Greater progression of athletic performance in older Masters athletes.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:The number of new world records has decreased substantially in most athletic events in recent years. There has been enormous growth in participation at Masters events, and older athletes have been competing at the highest levels with much younger athletes. However, the progression of athletic performance over time has not been well investigated in Masters athletes. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS:To determine whether older Masters athletes improved athletic performance over time, running and swimming times from 1975 to 2013 were collected biennially. The running event of 100 m was chosen specifically, as it is one of the most popular track and field events that would have attracted a large number of competitors. The middle distance of 400 m as well as 100 m freestyle swimming were also examined to determine whether the results in 100 m sprint event can be confirmed in other events. RESULTS:The improvements in fastest 100 m running times over time were not significant. However, all the Masters age-group records improved significantly over time. The slopes of improvements over the years were progressively greater at older age groups with the greatest progression observed at oldest age groups of 75-79 years examined. The general trends were similar for 400 m middle-distance running and 100 m freestyle swimming. CONCLUSIONS:While younger athletes' performance has stagnated, Masters athletes improved their athletic performance significantly and progressively over the years. The magnitude of improvements was greater in older age groups gradually closing the gap in athletic performance between younger and older participants.

journal_name

Age Ageing

journal_title

Age and ageing

authors

Akkari A,Machin D,Tanaka H

doi

10.1093/ageing/afv023

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-07-01 00:00:00

pages

683-6

issue

4

eissn

0002-0729

issn

1468-2834

pii

afv023

journal_volume

44

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Estimating total Barthel scores from just three items: the European Stroke Database 'minimum dataset' for assessing functional status at discharge from hospital.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The European Stroke Database (ESDB) Project aims to develop a 'common clinical language' for stroke care by agreeing on terminology, definitions and clinical assessments. Each area of stroke assessment has a 'minimum dataset', which can be collected routinely and more detailed information can be added for pa...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/27.2.115

    authors: Ellul J,Watkins C,Barer D

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in physical and mental health are associated with cardiovascular disease incidence in postmenopausal women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:physical and mental health are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and death among postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to assess whether changes in physical and mental health were associated with CVD incidence and death. METHODS:in the Women's Health Initiativ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afy213

    authors: Saquib N,Brunner R,Desai M,Kroenke C,Martin LW,Daviglus M,Allen NB,Robinson J,Tindle H,Stefanick ML

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive impairment in the elderly--a community survey.

    abstract::Previous studies have suggested that up to a fifth of people over the age of 80 years may suffer severe dementia-like illnesses. This total population survey of over a thousand people over the age of 75 suggests that the prevalence of marked cognitive impairment is much less than expected. However, differences in the ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/15.5.278

    authors: Clarke M,Lowry R,Clarke S

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Short FES-I: a shortened version of the falls efficacy scale-international to assess fear of falling.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:the 16-item Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) has been shown to have excellent reliability and construct validity. However, for practical and clinical purposes, a shortened version of the FES-I would be useful. OBJECTIVE:to develop and validate a shortened version of FES-I while preserving good psy...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afm157

    authors: Kempen GI,Yardley L,van Haastregt JC,Zijlstra GA,Beyer N,Hauer K,Todd C

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reactive stepping behaviour in response to forward loss of balance predicts future falls in community-dwelling older adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:a fall occurs when an individual experiences a loss of balance from which they are unable to recover. Assessment of balance recovery ability in older adults may therefore help to identify individuals at risk of falls. The purpose of this 12-month prospective study was to assess whether the ability to recover...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afu054

    authors: Carty CP,Cronin NJ,Nicholson D,Lichtwark GA,Mills PM,Kerr G,Cresswell AG,Barrett RS

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • No way out: the delayed discharge of elderly mentally ill acute and assessment patients in north and south Thames regions.

    abstract::We examined the characteristics of patients occupying elderly-mentally-ill acute and assessment beds in all mental health units within North and South Thames Regions; the proportion of patients defined as no longer requiring acute care (inappropriately located); and the unmet need for alternative service provision the...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/25.4.268

    authors: Koffman J,Fulop NJ,Pashley D,Coleman K

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Red blood cell velocity changes with age and sex in the common carotid and supra-orbital arteries.

    abstract::Doppler-shifted ultrasound and spectral analysis were used to assess signals from the resting supra-orbital artery and the common carotid artery at the base of the neck of 658 (270 male, 388 female) asymptomatic subjects aged 5 to 90 years. The sonagrams obtained showed two peaks (A and B) during cardiac systole. The ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/14.2.102

    authors: Baskett JJ,Lewis RR,Beasley MG,Gosling RG

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • Myocardial contractility in aged rats.

    abstract::The elastic and mechanical behaviour of isolated papillar muscle was studied in aged and in young rats. The spontaneous fall in tension (stress relaxation phenomenon) and the duration of the active state of the contractile element during the isometric and isotonic contraction were greater in aged than in young rats. T...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/5.2.71

    authors: Minelli R,Reggiani C,De Nicola P

    更新日期:1976-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a physiotherapist-led stroke training programme for nurses.

