Impact of Work Schedule, Race, and Psychological Distress among Impoverished Mothers.


:Objective We tested the relationships among work schedule, race, and psychological distress in impoverished working mothers. Methods Baseline data from a longitudinal cohort study of impoverished mothers (N = 285) were analyzed. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was utilized to measure levels of psychological distress. Multivariate models including interactions between work schedule and race were used. Results Results indicate that mothers working nonstandard schedules reported more psychological distress symptoms and overall psychological distress compared to mothers working standard schedules. Although race did not moderate the relationship between work schedule and psychological distress, we did find that black/African-American mothers reported less psychological distress compared to white participants. Conclusion Policy implications include collaboration between employers and local agencies to address disparate mental health outcomes based on shift work. Further research is needed to determine specific individual and community supports needed for impoverished working mothers.


Am J Health Behav


Story CR,Koch JM,Daniel SS,Reboussin BA,Grzywacz JG




Has Abstract


2018-09-01 00:00:00












  • Risk factors and behaviors associated with adolescent violence and aggression.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore risk factors and behaviors associated with aggressive and violent behaviors among adolescents. METHODS:A comprehensive review of research literature from various disciplines associated with improving the health and well-being of adolescents. RESULTS:Risk factors and behaviors associated with adol...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Valois RF,MacDonald JM,Bretous L,Fischer MA,Drane JW

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking as a risk factor for STI diagnosis among African American females.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the relationship of smoking to sexual risk outcomes among African American adolescent females. METHODS:We analyzed baseline data from an HIV intervention trial, including sexual risk (older sex partners, number of vaginal sex partners, sex while high on drugs/alcohol, STI diagnosis) and smoking ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berg CJ,Painter JE,Sales JM,Mays D,Rose E,Wingood GM,Diclemente RJ

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Why do people with suboptimal health avoid health promotion at work?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore why people who have active work and who experience suboptimal health avoided using a multipurpose in-house health promotion service in the Danish police. METHODS:Data were first collected via an electronic survey (N=6060) and subsequently via 25 telephone interviews targeting nonusers who percei...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Persson R,Cleal B,Bihal T,Hansen SM,Jakobsen MØ,Villadsen E,Andersen LL

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Caregiver predictors of adolescent inhalant abuse in rural Appalachia.

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pack R,Krishnamurthy G,Cottrell L,Stanton B,D'Alessandri D,Burns J

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of review methods in tobacco prevention and control guidelines.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare methods and conclusions of selected guidelines evaluating youth tobacco interventions. METHODS:Eight reviews were compared regarding (a) search and assessment of evidence, (b) translation into recommendations, and (c) conclusions regarding tobacco cessation among youth. RESULTS:Narrative and sys...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hopkins DP,Briss PA

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of Self-efficacy in Medical Drama Television Programming on Behaviors and Emotions that Promote Cervical Cancer Prevention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming. METHODS:A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim S,Hmielowski JD

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Using metacognitions to identify emotionally vulnerable college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the association between negative metacognitions and indices of mental health in order to help identify individuals at risk for future psychopathology. METHOD:A randomly selected sample of 378 undergraduates responded to the General Health Questionnaire and the Metacognitions Questionnaire. RESULT...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barahmand U,Abolghasemi A,Jahanmohammadi S

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial correlates of weight maintenance among black & white adults.

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turk MW,Sereika SM,Yang K,Ewing LJ,Hravnak M,Burke LE

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the formation and work of the Health Maintenance Consortium (HMC), a collaborative of researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health to study long-term behavior change across a variety of diseases and conditions. METHODS:The historical development of the program, especially the focus on...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior



    authors: Nilsen WJ,Haverkos L,Nebeling L,Taylor MV

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Lung Cancer Screening Uncertainty among Patients Undergoing LDCT.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet lung screening remains underutilized. Lung cancer screening uncertainty (LCSU), including referral clarity and the perceived accuracy of screening, may hinder utilization and represent an unmet psychosocial need. This study sought to identify correlates o...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall DL,Lennes IT,Carr A,Eusebio JR,Yeh GY,Park ER

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Burn injuries among infants and toddlers in the United States, 1997-2002.

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hammig BJ,Ogletree RJ

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Factors affecting Taiwanese smokers' identification of smuggled cigarettes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To analyze whether the perception that smuggled cigarettes are a greater health risk than legal cigarettes affects Taiwanese smokers' intention to distinguish smuggled cigarettes from legal cigarettes. METHODS:The study used the Recursive Bivariate Probit Model to analyze data from a survey conducted in 201...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hsieh CJ,Cheng CH,Lee JM

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Association between Weight and Smoking Not Mediated by Weight Loss Attempts or Bullying.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Youth smoking and obesity may both be mediated by weight control behaviors and experiences of bullying. This study examines associations between smoking and obesity among youth, and explores whether associations are mediated by weight loss attempts or bullying experiences. METHODS:Data from 24,173 grade 9 t...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Minaker LM,Leatherdale ST

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • A Snapshot of the Depiction of Electronic Cigarettes in YouTube Videos.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the depiction of e-cigarettes in YouTube videos. METHODS:The sample (N = 63) was selected from the top 20 search results for "electronic cigarette," and "e-cig" with each term searched twice by the filters "Relevance" and "View Count." Data collected included title, length, number of views, "likes,...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Romito LM,Hurwich RA,Eckert GJ

