Enhancement of pyruvate productivity in Torulopsis glabrata: Increase of NAD+ availability.

Abstract:

:This study aimed at increasing the pyruvate productivity from a multi-vitamin auxotrophic yeast Torulopsis glabrata, by increasing the availability of NAD+. We examined two strategies for increasing availability of NAD+. To supplement nicotinic acid (NA), the precursor of NAD+; and to increase the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase integrating with addition acetaldehyde as exterior electron acceptor. The addition of 8 mg l(-1) NA to the fermentation medium resulted in a significant increase in the glucose consumption rate (48.4%) and the pyruvate concentration (29%). An ethanol-utilizing mutant WSH-13 was screened and selected after nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis of the parent strain T. glabrata CCTCC M202019. Compared with the parent strain, the alcohol dehydrogenase activity of the mutant WSH-13 increased about 110% and the mutant could utilize ethanol as the sole carbon source for growth (1.8 g l(-1) dry cell weight). When growing with glucose, the addition of 4 mg l(-1) acetaldehyde to the mutant WSH-13 culture broth led to a significant increase in the glucose consumption rate (26.3%) and pyruvate production (22.5%), but the ratio of NADH/NAD+ decreased to 0.22. Acetaldehyde did not affect the glucose and energy metabolism at high dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration. However, at lower DO concentration (20%), maintaining the acetaldehyde concentration in the mutant culture broth at 4 mg l(-1) caused an increased NAD+ concentration but a decreased NADH concentration. As a consequence, the pyruvate production rate, the pyruvate yield on glucose and the pyruvate concentration were 68, 44 and 45% higher, respectively, than the corresponding values of the control (without acetaldehyde). The strategy for increasing the glycolytic flux and the pyruvate productivity in T. glabrata by increasing the availability of NAD+ may provide an alternative approach to enhance the metabolites productivity in yeast.

journal_name

J Biotechnol

journal_title

Journal of biotechnology

authors

Liu L,Li Y,Shi Z,Du G,Chen J

doi

10.1016/j.jbiotec.2006.04.014

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-11-01 00:00:00

pages

173-85

issue

2

eissn

0168-1656

issn

1873-4863

pii

S0168-1656(06)00332-4

journal_volume

126

pub_type

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