Mindfulness and personal identity in the Western cultural context: A plea for greater cosmopolitanism.


:In the psychological sciences, mindfulness practices are increasingly being used, studied, and theorized, but their indigenous theoretical foundations in Buddhist accounts of the dynamics and psychology of personal identity tend to be overlooked. This situation is mirrored in the discipline of philosophy: here, Buddhist views on personal identity are beginning to draw attention, but almost invariably in a way which entirely blanks out the role of mindfulness practices in cultivating Buddhist insights on selfhood. The aggregate result is a failure, in the West, to reflect upon and seriously consider Buddhist theory and Buddhist practice in an integrated, holistic fashion. In its effort to overcome the compartmentalization of Buddhist theory (in philosophy) versus Buddhist practice (in psychology) and to embrace the challenges this might pose to fundamental Western beliefs about the self, this paper is intended both as a plea for and an exercise in greater, more venturesome cosmopolitanism.


Transcult Psychiatry


Transcultural psychiatry


Panaïoti A




Has Abstract


2015-08-01 00:00:00














  • The use of international videoconferencing as a strategy for teaching medical students about transcultural psychiatry.

    abstract::Videoconferencing is an innovative method that potentially allows medical students exposure to international teachers in refugee mental health who would otherwise be inaccessible. This article reports a pilot study using videoconferencing with international teachers from Australia, Sweden and the USA participating in ...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekblad S,Manicavasagar V,Silove D,Bäärnhielm S,Reczycki M,Mollica R,Coello M

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Truth and reconciliation commissions: problems in transitional justice and the reconstruction of identity.

    abstract::This article considers some of the main features of so-called truth and reconciliation commissions, their history and structure and their characteristic concerns with respect to their central dilemmas, including: how they grapple with notions of truth, justice, liability, reconciliation, apology and forgiveness, and h...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Avruch K

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Ground zero: Ontology, recognition, and the elusiveness of care in American eating disorders treatment.

    abstract::This paper reflects upon questions of ontological contingency when the stark, visceral reality of a person's relentless self-destruction unfolds within institutional mechanisms that systematically withhold certain kinds of care. I consider these issues through the lens of "manipulation" as it is elaborated within an A...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lester RJ

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cultural factors in the diagnosis and treatment of traumatised migrant patients from Turkey.

    abstract::The process of migration may be associated not only with great hope, but also with distressing experiences that can lead to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorders. Although some of the symptoms induced by trauma are common across cultures, the strategies used to deal with them are often culture-specific. In the fol...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schouler-Ocak M,Reiske SL,Rapp MA,Heinz A

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Migration-related emotional distress among Vietnamese psychiatric patients in Germany: An interdisciplinary, mixed methods study.

    abstract::Culture and socialization influence how individuals perceive and express emotional distress. Research therefore, must consider the context to capture individual experiences. However, the majority of studies on factors associated with emotional distress among migrants use quantitative approaches, limiting an in-depth u...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen MH,Lanca JC,Hahn E,von Poser A,Heyken E,Wingenfeld K,Burian R,Diefenbacher A,Ta TMT

    更新日期:2020-05-11 00:00:00

  • Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale (GARF): a validity study in patients with recurrent major depression in Brazil.

    abstract::The Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale (GARF) has been proposed as an additional domain on Axis V, yet few validation studies have been conducted. This study examines the validity of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the GARF. An experienced family therapist interviewed 34 families in which one member...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mello AF,Blay SL,Kohn R

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Beliefs about sleep paralysis in Turkey: Karabasan attack.

    abstract::The present study examined explanations of sleep paralysis (SP) in Turkey. The participants were 59 college students recruited in İstanbul, Turkey, who had experienced SP at least once in their lifetime. Participants were administered the Sleep Paralysis Experiences and Phenomenology Questionnaire (SP-EPQ) in an inter...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jalal B,Sevde Eskici H,Acarturk C,Hinton DE

    更新日期:2020-03-29 00:00:00

  • Mapping resilience pathways of Indigenous youth in five circumpolar communities.

