminally ill cancer patients and their caregivers experience significant difficulties discussing illness and impending death (herein defined as mortality communication). The current study compares response levels as well as patterns of association between mortality communication and psychological distress among care...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bachner YG,O'Rourke N,Davidov E,Carmel S

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00