Comparison and Evaluation of Four Species of Macro-Algaes as Dietary Ingredients in Litopenaeus vannamei Under Normal Rearing and WSSV Challenge Conditions: Effect on Growth, Immune Response, and Intestinal Microbiota.


:The study was conducted to compare and evaluate effects of four different macro-algaes on growth, immune response, and intestinal microbiota of Litopenaeus vannamei. In the rearing trial 1, shrimp were fed five diets containing four sources of macro-algaes for 8 weeks, named D1 (without macro-algae), D2 (Porphyra haitanensis), D3 (Undaria pinnatifida), D4 (Saccharina japonica), and D5 (Gracilaria lemaneiformis), respectively. Growth performance of shrimp in D5 diet was significantly higher than that of shrimp fed the control and D4 diet (P < 0.05); however, there is no significant difference among D2, D3, and D5 diets (P > 0.05). Apparent digestibility coefficients of dry matter from the D2, D3, and D5 diets were significantly higher than that from the control and D4 diets (P < 0.05). Supplementary macro-algaes enhanced hepatopancreas immunity through positively increasing total antioxidant status (TAS) and prophenoloxidase activity (ProPO), as well as up-regulating the hepatopancreas RNA expression of ProPO and IκBα and down-regulating the expression of transforming growth factor β. Furthermore, dietary macro-algaes modified intestinal microbiota of L. vannamei, boosting the relative abundance of beneficial bacterial such as Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, and Bacillaceae, and decreasing those detrimental bacterial such as Gammaproteobacteria and Vibrionaceae. In the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) challenge trial, shrimps were injected for 6-day after the rearing trial. On the fourth day, shrimp death started to occur, and the mortality in D2, D3, and D5 diets was significantly lower than that in control and SJ diets during 4-6 challenged days (P < 0.05). Dietary macro-algaes ameliorated hepatopancreas damage in L. vannamei by increasing TAS and ProPO activities and decreasing SOD activity, inhibiting the lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde), as well as regulating the immune-related genes expression. Taken together, dietary macro-algaes availably relieved enterohepatic oxidative damage by improving antioxidant ability and immunity and regulated intestinal microbiota in L. vannamei. These results indicated that G. lemaneiformis is the most suitable macro-algae and then followed by U. pinnatifida and P. haitanensis as the feed ingredient for L. vannamei.


Front Physiol


Frontiers in physiology


Niu J,Xie JJ,Guo TY,Fang HH,Zhang YM,Liao SY,Xie SW,Liu YJ,Tian LX




Has Abstract


2019-01-09 00:00:00








  • Dendritic cells in atherosclerotic inflammation: the complexity of functions and the peculiarities of pathophysiological effects.

    abstract::Atherosclerosis is considered as a chronic disease of arterial wall, with a strong contribution of inflammation. Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in the initiation of proatherogenic inflammatory response. Mature DCs present self-antigens thereby supporting differentiation of naïve T cells to effector cells th...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chistiakov DA,Sobenin IA,Orekhov AN,Bobryshev YV

    更新日期:2014-05-27 00:00:00

  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction Is an Early Consequence of Partial or Complete Dystrophin Loss in mdx Mice.

    abstract::Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by rapid wasting of skeletal muscle. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a well-known pathological feature of DMD. However, whether mitochondrial dysfunction occurs before muscle fiber damage in DMD pathology is not well known. Furthermore, the impact upon heterozygous femal...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore TM,Lin AJ,Strumwasser AR,Cory K,Whitney K,Ho T,Ho T,Lee JL,Rucker DH,Nguyen CQ,Yackly A,Mahata SK,Wanagat J,Stiles L,Turcotte LP,Crosbie RH,Zhou Z

    更新日期:2020-06-19 00:00:00

  • Association Between Heart Rate Variability and Decompression-Induced Physiological Stress.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between decompression-related physiological stress markers, given by inflammatory processes and immune system activation and changes in Heart Rate Variability, evaluating whether Heart Rate Variability can be used to estimate the physiological stress caused by t...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schirato SR,El-Dash I,El-Dash V,Bizzarro B,Marroni A,Pieri M,Cialoni D,Chaui-Berlinck JG

    更新日期:2020-07-03 00:00:00

  • Cortisol Acting Through the Glucocorticoid Receptor Is Not Involved in Exercise-Enhanced Growth, But Does Affect the White Skeletal Muscle Transcriptome in Zebrafish (Danio rerio).

