Comparing gun-owning vs non-owning households in terms of firearm and non-firearm suicide and suicide attempts.

Abstract:

:The goal of this study is to provide, for the United States, estimates for gun-owning and non-owning households in terms of firearm and non-firearm suicides and suicide attempts. To make these ballpark estimates I combine a half-dozen known "facts" about suicide (e.g., households with firearms are at approximately 3× the risk of suicide as households without firearms). Among the six major conclusions are that about 90% of firearm suicides occur among members of gun-owning households, that 75% of suicides among gun-owning families are firearm suicides, but only 20% of suicide attempts among these families are with firearms. This study not only provides estimates of suicides and suicide attempts by gun-owning and non-owning households, but the reasonableness of the estimates provides support for the reasonableness of the half-dozen known "facts" about firearms and suicide.

journal_name

Prev Med

journal_title

Preventive medicine

authors

Hemenway D

doi

10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.12.003

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

14-16

eissn

0091-7435

issn

1096-0260

pii

S0091-7435(18)30378-5

journal_volume

119

pub_type

杂志文章
  • The prevalence of fire and CO safety amenities in Airbnb venues that permit smoking - Findings from 17 countries.

    abstract::Airbnb hosts rent their homes to guests as an alternative to traditional hospitality settings. Airbnb venues are not uniformly regulated for allowing smoking or requiring fire-safety amenities. This study quantified the reported prevalence of fire-safety amenities in 413,339 Airbnb venues that allow smoking in 43 citi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.021

    authors: Jones VC,Kennedy RD,Welding K,Gielen AC,Frattaroli S

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Pilot weight control intervention among US veterans to promote diets high in fruits and vegetables.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Obesity is a significant problem among US veterans. Diets high in fruits and vegetables (FV) can lower obesity risk. Health communication interventions are promising strategies for promoting healthy eating. We evaluated whether an enhanced intervention with tailored newsletters and motivational interviewing ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.06.010

    authors: Allicock M,Ko L,van der Sterren E,Valle CG,Campbell MK,Carr C

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships and CHD risks of BMI, lipoproteins, lipids, and blood pressure in African-American men and women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Body mass index (BMI) is believed to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risks. A major question is whether each BMI category provides independent risk information and whether the BMI categories provide similar results for African-American (AA) men and women relative to lipid, lipoproteins, and b...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.06.013

    authors: Brandon LJ,Mullis RM,Jonnalagadda SS,Hughes MH

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • A combined breast health/weight loss intervention for Black women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Overall incidence of breast cancer is slightly lower, but mortality rates are higher, for Black women compared to White women. Higher body mass index (BMI), sedentary lifestyles, and lower compliance with recommended breast health behaviors may contribute to higher risk and mortality. METHODS:A randomized p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.06.018

    authors: Fitzgibbon ML,Stolley MR,Schiffer L,Sanchez-Johnsen LA,Wells AM,Dyer A

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Accelerometer-measured sedentary time and cardiometabolic biomarkers: A systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We conducted a systematic review to investigate the cross-sectional and prospective associations of accelerometer-measured total sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with individual cardiometabolic biomarkers in adults ≥18years of age. METHODS:Ovid Medline, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Libr...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.04.013

    authors: Brocklebank LA,Falconer CL,Page AS,Perry R,Cooper AR

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Biochemical and behavioral indices related to BMI in schoolchildren in urban Turkey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of the current study was to examine the interrelationship between certain cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and overweight, as well as to provide some indication on the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in primary schoolchildren in urban Turkey. METHODS:1044 randomly selected...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.11.029

    authors: Sur H,Kolotourou M,Dimitriou M,Kocaoglu B,Keskin Y,Hayran O,Manios Y

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • COVID-19 treatment resource disparities and social disadvantage in New York City.

    abstract::Black and Hispanic communities in the U.S. have endured a disproportionate burden of COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality. Racial and ethnic health disparities such as these are frequently aggravated by inequitable access to healthcare resources in disadvantaged communities. Yet, no known studies have investigated...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106282

    authors: Douglas JA,Subica AM

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking prevalence and its impacts on lung cancer mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: an epidemiological study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Reliable mortality data are sparse for developing countries. Furthermore, risk factor prevalence information is hardly available and thus not taken into consideration when estimating mortality. METHODS:The authors used a validated, statistical model combined with representative smoking prevalence from WHO S...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.022

    authors: Winkler V,Ott JJ,Cowan M,Becher H

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity: health outcomes and importance for public health policy.

