Smoking initiation after marriage and parenting among Black and White women.


OBJECTIVES:To examine the hypothesis that Black-White differences in smoking initiation after transitions into marriage and/or parenting is associated with racial disparities in quitting. METHODS:Cox models were used on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women, a cohort of women surveyed from 1968-2003. RESULTS:Black women (58%) were more likely than white women (40%) to initiate after marriage and/or parenting. Adjustment for these differences did not reduce disparities in quitting (HR 0.53, CI 0.30-0.95). Only after adjustment for sociodemographics were disparities reduced (HR 0.67, HR 0.36-1.22). CONCLUSIONS:Other factors associated with smoking initiation among young adult black women (ie, limited economic opportunities, racial discrimination) should be examined for their influence on quitting.


Am J Health Behav


Thompson AB




Has Abstract


2014-07-01 00:00:00












  • After Sexual Identity Disclosure: An Ecological Perceptive of LGB Young Adults.

    abstract::Objectives A plethora of research exists concerning determinants prior or during the sexual identity disclosure process; yet, information is limited concerning internal and external experiences after one discloses his or her sexual identity to their social support system. Through the lenses of the Social Ecological Mo...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Emetu RE,Rivera G

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Primiparous outcomes and future pregnancy health behaviors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the impact of repeat, G2, and outcomes of first, G1, (previous livebirth, PLB, or stillbirth, PSB) pregnancies on health-compromising behaviors (HCB). METHODS:Retrospective cohort study of 137,374 pregnancies in Kansas City, MO, 1990 through 2009, using birth certificate database. RESULTS:Overall...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okah FA,Cai J

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Obesogenic and youth oriented restaurant marketing in public housing neighborhoods.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare restaurant marketing by restaurant and neighborhood type. METHODS:All restaurants (61=fast food, FF; 72=table service, TS) within an 800-meter radius of 13 public housing developments (HD) and 4 comparison neighborhoods were audited using the Restaurant Assessment Tool©2010. HD neighborhoods were...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Lee RE,Heinrich KM,Reese-Smith JY,Regan GR,Adamus-Leach HJ

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Using quantile regression to assess disparities in medication adherence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine racial/ethnic disparities in medication adherence between Asian and Pacific Islander Americans and Whites. METHODS:This retrospective data analysis included diabetes patients enrolled in a health plan in Hawaii (N = 43,445). For anti-diabetic, lipid-lowering, and anti-hypertensive medications, qua...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Juarez DT,Tan C,Davis JW,Mau MM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity and function in older adults: theory of planned behavior.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and TPB with functional ability to explain intention and self-reported physical activity (PA) behavior of older adults. METHODS:A survey was mailed to 2056 retirees from a large Midwestern university. RESULTS:Structural equation modeling revealed that the TPB p...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gretebeck KA,Black DR,Blue CL,Glickman LT,Huston SA,Gretebeck RJ

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with quitting smoking at a tobacco dependence treatment clinic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify factors associated with successful quitting at a free tobacco treatment clinic. METHODS:A cohort study of the first 1021 patients who made a quit attempt. Baseline and treatment variables were recorded, and logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with abstinence at 4-week and ...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foulds J,Gandhi KK,Steinberg MB,Richardson DL,Williams JM,Burke MV,Rhoads GG

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Primary Care Physicians' Characteristics and Attitudes on Smoking Cessation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Primary care physicians are uniquely positioned to initiate and promote smoking cessation. However, their attitude towards smoking cessation is influenced by many factors, including their own smoking habits and knowledge. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of smoking habits, knowledge, and persona...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Azuri J,Nashef S

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effective recruitment and retention of older adults in physical activity research: PALS study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop strategies to recruit and retain inactive older adults into a physical activity program. METHODS:Names of 7378 older adults were obtained from 60 neighborhoods. Then, 6401 potential subjects were matched to telephone numbers and phoned. Subjects meeting the screening criteria were invited to join...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jancey J,Howat P,Lee A,Clarke A,Shilton T,Fisher J,Iredell H

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • A preliminary investigation of the predictors of tanning dependence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate possible predictors of tanning dependence including demographic variables, exposure and protective behaviors, and other health-related behaviors. METHODS:This study consisted of an online survey of 400 students and other volunteers from a university community. RESULTS:Twenty-seven percent of...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heckman CJ,Egleston BL,Wilson DB,Ingersoll KS

