Greater progression of athletic performance in older Masters athletes.


BACKGROUND:The number of new world records has decreased substantially in most athletic events in recent years. There has been enormous growth in participation at Masters events, and older athletes have been competing at the highest levels with much younger athletes. However, the progression of athletic performance over time has not been well investigated in Masters athletes. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS:To determine whether older Masters athletes improved athletic performance over time, running and swimming times from 1975 to 2013 were collected biennially. The running event of 100 m was chosen specifically, as it is one of the most popular track and field events that would have attracted a large number of competitors. The middle distance of 400 m as well as 100 m freestyle swimming were also examined to determine whether the results in 100 m sprint event can be confirmed in other events. RESULTS:The improvements in fastest 100 m running times over time were not significant. However, all the Masters age-group records improved significantly over time. The slopes of improvements over the years were progressively greater at older age groups with the greatest progression observed at oldest age groups of 75-79 years examined. The general trends were similar for 400 m middle-distance running and 100 m freestyle swimming. CONCLUSIONS:While younger athletes' performance has stagnated, Masters athletes improved their athletic performance significantly and progressively over the years. The magnitude of improvements was greater in older age groups gradually closing the gap in athletic performance between younger and older participants.


Age Ageing


Age and ageing


Akkari A,Machin D,Tanaka H




Has Abstract


2015-07-01 00:00:00














  • Why do geriatric outpatients have so many moderate and severe vertebral fractures? Exploring prevalence and risk factors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:to determine the prevalence of vertebral fractures and their risk factors in geriatric patients. DESIGN:prospective cohort study. SETTING:teaching hospital in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS:three hundred and three geriatric patients, who had their first visit at a diagnostic day hospital between Apr...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van der Jagt-Willems HC,van Hengel M,Vis M,van Munster BC,van Campen JP,Tulner LR,Lems WF

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Moderate physical activity associated with a higher naïve/memory T-cell ratio in healthy old individuals: potential role of IL15.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:ageing is accompanied by impairments in immune responses due to remodelling of the immune system (immunesenescence). Additionally, a decline in habitual physical activity has been reported in older adults. We have recently published that specific features of immunesenescence, such as thymic involution and ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bartlett DB,Duggal NA

    更新日期:2020-04-27 00:00:00

  • The place of the specialist home for the elderly mentally infirm in the care of mentally disturbed old people.

    abstract::In a city where specialist homes for the elderly mentally infirm (EMI) have been extensively developed, a study was carried out to determine if residents in such homes were mentally impaired to a degree intermediate between that of residents in ordinary homes, and those in psychogeriatric beds. The study, using valid ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Zoysa AS,Blessed G

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Neighbourhood deprivation and incident mobility disability in older adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:to assess whether incident mobility disability and neighbourhood deprivation in older people are associated independent of the effects of individual socio-economic status, health behaviours and health status. METHODS:prospective cohort study with a 2-year follow-up. SETTING:the English Longitudinal Study of...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lang IA,Llewellyn DJ,Langa KM,Wallace RB,Melzer D

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying a sample of elderly people by a postal screen.

    abstract::This paper describes how a sample of elderly people were identified from the electoral register using an initial postal screen, and reports a technique that was used to increase the response to the screen. ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cartwright A,Smith C

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • Frequency, intensity and localization of pain as risk factors for frailty in older adults.

    abstract:Background:the association between pain characteristics and frailty risk is uncertain. Objective:to investigate the separate impact of the frequency, intensity and location of pain on frailty risk and its possible mechanisms. Methods:prospective cohort of 1505 individuals ≥63 years followed between 2012 and 2015 in S...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodríguez-Sánchez I,García-Esquinas E,Mesas AE,Martín-Moreno JM,Rodríguez-Mañas L,Rodríguez-Artalejo F

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Xamoterol improves the control of chronic atrial fibrillation in elderly patients.

    abstract::Twenty digitalized elderly patients with chronic atrial fibrillation were randomized into a double-blind cross-over study. None was in overt heart failure and all were taking < 80 mg frusemide daily. They received xamoterol 200 mg b.d. for 2 months with their usual dose of digoxin for 1 month and placebo digoxin for t...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lawson-Matthew PJ,McLean KA,Dent M,Austin CA,Channer KS

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-demographic correlates of mobility disability in older Brazilians: results of the first national survey.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Socio-economic differences in mobility disability prevalence in old age have been reported from the US and Europe. Brazil is characterised by gross socio-economic inequalities, but there have been no previous national data on disability prevalence. AIM:This study aimed to estimate disability rates and exp...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Melzer D,Parahyba MI

