Niche differentiation of bacterial communities at a millimeter scale in Shark Bay microbial mats.


:Modern microbial mats can provide key insights into early Earth ecosystems, and Shark Bay, Australia, holds one of the best examples of these systems. Identifying the spatial distribution of microorganisms with mat depth facilitates a greater understanding of specific niches and potentially novel microbial interactions. High throughput sequencing coupled with elemental analyses and biogeochemical measurements of two distinct mat types (smooth and pustular) at a millimeter scale were undertaken in the present study. A total of 8,263,982 16S rRNA gene sequences were obtained, which were affiliated to 58 bacterial and candidate phyla. The surface of both mats were dominated by Cyanobacteria, accompanied with known or putative members of Alphaproteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. The deeper anoxic layers of smooth mats were dominated by Chloroflexi, while Alphaproteobacteria dominated the lower layers of pustular mats. In situ microelectrode measurements revealed smooth mats have a steeper profile of O2 and H2S concentrations, as well as higher oxygen production, consumption, and sulfate reduction rates. Specific elements (Mo, Mg, Mn, Fe, V, P) could be correlated with specific mat types and putative phylogenetic groups. Models are proposed for these systems suggesting putative surface anoxic niches, differential nitrogen fixing niches, and those coupled with methane metabolism.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Wong HL,Smith DL,Visscher PT,Burns BP




Has Abstract


2015-10-26 00:00:00










  • A rational experimental approach to identify correctly the working voltage window of aqueous-based supercapacitors.

    abstract::It is common to find in the literature different values for the working voltage window (WVW) range for aqueous-based supercapacitors. In many cases, even with the best intentions of the widening the operating voltage window, the measured current using the cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique includes a significant contri...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nunes WG,Freitas BGA,Beraldo RM,Filho RM,Da Silva LM,Zanin H

    更新日期:2020-11-05 00:00:00

  • Molecular mechanism of the allosteric regulation of the αγ heterodimer of human NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase.

    abstract::Human NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase catalyzes the decarboxylation of isocitrate (ICT) into α-ketoglutarate in the Krebs cycle. It exists as the α2βγ heterotetramer composed of the αβ and αγ heterodimers. Previously, we have demonstrated biochemically that the α2βγ heterotetramer and αγ heterodimer can be allo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma T,Peng Y,Huang W,Ding J

    更新日期:2017-01-18 00:00:00

  • Fine-tuning of synaptic upscaling at excitatory synapses by endocannabinoid signaling is mediated via the CB1 receptor.

    abstract::The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) functions as a retrograde signaling molecule mediating synaptic transmission and plasticity at both inhibitory and excitatory synapses. However, little is known about whether 2-AG signaling is involved in homeostatic regulation of miniature synaptic events at excitator...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Song Y,Zhang J,Chen C

    更新日期:2015-11-06 00:00:00

  • Soil pH is equally important as salinity in shaping bacterial communities in saline soils under halophytic vegetation.

    abstract::While saline soils account for 6.5% of the total land area globally, it comprises about 70% of the area in northwestern China. Microbiota in these saline soils are particularly important because they are critical to maintaining ecosystem services. However, little is known about the microbial diversity and community co...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao S,Liu JJ,Banerjee S,Zhou N,Zhao ZY,Zhang K,Tian CY

    更新日期:2018-03-14 00:00:00

  • The Influence of the Position of the Double Bond and Ring Size on the Stability of Hydrogen Bonded Complexes.

    abstract::To study the influence of the position of the double bond and ring size on the stability of hydrogen bonded complexes, the 1:1 complexes formed between 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) and three heterocyclic compounds including 2,3-dihydrofuran (2,3-DHF), 2,5-dihydrofuran (2,5-DHF) and 3,4-dihydropyran (3,4-DHP) were inve...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheng S,Tang S,Tsona NT,Du L

    更新日期:2017-09-12 00:00:00

  • Pigment epithelium-derived factor attenuates myocardial fibrosis via inhibiting Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in rats with acute myocardial infarction.

