Fluorescence Lifetime and Intensity of Thioflavin T as Reporters of Different Fibrillation Stages: Insights Obtained from Fluorescence Up-Conversion and Particle Size Distribution Measurements.


:Thioflavin T (ThT) assay is extensively used for studying fibrillation kinetics in vitro. However, the differences in the time course of ThT fluorescence intensity and lifetime and other physical parameters of the system, such as particle size distribution, raise questions about the correct interpretation of the aggregation kinetics. In this work, we focused on the investigation of the mechanisms, which underlay the difference in sensitivity of ThT fluorescence intensity and lifetime to the formation of protein aggregates during fibrillation by the example of insulin and during binding to globular proteins. The assessment of aggregate sizes and heterogeneity was performed using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). Using the sub-nanosecond resolution measurements, it was shown that the ThT lifetime is sensitive to the appearance of as much as a few percent of ThT bound to the high-affinity sites that occur simultaneously with an abrupt increase of the average particle size, particles concentration, and size heterogeneity. The discrepancy between ThT fluorescence intensity and a lifetime can be explained as the consequence of a ThT molecule fraction with ultrafast decay and weak fluorescence. These ThT molecules can only be detected using time-resolved fluorescence measurements in the sub-picosecond time domain. The presence of a bound ThT subpopulation with similar photophysical properties was also demonstrated for globular proteins that were attributed to non-specifically bound ThT molecules with a non-rigid microenvironment.


Int J Mol Sci


Rovnyagina NR,Budylin GS,Vainer YG,Tikhonova TN,Vasin SL,Yakovlev AA,Kompanets VO,Chekalin SV,Priezzhev AV,Shirshin EA




Has Abstract


2020-08-26 00:00:00










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