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Priorities for the professional development of registered nurses in nursing homes: a Delphi study.

    abstract:Objective:To establish a consensus on the care and professional development needs of registered nurses (RNs) employed by UK care homes. Design:Two-stage, online modified Delphi study. Setting and Participants:A panel (n = 352) of individuals with experience, expertise or interest in care home nursing: (i) care home n...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cooper E,Spilsbury K,McCaughan D,Thompson C,Butterworth T,Hanratty B

    更新日期:2017-01-08 00:00:00

  • Bacterial surveillance cultures in a geriatric ward.

    abstract::A study was carried out to examine the prevalence of oropharyngeal and urinary tract colonization and to compare the colonizing bacteria with the strains causing nosocomial infections during patients' stays in a geriatric ward. Colonization with Gram-negative rods was not uncommon. Nosocomial infections frequently occ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Michielsen W,Vandevondele D,Verschraegen G,Claeys G,Afschrift M

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Association of frailty with mortality in older inpatients with Covid-19: a cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:COVID-19 has disproportionately affected older people. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this paper to investigate whether frailty is associated with all-cause mortality in older hospital inpatients, with COVID-19. DESIGN:Cohort study. SETTING:Secondary care acute hospital. PARTICIPANTS:Participants included ar...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aw D,Woodrow L,Ogliari G,Harwood R

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • Does the patient-centred approach help identify the needs of older people attending primary care?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effect of a general practitioner's 'patient centredness' on identification of unmet needs in older adults. DESIGN:Correlational questionnaire based study with a descriptive element. SETTING:Two south London general practice surgeries. PARTICIPANTS:Sixty seven patients over the age of 65...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith F,Orrell M

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Observer variation in the clinical assessment of stroke.

    abstract::Clinical assessments have to be used in epidemiological studies in the absence of more objective means of establishing diagnosis or recording events in the natural history of disease. This requires the standardization of definition, technique and interpretation as a means of reducing observer variability in clinical e...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garraway WM,Akhtar AJ,Gore SM,Prescott RJ,Smith RG

    更新日期:1976-11-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational therapy compared with social work assessment for older people. An economic evaluation alongside the CAMELOT randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare costs and outcome of occupational therapy-led assessment with social worker-led assessment of older people, in terms of their independence and quality of life. DESIGN:Cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. The analysis took viewpoints of health services and patients....

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Flood C,Mugford M,Stewart S,Harvey I,Poland F,Lloyd-Smith W

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Use of antipsychotics among nonagenarian residents in long-term institutional care in Finland.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of information about the use of antipsychotic medication in long-term care, especially among the oldest-old residents. OBJECTIVE:To analyse the factors associated with the use of antipsychotic medication among nonagenarian residents in long-term institutional care. DESIGN:A retrospective...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alanen HM,Finne-Soveri H,Noro A,Leinonen E

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • A study of religious attitudes of the elderly.

    abstract::A study is reported of the religious beliefs, attitudes, and practice of old people in the West of Scotland, based on a questionnaire given to 501 people aged 65 years and over randomly selected from those living at home. Almost all had had a full range of religious instruction, and regarded their parents as religious...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reid WS,Gilmore AJ,Andrews GR,Caird FI

    更新日期:1978-02-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral facial palsy in an older person.

    abstract::Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes and other related species that are transmitted through an infected tick bite. We report the case of an older patient presenting with bilateral facial palsy due to Lyme disease. Multiple non-specific clinical signs preceded facial pals...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Méreaux JL,Hébant B,Magne N,Quesney G,Lefaucheur R

    更新日期:2020-08-24 00:00:00

  • Chronic diseases in elderly men: underreporting and underdiagnosis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:prevalence estimates for chronic diseases and associated risk factors are needed for priority setting and disease prevention strategies. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the self-reported and clinical prevalence of common chronic disorders in elderly men. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:a quest...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frost M,Wraae K,Gudex C,Nielsen T,Brixen K,Hagen C,Andersen M

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Home from home: residents' opinions of nursing homes and long-stay wards.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the levels of satisfaction expressed by residents of nursing homes with those of patients in geriatric long-stay wards. DESIGN:A structured satisfaction questionnaire containing 37 closed and two open questions was used to elicit responses from residents of nursing homes in the former South West T...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Higgs PF,MacDonald LD,MacDonald JS,Ward MC

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Plasma paroxonase activity in old age.

