Depolarization of rat locus coeruleus neurons by adenosine 5'-triphosphate.

Abstract:

:Intracellular recordings were performed in a pontine slice preparation of the rat brain containing the locus coeruleus. The enzymatically stable P2-purinoceptor agonist alpha,beta-methylene ATP increased the firing rate without altering the amplitude or shape of action potentials; the afterhyperpolarization following a spike was not changed either. When locus coeruleus neurons were hyperpolarized by current injection in order to prevent spontaneous firing, alpha,beta-methylene ATP produced depolarization and a slight increase in the apparent input resistance. A combined application of kynurenic acid and bicuculline methiodide failed to alter the alpha,beta-methylene ATP-induced depolarization, and tetrodotoxin only slightly depressed it. A gradual shift of the membrane potential by hyperpolarizing current injection led to a corresponding decrease, but no abolition or reversal of the alpha,beta-methylene ATP effect. In the hyperpolarized region, the current-voltage curve of alpha,beta-methylene ATP came into close approximation with, but did not cross, the control curve. Elevation of the external K+ concentration, or the intracellular application of Cs+ by diffusion from the microelectrode, depressed the response to alpha,beta-methylene ATP; external tetraethylammonium was also inhibitory. External Ba2+ and Cs+ had no effect or only slightly decreased the alpha,beta-methylene ATP-induced depolarization. A low Na+, or a low Ca2+ high Mg2+ medium, as well as the presence of Co2+ in the medium, markedly reduced or even abolished the depolarization by alpha,beta-methylene ATP. ATP itself did not produce consistent changes in the membrane potential or input resistance. However, in the presence of the P1-purinoceptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine, ATP consistently increased the firing rate and evoked an inward current. In conclusion, P2-purinoceptor activation appears to depolarize locus coeruleus neurons by inhibiting a persistent potassium current, and at the same time opening calcium-sensitive sodium channels or calcium-sensitive non-selective cationic channels.

journal_name

Neuroscience

journal_title

Neuroscience

authors

Harms L,Finta EP,Tschöpl M,Illes P

doi

10.1016/0306-4522(92)90282-7

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1992-06-01 00:00:00

pages

941-52

issue

4

eissn

0306-4522

issn

1873-7544

pii

0306-4522(92)90282-7

journal_volume

48

pub_type

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