Modulation of salt transport rate affects DNA synthesis in vivo in rat renal tubules.

Abstract:

:In adult male Wistar rats we investigated whether cell proliferation contributes to salt load-induced hypertrophy of distal tubules. In one treatment group salt transport in the thick ascending limb (TAL) was inhibited by furosemide (7.5 mg/100 g body wt/24 hr, via osmotic minipump) and stimulated in the successive distal segments by simultaneous high salt intake (F + Salt). Controls without furosemide treatment had a standard salt intake. All animals received the thymidine analog bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during 24 and 72 hours, respectively. In cryostat sections of the perfusion-fixed kidneys DNA synthesis was assessed by immunohistochemistry for BrdU, and for endogenous proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA). Incidence of BrdU- and PCNA-labeled nuclei were quantified in proximal tubules, medullary TAL, and cortical distal segments downstream the TAL. In control animals low labeling indices were found in all investigated segments. After 24 and 72 hours of F + Salt, indices of labeled nuclei were markedly increased in distal segments downstream the TAL, whereas they were significantly reduced in TAL. In proximal tubules increased DNA synthesis rate was apparent only after 72 hours. The data demonstrate that (1.) DNA synthesis rate in nephron segments in vivo varies in parallel with changes of their salt transport activity; (2.) increased DNA synthesis, thus probably cellular proliferation, is a component of the structural response of nephron segments following increased salt transport activity.

journal_name

Kidney Int

journal_title

Kidney international

authors

Loffing J,Le Hir M,Kaissling B

doi

10.1038/ki.1995.225

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-06-01 00:00:00

pages

1615-23

issue

6

eissn

0085-2538

issn

1523-1755

pii

S0085-2538(15)58997-7

journal_volume

47

pub_type

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