    abstract::This introduction to the Special Issue Indigenous Youth Resilience in the Arctic reviews relevant resilience theory and research, with particular attention to Arctic Indigenous youth. Current perspectives on resilience, as well as the role of social determinants, and community resilience processes in understanding res...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry



    authors: Allen J,Hopper K,Wexler L,Kral M,Rasmus S,Nystad K

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • New starts at New Start: Recovery and the work of hikikomori.

    abstract::Defined by psychologist Tamaki Saito as a period of social isolation in the absence of any other clear mental health issues for a period of six months or longer, hikikomori (social withdrawal) emerged as a condition among Japanese youth in the late 1980s. Used as both a noun to identify those afflicted, as well as des...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ismail R

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Non-suicidal self-injury and its association with identity formation in India and Belgium: A cross-cultural case-control study.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to compare different features of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in India and Belgium. We also explored whether the strength of the association between NSSI and disturbances in identity formation-a risk factor that can increase vulnerability to NSSI-was similar in young adults from Ind...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gandhi A,Luyckx K,Adhikari A,Parmar D,Desousa A,Shah N,Maitra S,Claes L

    更新日期:2020-09-02 00:00:00

  • Acculturation, perceived discrimination, and psychological distress: Experiences of South Asians in Hong Kong.

    abstract::Although migration itself may not compromise the mental health of immigrants, the acculturative process can involve highly stressful factors that are specific to immigrant and minority status. Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relations between acculturation orientations, perceived discrimina...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tonsing KN,Tse S,Tonsing JC

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Does trauma type relate to posttraumatic growth after war? A pilot study of young Iraqi war survivors living in Turkey.

    abstract::Positive personal gain after adverse life events and traumas is known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Several factors are suggested to promote PTG after stressful events, including type of trauma, in addition to younger age and female gender. Although conflicting findings exist, studies suggest that there may be less g...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kılıç C,Magruder KM,Koryürek MM

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies for assessing mental health in Haiti: local instrument development and transcultural translation.

    abstract::The lack of culturally appropriate mental health assessment instruments is a major barrier to screening and evaluating efficacy of interventions. Simple translation of questionnaires produces misleading and inaccurate conclusions. Multiple alternate approaches have been proposed, and this study compared two approaches...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaiser BN,Kohrt BA,Keys HM,Khoury NM,Brewster AR

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Challenges of creating synergy between global mental health and cultural psychiatry.

    abstract::This article addresses four major challenges for efforts to create synergy between the global mental health movement and cultural psychiatry. First, although they appear to share domains of mutual interest, the worlds of global mental health and cultural psychiatry have distinct lineages. Expanding their horizons by l...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Jong JT

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • 'Hit by the wind' and temperature-shift panic among Vietnamese refugees.

    abstract::Surveying 60 Vietnamese patients with either current or past post-traumatic stress disorder, this article aims to phenomenologically characterize the syndrome of 'hit by the wind' in a multidimensional manner. This includes determining the patient conceptualization of the disorder, profiling 'hit by the wind' episodes...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Hinton D,Hinton S,Pham T,Chau H,Tran M

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of communities in advancing the goals of the Movement for Global Mental Health.

    abstract::This special section of Transcultural Psychiatry explores the local-global spaces of engagement being opened up by the Movement for Global Mental Health, with particular emphasis on the need for expanded engagement with local communities. Currently the Movement places its main emphasis on scaling up mental health serv...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry



    authors: Campbell C,Burgess R

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?

    abstract::Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 showed that Chinese immigrants to Canada and Chinese individuals born in Canada were less likely than other Canadians to have contacted a health professional for mental health reasons in the previous year in the province of British Columbia. The difference persi...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen AW,Kazanjian A,Wong H

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • The discovery of autism: Indian parents' experiences of caring for their child with an autism spectrum disorder.

    abstract::The current study investigated the lived experience of 12 parents of children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder in everyday cultural contexts in Goa, India. Narratives from parents collected between 2009 and 2010 were analyzed using the procedures of phenomenological psychology. Four temporal phases of parents' experie...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Desai MU,Divan G,Wertz FJ,Patel V

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • A pioneer of psy: The first Ugandan psychiatric nurse and her (different) tale of psychiatry in Uganda.

