Influence of pH, temperature, and buffers on the kinetics of ceftazidime degradation in aqueous solutions.


:First-order rate constants (k) were determined for the hydrolysis of ceftazidime in the pH range of 0.5 to 8.5 at 45, 55, and 65 degrees C by a stability-indicating HPLC assay. In the absence of buffer effects, the pH-rate expression was k = kH1f1(aH+) + kH2f2(aH+) + kH3f3(aH+) + kSf3 + kOHf3(aOH-), where KH and KOH are the catalytic rate constants for the activity of hydrogen (aH+) and hydroxyl (aOH-) ions, respectively, and kS is the rate constant for spontaneous hydrolysis. The fractions of ceftazidime in various stages of dissociation (f1, f2, and f3) were calculated from kinetically determined apparent Ka values of 2.03 x 10(-2) and 4.85 x 10(-5). Catalytic constants (kcat) were calculated for formate, acetate, phosphate, and borate buffers, which accelerated hydrolysis. Each of the rate constants (kH1, kH2, kH3, kS, kOH, and kcat) were described as a function of temperature with calculated A and E values in the Arrhenius equation, kT = Ae-E/RT. Ceftazidime hydrolysis rate constants (k) were calculated as a function of pH, temperature, and buffer by combining the pH-rate expression with the buffer contributions calculated from kcat values and the temperature dependencies. These equations and their parameter values successfully calculated 95 of 104 experimentally determined rate constants with errors of < 10%. Maximum stability was observed in the relatively pH-independent region from 4.5 to 6.5. Hydrolysis rate constants at 30 degrees C were predicted and experimentally verified for four ceftazidime solutions, three of which (pH 4.4 acetate buffer and pH 5.5 and 6.5 phosphate buffers) maintained 90% of their initial concentration for approximately 1.5 days.


J Pharm Sci


Zhou M,Notari RE




Has Abstract


1995-05-01 00:00:00














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    journal_title:Journal of pharmaceutical sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lohrisch D,Shull SC,Smith MC

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  • Quantitative determination of the stabilizers octanoic acid and N-acetyl-DL-tryptophan in human albumin products.

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  • The Disintegration Process in Microcrystalline Cellulose Based Tablets, Part 1: Influence of Temperature, Porosity and Superdisintegrants.

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    journal_title:Journal of pharmaceutical sciences

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    authors: Yassin S,Goodwin DJ,Anderson A,Sibik J,Ian Wilson D,Gladden LF,Axel Zeitler J

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  • Determination of free extracellular concentrations of piperacillin by microdialysis.

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  • Controlled release of interleukin-2 from chitosan microspheres.

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    journal_title:Journal of pharmaceutical sciences

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    authors: Ozbaş-Turan S,Akbuğa J,Aral C

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    authors: Tsuji A,Miyamoto E,Hashimoto N,Yamana T

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    authors: Llabrés M,Vila JL,Martínez-Pacheco R

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    authors: Richard AJ

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  • Application of central composite designs to the preparation of polycaprolactone nanoparticles by solvent displacement.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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