Initial evaluation of the first year of the Foundation Assessment Programme.


OBJECTIVES:This study represents an initial evaluation of the first year (F1) of the Foundation Assessment Programme (FAP), in line with Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB) assessment principles. METHODS:Descriptive analyses were undertaken for total number of encounters, assessors and trainees, mean number of assessments per trainee, mean number of assessments per assessor, time taken for the assessments, mean score and standard deviation for each method. Reliability was estimated using generalisability coefficients. Pearson correlations were used to explore relationships between instruments. The study sample included 3640 F1 trainees from 10 English deaneries. RESULTS:A total of 2929 trainees submitted at least one of all four methods. A mean of 16.6 case-focused assessments were submitted per F1 trainee. Based on a return per trainee of six of each of the case-focused assessments, and eight assessors for multi-source feedback, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) ranged between 0.4 and 0.48. The estimated time required for this is 9 hours per trainee per year. Scores increased over time for all instruments and correlations between methods were in keeping with their intended focus of assessment, providing evidence of validity. CONCLUSIONS:The FAP is feasible and achieves acceptable reliability. There is some evidence to support its validity. Collated assessment data should form part of the evidence considered for selection and career progression decisions although work is needed to further develop the FAP. It is in any case of critical importance for the profession's accountability to the public.


Med Educ


Medical education


Davies H,Archer J,Southgate L,Norcini J




Has Abstract


2009-01-01 00:00:00














  • A communication skills course for preclinical students: evaluation of general practice based teaching using group methods.

    abstract::Teaching preclinical medical students about doctor-patient communication gives them an opportunity to develop their interviewing skills prior to their having to elicit lists of symptoms in their clinical years. General practitioners should be among the more efficient interviewers in clinical medicine and therefore abl...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kendrick T,Freeling P

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Issues of intervention aimed at preventing prospective surplus of physicians in Japan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In Japan, regulatory intervention aimed at preventing a prospective surplus of physicians is an important medical issue. The study committees organized by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW) in 1986, 1993 and 1998, concluded that the number of physicians would exceed demand for their services in the fut...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asano N,Kobayashi Y,Kano K

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Edgar Dale's Pyramid of Learning in medical education: Further expansion of the myth.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A mythical Pyramid of Learning, usually attributed to Edgar Dale (or the National Training Laboratories [NTL]) and giving student learning retention rates, has been cited in a wide range of educational literature. A 2013 literature review indicated that medical education literature similarly cites this Pyr...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Masters K

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive appraisals and team performance under stress: A simulation study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The present study explored how challenge and threat responses to stress relate to performance, anxiety, confidence, team identity and team characteristics (time spent in training and postgraduate experience) in a medical simulation-based team competition. METHODS:The study was conducted during a national si...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carenzo L,Braithwaite EC,Carfagna F,Franc J,Ingrassia PL,Turner MJ,Slater MJ,Jones MV

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Dimensions, discourses and differences: trainees conceptualising health care leadership and followership.

    abstract:CONTEXT:As doctors in all specialties are expected to undertake leadership within health care organisations, leadership development has become an inherent part of medical education. Whereas the leadership literature within medical education remains mostly focused on individual, hierarchical leadership, contemporary the...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gordon LJ,Rees CE,Ker JS,Cleland J

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Theme-oriented discourse analysis of medical encounters.

    abstract:APPROACH:Theme-oriented discourse analysis looks at how language constructs professional practice. Recordings of naturally occurring interactions are transcribed and combined with ethnographic knowledge. Analytic themes drawn primarily from sociology and linguistics shed light on how meaning is negotiated in interactio...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roberts C,Sarangi S

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of verbal interactions in tutorial groups: a process study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Collaborative learning, including problem-based learning (PBL), is a powerful learning method. Group interaction plays a crucial role in stimulating student learning. However, few studies on learning processes in medical education have examined group interactions. Most studies on collaboration within PBL u...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Visschers-Pleijers AJ,Dolmans DH,de Leng BA,Wolfhagen IH,van der Vleuten CP

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Library use and academic achievement among medical students.