    abstract:AIM:to assess the effects of a physiotherapist-led stroke training programme for nurses working in a rehabilitation ward on clinical practice and patient outcome. METHOD:before and after group comparison with outcome assessment by observational and quantitative methods. Non-participant observation before and after the...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/28.6.567

    authors: Forster A,Dowswell G,Young J,Sheard J,Wright P,Bagley P

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Utilisation of general practice health assessments around an aged care assessment is associated with lower mortality risk in older Australians.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:(i) to describe the general practitioner utilisation of health assessments, management plans, coordination of team care arrangements and medication review item numbers within 6 months of an aged care eligibility assessment for home care packages (HCP) and (ii) investigate the impact of health assessments on t...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa091

    authors: Visvanathan R,Amare AT,Lang C,Khadka J,Yu S,Beilby J,Wesselingh S,Inacio MC

    更新日期:2021-01-08 00:00:00

  • The Hospital Frailty Risk Score-outcomes in specialised services.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Frailty is increasingly used to risk stratify older people, but across specialised services there is no standardised approach. The aim of this study was to assess if the Hospital Frailty Risk Score (HFRS) could describe outcomes for older people within English specialised services. DESIGN:A retrospective co...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa156

    authors: Imam T,Konstant-Hambling R,Fluck R,Hall N,Palmer J,Conroy S

    更新日期:2020-09-08 00:00:00

  • Interleukin-1 production by human monocytes in ageing and disease.

    abstract::Interleukin-1 mediates the febrile response which is often said to be reduced in the elderly. Interleukin-1 production by monocytes cultured in vitro and stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide was measured. Three groups of subjects were studied; 40 normal young, 33 well elderly and 40 elderly with a history of r...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/18.1.43

    authors: Rudd AG,Banerjee DK

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of endovascular reperfusion therapy in nonagenarians with anterior circulation large-vessel ischaemic stroke.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The benefit of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) among nonagenarians (90 years or older) is poorly documented. We aimed to investigate the clinical and imaging factors associated with good outcomes and mortality at 90 days in nonagenarians undergoing EVT for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS:Da...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa243

    authors: Derraz I,Benali A,Ahmed R,Cagnazzo F,Dargazanli C,Gascou G,Riquelme C,Corti L,Lefevre PH,Bonafe A,Arquizan C,Costalat V

    更新日期:2020-11-17 00:00:00

  • Predictors of depressive symptoms in older people--a survey of two general practice populations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies have shown strong associations between disability, social support and depressive symptoms in older people; but socio-economic effects are less clear and little is known about the role of health locus of control. OBJECTIVE:To examine the roles of physical health, disability, social support, socio-eco...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afg087

    authors: Harris T,Cook DG,Victor C,Rink E,Mann AH,Shah S,DeWilde S,Beighton C

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hip fracture risk and subsequent mortality among Alzheimer's disease patients in the United Kingdom, 1988-2007.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:hip fractures result in a significant burden to the patient, their caregivers and the health care system. Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have a higher incidence of hip fracture compared with other older people without AD, although it is not clear if AD is an independent risk factor for hip fracture. ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afq146

    authors: Baker NL,Cook MN,Arrighi HM,Bullock R

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived age as a predictor of old age mortality: a 13-year prospective study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine whether in older people perceived age is associated with risk of total mortality independent of chronological age. DESIGN:Prospective population-based study (Evergreen project) with mortality surveillance for 13 years after the baseline. SETTING:Face-to-face interview among community-dwelling re...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afi091

    authors: Uotinen V,Rantanen T,Suutama T

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality of older patients with dementia after surgery for chronic subdural hematoma: a nationwide study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:dementia is associated with an excess risk of death but mortality after chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) evacuation in older people with dementia is unknown. We assessed the association between dementia and 1-year case-fatality in older persons undergoing CSDH evacuation. METHODS:we conducted a nationwide F...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa193

    authors: Tommiska P,Korja M,Siironen J,Kaprio J,Raj R

    更新日期:2020-10-06 00:00:00

  • Streamlining assessment and intervention in a falls clinic using the Timed Up and Go Test and Physiological Profile Assessments.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) has been recommended as a simple screening tool to identify those at risk of falling. However, subsequent detailed assessment is required to identify underlying falls risk factors to provide direction for optimal targeted intervention strategies. METHODS:110 consecutive falls...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afi178

    authors: Whitney JC,Lord SR,Close JC

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?

    abstract::Postural control is no longer considered simply a summation of static reflexes but, rather, a complex skill based on the interaction of dynamic sensorimotor processes. The two main functional goals of postural behaviour are postural orientation and postural equilibrium. Postural orientation involves the active alignme...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afl077

    authors: Horak FB

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal trends in impairments of physical function among older adults during 2001-16 in Sweden: towards a healthier ageing.