    abstract::Endothelial mesenchymal transition (EndMT) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis and progression of interstitial and perivascular fibrosis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is shown to be a new therapeutic target owing to its protective role in cardiovascular disease...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Hui H,Li Z,Pan J,Jiang X,Wei T,Cui H,Li L,Yuan X,Sun T,Liu Z,Zhang Z,Dong H

    更新日期:2017-02-07 00:00:00

  • A mechanistic study of gold nanoparticle radiosensitisation using targeted microbeam irradiation.

    abstract::Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been demonstrated as effective radiosensitizing agents in a range of preclinical models using broad field sources of various energies. This study aimed to distinguish between these mechanisms by applying subcellular targeting using a soft X-ray microbeam in combination with GNPs. DNA dam...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghita M,McMahon SJ,Taggart LE,Butterworth KT,Schettino G,Prise KM

    更新日期:2017-03-16 00:00:00

  • Author Correction: The impact of the introduction of new recognition criteria for overwork-related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases: a cross-country comparison.

    abstract::A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 已发布勘误


    authors: Lin RT,Lin CK,Christiani DC,Kawachi I,Cheng Y,Verguet S,Jong S

    更新日期:2018-03-12 00:00:00

  • Male hatchling production in sea turtles from one of the world's largest marine protected areas, the Chagos Archipelago.

    abstract::Sand temperatures at nest depths and implications for hatchling sex ratios of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) and green turtles (Chelonia mydas) nesting in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean are reported and compared to similar measurements at rookeries in the Atlantic and Caribbean. During 2012-2014, tem...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Esteban N,Laloë JO,Mortimer JA,Guzman AN,Hays GC

    更新日期:2016-02-02 00:00:00

  • Endovascular versus Non-Interventional Therapy for Cervicocranial Artery Dissection in East Asian and Non-East Asian Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    abstract::Endovascular methods have been increasingly applied in treating cervicocranial artery dissection (CCAD). Anti-thrombotic therapy, which is used in non-interventional care of CCAD patients, has differential effects in East Asian patients. Therefore, we aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of endovascular versus non-i...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Huang R,Niu L,Wang Y,Jia G,Jia L,Wang Y,Jiang W,Sun Y,Yu L

    更新日期:2015-05-20 00:00:00

  • Asymmetrical ligand-induced cross-regulation of chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 by α1-adrenergic receptors at the heteromeric receptor complex.

    abstract::Recently, we reported that chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)4 and atypical chemokine receptor 3 regulate α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-AR) through the formation of hetero-oligomeric complexes. Whether α1-ARs also regulate chemokine receptor function within such heteromeric receptor complexes is unknown. We observe...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao X,Albee LJ,Volkman BF,Gaponenko V,Majetschak M

    更新日期:2018-02-09 00:00:00

  • Sox2 in the differentiation of cochlear progenitor cells.

    abstract::HMG domain transcription factor, Sox2, is a critical gene for the development of cochlear hair cells, the receptor cells for hearing, but this has been ascribed to expansion of the progenitors that become hair cells. Here, we show that Sox2 activated Atoh1, a transcription factor important for hair cell differentiatio...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kempfle JS,Turban JL,Edge AS

    更新日期:2016-03-18 00:00:00

  • A Green Route for Substrate-Independent Oil-Repellent Coatings.

    abstract::Oil repellent surface have lots of practical applications in many fields. Current oil repellent coating may suffer from limited liquid repellency to oils or environmental risks. In this work, we report an eco-friendly 'green' processes for preparing oil-repellent surface using a renewable and environmentally benign bi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu LP,Han D,Wu X,Zhang Q,Zhang X,Wang S

    更新日期:2016-11-29 00:00:00

  • Understanding non-linear effects from Hill-type dynamics with application to decoding of p53 signaling.

    abstract::Analytical equations are derived depicting four possible scenarios resulting from pulsed signaling of a system subject to Hill-type dynamics. Pulsed Hill-type dynamics involves the binding of multiple signal molecules to a receptor and occurs e.g., when transcription factor p53 orchestrates cancer prevention, during c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shi X,Reimers JR

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Corrigendum: Treponema pallidum (syphilis) antigen TpF1 induces angiogenesis through the activation of the IL-8 pathway.