    abstract::This manuscript presents a brief summary of the substantial data supporting an inverse relationship between the amount of habitual physical activity performed and a variety of negative health outcomes throughout the lifespan. It points out that despite these data a large segment of the US population remain insufficien...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.05.002

    authors: Haskell WL,Blair SN,Hill JO

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of a population-based multi-factorial lifestyle intervention on alcohol intake: the Inter99 study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the effect of screening and five years of multi-factorial lifestyle intervention on changes in alcohol intake in a general population. METHODS:The study was a pre-randomized intervention study on lifestyle, Inter99 (1999-2006), Copenhagen, Denmark. Participants in the intervention group (n=6 091...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.06.007

    authors: Toft U,Pisinger C,Aadahl M,Lau C,Linneberg A,Ladelund S,Kristoffersen L,Jørgensen T

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of repeat mammography among women aged 55-79 in the Year 2000 National Health Interview Survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Utilization of mammography has increased steadily since the early 1990s. It is now important to expand the attention given to obtaining repeat examination. This study examines the prevalence and cross-sectional correlates of repeat mammography, among women aged 55-79, using a 12-month (N = 3,502) and a 24-mo...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.12.032

    authors: Rakowski W,Breen N,Meissner H,Rimer BK,Vernon SW,Clark MA,Freedman AN

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • The meta-volition model: organizational leadership is the key ingredient in getting society moving, literally!

    abstract::This paper argues that substantive and sustainable population-wide improvements in physical activity can be achieved only through the large scale adoption and implementation of policies and practices that make being active the default choice and remaining inactive difficult. Meta-volition refers to the volition and co...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.09.004

    authors: Yancey AK

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability and validity of destination-specific barriers to walking and cycling for youth.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the psychometric properties of a new measure of barriers youth encounter while walking to specific destinations and to validate the measure with self-reported walking to these destinations. METHODS:In 2005 in Boston, Cincinnati and San Diego, parents of youth (n=289, aged 5-18) and adolescents...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.12.006

    authors: Forman H,Kerr J,Norman GJ,Saelens BE,Durant NH,Harris SK,Sallis JF

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Racial differences in affirmation of personal habit change to prevent HIV infection.

    abstract:METHODS:In the context of an epidemiological investigation of AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices, 2,006 employees of the Tennessee Mental Health and Mental Retardation residential facilities were surveyed to test the hypothesis that blacks have been differentially sensitized to their disproportionate leve...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0091-7435(91)90050-e

    authors: Ernst FA,Francis RA,Nevels H,Collipp D,Lewis A

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cancer and low levels of plasma cholesterol: the relevance of cholesterol precursors and products to incidence of cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is proposed that the mechanism responsible for the low plasma cholesterol-cancer associations reported in the literature is related to blood and tissue levels of cholesterol precursors and products, reflecting rates of cholesterol synthesis rather than the plasma cholesterol level itself. METHODS:Data ha...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1006/pmed.1999.0550

    authors: Larking PW

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer: a study of 1,584 cases and 2,879 controls.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although colorectal cancer is not one of the major tobacco-related cancers, a possible association with tobacco has been suggested following the observation of a relationship between cigarette smoking and colorectal adenomas. The issue of a long latency of tobacco on colorectal carcinogenesis has also been s...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.1995.1091

    authors: D'Avanzo B,La Vecchia C,Franceschi S,Gallotti L,Talamini R

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Interest in learning of personal genetic risk for cancer: a general population survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have reported high interest in genetic testing for risk for colon or breast-ovarian cancer. These studies, however, have used samples which might be atypical with regard to level of interest evident among the general U.S. population. METHODS:As part of an annual statewide telephone health s...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.1996.0086

    authors: Andrykowski MA,Munn RK,Studts JL

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of needle exchange programs on injection risk behaviors and infection with hepatitis C virus among young injection drug users in select cities in the United States, 1994-2004.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our purpose was to assess whether participation in needle exchange programs (NEPs) influenced incident hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through effects on injection risk behaviors among young injection drug users (IDUs) in the United States. METHODS:Data were drawn from three multi-site studies carried out ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.04.014

    authors: Holtzman D,Barry V,Ouellet LJ,Des Jarlais DC,Vlahov D,Golub ET,Hudson SM,Garfein RS

