The role of coronary artery collaterals in the preservation of left ventricular function: a study to address a long-standing controversy.


INTRODUCTION:The functional significance of coronary artery collateral (CAC) vasculature in humans has been debated for decades and this has been compounded by the lack of a standard, systematic, objective method of grading and documenting CAC flow in man. CACs serve as alternative conduits for blood in obstructive coronary artery disease. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of CACs on left ventricular function in the presence of total coronary arterial occlusion. METHODS:The study group included the coronary angiographic records of 97 patients (mean age: 59 ± 8 years). CACs were graded from 0-3 based on the collateral connection between the donor and recipient arteries. Left ventricular function was computed from the ventriculogram and expressed as ejection fraction (EF). RESULTS:The mean EF of the patients with grades 0, 1, 2 and 3 CACs were calculated as 50.4, 47, 60.5 and 70%, respectively. A significant difference was recorded in the mean EF calculated for the different CAC grades (p = 0.001). There was a significant positive correlation (p < 0.001; r = 0.478) between the mean EF and the CAC grades. CONCLUSION:The patients with better coronary collateral grades had a higher mean EF. Therefore, as the grade of CACs increased, there was an improvement in their ability to preserve left ventricular function.


Cardiovasc J Afr


Ajayi NO,Vanker EA,Satyapal KS




Has Abstract


2017-03-01 00:00:00












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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramlakhan R,Andronikou S,Rajkumar A

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    journal_title:Cardiovascular journal of Africa

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mulaudzi TV,Robbs JV,Paruk N,Pillay B,Madiba TE,Govindsamy V

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    pub_type: 社论,历史文章


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