Olfactory-triggered panic attacks among Khmer refugees: a contextual approach.

Abstract:

:One hundred Khmer refugees attending a psychiatric clinic were surveyed to determine the prevalence of olfactory-triggered panic attacks as well as certain characteristics of the episodes, including trigger (i.e. type of odor), frequency, length, somatic symptoms, and the rate of associated flashbacks and catastrophic cognitions. Forty-five of the 100 patients had experienced an olfactory-triggered panic attack in the last month. Trauma associations and catastrophic cognitions (e.g. fears of a 'wind attack', 'weakness', and 'weak heart') were common during events of olfactory panic. Several case examples are presented. A multifactorial model of the generation of olfactory panic is adduced. The therapeutic implications of this model for the treatment of olfactory panic are discussed.

journal_name

Transcult Psychiatry

journal_title

Transcultural psychiatry

authors

Hinton D,Pich V,Chhean D,Pollack M

doi

10.1177/1363461504043564

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-06-01 00:00:00

pages

155-99

issue

2

eissn

1363-4615

issn

1461-7471

journal_volume

41

pub_type

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