Ischemic cardiac outcomes and hospitalizations according to prior macrovascular disease status in patients with type 2 diabetes and recent acute coronary syndrome from the Examination of Cardiovascular Outcomes with Alogliptin versus Standard of Care tria

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Concerns raised regarding adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes with new therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have led to several large-scale CV outcome trials. The EXAMINE trial confirmed noninferiority of the dipeptidyl dipeptidase 4 inhibitor alogliptin to placebo on major adverse cardiac event rates in a post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) T2DM population. We present data on additional ischemic cardiac events and CV hospitalizations in EXAMINE. METHODS:Patients with T2DM and an ACS event in the previous 15 to 90 days were randomly assigned to alogliptin or placebo on a background of standard treatment for diabetes. The incident rates of a 5-component composite end point of CV death, stroke, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and coronary revascularization as well as CV hospitalization were calculated in all participants and according to macrovascular disease at baseline. RESULTS:There were no significant differences between alogliptin (n = 2,701) and placebo (n = 2,679) in the event rate of the 5-component composite endpoint with median follow-up 533 days (21.0% vs 21.5%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.98 [0.87-1.10], P = .72). No differences were observed in terms of CV hospitalization (25.0% vs 25.4%, HR 0.98 [0.88-1.09], P = .70) or coronary revascularization (10.6% vs 10.2%, HR 1.05 [0.88-1.09], P = .60). No interactions were observed for treatment and prior macrovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS:EXAMINE demonstrates that there was no increase in the risk of cardiac ischemic events and CV hospitalizations with alogliptin in a high-risk post-ACS patient population. Because these are major driver of overall health care costs, these data suggest that there would be no adverse impact on health care resource utilization.

journal_name

Am Heart J

journal_title

American heart journal

authors

Shimada YJ,Cannon CP,Liu Y,Wilson C,Kupfer S,Menon V,Cushman WC,Mehta CR,Bakris GL,Zannad F,White WB,EXAMINE Investigators.

doi

10.1016/j.ahj.2016.01.011

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-05-01 00:00:00

pages

18-27

eissn

0002-8703

issn

1097-6744

pii

S0002-8703(16)00026-0

journal_volume

175

pub_type

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