    abstract::Forced sustained swimming exercise at optimal speed enhances growth in many fish species, particularly through hypertrophy of the white skeletal muscle. The exact mechanism of this effect has not been resolved yet. To explore the role of cortisol, we first subjected wild-type zebrafish to an exercise protocol validate...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palstra AP,Mendez S,Dirks RP,Schaaf MJM

    更新日期:2019-01-14 00:00:00

  • Impact and management of physiological calibration in spectral analysis of blood pressure variability.

    abstract::Physiological calibration (Physiocal) improves the quality of continuous blood pressure (BP) signal from finger. However, the effects of Physiocal on spectral characteristics of systolic BP (SBP) variability are not well-known. We tested the hypothesis that the use of Physiocal may alter the results on SBP variability...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kiviniemi AM,Hintsala H,Hautala AJ,Ikäheimo TM,Jaakkola JJ,Tiinanen S,Seppänen T,Tulppo MP

    更新日期:2014-12-03 00:00:00

  • Plasmatic Concentrations of ADMA and Homocystein in Llama (Lama glama) and Regulation of Arginase Type II: An Animal Resistent to the Development of Pulmonary Hypertension Induced by Hypoxia.

    abstract::There are animal species that have adapted to life at high altitude and hypobaric hypoxia conditions in the Andean highlands. One such species is the llama (Lama glama), which seem to have developed efficient protective mechanisms to avoid maladaptation resulting from chronic hypoxia, such as a resistance to the devel...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: López V,Moraga FA,Llanos AJ,Ebensperger G,Taborda MI,Uribe E

    更新日期:2018-05-29 00:00:00

  • Dynamic Skin Patterns in Cephalopods.

    abstract::Cephalopods are unrivaled in the natural world in their ability to alter their visual appearance. These mollusks have evolved a complex system of dermal units under neural, hormonal, and muscular control to produce an astonishing variety of body patterns. With parallels to the pixels on a television screen, cephalopod...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: How MJ,Norman MD,Finn J,Chung WS,Marshall NJ

    更新日期:2017-06-19 00:00:00

  • Appearance of differentiated cells derived from polar body nuclei in the silkworm, Bombyx mori.

    abstract::In Bombyx mori, polar body nuclei are observed until 9 h after egg lying, however, the fate of polar body nuclei remains unclear. To examine the fate of polar body nuclei, we employed a mutation of serosal cell pigmentation, pink-eyed white egg (pe). The heterozygous pe/+ (pe) females produced black serosal cells in w...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakai H,Yokoyama T,Abe H,Fujii T,Suzuki MG

    更新日期:2013-09-03 00:00:00

  • Receptor Characterization and Functional Activity of Pyrokinins on the Hindgut in the Adult Mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

    abstract::Pyrokinins are structurally related insect neuropeptides, characterized by their myotropic, pheromonotropic and melanotropic roles in some insects, but their function is unclear in blood-feeding arthropods. In the present study, we functionally characterized the pyrokinin-1 and pyrokinin-2 receptors (PK1-R and PK2-R, ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lajevardi A,Paluzzi JV

    更新日期:2020-05-21 00:00:00

  • Daily Intermittent Normobaric Hypoxia Over 2 Weeks Reduces BDNF Plasma Levels in Young Adults - A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Study.

    abstract::Background: The results from animal and human research indicate that acute intermittent hypoxia can enhance brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plasma levels and gene expression. As BDNF is known to promote the differentiation of new neurons and the formation of synapses, it has been proposed to mediate adult neu...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Becke A,Müller P,Dordevic M,Lessmann V,Brigadski T,Müller NG

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Time computations in anuran auditory systems.

    abstract::Temporal computations are important in the acoustic communication of anurans. In many cases, calls between closely related species are nearly identical spectrally but differ markedly in temporal structure. Depending on the species, calls can differ in pulse duration, shape and/or rate (i.e., amplitude modulation), dir...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rose GJ

    更新日期:2014-05-30 00:00:00

  • In-Depth Study of the Interaction, Sensitivity, and Gating Modulation by PUFAs on K+ Channels; Interaction and New Targets.

    abstract::Voltage gated potassium channels (KV) are membrane proteins that allow selective flow of K+ ions in a voltage-dependent manner. These channels play an important role in several excitable cells as neurons, cardiomyocytes, and vascular smooth muscle. Over the last 20 years, it has been shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Moreno C,de la Cruz A,Valenzuela C

    更新日期:2016-11-24 00:00:00

  • Myocardial Contractility: Historical and Contemporary Considerations.

    abstract::The term myocardial contractility is thought to have originated more than 125 years ago and has remained and enigma ever since. Although the term is frequently used in textbooks, editorials and contemporary manuscripts its definition remains illusive often being conflated with cardiac performance or inotropy. The abse...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muir WW,Hamlin RL