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • An Experimental Study of Implicit Racial Bias in Recognition of Child Abuse.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated whether implicit racial bias influences pediatricians' suspicion of child abuse. METHODS:Child abuse experts developed 9 injury vignettes. Pediatricians (N = 342) were randomly assigned one of 2 versions to rate for suspicion of abuse, with the child's race in each vignette varying between whit...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rojas M,Walker-Descartes I,Laraque-Arena D

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Skin penetration operators' knowledge and attitudes towards infection control.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the knowledge and attitudes of owners/managers of commercial skin-penetration premises regarding infection control. METHODS:A telephone survey was conducted with a randomly selected sample of 874 owners/managers. RESULTS:Participants appeared to lack knowledge of essential infection-control pract...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oberdorfer A,Wiggers JH,Considine RJ,Bowman J,Cockburn J

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Timely follow-up among multicultural women with abnormal mammograms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine factors influencing time from screening to final diagnosis among multicultural women with abnormal mammograms using the precede-proceed model. METHODS:Staff of 58 clinics and a sample of 436 women served by these clinics were interviewed and their medical records examined. RESULTS:Longer duration...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnsberger P,Fox P,Ryder P,Nussey B,Zhang X,Otero-Sabogal R

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of Nighttime Media Use and Sleep Patterns in First-semester College Students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We evaluated how nighttime media use is associated with sleep behaviors in firstsemester college students, and variation by weight status. METHODS:In September 2016, first-semester college students (N = 114) completed surveys evaluating nighttime media usage (NMU) and sleep behaviors. Height, weight, and wai...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whipps J,Byra M,Gerow KG,Hill Guseman E

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive rationalizations for tanning-bed use: a preliminary exploration.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine construct and predictive utility of an adapted cognitive rationalization scale for tanning-bed use. METHODS:Current/former tanning-bedusing undergraduate students (N = 216; 87.6% females; 78.4% white) at a large northeastern university participated in a survey. A cognitive rationalization for tan...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Banerjee SC,Hay JL,Greene K

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Social influences on cigarette initiation among college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the relationship of demographic and social influence with initiation of cigarette use among undergraduates. METHODS:Students were mailed anonymous surveys including 437 participants who indicated that they had not smoked cigarettes before age 18. Of those, 107 became late initiators (24%), and 33...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Staten RR,Noland M,Rayens MK,Hahn E,Dignan M,Ridner SL

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Accelerometry and self-report in sedentary populations.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine whether self-reported exercise duration and intensity matched accelerometer data in sedentary endometrial cancer survivors and age-matched controls. METHODS:Participants were asked to wear an accelerometer and self-report exercise bouts, duration, and intensity for one week. Self-reported durat...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jovanovic JL,Hughes DC,Baum GP,Carmack C,Greisinger AJ,Basen-Engquist K

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Youth assets, aggression, and delinquency within the context of family structure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify youth assets associated with reduced aggressive and delinquent behavior of youth residing in 1-parent households but not of youth residing in 2-parent households. METHODS:Data were collected from inner-city youth and their parents (N = 1,277 youth-parent pairs) using in-home, in-person interviews...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oman RF,Vesely SK,Aspy CB

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Physical Activity and Transitioning to College: The Importance of Intentions and Habits.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:First generation students transitioning to college experience specific challenges that impact on their engagement in physical activity. Furthermore, this population experiences a context disruption that provides a unique opportunity to examine whether intention and habit predict physical activity. The aim of...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allom V,Mullan B,Cowie E,Hamilton K

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Using simple measures to estimate body fat percentage in college men.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To develop a prediction equation to estimate the body fat percentage of young men using simple measurements. METHODS:Subjects were 150 males, age 18 to 26 years. Self-reported lifestyle variables and measured circumferences were used to predict body fat percentage, assessed using hydrostatic weighing. RESUL...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tucker LA,Greenwell SD

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • College freshman stress and weight change: differences by gender.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine how stress and health-related behaviors affect freshman weight change by gender. METHODS:Three hundred ninety-six freshmen completed a 40-item health behavior survey and height and weight were collected at baseline and follow-up. RESULTS:Average weight change was 5.04 lbs for males, 5.49 lbs for...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Economos CD,Hildebrandt ML,Hyatt RR

