The Economic Crisis in Greece and Its Impact on the Seasonality of Suicides in the Athens Greater Area.


OBJECTIVE:The economic crisis and the implementation of austerity measures in Greece lead to significant socioeconomic changes. The effects of the crisis were mainly felt by the Greek population during the years 2011 and 2012. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Greece's economic crisis on the seasonality of suicides in the Athens Greater Area. METHODS:Data were collected for all recorded cases of suicides committed over a 5-year period (from 2008 to 2012) from the Athens Department of Forensic Medicine. Two sub-periods were studied in relation to the economic crisis: 2008-2010 and 2011-2012. Seasonality was estimated with the Poison regression variant of the circular normal distribution. RESULTS:Suicide seasonality appeared significant during 2008-2010 (relative risk, RR=1.36) and strengthened in the years 2011-2012 (RR=1.69), when the impact of the austerity measures was increasingly being felt by the Greek society. Regarding the latter sub-period, seasonality was established for males (RR=1.75), individuals aged 45 years or more (RR=1.75) and suicide by hanging (RR=1.96). CONCLUSION:The economic crisis in Greece, especially in the period during its effects had a significant impact on the population's economic condition, seems to have strengthened the seasonality of suicides, while a noteworthy suicide risk of 96% was revealed for suicides by hanging (peak in early June).


Psychiatry Investig


Psychiatry investigation


Christodoulou C,Efstathiou V,Michopoulos I,Gkerekou M,Paraschakis A,Koutsaftis F,Douzenis A




Has Abstract


2017-01-01 00:00:00












  • The Relationship between Plasma Oxytocin Levels and Social Anxiety Symptoms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The pathophysiology of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is not yet well understood, but previous research has suggested that oxytocin is associated with social behavior and may play a role in human anxiety states and anxiety-related traits. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship betwe...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oh KS,Kim EJ,Ha JW,Woo HY,Kwon MJ,Shin DW,Shin YC,Lim SW

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Credibility Judgment Predictors for Child Sexual Abuse Reports in Forensic Psychiatric Evaluations.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We intended to analyze the credibility judgment in written forensic psychiatric reports of child sexual abuse registered in Southern Taiwan. METHODS:Ninety-six cases of child sexual abuse between August 2010 and October 2017 encountered in two hospitals were analyzed. The. RESULTS:in these reports were cate...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang LH,Hung YY,Chow PC,Chu CS,Li HJ,Lu T,Tsai CH

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Avoidant Insecure Attachment as a Predictive Factor for Psychological Distress in Patients with Early Breast Cancer: A Preliminary 1-Year Follow-Up Study.

    abstract: Objective:To identify attachment insecurity as an associative factor with unresolved psychological distress 1 year after surgery in the early breast cancer (BC) population. Methods:One-hundred fourteen participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Experiences in Close Relationship (E...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SS,Rim HD,Won SH,Woo J

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Relationship between Type D Personality and Heart Rate Variability in Community Mental Health Center Users.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Type D personality can be regarded as a promising cardiovascular risk marker that has been repeatedly linked to relevant indicators of mental health, quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in cardiac patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a non-invasive technology that can provide information regarding ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kang N,Lim JS,Hwang TG,Joe SH,Lee MS

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Fluoxetine increases the expression of NCAM140 and pCREB in rat C6 glioma cells.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Dysfunction of neural plasticity in the brain is known to alter neural networks, resulting in depression. To understand how fluoxetine regulates molecules involved in neural plasticity, the expression levels of NCAM, NCAM140, CREB and pCREB, in rat C6 glioma cells after fluoxetine treatment were examined. ME...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi MR,Oh DH,Kim SH,Jung KH,Das ND,Chai YG

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of the Korean Version of the Delirium Motor Subtype Scale.

    abstract:Objective:The Delirium Motor Subtype Scale (DMSS) is a validated and reliable instrument developed from various methods previously used to assess delirium motor subtypes. It focuses on pure motor disturbances with a relative specificity for delirium. The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim H,Lee M,Kwon IS,Kim JL

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Thyroid stimulating hormone, cognitive impairment and depression in an older korean population.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Associations of thyroid dysfunction with cognitive impairment and depression in late-life have been described but remain controversial. This study aimed to investigate the associations of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels with cognitive impairment and depression after controlling for potential co...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim JM,Stewart R,Kim SY,Bae KY,Yang SJ,Kim SW,Shin IS,Yoon JS

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • MRI-Based Multimodal Approach to the Assessment of Clinical Symptom Severity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study assessed the associations of the abnormal brain activation and functional connectivity (FC) during memory processing and brain volume alteration in conjunction with psychiatric symptom severity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS:Twenty-OCD patients and 20-healthy control...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park SE,Kim BC,Yang JC,Jeong GW