    更新日期:2020-03-31 00:00:00

  • Hypothesis and theory: mechanical instabilities and non-uniformities in hereditary sarcomere myopathies.

    abstract::Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), due to point mutations in genes for sarcomere proteins such as myosin, occurs in 1/500 people and is the most common cause of sudden death in young individuals. Similar mutations in skeletal muscle, e.g., in the MYH7 gene for slow myosin found in both the cardiac ventricle a...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Månsson A

    更新日期:2014-09-15 00:00:00

  • The Anti-atherogenic Role of Exercise Is Associated With the Attenuation of Bone Marrow-Derived Macrophage Activation and Migration in Hypercholesterolemic Mice.

    abstract::An early event in atherogenesis is the recruitment and infiltration of circulating monocytes and macrophage activation in the subendothelial space. Atherosclerosis subsequently progresses as a unresolved inflammatory disease, particularly in hypercholesterolemic conditions. Although physical exercise training has been...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rentz T,Wanschel ACBA,de Carvalho Moi L,Lorza-Gil E,de Souza JC,Dos Santos RR,Oliveira HCF

    更新日期:2020-11-23 00:00:00

  • C60 Fullerenes Diminish Muscle Fatigue in Rats Comparable to N-acetylcysteine or β-Alanine.

    abstract::The aim of this study is to detect the effects of C60 fullerenes, which possess pronounced antioxidant properties, in comparison with the actions of the known exogenous antioxidants N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and β-Alanine in terms of exercise tolerance and contractile property changes of the m. triceps surae (TS) during ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vereshchaka IV,Bulgakova NV,Maznychenko AV,Gonchar OO,Prylutskyy YI,Ritter U,Moska W,Tomiak T,Nozdrenko DM,Mishchenko IV,Kostyukov AI

    更新日期:2018-05-15 00:00:00

  • Effects of Fungicide Propiconazole on the Yeast-Like Symbiotes in Brown Planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens Stål) and Its Role in Controlling BPH Infestation.

    abstract::Yeast-like symbiotes (YLS), harbored in the abdomen fat-body cells of the rice brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Stål (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), are vital to the growth and reproduction of their host. It is feasible to manipulate BPH infestation on rice by inhibiting YLS using fungicide. In this study, the fu...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shentu X,Wang X,Xiao Y,Yu X

    更新日期:2019-02-11 00:00:00

  • Methanolic Extract of Winter Cherry Causes Morpho-Histological and Immunological Ailments in Mulberry Pyralid Glyphodes pyloalis.

    abstract::The effect of Withania somnifera a medicinal plant seed extract was tested against lesser mulberry pyralid, a potential pest of mulberry. The mulberry leaves were used for silk production in rural areas of northern Iran. The extract was administered orally by leaf dipping method in two lower (5%W/V) and higher (15%W/V...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Afraze Z,Sendi JJ,Karimi-Malati A,Zibaee A

    更新日期:2020-08-07 00:00:00

  • Neurally Released GABA Acts via GABAC Receptors to Modulate Ca2+ Transients Evoked by Trains of Synaptic Inputs, but Not Responses Evoked by Single Stimuli, in Myenteric Neurons of Mouse Ileum.

    abstract::γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) and its receptors, GABAA,B,C, are expressed in several locations along the gastrointestinal tract. Nevertheless, a role for GABA in enteric synaptic transmission remains elusive. In this study, we characterized the expression and function of GABA in the myenteric plexus of the mouse ileum. A...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koussoulas K,Swaminathan M,Fung C,Bornstein JC,Foong JPP

    更新日期:2018-02-13 00:00:00

  • Reconsideration of Serial Visual Reversal Learning in Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) from a Methodological Perspective.

    abstract::Octopuses (Octopus vulgaris) are generally considered to possess extraordinary cognitive abilities including the ability to successfully perform in a serial reversal learning task. During reversal learning, an animal is presented with a discrimination problem and after reaching a learning criterion, the signs of the s...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bublitz A,Weinhold SR,Strobel S,Dehnhardt G,Hanke FD

    更新日期:2017-02-07 00:00:00

  • Atrial Rotor Dynamics Under Complex Fractional Order Diffusion.

    abstract::The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) are a challenging research topic. The rotor hypothesis states that the AF is sustained by a reentrant wave that propagates around an unexcited core. Cardiac tissue heterogeneities, both structural and cellular, play an important role during fibrillatory dynamics, so that the ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ugarte JP,Tobón C,Lopes AM,Machado JAT