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factor structure and psychometrics of the Adolescent Health Risk Behavior survey instrument.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore the factor structure and psychometric properties of data collected with the Adolescent Health Risk Behavior Survey (AHRBS) instrument. METHODS:Measures of the AHRBS instrument were tested using statistical analyses to assess validity and reliability of data collected from a sample of 1992 Indiana...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith ML,McKyer EL,Larsen RA

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Spirituality and social support on health behaviors of african american undergraduates.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the role of spirituality and perceived social support as protective factors for preventing health-compromising behaviors among African American college students. METHODS:Two hundred eleven African American college students completed a spirituality, perceived social support, and health behavior qu...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner-Musa J,Lipscomb L

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of fat intake among urban, low income African Americans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test a dietary intervention for high risk African American adults with small children. METHODS:Using telephone data, logistic regression was used to identify association of low-fat eating behaviors, fat calories, and frequency of sweets/oils/fats with personal and environmental variables. RESULTS:Educati...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eyler AA,Haire-Joshu D,Brownson RC,Nanney MS

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Is Adolescent Poly-tobacco Use Associated with Alcohol and Other Drug Use?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine associations between current multiple tobacco product use, and current use of alcohol and marijuana, binge drinking, and lifetime use of marijuana, alcohol, and other drugs among US high school students. METHODS:Using 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data (N = 13,583 high school students), logisti...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Creamer MR,Portillo GV,Clendennen SL,Perry CL

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regulatory Focus, Proximity to Goal Weight, and Weight Loss Maintenance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Regulatory focus theory proposes 2 self-regulatory orientations: promotion focus - related to achieving aspirations and positive outcomes - and prevention focus - related to fulfilling responsibilities and preventing negative outcomes. The investigation examined whether regulatory focus and proximity to goal...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fuglestad PT,Rothman AJ,Jeffery RW,Sherwood NE

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Impact of Natural Disasters on Dietary Intake.

    abstract::Objectives: In this study, we explored the potential impact of disasters on individuals' fruit and vegetable consumption. Methods: Individual-level data (N = 351,229) from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2011 survey were merged with county-level disaster declaration data from the Federal Emergen...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ji M,An R,Qiu Y,Guan C

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Caregiver predictors of adolescent inhalant abuse in rural Appalachia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore caregiver correlates of adolescent inhalant abuse. METHODS:Youth were surveyed about inhalant use. Caregivers were surveyed about demographics, behaviors, family environment, perceptions of parent/ adolescent interaction, coping strategies, caregiver monitoring of youth and self-reported substance...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pack R,Krishnamurthy G,Cottrell L,Stanton B,D'Alessandri D,Burns J

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • DECOY: Documenting Experiences with Cigarettes and Other Tobacco in Young Adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined psychographic characteristics associated with tobacco use among Project DECOY participants. METHODS:Project DECOY is a 2-year longitudinal mixed-methods study examining risk for tobacco use among 3418 young adults across 7 Georgia colleges/universities. Baseline measures included sociodemographi...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berg CJ,Haardörfer R,Lewis M,Getachew B,Lloyd SA,Thomas SF,Lanier A,Trepanier K,Johnston T,Grimsley L,Foster B,Benson S,Smith A,Barr DB,Windle M

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • The role of feedback in the process of health behavior change.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To offer a taxonomy of types of feedback and describe potential mechanisms of action particularly in the area of addictive behaviors. METHOD:Reviewed the literature to examine support for types-Generic, Targeted, and Personalized-and for mechanisms of feedback. RESULTS:Although it is not clear how it works,...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: DiClemente CC,Marinilli AS,Singh M,Bellino LE

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Little Cigar and Cigarillo Beliefs and Behaviors among African-American Young Adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To inform the development of future research and culturally-targeted interventions to address little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) use among an at-risk population: African-American (AA) young adults. Additionally, this project assesses LCC use and perception differences between college- and non-college attending...

    journal_title:American journal of health behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stephens M,Ogunsanya ME,Ford KH,Bamgbade BA,Liang MC

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00