    abstract::In Africa, the emergence of a "modern" mental health regime centered on psychiatry is often portrayed as a unidirectional intervention by "the West." Analyses ranging from medical histories of colonial psychiatry to more recent studies of Global Mental Health focus mostly on the role of external actors and the ways th...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vorhölter J

    更新日期:2020-02-26 00:00:00

  • Anthropology, brokerage, and collaboration in the development of a Tongan public psychiatry: Local lessons for global mental health.

    abstract::The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Poltorak M

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Olfactory-triggered panic attacks among Khmer refugees: a contextual approach.

    abstract::One hundred Khmer refugees attending a psychiatric clinic were surveyed to determine the prevalence of olfactory-triggered panic attacks as well as certain characteristics of the episodes, including trigger (i.e. type of odor), frequency, length, somatic symptoms, and the rate of associated flashbacks and catastrophic...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hinton D,Pich V,Chhean D,Pollack M

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • A Xhosa language translation of the CORE-OM using South African university student samples.

    abstract::The translation of well established psychometric tools from English into Xhosa may assist in improving access to psychological services for Xhosa speakers. The aim of this study was to translate the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), a measure of general distress and dysfunction devel...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell MM,Young C

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond two worlds: Identity narratives and the aspirational futures of Alaska Native youth.

    abstract::Indigenous communities across the Alaskan Arctic have experienced profound revisions of livelihood, culture, and autonomy over the past century of colonization, creating radical discontinuities between the lives of young people and those of their parents and Elders. The disrupted processes of identity development, acc...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trout L,Wexler L,Moses J

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Khat chewing in persons with severe mental illness in Ethiopia: a qualitative study exploring perspectives of patients and caregivers.

    abstract::People with severe mental illness (SMI) in Ethiopia chew khat despite advice from their physicians to desist. We wanted to better understand their reasons for khat chewing, including any benefits that they might gain. A qualitative study was conducted involving patients with SMI and their caregivers in Butajira. Reaso...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teferra S,Hanlon C,Alem A,Jacobsson L,Shibre T

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of positive mental health among refugees: Results from Canada's General Social Survey.

    abstract::Do refugees have lower levels of positive mental health than other migrants? If so, to what extent is this attributable to post-migration experiences, including discrimination? How does gender affect the relationships between post-migration experience and positive mental health? To address these questions, the current...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beiser M,Hou F

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Narrating troubling experiences.

    abstract::This article presents a process-oriented perspective that relates to the broad question of how self-related experience comes to be endowed with meaning. The approach highlights the implications of 'living by' particular culturally based understandings in specific contexts and centers on how jointly cultural, social, a...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garro LC

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of depression in patients from ethnic minority groups in the Netherlands.

    abstract::This article presents the results of a large efficacy study comparing different forms of therapy for major depressive disorder (MDD), including interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and pharmacotherapy. Patients were randomized to either IPT, IPT in combination with anti-depressant medication, IPT in combination with pill...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Blom MB,Hoek HW,Spinhoven P,Hoencamp E,Judith Haffmans PM,van Dyck R

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Positioning relapse and recovery through a cultural lens of desire: A South Australian case study of disordered eating.

    abstract::This article explores how desire operates in the daily lives of women with disordered eating. Based on qualitative findings from a South Australian study investigating why women with disordered eating are reluctant to seek help, we trace the multiple "tipping points" and triggers that are central to participants' ever...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Musolino C,Warin M,Gilchrist P

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Raymond Prince and the R. M. Bucke memorial society for the study of religious experience.

    abstract::The study of the relationship between psychiatry and religion has become an issue of increasing importance for both research and clinical practice. This article presents the history of the R. M. Bucke Memorial Society for the Study of Religious Experience, established by Raymond Prince in Montréal in 1964 as one of th...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Bartocci G,Rovera GG,Lalli N,Ascoli M

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pills that swallow policy: clinical ethnography of a Community Mental Health Program in northern India.

    abstract::India's National Mental Health Program (NMHP) was initiated in 1982 with the objective of promoting community participation and accessible mental health services. A key component involves central government calculation and funding for psychotropic medication. Based on clinical ethnography of a community psychiatry pro...

    journal_title:Transcultural psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jain S,Jadhav S

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00