Analysis of TFIIA function In vivo: evidence for a role in TATA-binding protein recruitment and gene-specific activation.

Abstract:

:Activation of transcription can occur by the facilitated recruitment of TFIID to promoters by gene-specific activators. To investigate the role of TFIIA in TFIID recruitment in vivo, we exploited a class of yeast TATA-binding protein (TBP) mutants that is activation and DNA binding defective. We found that co-overexpression of TOA1 and TOA2, the genes that encode yeast TFIIA, overcomes the activation defects caused by the TBP mutants. Using a genetic screen, we isolated a new class of TFIIA mutants and identified three regions on TFIIA that are likely to be involved in TBP recruitment or stabilization of the TBP-TATA complex in vivo. Amino acid replacements in only one of these regions enhance TFIIA-TBP-DNA complex formation in vitro, suggesting that the other regions are involved in regulatory interactions. To determine the relative importance of TFIIA in the regulation of different genes, we constructed yeast strains to conditionally deplete TFIIA levels prior to gene activation. While the activation of certain genes, such as INO1, was dramatically impaired by TFIIA depletion, activation of other genes, such as CUP1, was unaffected. These data suggest that TFIIA facilitates DNA binding by TBP in vivo, that TFIIA may be regulated by factors that target distinct regions of the protein, and that promoters vary significantly in the degree to which they require TFIIA for activation.

journal_name

Mol Cell Biol

authors

Liu Q,Gabriel SE,Roinick KL,Ward RD,Arndt KM

doi

10.1128/mcb.19.12.8673

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1999-12-01 00:00:00

pages

8673-85

issue

12

eissn

0270-7306

issn

1098-5549

journal_volume

19

pub_type

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