Traditional food consumption is associated with better diet quality and adequacy among Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada.

Abstract:

:The Inuit population is undergoing a rapid nutrition transition as a result of reduced consumption of traditional foods. This study aims to describe the differences in dietary adequacy between non-traditional and traditional eaters among Inuit populations in Nunavut, Canada. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a culturally appropriate quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Participants included 208 Inuit adults from three isolated communities in Nunavut. Traditional eaters consumed a more nutrient-dense diet and achieved better dietary adequacy than non-traditional eaters. Traditional foods accounted for 7 and 27% of energy intake among non-traditional and traditional eaters, respectively. Non-nutrient-dense foods accounted for a greater proportion of energy intake in non-traditional eaters; however, these were consumed in significant amounts by both the groups (36 and 27% of total energy). Consumption of traditional foods is associated with greater diet quality and dietary adequacy. Efforts should be made to promote traditional and non-traditional foods of high-nutritional quality.

journal_name

Int J Food Sci Nutr

authors

Sheehy T,Kolahdooz F,Roache C,Sharma S

doi

10.3109/09637486.2015.1035232

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-01-01 00:00:00

pages

445-51

issue

4

eissn

0963-7486

issn

1465-3478

journal_volume

66

pub_type

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