Brain Health and Dementia Prevention: A Mixed-method Analysis.


:Objective: In this study, we assessed patient knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about brain health and strategies for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) prevention. Methods: We administered a Web-based survey consisting of 17 questions about brain health and strategies for ADRD prevention in a convenience sample of 1661 patients in an integrated healthcare delivery system in Washington state between February and March 2018. We calculated frequency distributions of the quantitative data and conducted inductive content analysis of qualitative data. Results: Most respondents were female (77%), 51-70 years of age (64%), and white (89%). Although most agreed it is possible to improve brain health and reduce personal ADRD risk, one- third lacked confidence that they could take action to reduce personal ADRD risk. Participants' responses to open-ended questions revealed 10 themes grouped into 3 organizing categories regarding their perceptions about how to prevent ADRD onset: (1) understand ADRD; (2) stay engaged; and (3) manage one's own health and healthcare. Conclusions: Survey respondents were engaged and aware of dementia prevention, but they lacked access to personally action- able evidence..


Am J Health Behav


Marcum ZA,Hohl SD,Gray SL,Barthold D,Crane PK,Larson EB




Has Abstract


2019-03-01 00:00:00












  • Coping mediates the effects of depressive symptoms on sleep problems.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore the relationships of perceived stress and depressive symptoms to sleep problems, testing for mediation by adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies. METHODS:Alternative high school students (N = 1676) completed self-report surveys. Cross-sectional data were analyzed via Preacher and Hayes' proce...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen-Rodriguez ST,Lisha NE,Spruijt-Metz D,Sun P,Rohrbach LA,Sussman S

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Flavor Inconsistencies between Flavored Tobacco Products among US Adults.

    abstract::Objective: Banning flavors in some tobacco products, while allowing them in others, may shift consumer preferences towards products in which flavors are still allowed. In this study, we examine flavor popularity and inconsistencies in flavor preference across non-cigarette tobacco products among US adults. Methods: We...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneller LM,Li D,Tavárez ZQ,Goniewicz ML,Quisenberry AJ,Xie Z,Rahman I,McIntosh S,O'Connor RJ,Ossip DJ

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Responses to behaviorally vs culturally tailored cancer communication among African American women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine whether tailored cancer communication for African American women can be enhanced by tailoring on 4 sociocultural constructs: religiosity, collectivism, racial pride, and time orientation. METHODS:In a randomized trial, participants (n=1,227) received a women's health magazine tailored using behavi...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kreuter MW,Skinner CS,Steger-May K,Holt CL,Bucholtz DC,Clark EM,Haire-Joshu D

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking Cessation Treatment Needs of Low SES Cervical Cancer Survivors.

    abstract::Objectives: We investigated the treatment needs and preferences of low socioeconomic status cervical cancer survivors to inform the adaptation of a theoretically- and empirically-based Motivation and Problem-Solving approach to facilitate cessation in this at-risk population. Methods: Individual in-depth interviews we...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoover DS,Spears CA,Vidrine DJ,Walker JL,Shih YT,Wetter DW

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We measured the volume and patterns of sedentary behavior (including breaks from sedentary behavior) in a sample of older adults via accelerometry. METHODS:Inactive, older adults (≥50 years of age) were eligible to participate. A cut point of <100 counts/minute was used to estimate: (1) total volume; (2) > ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlaff RA,Baruth M,Boggs A,Hutto B

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Lung Cancer Screening Uncertainty among Patients Undergoing LDCT.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet lung screening remains underutilized. Lung cancer screening uncertainty (LCSU), including referral clarity and the perceived accuracy of screening, may hinder utilization and represent an unmet psychosocial need. This study sought to identify correlates o...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall DL,Lennes IT,Carr A,Eusebio JR,Yeh GY,Park ER

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Health Behaviors Related to the Use of Drugs among Patients with Epilepsy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed self-medication behaviors and identified factors associated with self-treatment among adults with epilepsy. METHODS:We carried out this study on 380 patients with epilepsy using an author-designed questionnaire. RESULTS:Patients who took medication more than once a day were more likely to compl...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Staniszewska A,Smoleńska E,Religioni U