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Use of Lorazepam in drug-assisted interviews: two cases of dissociative amnesia.

    abstract::Drug-assisted interviews are useful for psychiatric diagnosis and treatment. However, amobarbital, a typical medication used for this purpose, is associated with elevated risk of respiratory depression. Benzodiazepines are good substitutes for amobarbital, with similar therapeutic effects and fewer complications. Alth...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SS,Park S,Park SS

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • White Matter Tract-Cognitive Relationships in Children with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between white matter tracts and cognitive symptoms in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS:We examined the cognitive functions of 17 children with high-functioning ASD and 18 typically developing (TD) controls ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kato Y,Kagitani-Shimono K,Matsuzaki J,Hanaie R,Yamamoto T,Tominaga K,Watanabe Y,Mohri I,Taniike M

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between Delusion of Theft and Cognitive Functions in Patients with Mild Alzheimer's Disease.

    abstract::Although delusion of theft (DT) is the most frequent type of delusion in Alzheimer's disease (AD), its relationship to cognitive functions remains unclear. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between DT and cognitive functions in mild AD. Two hundred eighty-nine mild AD patients were enrolled in ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Na HR,Kang DW,Woo YS,Bahk WM,Lee CU,Lim HK

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Mechanism of Anti-Epileptogenesis by Levetiracetam Treatment is Similar to the Spontaneous Recovery of Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy during Adolescence.

    abstract:Objective:The anti-epileptogenic drug levetiracetam has anticonvulsant and anti-epileptogenesis effects. Synergy between cell death and inflammation can lead to increased levels of apoptosis inhibitory factors and brain-derived neurotrophic factor, aberrant neurogenesis and extended axon sprouting. Once hyperexcitation...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kikuyama H,Hanaoka T,Kanazawa T,Yoshida Y,Mizuno T,Toyoda H,Yoneda H

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Psychometric Properties of the Self-Report Version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in Korea.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the reliability and validity of the self-report Korean version of Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ-Kr) in the community sample. METHODS:The SDQ-Kr was administered to a large sample of school children and adolescents (n=2814) and youth attendees of a psychiatric clinic (n=385) aged 11...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim MH,Ahn JS,Min S

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • The temperament and character of korean male conscripts with military maladjustment-a preliminary study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Recently, an increasing number of Korean male conscripts have been retiring because of military maladjustment despite the presence of qualifying medical and psychological screening tests in the Korean army. These problems suggest the presence of a common personality problem. To further examine this possibilit...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Han KH,Lee SB

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a Functional Model of Acquired Capability for Suicide in a Nationwide Sample of Korean Adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We examined a functional model of acquired capability for suicide, which was elaborated from the "Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide". METHODS:A total of 6,027 Korean community subjects were recruited from The Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study conducted in 2011. The subjects were assessed ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee JD,Cho MJ,Sohn JH,Park S,Seong S,Ahn JH,Hahm BJ,Hong JP

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Relationship of Clinical Symptoms with Social Cognition in Children Diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Specific Learning Disorder or Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:One of the areas of social cognition is Theory of Mind (ToM) is defined as the capacity to interpret, infer and explain mental states underlying the behavior of others. When social cognition studies on neurodevelopmental disorders are examined, it can be seen that this skill has not been studied sufficiently ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Şahin B,Karabekiroğlu K,Bozkurt A,Usta MB,Aydın M,Çobanoğlu C

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Associations of Temperament and Character with Coping Strategies among Office Workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Coping can be defined as the reactions to harm or distress individuals take to reduce stress. This study aimed to determine how an individual's temperament and character is correlated with the person's main coping method. METHODS:The Korean version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire and Temperament and Char...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hwang HC,Kim SM,Han DH,Min KJ

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Two cases of hypersexuality probably associated with aripiprazole.

    abstract::Sexual dysfunction is a common side effect in patients treated with antipsychotics but significant differences exist across different compounds. We report hypersexuality symptoms in two female patients with schizophrenia who were receiving treatment with aripiprazole. The patients experienced more frequent sexual desi...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheon E,Koo BH,Seo SS,Lee JY

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Desensitization of Triggers and Urge Reduction for Paruresis: A Case Report.

    abstract::Paruresis is a special type of non-generalized social phobia that involves fear and avoidance of urination in public restrooms. We administered eight 60-minute sessions of desensitization of triggers and urge reduction (DeTUR), an addiction protocol of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, to a...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park H,Kim D,Jang EY,Bae H