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Staten RR,Noland M,Rayens MK,Hahn E,Dignan M,Ridner SL

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Social cognitive theory variables mediation of moderate exercise.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify the degree to which the social cognitive theory constructs targeted by the Planning to Be Active Program (PBA) were mediators of moderate-intensity exercise. METHODS:High school students in treatment and comparison groups received activity-based physical education. The treatment group also receiv...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hortz B,Petosa RL

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Brain Health and Dementia Prevention: A Mixed-method Analysis.

    abstract::Objective: In this study, we assessed patient knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about brain health and strategies for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) prevention. Methods: We administered a Web-based survey consisting of 17 questions about brain health and strategies for ADRD prevention in a convenienc...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marcum ZA,Hohl SD,Gray SL,Barthold D,Crane PK,Larson EB

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Classes of depression, anxiety, and functioning in acute coronary syndrome patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe change in subgroups characterized by patterns of depression, anxiety, and functional impairment; examine treatment effects on subgroup membership; examine effects of sex and age on subgroup membership. METHODS:Latent class models were used to meet the first 2 objectives using 79 patients with d...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Tisminetzky M,Bray BC,Miozzo R,Aupont O,McLaughlin T

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • An Observational Assessment of Park-based Physical Activity in Older Adults in Nanchang, China.

    abstract::Objectives: Parks are more widely used by older adults in East Asia than in the United States. Parks are an important community asset for healthy aging; yet, little is known about park usage and features among older adults in China. Methods: The Community Park Audit Tool and the System for Observing Play and Recreatio...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore JB,Schuller K,Cook A,Lu Y,Yuan Z,Maddock JE

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Responses to behaviorally vs culturally tailored cancer communication among African American women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine whether tailored cancer communication for African American women can be enhanced by tailoring on 4 sociocultural constructs: religiosity, collectivism, racial pride, and time orientation. METHODS:In a randomized trial, participants (n=1,227) received a women's health magazine tailored using behavi...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kreuter MW,Skinner CS,Steger-May K,Holt CL,Bucholtz DC,Clark EM,Haire-Joshu D

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Activity patterns and perceptions about active transport to school.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To document physical activity patterns and perceptions about active transport to school. METHODS:Children's activity was measured. Children and parents were surveyed about active transport to school. RESULTS:Children were most active after (465 ± 20 cpm) and least active before (379 ± 18 cpm) and during s...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller WC,Redmond JG,Vaux-Bjerke AT

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effective recruitment and retention of older adults in physical activity research: PALS study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop strategies to recruit and retain inactive older adults into a physical activity program. METHODS:Names of 7378 older adults were obtained from 60 neighborhoods. Then, 6401 potential subjects were matched to telephone numbers and phoned. Subjects meeting the screening criteria were invited to join...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jancey J,Howat P,Lee A,Clarke A,Shilton T,Fisher J,Iredell H

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Coping Strategies, Social Support, Leisure Activities, and Physical Disabilities.

    abstract::Objectives: Research suggests that individuals with physical disabilities use leisure as a way of dealing with stress and receiving social support. A dearth of information exists about the relationships among leisure, coping, and social support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of leisure activit...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Han A,Kim J,Kim J

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Obesogenic and youth oriented restaurant marketing in public housing neighborhoods.

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Lee RE,Heinrich KM,Reese-Smith JY,Regan GR,Adamus-Leach HJ

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnic-immigrant disparities in total and abdominal obesity in the US.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine sex-specific disparities in total and abdominal obesity prevalence across 6 ethnic-immigrant groups and explore whether the observed differences were attributable to diet and physical activity (PA). METHODS:Data were from 4331 respondents age 18-64 from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wen M,Kowaleski-Jones L,Fan JX

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Legislator voting and behavioral science theory: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the application of behavioral science theories to explain the voting behavior of legislators for public health policies. METHODS:We conducted a systematic review to identify studies that examined factors associated with legislator support, intention to vote, or actual votes on public health poli...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tung GJ,Vernick JS,Reiney EV,Gielen AC

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity and function in older adults: theory of planned behavior.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and TPB with functional ability to explain intention and self-reported physical activity (PA) behavior of older adults. METHODS:A survey was mailed to 2056 retirees from a large Midwestern university. RESULTS:Structural equation modeling revealed that the TPB p...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gretebeck KA,Black DR,Blue CL,Glickman LT,Huston SA,Gretebeck RJ

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood vigilance, health locus of control, and smoking abstinence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine whether health locus of control mediated relations of self-reported neighborhood vigilance and biochemically verified, continuous short-term smoking abstinence among 200 smokers enrolled in a cohort study. METHODS:A nonparametric bootstrapping procedure was used to assess mediation. RESULTS:Heal...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reitzel LR,Lahoti S,Li Y,Cao Y,Wetter DW,Waters AJ,Vidrine JI

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Community Design Impacts on Health Habits in Low-income Southern Nevadans.

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coughenour C,Burns MS

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Is Adolescent Poly-tobacco Use Associated with Alcohol and Other Drug Use?

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    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Creamer MR,Portillo GV,Clendennen SL,Perry CL

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00