Airborne particulate matter and mortality: timescale effects in four US cities.


:While time-series studies have consistently provided evidence for an effect of particulate air pollution on mortality, uncertainty remains as to the extent of the life-shortening implied by those associations. In this paper, the authors estimate the association between air pollution and mortality using different timescales of variation in the air pollution time series to gain further insight into this question. The authors' method is based on a Fourier decomposition of air pollution time series into a set of independent exposure variables, each representing a different timescale. The authors then use this set of variables as predictors in a Poisson regression model to estimate a separate relative rate of mortality for each exposure timescale. The method is applied to a database containing information on daily mortality, particulate air pollution, and weather in four US cities (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Seattle, Washington; and Chicago, Illinois) from the period 1987-1994. The authors found larger relative rates of mortality associated with particulate air pollution at longer timescale variations (14 days-2 months) than at shorter timescales (1-4 days). These analyses provide additional evidence that associations between particle indexes and mortality do not imply only an advance in the timing of death by a few days for frail individuals.


Am J Epidemiol


Dominici F,McDermott A,Zeger SL,Samet JM




Has Abstract


2003-06-15 00:00:00












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    abstract::In 1983 the relative validity of a retrospective dietary history method was assessed against a current dietary history taken seven years previously in 1976 and a second current dietary history taken in 1983. In total, 44 men and 58 women, aged 38 to 62 years, participated in the study. For energy intake and for most n...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Staveren WA,West CE,Hoffmans MD,Bos P,Kardinaal AF,van Poppel GA,Schipper HJ,Hautvast JG,Hayes RB

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal analysis of the influence of the neighborhood built environment on walking for transportation: the RESIDE study.

    abstract::The purpose of the present analysis was to use longitudinal data collected over 7 years (from 4 surveys) in the Residential Environments (RESIDE) Study (Perth, Australia, 2003-2012) to more carefully examine the relationship of neighborhood walkability and destination accessibility with walking for transportation that...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Knuiman MW,Christian HE,Divitini ML,Foster SA,Bull FC,Badland HM,Giles-Corti B

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in weight at the end of life: characterizing weight loss by time to death in a cohort study of older men.

    abstract::The purpose of this analysis was to characterize the natural history of weight change in the years prior to death among older persons and to examine how this pattern varies according to longevity and cause of death. Weight trajectories were analyzed by using data from 800 male decedents from the Baltimore Longitudinal...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Alley DE,Metter EJ,Griswold ME,Harris TB,Simonsick EM,Longo DL,Ferrucci L

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baghurst PA,McMichael AJ,Slavotinek AH,Baghurst KI,Boyle P,Walker AM

    更新日期:1991-07-15 00:00:00

  • Neonatal outcome following maternal antenatal depression and anxiety: a population-based study.

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    authors: Oalmann MC,Palmer RW,Guzmán MA,Strong JP

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Stevens VL,Jacobs EJ,Sun J,Patel AV,McCullough ML,Teras LR,Gapstur SM

    更新日期:2012-04-15 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal study of risk factors for coronary heart disease across the menopausal transition.

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Do KA,Green A,Guthrie JR,Dudley EC,Burger HG,Dennerstein L

    更新日期:2000-03-15 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Kizer JR,Biggs ML,Ix JH,Mukamal KJ,Zieman SJ,de Boer IH,Mozaffarian D,Barzilay JI,Strotmeyer ES,Luchsinger JA,Elkind MS,Longstreth WT Jr,Kuller LH,Siscovick DS

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hakim RB,Tielsch JM,See LC

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Breteler MM,de Groot RR,van Romunde LK,Hofman A

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    authors: Platz EA,Leitzmann MF,Rimm EB,Willett WC,Giovannucci E

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Gao J,Huang X,Park Y,Hollenbeck A,Blair A,Schatzkin A,Chen H

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Andreeva VA,Galan P,Julia C,Castetbon K,Kesse-Guyot E,Hercberg S

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    authors: Romundstad PR,Davey Smith G,Nilsen TI,Vatten LJ

    更新日期:2007-12-15 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Jokela M,Batty GD,Nyberg ST,Virtanen M,Nabi H,Singh-Manoux A,Kivimäki M

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Lemeshow S,Pastides H,Avrunin JS,Teres D

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  • The E-cadherin gene polymorphism 160C->A and cancer risk: A HuGE review and meta-analysis of 26 case-control studies.

    abstract::A single nucleotide polymorphism, - 160C-->A, has been identified in the promoter region of the E-cadherin gene and has been shown to alter its transcriptional activity. To assess susceptibility of -160A allele carriers to seven types of cancers, the authors conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis, up to November 2006...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Wang GY,Lu CQ,Zhang RM,Hu XH,Luo ZW

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  • Epidemic cholera in West Africa: the role of food handling and high-risk foods.

    abstract::During an epidemic of cholera in Guinea, West Africa, in 1986, the authors conducted two studies of risk factors for transmission. In the capital city, 35 hospitalized cholera patients were more likely than 70 neighborhood-matched controls to have eaten leftover peanut sauces (odds ration (OR) = 3.1, 95% confidence in...

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    authors: St Louis ME,Porter JD,Helal A,Drame K,Hargrett-Bean N,Wells JG,Tauxe RV

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  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and parkinsonism-dementia on Guam, 1945-1972. II. Familial and genetic studies.

    abstract::The extraordinarily high rate of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and parkinsonism-dementia (PD) in the Chamorro linguistic group on Guam suggested a genetic etiology for these diseases. Results of three studies are described. Two involved comparisons of the rates of disease in relatives and spouses of index patien...

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    authors: Reed DM,Torres JM,Brody JA

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  • Factors associated with the distribution of fasting plasma glucose in an adult community.

    abstract::The fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was measured in 4170 nondiabetic adult residents of a suburban California community. At all ages the median FPG in men was higher (103-107 mg/dl) than the median FPG in women (96-104 mg/dl). FPG levels correlated weakly with obesity, and male-female differences persisted after adjustme...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Barrett-Connor E

    更新日期:1980-10-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Shen M,Cozen W,Huang L,Colt J,De Roos AJ,Severson RK,Cerhan JR,Bernstein L,Morton LM,Pickle L,Ward MH

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::It has been suggested that a G-to-T transition in exon 2 of the factor XIIIA gene resulting in a substitution of leucine for valine at amino acid 34 (FXIII Val34Leu) protects against venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the evidence to date is insufficient to incorporate testing for the FXIII Val34Leu variant into c...

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    authors: Wells PS,Anderson JL,Scarvelis DK,Doucette SP,Gagnon F

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    authors: Wenner HA,Abel D,Olson LC,Burry VF

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

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    authors: Zugna D,Richiardi L,Stephansson O,Cnattingius S,Ludvigsson JF

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    authors: Boyer KM,Munford RS,Maupin GO,Pattison CP,Fox MD,Barnes AM,Jones WL,Maynard JE

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pan SY,Mao Y,Ugnat AM,Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group.

    更新日期:2005-12-15 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holme I,Helgeland A,Hjermann I,Leren P,Lund-Larsen PG

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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