Detailed examination of lymph nodes improves prognostication in colorectal cancer.

Abstract:

:Up to 30% of stage II patients with curatively resected colorectal cancer (CRC) will develop disease recurrence. We evaluated whether examination of lymph nodes by multilevel sectioning and immunohistochemical staining can improve prognostication. Lymph nodes (n = 780) from 36 CRC patients who had developed disease recurrence (cases) and 72 patients who showed no recurrence of disease for at least 5 years (controls) were analyzed. Sections of 4 levels at 200-microm interval were immunohistochemically stained for cytokeratin expression. The first level was analyzed by conventional and automated microscopy, and the 3 following levels were analyzed by automated microscopy for the presence of tumor cells. Overall, cases showed more micrometastases (3 patients) than controls (1 patient). Analysis of a second level led to the additional detection of 1 patient with micrometastases (case) and 1 patient with macrometastasis (case). Examining more levels only led to additional isolated tumor cells, which were equally divided between cases and controls. Likewise, automated microscopy resulted only in detection of additional isolated tumor cells when compared with conventional microscopy. In multivariate analysis, micrometastases [odds ratio (OR) 26.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9-364.8, p = 0.015], T4 stage (OR 4.8, 95% CI 1.4-16.7, p = 0.013) and number of lymph nodes (OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.8-1.0, p = 0.028) were independent predictors for disease recurrence. Lymph node analysis of 2 levels and immunohistochemical staining add to the detection of macrometastases and micrometastases in CRC. Micrometastases were found to be an independent predictor of disease recurrence. Isolated tumor cells were of no prognostic significance.

journal_name

Int J Cancer

authors

Doekhie FS,Mesker WE,Kuppen PJ,van Leeuwen GA,Morreau H,de Bock GH,Putter H,Tanke HJ,van de Velde CJ,Tollenaar RA

doi

10.1002/ijc.24817

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2010-06-01 00:00:00

pages

2644-52

issue

11

eissn

0020-7136

issn

1097-0215

journal_volume

126

pub_type

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