    abstract::This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep18785. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 已发布勘误


    authors: Pozzobon T,Facchinello N,Bossi F,Capitani N,Benagiano M,Di Benedetto G,Zennaro C,West N,Codolo G,Bernardini M,Baldari CT,D'Elios MM,Pellegrini L,Argenton F,de Bernard M

    更新日期:2018-02-16 00:00:00

  • Reduction in Urinary Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 2 (CCL2) After Surgery-Induced Weight Loss.

    abstract::Kidney dysfunction, a deleterious effect of obesity, is now recognized as a relevant health risk. Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 2 (CCL2) is one of the critical chemokines that play a vital role in the development of obesity-related metabolic disease. We aim to measure the changes in urinary CCL2 in our patients before ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Said SB,Loo GH,Kosai NR,Rajan R,Mohd R,Wahab AA,Shah SA

    更新日期:2020-01-21 00:00:00

  • Prediction of factors affecting activation of soil erosion by mathematical modeling at pedon scale under laboratory conditions.

    abstract::Soil degradation due to erosion is a significant worldwide problem at different spatial (from pedon to watershed) and temporal scales. All stages and factors in the erosion process must be detected and evaluated to reduce this environmental issue and protect existing fertile soils and natural ecosystems. Laboratory st...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shojaei S,Kalantari Z,Rodrigo-Comino J

    更新日期:2020-11-19 00:00:00

  • Atomic Configuration of Point Defect Clusters in Ion-Irradiated Silicon Carbide.

    abstract::Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a promising cladding material for accident-tolerant fuel in light water reactors due to its excellent resistance to chemical attacks at high temperatures, which can prevent severe accident-induced environmental disasters. Although it has been known for decades that radiation-induced swelling a...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin YR,Chen LG,Hsieh CY,Chang MT,Fung KY,Hu A,Lo SC,Chen FR,Kai JJ

    更新日期:2017-11-07 00:00:00

  • Silver nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles for low-haze flexible transparent conductive films.

    abstract::Silver nanowires have attracted much attention for use in flexible transparent conductive films (TCFs) due to their low sheet resistance and flexibility. However, the haze was too high for replacing indium-tin-oxide in high-quality display devices. Herein, we report flexible TCFs, which were prepared using a scalable ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Menamparambath MM,Ajmal CM,Kim KH,Yang D,Roh J,Park HC,Kwak C,Choi JY,Baik S

    更新日期:2015-11-17 00:00:00

  • Differential evolutionary patterns and expression levels between sex-specific and somatic tissue-specific genes in peanut.

    abstract::The patterns of evolution and expression of tissue-specific genes are poorly understood beyond sex-specific genes. Accordingly, we identified 3,191 tissue-specific genes and 38,745 common genes using 22 RNA-seq datasets from cultivated peanut. The expression levels of tissue-specific genes were significantly lower tha...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Song H,Zhang Q,Tian P,Nan Z

    更新日期:2017-08-21 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal Study of Body Composition and Energy Expenditure in Overweight or Obese Young Adults.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare the effects of an aerobic training program with a strength training program on body composition and energy expenditure in overweight or obese (29.06 ± 3.49 kg/m2) young adults (21.96 ± 1.90 years). Subjects (N = 109) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a control group (C...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández-García JC,Gálvez-Fernández I,Mercadé-Melé P,Gavala-González J

    更新日期:2020-03-24 00:00:00

  • G-protein signaling is required for increasing germline stem cell division frequency in response to mating in Drosophila males.

    abstract::Adult stem cells divide to renew the stem cell pool and replenish specialized cells that are lost due to death or usage. However, little is known about the mechanisms regulating how stem cells adjust to a demand for specialized cells. A failure of the stem cells to respond to this demand can have serious consequences,...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Malpe MS,McSwain LF,Kudyba K,Ng CL,Nicholson J,Brady M,Qian Y,Choksi V,Hudson AG,Parrott BB,Schulz C

    更新日期:2020-03-03 00:00:00

  • Characterization of Chinese liquor aroma components during aging process and liquor age discrimination using gas chromatography combined with multivariable statistics.

