Motivations for studying dentistry among first-year dental students.


:Reasons for choosing dentistry as a profession were analysed among first-year dental students at the University of Toronto. The motivations of various sub-groups were also examined. It was found that an extrinsic motivation, financial rewards, was the most widespread, although the other widely chosen motivations referred mainly to intrinsic aspects of the profession such as working with and for people, stimulating work, and being autonomous. Cross-tabulation analysis and mutli-variate analysis of the motivations of various socio-demographic sub-groups were carried out. Three sub-groups showed more extrinsic orientations than the class as a whole: those of "other" religious preference; students feeling different from their classmates; and those from medium-sized towns. The most intrinsically oriented groups were: older students; those high in SES; and Jewish students.


Med Educ


Medical education


Cohen R,Coburn D




Has Abstract


1977-03-01 00:00:00












  • The acceptability of 360-degree judgements as a method of assessing undergraduate medical students' personal and professional behaviours.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Medical students' personal and professional behaviours have been assessed poorly in medical schools. No research exists exploring the acceptability of 360-degree judgements as a method of assessing such behaviours. This study aims to explore students' and assessors' views and experiences of 360-degree judg...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rees C,Shepherd M

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The consequences of authentic early experience for medical students: creation of mētis.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Authentic early experience (AEE) describes experiences provided to new medical students to undertake 'human contact' to enhance learning. Although the concept of AEE is not new, and was commonplace prior to the Flexner Report of 1910, little is known about how or why meaning and knowledge are constructed throug...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yardley S,Brosnan C,Richardson J

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in national licensing examinations in medicine.

    abstract:CONTEXT:As a contribution to this special issue commemorating the journal's 50th volume, this paper seeks to explore directions for national licensing examinations (NLEs) in medicine. Increases in the numbers of new medical schools and the mobility of doctors across national borders mean that NLEs are becoming even mor...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Swanson DB,Roberts TE

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Why people apply to medical school: implications for widening participation activities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This research aims to identify the influences contributing to students' decisions to study medicine and to apply the findings to the design and targeting of outreach activities aimed at widening participation. METHODS:Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 medical students at a UK medical schoo...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McHarg J,Mattick K,Knight LV

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Integrated medical student teaching. A combined course in community medicine, general practice, geriatric medicine and mental health.

    abstract::In order to provide "horizontal" integration of related clinical subjects, a combined teaching course in community medicine, general practice, geriatric medicine and mental health has been devised. The course lasts 12 weeks and is divided between joint teaching of topics of common interest and clinical clerkships in i...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stout RW,Irwin WG

    更新日期:1982-05-01 00:00:00

  • Everyday classism in medical school: experiencing marginality and resistance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the medical school experiences of students who self-identify as coming from a working-class or impoverished family background. METHODS:A questionnaire was administered to Year 3 medical students at a Canadian medical school and in-depth interviews were held with 25 of these students (cohort 1). Th...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beagan BL

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Using standardised students in faculty development workshops to improve clinical teaching skills.

    abstract:PURPOSE:We describe the use of standardised students (SSs) in interdisciplinary faculty development programmes to improve clinical teaching skills. Standardised students are actual health professions students who are trained to portray a prototypical teaching challenge consistently across many encounters with different...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gelula MH,Yudkowsky R

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Waking up the next morning: surgeons' emotional reactions to adverse events.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The adverse patient event is an inherent component of surgical practice, but many surgeons are unprepared for the profound emotional responses these events can evoke. This study explored surgeons' reactions to adverse events and their impact on subsequent judgement and decision making. METHODS:Using a construc...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Luu S,Patel P,St-Martin L,Leung AS,Regehr G,Murnaghan ML,Gallinger S,Moulton CA

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of how well graduates are prepared for the role of pre-registration house officer: a comparison of outcomes from a traditional and an integrated PBL curriculum.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Most medical schools in the UK have been engaged in major curriculum reform based on their premises of what might improve undergraduate medical education. In 1994 the course at the medical school of the University of Manchester changed to an integrated course using problem-based learning throughout and wit...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones A,McArdle PJ,O'Neill PA

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pre-registration in historical perspective.

    abstract::This essay examines the background and implementation of the statutory requirement that each medical graduate in Great Britain must spend a pre-registration year in hospital training before full registration can be effected. It looks briefly at the French and USA 'internship', and then describes the British situation ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Bynum WF

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Art of Medicine through the Humanities: an overview of a one-month humanities elective for fourth year students.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of incorporating humanities teaching into medical education is to encourage students to develop into more sensitive and caring doctors who communicate well with their patients and colleagues. CONTENT:A unique 4th year student elective at the Medical College of Wisconsin incorporates reflective a...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson R,Schiedermayer D

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Simulation-based education for novices: complex learning tasks promote reflective practice.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Simulated clinical immersion (SCI), in which clinical situations are simulated in a realistic environment, safely and gradually exposes novices to complex problems. Given their limited experience, undergraduate students can potentially be quite overwhelmed by SCI learning tasks, which may result in misleading l...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tremblay ML,Leppink J,Leclerc G,Rethans JJ,Dolmans DHJM

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • The clinical reasoning process.

    abstract::Medical school teachers must have an accurate idea of the doctor's clinical reasoning process (CRP) in order to provide students with learning experiences and evaluations that will ensure their acquisition of an effective and efficient CRP. It is difficult to derive this understanding from much that has been written o...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barrows HS,Feltovich PJ

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • Brief problem-solving questions in medical school examinations: is it necessary for students to explain their answers?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare outcomes when answers to objective type problem-solving questions are marked with and without consideration of students' explanations of their answers. DESIGN:Students answered six multiple-part problem-solving questions on the final examination for a course in clinical biochemistry. Each part req...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwartz PL,Loten EG

