Initial evaluation of the first year of the Foundation Assessment Programme.


OBJECTIVES:This study represents an initial evaluation of the first year (F1) of the Foundation Assessment Programme (FAP), in line with Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB) assessment principles. METHODS:Descriptive analyses were undertaken for total number of encounters, assessors and trainees, mean number of assessments per trainee, mean number of assessments per assessor, time taken for the assessments, mean score and standard deviation for each method. Reliability was estimated using generalisability coefficients. Pearson correlations were used to explore relationships between instruments. The study sample included 3640 F1 trainees from 10 English deaneries. RESULTS:A total of 2929 trainees submitted at least one of all four methods. A mean of 16.6 case-focused assessments were submitted per F1 trainee. Based on a return per trainee of six of each of the case-focused assessments, and eight assessors for multi-source feedback, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) ranged between 0.4 and 0.48. The estimated time required for this is 9 hours per trainee per year. Scores increased over time for all instruments and correlations between methods were in keeping with their intended focus of assessment, providing evidence of validity. CONCLUSIONS:The FAP is feasible and achieves acceptable reliability. There is some evidence to support its validity. Collated assessment data should form part of the evidence considered for selection and career progression decisions although work is needed to further develop the FAP. It is in any case of critical importance for the profession's accountability to the public.


Med Educ


Medical education


Davies H,Archer J,Southgate L,Norcini J




Has Abstract


2009-01-01 00:00:00














  • Interactive logbooks for medical students: are they useful?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The use of logbooks in the education of medical undergraduate students is not well-established. Traditionally, logbooks are used simply as a means for students to document their activities. This report examines whether logbooks used as an interactive vehicle between students and tutors can assist both studen...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patil NG,Lee P

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Medical students' attitudes towards and perception of the basic sciences: a comparison between students in the old and the new curriculum at the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The attitudes towards the basic sciences of medical students enrolled in either of 2 different curricula at the University of Utrecht Medical School in The Netherlands were investigated. The purpose of this study was threefold: first, to compare students (beginning clerks) in a conventional and an innovative...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Custers EJ,Cate OT

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Medical students' attitudes to psychiatric illness in primary care.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Previous research has shown that general practitioners (GPs) hold negative attitudes towards patients with schizophrenia, which do not simply reflect the nature or chronic aspects of the illness. This study aimed to describe the attitudes and predicted behaviour of medical students towards patients with mental ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dixon RP,Roberts LM,Lawrie S,Jones LA,Humphreys MS

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Justice and care: decision making by medical school student promotions committees.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The function of medical school entities that determine student advancement or dismissal has gone largely unexplored. The decision making of 'academic progress' or student promotions committees is examined using a theoretical framework contrasting ethics of justice and care, with roots in the moral development w...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green EP,Gruppuso PA

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • The rating of pre-clerkship examination questions by postgraduate medical students: an assessment of quality and relevancy to medical practice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether postgraduate students are able to assess the quality of undergraduate medical examinations and to establish whether faculty can use their results to troubleshoot the curriculum in terms of its content and evaluation. SUBJECTS:First and second year family medicine postgraduate students. ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris JA,Heneghan HC,McKay DW

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Teaching of medical ethics.

    abstract::Teaching medical ethics in Manchester within the introductory course of obstetrics and gynaecology is a joint activity with the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy. This interdisciplinary teaching has evolved through lecture sessions with small-group discussions dealing with topics of interest in human reproduction. T...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elstein M,Harris J

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Critical performance analysis of rotating resident doctors in Iraq.

    abstract::The present study was undertaken to evaluate the competence of rotating residents in handling clinical problems, falling under the purview of the major clinical disciplines, which they come across during their routine work. Three hundred and one rotating residents (55% of the total) who graduated in June 1981 from the...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Chalabi TS,Al-Na'ama MR,Al-Thamery DM,Alkafajei AM,Mustafa GY,Joseph G,Sugathan TN

    更新日期:1983-11-01 00:00:00

  • Improving communication: a practical programme for teaching trainees about communication issues in the general practice consultation.