    abstract::Many factors play a part in determining the performance of students in examinations, but the extent to which students use library facilities does not appear to have been recently considered as a factor, in medicine or in any other academic subject. In this study, the number of books borrowed from the library by underg...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brazier H,Conroy RM

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Current status of curriculum mapping in Canada and the UK.

    abstract:CONTEXT:As part of curriculum evaluation, management and quality assurance strategies, many undergraduate medical schools are in the process of constructing computer-based curriculum maps. METHODS:A survey was distributed to Canadian and UK medical schools to determine the current status, characteristics, and challeng...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Willett TG

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Training the ideal hospital doctor: the specialist registrars' perspective.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:When training for junior doctors is being planned, little discussion is focused on what outcomes hospitals are trying to achieve with regard to education/training, i.e. on what makes the ideal hospital doctor. Instead, the primary focus is on the requirements of the syllabi of the Royal Colleges (credentiali...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khera N,Stroobant J,Primhak RA,Gupta R,Davies H

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Medical faculty as humanistic physicians and teachers: the perceptions of students at innovative and traditional medical schools.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:The training of caring physicians represents an important goal of medical education. Little is known however, on whether medical faculty constitute good role models for teaching humanistic skills to medical students. In this study, we examined to what extent medical students at innovative and ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maheux B,Beaudoin C,Berkson L,Côté L,Des Marchais J,Jean P

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • 'Do as I say and not as I do'? An audit of clinical management in teaching compared with service work.

    abstract::The work of five principals in a teaching general practice was audited to examine differences in prescribing, investigation and follow-up between teaching and service work over a 3-week period. The patients seen in clinical teaching were found to be representative of those consulting in normal service sessions for bot...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freeman GK

    更新日期:1981-03-01 00:00:00

  • When I Say…Self-Conscious Emotions.

    abstract::Imagine you are an intern intubating a patient when you are suddenly interrupted by the blaring sirens and flashing lights of the hospital's fire alarm. How would this make you feel? You would likely experience surprise, fear, and panic, all of which are basic emotions intended to generate a "fight-or-flight" response...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen LN,Bynum WE

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Illuminating an address: a guide for speakers at medical meetings.

    abstract::Most people who attend professional meetings would appreciate the use by speakers of more illustrative material with their lectures. This may be presented on a writing surface such as a black- or whiteboard, as projected pictures or by sound recordings. Suitable equipment is available in most halls and suggestions are...

    journal_title:Medical education



    authors: Essex-Lopresti M

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Problem-based learning in distance education: a first exploration in continuing medical education.

    abstract::The Wellcome Tropical Institute has assisted countries in the tropics to establish viable systems of continuing medical education, particularly for young doctors practising in rural areas. As part of this strategy the Institute has developed material for use in distance learning. The first attempt to apply the problem...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Engel CE,Browne E,Nyarango P,Akor S,Khwaja A,Karim AA,Towle A

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • Avoidable breaches of confidentiality: a study among students of medicine and of law.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Avoidable breaches of patient confidentiality due to inadvertence or ignorance occur frequently. The aim of this study was to explore whether participants were able to identify violations of confidentiality and how serious these violations were. DESIGN:After a 2-hour theoretical education session, participa...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elger BS,Harding TW

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Management of somatic presentations of psychiatric illness in general medical settings: evaluation of a new training course for general practitioners.

    abstract::An improved teaching package is described which aims to help general practice trainees manage somatized presentations of psychological distress. The package comprises a training videotape in which a reattribution model is demonstrated, with material for role-play of new skills and small-group video feedback of consult...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaaya S,Goldberg D,Gask L

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pre-registration appointment in the 1980s--a replacement for a well-tried computerized system.

    abstract::A new computerized system for the allocation of pre-registration house-officer appointments to medical graduates at the Welsh National School of Medicine is described. The need to withdraw an earlier system, used through much of the 1970s, is explained, and the advantages possessed by the new system are discussed. ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johns KA,Dean CE

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Contribution of medical student research to the Medline-indexed publications of a German medical faculty.