    abstract:Background:a trend towards decline in disability has been reported in older adults, but less is known about corresponding temporal trends in measured physical functions. Objective:to verify these trends during 2001-16 in an older Swedish population. Methods:functional status was assessed at three occasions: 2001-04 (...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afy085

    authors: Santoni G,Angleman SB,Ek S,Heiland EG,Lagergren M,Fratiglioni L,Welmer AK

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of cortical bone and its microstructure in bone strength.

    abstract::Bone's mechanical competence and its fragility in particular depend to a certain extent on the structure and microstructure of the cortical bone compartment. Beyond bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content, a variety of other features of cortical bone contribute to whole bone's resistance to fracture. Struc...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afl081

    authors: Augat P,Schorlemmer S

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Use of prescription medication in the last years of life: a population-based comparison of two oldest old Danish birth cohorts born 10 years apart.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Age limits for diagnostics and treatments have been largely removed and replaced by an active diagnostic and treatment practice among the oldest old and has led to concerns about potential overtreatment during the last years of life. METHODS:Use of prescription medication in the last years of life was ass...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa064

    authors: Pedersen JK,Jensen TM,Waldorff FB,Søndergaard J,Christensen K

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • Effect of intravenous iron on functional outcomes in hip fracture: a randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:to determine the safety and effect of intravenous iron sucrose on functional outcomes, delirium, nosocomial infections and transfusion requirements in older patients with hip fracture. DESIGN:single-centre randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:orthogeriatric ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afaa107

    authors: Bielza R,Llorente J,Thuissard IJ,Andreu-Vázquez C,Blanco D,Sanjurjo J,López N,Herráez MR,Molano C,Morales A,Arias E,Neira M,Lung A,Escalera J,Portillo L,Larrubia Y,García C,Zambrana F,Gómez Cerezo J

    更新日期:2021-01-08 00:00:00

  • Is augmentation index a good measure of vascular stiffness in the elderly?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:we investigated the exact relationship between age and gender on augmentation pressure (AG) and augmentation index (AI) measured over the radial (muscular) and carotid (elastic) arteries. DESIGN AND METHODS:AG is the contribution that wave reflection makes to systolic arterial pressure. AI is an indirect me...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afl115

    authors: Fantin F,Mattocks A,Bulpitt CJ,Banya W,Rajkumar C

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Resting energy expenditure in relation to energy intake in patients with Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia and in control women.

    abstract::Energy intake and resting energy expenditure in relation to body composition were studied in female patients with Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia and in home-living non-demented elderly women. Patients with Alzheimer's disease tended to have lower body weight and higher energy intake (p = NS) than control ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/22.2.132

    authors: Niskanen L,Piirainen M,Koljonen M,Uusitupa M

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of intermittent cyclical disodium etidronate therapy on bone mineral density in men with vertebral fractures.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:to investigate the effects of oral intermittent cyclical etidronate therapy on bone mineral density (BMD) in men with idiopathic vertebral osteoporosis. DESIGN:consecutive case series. SETTING:regional specialist clinic for metabolic bone disease. SUBJECTS:42 men aged 35-81 (median 60.5) with established ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/26.5.359

    authors: Anderson FH,Francis RM,Bishop JC,Rawlings DJ

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence for the validity of the Short-form 36 Questionnaire (SF-36) in an elderly population.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to determine whether the Short-form 36 Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36) is suitable for use in an elderly population. The SF-36 was administered by interview to a random sample of 827 adults from West Glamorgan. Among the 216 adults aged 65 and over the data were 98.8% complete. Evid...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/23.3.182

    authors: Lyons RA,Perry HM,Littlepage BN

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Use of antipsychotics among nonagenarian residents in long-term institutional care in Finland.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of information about the use of antipsychotic medication in long-term care, especially among the oldest-old residents. OBJECTIVE:To analyse the factors associated with the use of antipsychotic medication among nonagenarian residents in long-term institutional care. DESIGN:A retrospective...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afl065

    authors: Alanen HM,Finne-Soveri H,Noro A,Leinonen E

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • No increased mortality risk in older persons with unexplained anaemia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:in older persons, anaemia is associated with a number of unfavourable outcomes. In approximately 30% of older persons with anaemia, the cause of the anaemia is unexplained. We assessed the clinical differences between subjects with explained and unexplained anaemia and investigated whether these subjects hav...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afs031

    authors: Willems JM,den Elzen WP,Vlasveld LT,Westendorp RG,Gussekloo J,de Craen AJ,Blauw GJ

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Why do geriatric outpatients have so many moderate and severe vertebral fractures? Exploring prevalence and risk factors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:to determine the prevalence of vertebral fractures and their risk factors in geriatric patients. DESIGN:prospective cohort study. SETTING:teaching hospital in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS:three hundred and three geriatric patients, who had their first visit at a diagnostic day hospital between Apr...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/ageing/afr174

    authors: van der Jagt-Willems HC,van Hengel M,Vis M,van Munster BC,van Campen JP,Tulner LR,Lems WF

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00