    abstract::Genetic factors are known to be of importance in determining the rate of biotransformation of foreign compounds in the liver. Adverse reactions to drugs are increased and pharmacokinetic parameters altered with age. In the present study, the effect of age on plasma paroxonase activity is studied. Paroxonase is a hepat...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Playfer JR,Powell C,Evans DA

    更新日期:1977-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective trial of a new diagnostic criterion for severe wasting malnutrition in the elderly.

    abstract::From an international comparison of arm anthropometric reference norms for the elderly a new diagnostic criterion for severe wasting malnutrition was derived: corrected arm muscle area at or below 16.0 cm2 for men or 16.9 cm2 for women. Of 201 consecutive hospital admissions aged 65 years and over, 10 subjects were ma...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Friedman PJ,Campbell AJ,Caradoc-Davies TH

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • Frailty state utility and minimally important difference: findings from the North West Adelaide Health Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:frailty is a dynamic condition for which a range of interventions are available. Health state utilities are values that represent the strength of an individual's preference for specific health states, and are used in economic evaluation. This is a topic yet to be examined in detail for frailty. Likewise, lit...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson MQ,Theou O,Ratcliffe J,Tucker GR,Adams RJ,Walters SJ,Visvanathan R

    更新日期:2020-09-16 00:00:00

  • Interventions to improve adherence to exercise therapy for falls prevention in community-dwelling older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:exercise therapy is highly recommended for falls prevention in older adults; however, poor exercise adherence may limit treatment effectiveness. OBJECTIVE:to assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence for community-dwelling adults (aged over 65 years), at risk of falling. METHO...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Hughes KJ,Salmon N,Galvin R,Casey B,Clifford AM

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive impairment in the elderly--a community survey.

    abstract::Previous studies have suggested that up to a fifth of people over the age of 80 years may suffer severe dementia-like illnesses. This total population survey of over a thousand people over the age of 75 suggests that the prevalence of marked cognitive impairment is much less than expected. However, differences in the ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarke M,Lowry R,Clarke S

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • Is there a role for physical activity in preventing cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment?

    abstract::Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common clinical syndrome that identifies people at high risk of developing dementia. Although treatments for MCI are currently unavailable, preliminary evidence has identified potential neuro-protective effects of physical activity, which may lead to improved outcomes. However, the...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barber SE,Clegg AP,Young JB

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of association between Helicobacter pylori infection and extracardiac atherosclerosis in dyspeptic elderly subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are conflicting data on the association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and cardiovascular diseases. AIM:To determine if there is an association between gastric HP infection and atherosclerosis of cerebral or peripheral arteries in elderly subjects. METHODS:90 dyspeptic elderly subjects ha...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilotto A,Rumor F,Franceschi M,Leandro G,Novello R,Soffiati G,Scagnelli M,Di Mario F,Valerio G

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Delay in diagnosis of colorectal cancer in elderly patients.

    abstract::The medical histories of 178 colorectal cancer patients were studied retrospectively from hospital records. The average age at the time of diagnosis was 71 years. Visible loss of blood or anaemia were the commonest features. The mean time from first symptom to first medical consultation was 82.8 days. Men under 65 yea...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kemppainen M,Räihä I,Rajala T,Sourander L

    更新日期:1993-07-01 00:00:00

  • The decision to work after state pension age and how it affects quality of life: evidence from a 6-year English panel study.

    abstract:Background:despite an increasing proportion of older people working beyond State Pension Age (SPA), little is known about neither the motivations for this decision nor whether, and to what extent, working beyond SPA affects quality of life (QoL). Methods:QoL was measured using the CASP-19 scale. Respondents in paid wo...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Di Gessa G,Corna L,Price D,Glaser K

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Does looped nasogastric tube feeding improve nutritional delivery for patients with dysphagia after acute stroke? A randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding is commonly used after stroke, but its effectiveness is limited by frequent dislodgement. OBJECTIVE:the objective of the study was to evaluate looped NGT feeding in acute stroke patients with dysphagia. METHODS:this was a randomised controlled trial of 104 patients with acute...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Beavan J,Conroy SP,Harwood R,Gladman JR,Leonardi-Bee J,Sach T,Bowling T,Sunman W,Gaynor C

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Application of a case-mix classification based on the functional autonomy of the residents for funding long-term care facilities.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:increasing public costs for the care of the elderly have created fundamental changes that are redefining the basic principles of health care funding. In the past, overall institutional funding was predominantly tied to spending. In view of the limitations of this approach to funding long-term care faciliti...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tousignant M,Hébert R,Dubuc N,Simoneau F,Dieleman L

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00