Combined effects of cognitive impairment and pre-frailty on future frailty and death in older Mexican Americans.

Abstract:

:Objectives: Impaired cognition and pre-frailty are associated with poor health outcomes. However, research has not examined the combined impact of cognitive impairment and pre-frailty on future frailty and mortality among older Mexican Americans. Methods: Data for this analysis came from the 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 waves of the Hispanic EPESE. The final sample included 639 Mexican Americans aged ≥77 years who were non-frail or pre-frail in 2006-2007. Frailty measure included weight loss, exhaustion, weakness, and slow walking speed. Participants were classified as non-frail (0 criteria) and pre-frail (1 criterion) at baseline. Cognitive impairment was defined as <21 points on the MMSE. At baseline, participants were grouped as: cognitively intact non-frail, cognitively intact pre-frail, cognitively impaired non-frail, and cognitively impaired pre-frail. Logistic and hazard regression models were used to evaluate the odds of being frail in 2010-2011 and risk for 10-year mortality. Results: Cognitively impaired pre-frail participants were more likely to become frail (OR = 4.82, 95% CI = 2.02-11.42) and deceased (HR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.42-2.78). Cognitively impaired non-frail participants had significantly higher risk for mortality (HR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.12-2.19) but not frailty (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 0.50-3.11). Being cognitively intact and pre-frail at baseline was not significantly associated with being frail at follow-up (OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 0.83-3.19) or mortality (HR = 1.29, 95% CI = 0.97-1.71). Conclusions: Comorbid cognitive impairment and pre-frailty is associated with future frailty and mortality in older Mexican Americans. Screening for cognitive impairment may be effective for identifying pre-frail Mexican Americans who are at the highest risk of frailty and mortality.

journal_name

Aging Ment Health

journal_title

Aging & mental health

authors

Downer B,Al Snih S,Howrey BT,Raji MA,Markides KS,Ottenbacher KJ

doi

10.1080/13607863.2018.1493719

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-10-01 00:00:00

pages

1405-1412

issue

10

eissn

1360-7863

issn

1364-6915

journal_volume

23

pub_type

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