Associations of Short Sleep and Shift Work Status with Hypertension among Black and White Americans.

Abstract:

:Objective. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether short sleepers (<6 hrs) who worked the non-day-shift were at greater likelihood of reporting hypertension and if these associations varied by individuals' ethnicity. Methods. Analysis was based on the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). A total of 59,199 American adults provided valid data for the present analyses (mean age = 46.2 ± 17.7 years; 51.5% were female). Respondents provided work schedule and estimated habitual sleep durations as well as self-report of chronic conditions. Results. Of the sample, 30.8% reported a diagnosis of hypertension, 79.1% reported daytime shift work, 11.0% reported rotating shift work, and 4.0% reported night shift work. Logistic regression analysis showed that shift work was significantly associated with hypertension among Blacks [OR = 1.35, CI: 1.06-1.72. P < 0.05], but not among Whites [OR = 1.01, CI: 0.85-1.20, NS]. Black shift workers sleeping less than 6 hours had significantly increased odds of reporting hypertension [OR = 1.81, CI: 1.29-2.54, P < 0.01], while their White counterparts did not [OR = 1.17, CI: 0.90-1.52, NS]. Conclusions. Findings suggest that Black Americans working the non-day-shift especially with short sleep duration have increased odds of reporting hypertension.

journal_name

Int J Hypertens

authors

Ceïde ME,Pandey A,Ravenell J,Donat M,Ogedegbe G,Jean-Louis G

doi

10.1155/2015/697275

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-01-01 00:00:00

pages

697275

eissn

2090-0384

issn

2090-0392

journal_volume

2015

pub_type

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