Impact of Work Schedule, Race, and Psychological Distress among Impoverished Mothers.

Abstract:

:Objective We tested the relationships among work schedule, race, and psychological distress in impoverished working mothers. Methods Baseline data from a longitudinal cohort study of impoverished mothers (N = 285) were analyzed. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was utilized to measure levels of psychological distress. Multivariate models including interactions between work schedule and race were used. Results Results indicate that mothers working nonstandard schedules reported more psychological distress symptoms and overall psychological distress compared to mothers working standard schedules. Although race did not moderate the relationship between work schedule and psychological distress, we did find that black/African-American mothers reported less psychological distress compared to white participants. Conclusion Policy implications include collaboration between employers and local agencies to address disparate mental health outcomes based on shift work. Further research is needed to determine specific individual and community supports needed for impoverished working mothers.

journal_name

Am J Health Behav

authors

Story CR,Koch JM,Daniel SS,Reboussin BA,Grzywacz JG

doi

10.5993/AJHB.42.5.4

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-01 00:00:00

pages

43-53

issue

5

eissn

1087-3244

issn

1945-7359

journal_volume

42

pub_type

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