    abstract::This paper describes a teaching programme, for use in general practice vocational training, which provides a theoretical and practical framework for exploring key aspects of the consultation with trainees. A particular emphasis is on the educational or 'cognitive' outcomes of the consultation and skills for improving ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boulton M,Griffiths J,Hall D,McIntyre M,Oliver B,Woodward J

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of longitudinal integrated clinical placements for students, clinicians and society.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) have been widely implemented in both rural and urban contexts, as is now evident in the wealth of studies published internationally. This narrative literature review aims to summarise current evidence regarding the outcomes of LICs for student, clinician and community s...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Walters L,Greenhill J,Richards J,Ward H,Campbell N,Ash J,Schuwirth LW

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Motivations for studying dentistry among first-year dental students.

    abstract::Reasons for choosing dentistry as a profession were analysed among first-year dental students at the University of Toronto. The motivations of various sub-groups were also examined. It was found that an extrinsic motivation, financial rewards, was the most widespread, although the other widely chosen motivations refer...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen R,Coburn D

    更新日期:1977-03-01 00:00:00

  • Eyeballing: the use of visual appearance to diagnose 'sick'.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Prior studies suggest that clinicians can categorise patients in an emergency room as 'sick' or 'not sick' using rapid visual assessment. The rapid nature of these decisions suggests clinicians are relying on pattern recognition or System 1 processing; however, this has not been studied experimentally. In this ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sibbald M,Sherbino J,Preyra I,Coffin-Simpson T,Norman G,Monteiro S

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a tool to support holistic generic assessment of clinical procedure skills.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The challenges of maintaining comprehensive banks of valid checklists make context-specific checklists for assessment of clinical procedural skills problematic. OBJECTIVES:This paper reports the development of a tool which supports generic holistic assessment of clinical procedural skills. METHODS:We carried ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McKinley RK,Strand J,Gray T,Schuwirth L,Alun-Jones T,Miller H

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Communication skills assessment: the perceptions of medical students at the University of Nottingham.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Despite the wealth of literature surrounding communication curricula within medical education, there is a lack of in-depth research into medical students' perceptions of communication skills assessment. This study aims to address this gap in the research literature. METHODS:Five focus group discussions we...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rees C,Sheard C,McPherson A

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pre-registration appointment in the 1980s--a replacement for a well-tried computerized system.

    abstract::A new computerized system for the allocation of pre-registration house-officer appointments to medical graduates at the Welsh National School of Medicine is described. The need to withdraw an earlier system, used through much of the 1970s, is explained, and the advantages possessed by the new system are discussed. ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johns KA,Dean CE

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Attitudes of medical students to the teaching of medical ethics.

    abstract::The teaching of ethics to medical students has recently become a topic of much importance to all concerned with medical education. However, those most involved, the students themselves, have been consulted very little. This paper reports the views of a sample of medical students at Oxford University on what ethics tea...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Delaney B,Kean L

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Second-year medical students' motivational beliefs, emotions, and achievement.

    abstract:CONTEXT:A challenge for medical educators is to better understand the personal factors that lead to individual success in medical school and beyond. Recently, educational researchers in fields outside medicine have acknowledged the importance of motivation and emotion in students' learning and performance. These affect...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Artino AR,La Rochelle JS,Durning SJ

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of students' experiences in technical procedures in a medical clerkship.

    abstract::This study was designed to provide some insight into the manner and degree of students' acquisition of practical skills. One hundred and fifty-two of a total of 166 students in a medical clerkship during the first clinical year answered a questionnaire. The questionnaire contained fifty-eight different laboratory test...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hunskaar S,Seim SH

    更新日期:1983-09-01 00:00:00

  • Grades in formative workplace-based assessment: a study of what works for whom and why.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Grades are commonly used in formative workplace-based assessment (WBA) in medical education and training, but may draw attention away from feedback about the task. A dilemma arises because the self-regulatory focus of a trainee must include self-awareness relative to agreed standards, which implies grading. OB...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lefroy J,Hawarden A,Gay SP,McKinley RK,Cleland J

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of empathy in establishing rapport in the consultation: a new model.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Considerable research has been conducted recently into the notion of patient-centred consulting. The primary goal of this approach is to establish a clear understanding of the patient's perspective on his or her problem, and to allow this understanding to inform both the explanation and planning stages of the c...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norfolk T,Birdi K,Walsh D

