A Clinical Guide to Combination Lipid-Lowering Therapy.

Abstract:

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:We provide an overview of our current understanding of combination lipid-lowering therapies intended for dyslipidemia treatment and cardiovascular disease prevention. First, we analyze recent statin and non-statin combination therapy guidelines and clinical studies since the publication of 2013 American College of Cardiology Cholesterol Guidelines. Second, we examine the clinical utility of non-statin agents alone and in combination in terms of LDL-C lowering and ASCVD risk reduction. RECENT FINDINGS:Medical societies, including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), National Lipid Association (NLA), and American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), have released guidelines to address the appropriate use of non-statin therapies. The guidelines incorporated new evidence, including the IMPROVE-IT and FOURIER clinical trials, which demonstrate that the combination of statin therapy with other non-statin agents such as ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitors has a significant clinical benefit. Increasing evidence that aggressive low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering leads to lower cardiovascular disease risk supports the need for continued exploration of the role of combination lipid-lowering therapies. A review of guidelines and clinical trials evaluating non-statin agents illuminates the growing base of evidence and expert opinion supporting the use of combination lipid-lowering therapies. While the majority of clinical trial data utilizes dyslipidemia monotherapy, especially statins, combination therapies represent an opportunity for individualized, patient-centered approach to LDL-C lowering and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk reduction. The overview provides a perspective on lipid management intended for clinicians who seek additional information and guidance on the use of combination therapies.

journal_name

Curr Atheroscler Rep

authors

Russell C,Sheth S,Jacoby D

doi

10.1007/s11883-018-0721-2

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-03-07 00:00:00

pages

19

issue

4

eissn

1523-3804

issn

1534-6242

pii

10.1007/s11883-018-0721-2

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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