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Types of lay health influencers in tobacco cessation: a qualitative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify types of health influencers in tobacco cessation based on the frequency and characteristics of brief intervention activities. METHODS:Longitudinal qualitative interviews were completed with 28 individuals posttraining. RESULTS:Four individuals were categorized as Rarely Active, 5 as Active With ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan NP,Wind S,Nichter M,Nichter M,Castañeda H,Carruth L,Muramoto M

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial correlates of weight maintenance among black & white adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate (1) weight maintenance among black and white participants and (2) psychosocial correlates (eg, healthy eating barriers, self-efficacy, stress) of weight maintenance 18 months after behavioral weight-loss treatment. METHODS:Linear and logistic regression examined weight change and unsuccessfu...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turk MW,Sereika SM,Yang K,Ewing LJ,Hravnak M,Burke LE

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Dual use of smokeless tobacco or e-cigarettes with cigarettes and cessation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate predictors of dual use of cigarettes with smokeless tobacco or e-cigarettes. METHODS:Adult smokers (N = 1324) completed online cross-sectional surveys. Logistic regression evaluated predictors of dual use and cigarette quit attempts. RESULTS:Smokeless tobacco dual use was associated with past a...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalkhoran S,Grana RA,Neilands TB,Ling PM

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of fat intake among urban, low income African Americans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test a dietary intervention for high risk African American adults with small children. METHODS:Using telephone data, logistic regression was used to identify association of low-fat eating behaviors, fat calories, and frequency of sweets/oils/fats with personal and environmental variables. RESULTS:Educati...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eyler AA,Haire-Joshu D,Brownson RC,Nanney MS

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Burn injuries among infants and toddlers in the United States, 1997-2002.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the magnitude and causes of unintentional burn injuries attributed to hot objects or substances among children aged birth to 4 years in the United States. METHODS:Data were obtained from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care System. RESULTS:Annually, 78,000 infants and toddlers were tr...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hammig BJ,Ogletree RJ

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Substance use of lesbian, gay, bisexual and heterosexual college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare self-identified lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) college students to heterosexual peers and to each other on alcohol, tobacco and other drug (ATOD) measures and alcohol use consequences. METHODS:Preexisting data (Falls 2009-2011) from the American College Health Association-National College Health...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerr DL,Ding K,Chaya J

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Trend analysis of cigarette smoking by Indiana adolescents, 1991-2000.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the feasibility of using a composite index of smoking behaviors to analyze adolescent smoking. METHODS:A secondary analysis of data from 10 annual surveys (1991-2000), from 566,467 Indiana students in grades 6 through 12. A composite index was calculated, and differences between index scores were...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ding K,Torabi MR,Bailey WJ

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking initiation after marriage and parenting among Black and White women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the hypothesis that Black-White differences in smoking initiation after transitions into marriage and/or parenting is associated with racial disparities in quitting. METHODS:Cox models were used on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women, a cohort of women surveyed from 1968-200...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson AB

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnic-immigrant disparities in total and abdominal obesity in the US.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine sex-specific disparities in total and abdominal obesity prevalence across 6 ethnic-immigrant groups and explore whether the observed differences were attributable to diet and physical activity (PA). METHODS:Data were from 4331 respondents age 18-64 from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wen M,Kowaleski-Jones L,Fan JX

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of Ambient Air Pollution on Television Use among Residents in Shanghai, China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the impact of ambient air pollution on television use among residents in Shanghai, China. METHODS:Device-measured daily average duration of television use from January 2014 to December 2016 was obtained from a random sample of 300 households, and was matched to air pollution and weather data. We...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang S,An R

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Physical Activity and Transitioning to College: The Importance of Intentions and Habits.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:First generation students transitioning to college experience specific challenges that impact on their engagement in physical activity. Furthermore, this population experiences a context disruption that provides a unique opportunity to examine whether intention and habit predict physical activity. The aim of...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allom V,Mullan B,Cowie E,Hamilton K