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Child pedestrian injury prevention project: student results.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few comprehensive pedestrian safety interventions for primary-school-age children have been developed and evaluated. This paper reports the impact of the 3-year (1995-1997) Child Pedestrian In jury Prevention Project (CPIPP) on a cohort of 1603 children followed from age 6 to 9 years. This multicomponent pro...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.1999.0622

    authors: Cross D,Stevenson M,Hall M,Burns S,Laughlin D,Officer J,Howat P

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with self-reported pneumococcal immunization among adults 65 years of age or older in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:As part of a 3-year demonstration project to improve pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) coverage among older adults, the Minnesota Department of Health conducted a baseline evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among the general public regarding PPV. METHODS:A random-digit dialing telephone...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.2001.0839

    authors: Ehresmann KR,Ramesh A,Como-Sabetti K,Peterson DC,Whitney CG,Moore KA

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Stressful life events are associated with perinatal cigarette smoking.

    abstract::Perinatal smoking, including smoking during pregnancy and postpartum smoking relapse, is a persistent public health problem. While childhood trauma has been linked to perinatal smoking, less is known about the association with more proximal stressful life events (SLEs). The objective of this study was to examine the a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.012

    authors: Allen AM,Jung AM,Lemieux AM,Alexander AC,Allen SS,Ward KD,al'Absi M

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • E-cigarettes: How can they help smokers quit without addicting a new generation?

    abstract::The dramatic increase in youth use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; e.g., e-cigarettes) in the United States has focused regulatory efforts to address this concern while still encouraging smokers to switch completely to lower risk products or quit all tobacco product use. Increases in the minimum age for...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106145

    authors: Ashley DL,Spears CA,Weaver SR,Huang J,Eriksen MP

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • The receipt of prevention services by veterans using VA versus non-VA facilities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper compares the health promotion/disease prevention services received by veterans who reported receiving 90%+ of their care inside Veterans Health Administration (VA) facilities with counterparts who reported receiving 90%+ of their care outside VA facilities. Results are compared with the U.S. Healt...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.1998.0345

    authors: Rabiner DJ,Branch LG,Sullivan RJ

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood predictors of adult obesity in the Chicago Longitudinal Study.

    abstract::Despite obesity being a major concern for both children and adults in the United States today, there are few successful childhood interventions that curb obesity later in life. The objective of the current study is to identify childhood predictors of adult obesity at multiple levels in a large longitudinal sample of p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.105993

    authors: Eales L,Reynolds AJ,Ou SR

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pedometer-assessed physical activity of Singaporean youths.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to investigate the pedometer-assessed physical activity of Singaporean youths using an objective measurement of physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS:Pedometer step count was monitored over the entire week in 877 participants aged 9-18 years in three schooling cohorts [primary (age,...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.03.004

    authors: Chia M

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • How likely are older people to take up different falls prevention activities?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the extent to which older people are willing to engage in different falls prevention activities, and how this may vary in different sectors of the older population. METHODS:A survey sent to patients aged over 54 in ten general practices in the Southampton, Bristol and Manchester areas of the UK ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.09.001

    authors: Yardley L,Kirby S,Ben-Shlomo Y,Gilbert R,Whitehead S,Todd C

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • High expectation in non-evidence-based smoking cessation interventions among smokers--the CoLaus study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the preferred methods to quit smoking among current smokers. METHOD:Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Lausanne between 2003 and 2006 including 988 current smokers. Preference was assessed by questionnaire. Evidence-based (EB) methods were nicotine replacement, bupropion, physicia...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.02.005

    authors: Marques-Vidal P,Melich-Cerveira J,Paccaud F,Waeber G,Vollenweider P,Cornuz J

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Annual per capita apparent consumption of tobacco products in the United States: 1900-1990.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Analyses of secular trends in tobacco consumption can provide evidence of potential tobacco-disease relationships and have utility in terms of public health projections and policy. The purpose of this project was to provide a unique set of continuous apparent tobacco product consumption estimates for the Uni...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/pmed.2000.0780

    authors: Psoter WJ,Morse DE

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • SIRT1 as a therapeutic target in inflammaging of the pulmonary disease.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Chronic inflammation and cellular senescence are intertwined in the pathogenesis of premature aging, which is considered as an important contributing factor in driving chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein/histone deacety...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.11.014

    authors: Rahman I,Kinnula VL,Gorbunova V,Yao H

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in anthropometric measures in immigrants and Swedish-born individuals: results from two community-based cohort studies.

    abstract:AIM:To study differences in body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD), waist-hip-height ratio (WHHR) and percent body fat in immigrants and Swedish-born men and women in two large population-based samples. METHODS:A cross-sectional analysis of 60-year-old...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.09.020

    authors: Carlsson AC,Wändell P,Riserus U,Ärnlöv J,Borné Y,Engström G,Leander K,Gigante B,Hellénius ML,de Faire U

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00