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Videotapes in psychiatry: their use in teaching observation techniques.

    abstract::In order to assess the effectiveness of videotapes in teaching mental state examination, two groups of medical students, one who had received videotape teaching and one not exposed to videotapes, are compared in their ability to observe accurately the mental state during a live interview. Accuracy of observation was a...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sturgeon DA

    更新日期:1979-05-01 00:00:00

  • Using simulated patients to develop doctors' skills in facilitating behaviour change: addressing childhood obesity.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to describe the application, feasibility and outcomes of using simulated patients (SPs) to increase the skills of general practitioners (GPs) delivering a behavioural intervention to reduce childhood overweight and mild obesity. METHODS:Five female actors were trained as SPs. A total of 67 ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerner B,Sanci L,Cahill H,Ukoumunne OC,Gold L,Rogers L,McCallum Z,Wake M

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • A test of medical problem-solving scored by nurses and doctors: the handicap of expertise.

    abstract::There is evidence that nurses fulfil the requirements of objective judgement better than doctors. Simulation of Initial Medical Problem-Solving (SIMP), a paper-and-pencil test for the assessment of medical problem-solving, consists of case histories, followed by an open-ended question. The scoring of open-ended questi...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Graaff E

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • The value of student-made models as learning aids in physiology.

    abstract::In a new educational scheme introduced in Malta in 1978, university students spend half of the academic year studying and the other half as workers in various departments. During their work phase, students designed and made working models as teaching aids for the study of physiology. The value of these models was asse...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abu-Sitta SA,Shalaby MA,Hajek J

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Teaching medical students alcohol intervention skills: results of a controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the relative effectiveness of videotape feedback and lecture methods for teaching alcohol brief intervention skills. DESIGN:In a controlled trial, two student blocks received a manual, lecture and demonstration about the principles and practice of brief alcohol intervention. In addition, experiment...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Walsh RA,Sanson-Fisher RW,Low A,Roche AM

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Medical communication: the views of simulated patients.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the princip...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laughey W,Sangvik Grandal N,M Finn G

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • The risks and benefits of being a young female adolescent standardised patient.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To follow the progress of young female adolescents, as risk-taking standardised patients (SPs), and to monitor for adverse affects that role-playing may have on the adolescents. METHODS:A prospective design was used in which 11 female adolescents, aged 13-15 years, were recruited from 2 schools. The adolesce...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blake KD,Gusella J,Greaven S,Wakefield S

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validating the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) in the postgraduate context: are health care professionals ready for IPL?

    abstract:AIMS:This paper describes the process of validating the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) for use with postgraduate health care professionals. CONTEXT:The RIPLS questionnaire has proved useful in the undergraduate context, enabling tutors to assess the readiness of students to engage in interprofe...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reid R,Bruce D,Allstaff K,McLernon D

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • 'I will never ever go back': patients' written narratives of health care communication.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Although communication with patients is essential to health care, education designed to develop patient-centred communication often ignores patients' voices. Patient stories may offer a means to explore patient experiences to inform patient-centred communication skills education design. OBJECTIVES:Our research...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denniston C,Molloy E,Rees CE

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changing the attitudes of 'tomorrow's doctors' towards mental illness and psychiatry: a comparison of two teaching methods.

    abstract::The General Medical Council's document 'Tomorrow's Doctors' (1993, GMC, London) recommended major changes in the undergraduate curricula of UK medical schools. In Nottingham, the fourth-year psychiatric attachment became shorter in duration, and interactive, problem-oriented, workshop-based learning replaced lectures....

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh SP,Baxter H,Standen P,Duggan C

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • 'Science', 'critical thinking' and 'competence' for tomorrow's doctors. A review of terms and concepts.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The recommendations of the General Medical Council in Tomorrow's Doctors renewed efforts to define core knowledge in undergraduate medical education. They also encouraged better use of the medical knowledge base in nurturing clinical judgement, critical thinking, and reflective practice. What then does the medi...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maudsley G,Strivens J

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00