The N2pc component reliably captures attentional bias in social anxiety.


:We systematically compared different measures of attentional bias (i.e., reaction times, the N2pc component in the EEG, and explicit stimulus ratings) on their ability to reveal attentional engagement to threatening versus neutral facial stimuli in a Dot Probe Task and tested their relation to trait measures of general and social anxiety. We found that the N2pc component reflects a bias toward angry faces with excellent internal consistency. Similar results were obtained for explicit ratings. Reaction time (RT) differences, however, were not indicative of attentional biases and showed zero odd-even reliability. We further found that both higher (i.e., more negative) N2pc amplitudes and earlier peak latencies were associated with more severe symptoms of social anxiety even when controlling for general trait anxiety. The explicit rating biases were also specifically associated with social anxiety. Conversely, the RT bias was not related to social anxiety levels but to general trait anxiety. This highlights the importance of valid and reliable outcome measures for interventions such as attentional bias modification protocols. Mutual exclusivity of different bias operationalizations is discussed.






Reutter M,Hewig J,Wieser MJ,Osinsky R




Has Abstract


2017-04-01 00:00:00












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    abstract::Event-related potentials (ERPs) and behavioral ratings were collected from 30 female subjects who were exposed to picture slides. The slides belonged to five affective categories whose content was babies, dermatological cases, ordinary people, male models, and female models. Based on the day of testing relative to the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnston VS,Wang XT

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • The anatomical and functional relationship between the P3 and autonomic components of the orienting response.

    abstract::Many psychophysiologists have noted the striking similarities between the antecedent conditions for the P3 component of the event-related potential and the orienting response: both are typically elicited by salient, unexpected, novel, task-relevant, and other motivationally significant stimuli. Although the close coup...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nieuwenhuis S,De Geus EJ,Aston-Jones G

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  • Effects of pain-related anxiety on components of the pain event-related potential.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate whether components of pain event-related potentials (ERPs) are modulated by anxiety. Pain ERPs in response to electrical stimulation were collected from 14 healthy individuals in a neutral condition and a condition where pain-related anxiety was induced. The amplitude of the N1...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warbrick T,Sheffield D,Nouwen A

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  • Empirically based comparisons of the reliability and validity of common quantification approaches for eyeblink startle potentiation in humans.

    abstract::Startle potentiation is a well-validated translational measure of negative affect. Startle potentiation is widely used in clinical and affective science, and there are multiple approaches for its quantification. The three most commonly used approaches quantify startle potentiation as the increase in startle response f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bradford DE,Starr MJ,Shackman AJ,Curtin JJ

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Recent event-related potential (ERP) studies revealed the selective processing of affective pictures. The present study explored whether the same phenomenon can be observed when pictures are presented only briefly. Toward this end, pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant pictures from the International Affective Pictures Se...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Schupp HT,Junghöfer M,Weike AI,Hamm AO

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Fabiani M,Ho J,Stinard A,Grattona G

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Characterizing the ERP Old-New effect in a short-term memory task.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Danker JF,Hwang GM,Gauthier L,Geller A,Kahana MJ,Sekuler R

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  • Processing local pragmatic anomalies in fictional contexts: evidence from the N400.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Filik R,Leuthold H

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Vagally mediated heart rate variability and safety learning: Effects of instructions and number of extinction trials.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wendt J,König J,Hufenbach MC,Koenig J,Thayer JF,Hamm AO

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grillon C,Davis M

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • Electrophysiological evidence of visual encoding deficits in a cross-modal attentional blink paradigm.

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Dell'Acqua R,Jolicoeur P,Pesciarelli F,Job CR,Palomba D

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sghirripa S,Graetz L,Merkin A,Rogasch NC,Semmler JG,Goldsworthy MR

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Time course of the unmasked attentional blink.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ching ASM,Kim J,Davis C

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kenemans JL,Molenaar PC,Verbaten MN,Slangen JL

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herzmann G,Sommer W

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao L,Xu J,Zhang B,Zhao L,Harel A,Bentin S

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meyer A,Bress JN,Proudfit GH

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick CJ,Iacono WG

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carbine KA,Christensen E,LeCheminant JD,Bailey BW,Tucker LA,Larson MJ

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cellini N,Whitehurst LN,McDevitt EA,Mednick SC

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scharinger C,Soutschek A,Schubert T,Gerjets P

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mier D,Lis S,Neuthe K,Sauer C,Esslinger C,Gallhofer B,Kirsch P

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  • Event-related potentials to threat of predictable and unpredictable shock.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacNamara A,Barley B

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    authors: Alho K,Sams M,Paavilainen P,Reinikainen K,Näätänen R

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenfeld JP,Labkovsky E

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas EHX,Steffens M,Harms C,Rossell SL,Gurvich C,Ettinger U

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qiu J,Su Y,Li H,Wei D,Tu S,Zhang Q

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schröger E

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00