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Maturational differences in undergraduate medical students' perceptions about feedback.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Although medical students receive varied feedback throughout their training programmes, research demonstrates that they frequently perceive it as insufficient. However, supervisors tend to perceive that it is adequate. Students' responses to, and use of, feedback are not clearly understood. The purposes of this...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murdoch-Eaton D,Sargeant J

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of longitudinal integrated clinical placements for students, clinicians and society.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) have been widely implemented in both rural and urban contexts, as is now evident in the wealth of studies published internationally. This narrative literature review aims to summarise current evidence regarding the outcomes of LICs for student, clinician and community s...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Walters L,Greenhill J,Richards J,Ward H,Campbell N,Ash J,Schuwirth LW

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • The workload of trainees in general practice.

    abstract::During their first training period in general practice the authors felt that they did not encounter the balanced workload which is the foundation for learning to be a GP. Previous studies confirmed the existence of differences in overall and specific workload between trainees and trainers. From their own experience an...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weeda G,Hutter AW,Groenier KH,Schuling J

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Medical students as standardized patients to assess interviewing skills for pain evaluation.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The use of medical students as standardized patients in a performance assessment of pain evaluation was studied. METHODS:Fifty-two pairs of second-year medical students participated. One student portrayed a patient presenting with cancer pain and was interviewed by the other medical student. The student-patien...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mavis BE,Ogle KS,Lovell KL,Madden LM

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of three years' ethics teaching, in an integrated medical curriculum, on students' proposed behaviour on meeting ethical dilemmas.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of 3 years' ethics teaching (30 hours mainly small group teaching in year 1, 14 hours mainly lecture-type teaching in years 2 and 3) on students' proposed behaviour on encountering ethical dilemmas. DESIGN:Cohort design. SETTING:University of Glasgow Medical School. SUBJECTS:A cohort...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goldie J,Schwartz L,McConnachie A,Morrison J

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • Entry to medical school: an audit of traditional selection requirements.

    abstract::The major focus in the selection of entrants for medical school has traditionally been on academic achievement in school-leaving examinations in which certain science subjects are a requirement. A longitudinal study of 413 successful applicants was undertaken to determine the relationship of these admission criteria t...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins JP,White GR,Kennedy JA

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinations.

    abstract::The traditional clinical examination has been shown to have serious limitations in terms of its validity and reliability. The OSCE provides some answers to these limitations and has become very popular. Many variants on the original OSCE format now exist and much research has been done on various aspects of their use....

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newble D

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of medical and non-medical student attitudes to social issues in medicine.

    abstract::A 63-item questionnaire on attitudes to psychosocial issues in medicine was administered to final-year students in the Faculties of Medicine (n = 104), Pharmacy (n = 57) and Arts and Social Sciences (n = 75) of the University of Benin. The responses given were analysed by the summation and Cornell scalogram techniques...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nnodim JO,Osuji CU

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Thinking critically about critical thinking: ability, disposition or both?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this study were to determine the extent to which clinician-educators agree on definitions of critical thinking and to determine whether their descriptions of critical thinking in clinical practice are consistent with these definitions. METHODS:Ninety-seven medical educators at five medical...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krupat E,Sprague JM,Wolpaw D,Haidet P,Hatem D,O'Brien B

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Observational analysis of near-peer and faculty tutoring in problem-based learning groups.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Near-peer and faculty staff tutors may facilitate problem-based learning (PBL) through different means. Near-peer tutors are thought to compensate for their lack of subject matter expertise with greater adeptness at group facilitation and a better understanding of their learners. However, theoretical explanatio...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cianciolo AT,Kidd B,Murray S

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Project work in the medical curriculum.

    abstract::This paper outlines one component, the project, which in 4 years became an integral part of the Human Ecology course at the Department of Community Medicine at the University of Glasgow. Although it is to be retained in some form, it would seem that the full potential of the device for medical undergraduates has not b...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Craddock MJ

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of assessment and intervention strategies for effective clinical communication in culturally and linguistically diverse students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students often experience difficulties with the clinical communication skills that are essential for successful interactions in the workplace. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of assessment and intervention strategies for this population. The ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chan A,Purcell A,Power E

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding paediatric resident-continuity preceptor relationships through the lens of apprenticeship learning.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Apprenticeship learning is common in medical education, but is often situated in theoretical frameworks which highlight its cognitive but not its social dimension. METHODS:We conducted an ethnographic case study of paediatric residents' learning relationships with their preceptors in a community-based paediatr...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balmer DF,Serwint JR,Ruzek SB,Giardino AP

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological size and distance: emphasising the interpersonal relationship as a pathway to optimal teaching and learning conditions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Positive interpersonal relationships between teachers and learners increase the quality of learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate psychological size (perceived status) and psychological distance (perceived emotional connectedness) in medical teaching interactions and their impact on the teach...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vaughn LM,Baker RC

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Activating prior knowledge using multiple-choice question distractors.

    abstract:CONTEXT:A student's academic success in graduate and professional school may depend on prior knowledge. However, these students may not see important and necessary material for extended periods of time between their pre-requisites and their new course work. As such, they are more prone to being unable to access availab...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schimmelfing LC,Persky AM

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of new educational technology on problem-based learning at Harvard Medical School.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Computers with 50-inch, wall-mounted plasma screens and broadband Internet access were installed in all small group tutorial rooms at Harvard Medical School. This study examines how the introduction of this educational technology impacted on the problem-based learning tutorials. METHOD:A total of 37 tutorial g...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerfoot BP,Masser BA,Hafler JP

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00