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Maintenance of long-term behavior change.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the formation and work of the Health Maintenance Consortium (HMC), a collaborative of researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health to study long-term behavior change across a variety of diseases and conditions. METHODS:The historical development of the program, especially the focus on...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior



    authors: Nilsen WJ,Haverkos L,Nebeling L,Taylor MV

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Parents questioning immunization: evaluation of an intervention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare attitudes of parents who filed or considered filing an exemption to school immunization requirements and/or would not have their child immunized if it were not required by law (cases) to controls. To develop and evaluate a brochure intervention for parents considering an exemption. METHODS:Interv...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gust DA,Kennedy A,Weber D,Evans G,Kong Y,Salmon D

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Health-related Fitness Components - Links Between Parents and Their Child.

    abstract::Objectives: Health-related fitness is a good predictor of health status of children and adults. Less is known about relationships of health-related fitness components between parents and children. Methods: Our study involved 58 children (30 girls and 28 boys, mean age = 7.97) and 58 parents (33 mothers, mean age = 39....

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laudańska-Krzemińska I,Tomczak M,Pluta B,Bronikowska M,Kasprzak Z,Maciaszek J

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood vigilance, health locus of control, and smoking abstinence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine whether health locus of control mediated relations of self-reported neighborhood vigilance and biochemically verified, continuous short-term smoking abstinence among 200 smokers enrolled in a cohort study. METHODS:A nonparametric bootstrapping procedure was used to assess mediation. RESULTS:Heal...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reitzel LR,Lahoti S,Li Y,Cao Y,Wetter DW,Waters AJ,Vidrine JI

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intentions modify program impact after a nutrition education intervention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine whether expressed intentions modified program impact on diet. METHODS:A nutrition education intervention was conducted with African American women in Washington, DC. Dietary recalls and surveys at post-intervention and follow-up were analyzed. RESULTS:At 20-week follow-up, frequent attenders repo...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Summers AC,Klassen AC

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • An Experimental Study of Implicit Racial Bias in Recognition of Child Abuse.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated whether implicit racial bias influences pediatricians' suspicion of child abuse. METHODS:Child abuse experts developed 9 injury vignettes. Pediatricians (N = 342) were randomly assigned one of 2 versions to rate for suspicion of abuse, with the child's race in each vignette varying between whit...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rojas M,Walker-Descartes I,Laraque-Arena D

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk perception and cigar smoking behavior.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the cigar smoking perceptions and behaviors of US adults. METHODS:A national sample of 1,012 adults was interviewed by telephone. RESULTS:Current cigar smokers differed from nonsmokers in perceptions of personal risk for cancer and views about cigar smoking as a cancer cause. Both groups showed s...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baker F,Dye JT,Denniston MM,Ainsworth SR

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Diversifying the health professions: a model program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe a university-based mentoring program in the food and nutritional sciences that addresses the need for multicultural professionals in allied health fields. METHODS:The conceptual model for the program includes inputs (goals, resources), transformational process (professional development, social su...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ralston PA

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Social cognitive theory variables mediation of moderate exercise.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify the degree to which the social cognitive theory constructs targeted by the Planning to Be Active Program (PBA) were mediators of moderate-intensity exercise. METHODS:High school students in treatment and comparison groups received activity-based physical education. The treatment group also receiv...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hortz B,Petosa RL

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors and behaviors associated with adolescent violence and aggression.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore risk factors and behaviors associated with aggressive and violent behaviors among adolescents. METHODS:A comprehensive review of research literature from various disciplines associated with improving the health and well-being of adolescents. RESULTS:Risk factors and behaviors associated with adol...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Valois RF,MacDonald JM,Bretous L,Fischer MA,Drane JW

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Tobacco Marketing, E-cigarette Susceptibility, and Perceptions among Adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Understanding the impact of tobacco marketing on e-cigarette (EC) susceptibility and perceptions is essential to inform efforts to mitigate tobacco product burden on public health. METHODS:Data were collected online in 2016 from 634 conventional cigarette (CC) smokers and 393 non-smokers using a convenience ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nicksic NE,Snell LM,Rudy AK,Cobb CO,Barnes AJ

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Smokeless tobacco expectancies among a sample of rural adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the role of expectancies in adolescent smokeless tobacco (ST) use. METHODS:Self-report measures of students' ST expectancies, cigarette and ST use, and peer and family tobacco use were collected from a sample of 978 rural high school students. RESULTS:Student expectancy beliefs significantly pred...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newman IM,Shell DF

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00