    abstract::Chinese liquor aroma components were characterized during the aging process using gas chromatography (GC). Principal component and cluster analysis (PCA, CA) were used to discriminate the Chinese liquor age which has a great economic value. Of a total of 21 major aroma components identified and quantified, 13 componen...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu ML,Yu Y,Ramaswamy HS,Zhu SM

    更新日期:2017-01-06 00:00:00

  • Desmoteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke within 3 to 9 Hours after Symptom Onset: Evidence from Randomized Controlled Trials.

    abstract::Recent studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the value of desmoteplase for treating acute ischemic stroke (AIS) when administered within an extended time window. We performed a meta-analysis to explore the value of desmoteplase in AIS treatment. The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were sear...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shi L,Liang F,Li Y,Shao A,Zhou K,Yu J,Zhang J

    更新日期:2016-09-27 00:00:00

  • Repeated surveying over 6 years reveals that fine-scale habitat variables are key to tropical mountain ant assemblage composition and functional diversity.

    abstract::High-altitude-adapted ectotherms can escape competition from dominant species by tolerating low temperatures at cooler elevations, but climate change is eroding such advantages. Studies evaluating broad-scale impacts of global change for high-altitude organisms often overlook the mitigating role of biotic factors. Yet...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muluvhahothe MM,Joseph GS,Seymour CL,Munyai TC,Foord SH

    更新日期:2021-01-08 00:00:00

  • Selective cognitive dysfunction and physical disability improvement after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in highly active multiple sclerosis.

    abstract::The aim was to assess the cognitive dysfunction and physical disability after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT), to explore the potential factors influencing disability regression after AHSCT and to estimate the safety of low-dose immunosuppressive therapy in highly active Multiple Sclerosis (...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giedraitiene N,Kizlaitiene R,Peceliunas V,Griskevicius L,Kaubrys G

    更新日期:2020-12-04 00:00:00

  • The Value of CBCT-based Tumor Density and Volume Variations in Prediction of Early Response to Chemoradiation Therapy in Advanced NSCLC.

    abstract::The correlations between early responses and the variations in physical density and primary tumor volume (TV) according to cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) during chemoradiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were investigated. 54 patients with inoperable and locally advanced NSCLC were include...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wen Q,Zhu J,Meng X,Ma C,Bai T,Sun X,Yu J

    更新日期:2017-11-07 00:00:00

  • Novel ZnO hollow-nanocarriers containing paclitaxel targeting folate-receptors in a malignant pH-microenvironment for effective monitoring and promoting breast tumor regression.

    abstract::Low pH in the tumor micromilieu is a recognized pathological feature of cancer. This attribute of cancerous cells has been targeted herein for the controlled release of chemotherapeutics at the tumour site, while sparing healthy tissues. To this end, pH-sensitive, hollow ZnO-nanocarriers loaded with paclitaxel were sy...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Puvvada N,Rajput S,Kumar BNP,Sarkar S,Konar S,Brunt KR,Rao RR,Mazumdar A,Das SK,Basu R,Fisher PB,Mandal M,Pathak A

    更新日期:2015-07-06 00:00:00

  • Interface engineering of graphene for universal applications as both anode and cathode in organic photovoltaics.

    abstract::The high transparency of graphene, together with its good electrical conductivity and mechanical robustness, enable its use as transparent electrodes in optoelectronic devices such as solar cells. While initial demonstrations of graphene-based organic photovoltaics (OPV) have been promising, realization of scalable te...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park H,Chang S,Smith M,Gradečak S,Kong J

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Discordant gene responses to radiation in humans and mice and the role of hematopoietically humanized mice in the search for radiation biomarkers.

    abstract::The mouse (Mus musculus) is an extensively used model of human disease and responses to stresses such as ionizing radiation. As part of our work developing gene expression biomarkers of radiation exposure, dose, and injury, we have found many genes are either up-regulated (e.g. CDKN1A, MDM2, BBC3, and CCNG1) or down-r...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghandhi SA,Smilenov L,Shuryak I,Pujol-Canadell M,Amundson SA

    更新日期:2019-12-19 00:00:00