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regional Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data Improve Screening Accuracy of Subjective Memory Complaints and Informant Reports of Cognitive Decline.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We investigated whether the addition of Alzheimer's disease-signature region cortical thickness (AD-Ct) and hippocampal volume (Hv) obtained from brain MRI to subjective memory complaints and informant-reports of cognitive decline enhances the screening accuracy for cognitive disorders in a memory clinic sett...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yim SJ,Yi D,Byun MS,Sung K,Lee DY

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Intranasal Oxytocin on Emotion Recognition in Korean Male: A Dose-Response Study.

    abstract:Objective:Research has shown that intranasal oxytocin affects social cognition and behavior; however, its effects vary based on social context, individual characteristics and dose. The present study aimed to determine effective dose of oxytocin spray on emotion recognition in healthy Korean males. Methods:The study fo...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shin NY,Park HY,Jung WH,Kwon JS

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid-onset hyponatremia induced by duloxetine in a middle-aged male with depression and somatic symptoms.

    abstract::Duloxetine is a relatively balanced selective serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor. We report a case of hyponatremia induced by duloxetine developed rapidly after starting the medication in a middle-aged male with multiple somatic symptoms and depression. Two days after discontinuation of duloxetine and mana...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi JS,Lee HW,Lee JY,Jung HY

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Bipolar and Related Disorders Induced by Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate in a Male Adolescent with Bile Salt Export Pump Deficiency Disease.

    abstract::Bile Salt Export Pump (BSEP) Deficiency disease, including Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 2 (PFIC2), is a rare disease, usually leading within the first ten years to portal hypertension, liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma. Often liver transplantation is needed. Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PB) s...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vitale G,Simonetti G,Pirillo M,Taruschio G,Andreone P

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Psychotropic Drugs on Seizure Threshold during Electroconvulsive Therapy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyze the relationship between seizure threshold (ST) and psychotropic drugs in patients treated with ECT. METHODS:We examined clinical data from 43 patients. ST was titrated at each treatment session. We examined associations between ST and psychotropic drugs using multivariate correlation analyses. Da...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chi SH,Jeong HG,Lee S,Oh SY,Kim SH

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Altitude, immigration and suicide rates: a study from Turkey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the altitude, immigration and suicide rates association in Turkey. METHODS:Suicide and immigration rates of 81 provinces and their elevation data were obtained. RESULTS:There were not significant correlations between country elevation, immigration and mean suicide rate. CONCLUSION:The findin...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Selek S

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Disruption of orbitofronto-striatal functional connectivity underlies maladaptive persistent behaviors in alcohol-dependent patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Alcohol dependence is characterized by persistent alcohol-seeking despite negative consequences. Previous studies suggest that maladaptive persistent behaviors reflect alcohol-induced brain changes that cause alterations in the cortico-striatal-limbic circuit. METHODS:Twenty one alcohol dependent patients an...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Lee E,Ku J,Yoon KJ,Namkoong K,Jung YC

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Relations between Stress and Quality of Life among Women in Late Pregnancy: The Parallel Mediating Role of Depressive Symptoms and Sleep Quality.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study aims to examine the parallel multiple mediators of depressive symptoms and sleep quality in the relations between stress and physical health-related quality of life (PHQOL)/mental health-related quality of life (MHQOL) among the women in late pregnancy. METHODS:Of 1120 pregnant women participated ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Zhang Q,Gao T,Kong Y,Qin Z,Hu Y,Cao R,Mei S

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic experiences and mental health of north korean refugees in South Korea.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study was conducted at Hanawon-a government sponsored educational facility for the settlement of North Korean refugees during their initial phase in South Korea-in 2004 to explore their mental health status and traumatic experiences in North Korea and during their escape period. METHODS:A survey was con...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jeon WT,Yu SE,Cho YA,Eom JS

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Serum homocysteine and folate levels in korean schizophrenic patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study was conducted to confirm the results of the authors' previous research on schizophrenia manifesting high serum homocysteine and low folate levels. This study is anchored on a theory that a high serum homocysteine concentration affects schizophrenia by virtue of a neurotoxic mechanism, and on a repo...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim TH,Moon SW

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Health Care Utilization and Expenditures of Patients with Diabetes Comorbid with Depression Disorder: A National Population-Based Cohort Study.

    abstract:Objective:The study investigated to compare health care utilization and expenditures between diabetic patients with and without depression in Taiwan. Methods:Health care utilization and expenditure among diabetic patients with and without depression disorder during 2000 and 2004 were examined using Taiwan's population...

    journal_title:Psychiatry investigation

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang CJ,Hsieh HM,Chiu HC,Wang PW,Lee MH,Li CY,Lin CH

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00