Coronally advanced flap with and without connective tissue graft for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions: a comparative short- and long-term controlled randomized clinical trial.

Abstract:

AIM:The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term root coverage and aesthetic outcomes of the coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone or in combination with a connective tissue graft (CTG) for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions. METHODS:Fifty patients with multiple (≥2) adjacent gingival recessions (≥2 mm) in the upper jaw were enrolled. Twenty-five patients were randomly assigned to the control group (CAF), and the other 25 patients to the test group (CAF + CTG). Clinical outcomes were evaluated at 6 months, 1 and 5 years. The aesthetic evaluations were made 1 and 5 years after the surgery. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference was demonstrated between the two groups in terms of Rec Red and complete root coverage (CRC) at 6 months and 1 year. At 5 years, statistically greater recession reduction and probability of CRC, greater increase in buccal KTH and better contour evaluation made by an independent periodontist were observed in the CAF + CTG group. Better post-operative course and better colour match were demonstrated in CAF-treated patients both at 1 and 5 years. CONCLUSIONS:CAF + CTG provided better CRC at 5 years; keloid formation due to graft exposure was responsible for the worse colour match evaluation.

journal_name

J Clin Periodontol

authors

Zucchelli G,Mounssif I,Mazzotti C,Stefanini M,Marzadori M,Petracci E,Montebugnoli L

doi

10.1111/jcpe.12224

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-04-01 00:00:00

pages

396-403

issue

4

eissn

0303-6979

issn

1600-051X

journal_volume

41

pub_type

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