    abstract::Medical students in Germany have to write a research thesis to acquire the title of medical doctor. This study evaluates the contribution of student research to the Medline-indexed publications of a German medical faculty. A 1993-1995 Medline-publication list, on which medical students among authors should be marked, ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cursiefen C,Altunbas A

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Professional behaviour of medical school graduates: an analysis.

    abstract::Recent graduates (1989-1990) of a traditional school of Chinese medicine were assessed by observers using a 10-item scale for professional behaviour in the non-cognitive realm. Overall, 10.7% of the graduates had low ratings on this scale. Of those who scored in the top two quartiles on this scale, 71.4% reported that...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu YH,Meng XY,Liu X

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • The dual nature of medical enculturation in postgraduate medical training and practice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Enculturation is a normal and continuing part of human development. This study examined how medical graduates perceive the process of enculturation after graduation. METHODS:We conducted a qualitative study of the values of medical graduates associated with Sydney Medical School to identify processes that c...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gordon J,Markham P,Lipworth W,Kerridge I,Little M

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • First step: report on a pilot course for personal and professional development.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe a pilot course in personal and professional development, entitled 'Becoming a doctor: the first step' and our suggestions for what might be incorporated into future courses. SETTING AND CONTEXT:Leeds Medical School begins a new curriculum in September 1999 with a proportion of the first 3 years b...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thistlethwaite JE,Green PD,Heywood P,Storr E

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Teaching medical students about family planning: experiences from a primary health care course in Lagos, Nigeria.

    abstract::In 1979, the College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria embarked on a new curriculum, which places more emphasis on primary health care in line with the needs of the country. This paper discusses one aspect of the primary health care course, family planning, which involves teaching a practical subject to a large number of st...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olukoya AA,Oyediran MA

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Can general internal medicine be taught in general practice? An evaluation of the University College London model.

    abstract::There is national and international interest in increasing the community-based component of undergraduate medical education, but more research is needed on its potential, practicability and effectiveness. The objective of the study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of general practitioners teaching basic cli...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray E,Todd C,Modell M

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Teaching primary health care: some lessons from Zimbabwe.

    abstract::A new teaching programme for fourth-year medical students in child health in Harare, Zimbabwe is outlined. A 2-week attachment to a rural district-level hospital is intended to orient the students to primary health care and to the practice of clinical medicine in a low resource environment. The attachment has become p...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waterston T,Sanders D

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Student population changes and progress in Belgian medical schools.

    abstract::The present study was designed to analyse the evolution of student populations--undergraduates and graduates--in the 11 Belgian medical schools from 1969 to 1982. During this period, an overall 44% drop in the number of entrants was observed, while the number of medical graduates continued to rise until 1977, when it ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Albert A,Firket H,Castermans A

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Preparedness is not enough: understanding transitions as critically intensive learning periods.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Doctors make many transitions whilst they are training and throughout their ensuing careers. Despite studies showing that transitions in other high-risk professions such as aviation have been linked to increased risk in the form of adverse outcomes, the effects of changes on doctors' performance and conseque...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilminster S,Zukas M,Quinton N,Roberts T

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Supporting the problem-based learning process in the clinical years: evaluation of an online Clinical Reasoning Guide.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Implementing problem-based learning (PBL) in the clinical years of a medical degree presents particular challenges. This study investigated the effectiveness of using an online Clinical Reasoning Guide to assist integration of PBL in the clinical setting and promote further development of students' clinical rea...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ryan G,Dolling T,Barnet S

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Privacy, professionalism and Facebook: a dilemma for young doctors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to examine the nature and extent of use of the social networking service Facebook by young medical graduates, and their utilisation of privacy options. METHODS:We carried out a cross-sectional survey of the use of Facebook by recent medical graduates, accessing material potentially availabl...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDonald J,Sohn S,Ellis P

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying coaching skills to improve feedback use in postgraduate medical education.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Coaching in medical education has recently gained prominence, but minimal attention has been given to key skills and determining how they work to effectively ensure residents are progressing and developing self-assessment skills. This study examined process-oriented and content-oriented coaching skills used ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Armson H,Lockyer JM,Zetkulic M,Könings KD,Sargeant J

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00