    更新日期:2018-07-24 00:00:00

  • Loss-of-Function of Gli3 in Mice Causes Abnormal Frontal Bone Morphology and Premature Synostosis of the Interfrontal Suture.

    abstract::Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with polydactyly and syndactyly of the limbs and a broad spectrum of craniofacial abnormalities. Craniosynostosis of the metopic suture (interfrontal suture in mice) is an important but rare feature associated with GCPS. GCPS is caused by mu...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Veistinen L,Takatalo M,Tanimoto Y,Kesper DA,Vortkamp A,Rice DP

    更新日期:2012-05-03 00:00:00

  • Calcium-permeable ion channels in control of autophagy and cancer.

    abstract::Autophagy, or cellular self-eating, is a tightly regulated cellular pathway the main purpose of which is lysosomal degradation and subsequent recycling of cytoplasmic material to maintain normal cellular homeostasis. Defects in autophagy are linked to a variety of pathological states, including cancer. Cancer is the d...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kondratskyi A,Yassine M,Kondratska K,Skryma R,Slomianny C,Prevarskaya N

    更新日期:2013-10-02 00:00:00

  • Muscle Responses to Passive Joint Movements in Infants During the First Year of Life.

    abstract::Muscle tone represents one of the important concepts for characterizing changes in the state of the developing nervous system. It can be manifested in the level of activity of flexors and extensors and in muscle reactions to its passive stretching (StR) or shortening (ShR). Here we investigated such reactions in a coh...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solopova IA,Zhvansky DS,Dolinskaya IY,Keshishian ES,Selionov VA,Sylos-Labini F,Lacquaniti F,Ivanenko Y

    更新日期:2019-09-13 00:00:00

  • Clinical Applications of Iso-Inertial, Eccentric-Overload (YoYo™) Resistance Exercise.

    abstract::In the quest for a viable non-gravity dependent method to "lift weights" in space, our laboratory introduced iso-inertial resistance (YoYo™) exercise using spinning flywheel(s), more than 25 years ago. After being thoroughly tested in individuals subjected to various established spaceflight analogs, a multi-mode YoYo™...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tesch PA,Fernandez-Gonzalo R,Lundberg TR

    更新日期:2017-04-27 00:00:00

  • ZOOMICS: Comparative Metabolomics of Red Blood Cells From Old World Monkeys and Humans.

    abstract::As part of the ZOOMICS project, we set out to investigate common and diverging metabolic traits in the blood metabolome across various species by taking advantage of recent developments in high-throughput metabolomics. Here we provide the first comparative metabolomics analysis of fresh and stored human (n = 21, 10 ma...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bertolone L,Shin HK,Stefanoni D,Baek JH,Gao Y,Morrison EJ,Nemkov T,Thomas T,Francis RO,Hod EA,Zimring JC,Yoshida T,Karafin M,Schwartz J,Hudson KE,Spitalnik SL,Buehler PW,D'Alessandro A

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • Propofol Alleviates DNA Damage Induced by Oxygen Glucose Deprivation and Reperfusion via FoxO1 Nuclear Translocation in H9c2 Cells.

    abstract::Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induces irreversible oxidative stress damage to the cardiac myocytes. Many studies have revealed that propofol alleviates the important organelle-mediated injury from oxidative stress in vitro. However, it remains unclear whether propofol prevents I/R-induced DNA damage in cardiomyocy...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou D,Zhuang J,Wang Y,Zhao D,Zhao L,Zhu S,Pu J,Yin M,Zhang H,Wang Z,Hong J

    更新日期:2019-03-15 00:00:00

  • Two Consecutive Days of Crossfit Training Affects Pro and Anti-inflammatory Cytokines and Osteoprotegerin without Impairments in Muscle Power.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two consecutive Crossfit® training sessions (24 h apart) designed to enhance work-capacity that involved both cardiovascular and muscular exercises on cytokines, muscle power, blood lactate and glucose. Nine male members of the CrossFit® community (age 26.7 ± 6.6...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tibana RA,de Almeida LM,Frade de Sousa NM,Nascimento Dda C,Neto IV,de Almeida JA,de Souza VC,Lopes Mde F,Nobrega Ode T,Vieira DC,Navalta JW,Prestes J

    更新日期:2016-06-28 00:00:00

  • One Actor, Multiple Roles: The Performances of Cryptochrome in Drosophila.

    abstract::Cryptochromes (CRYs) are flavoproteins that are sensitive to blue light, first identified in Arabidopsis and then in Drosophila and mice. They are evolutionarily conserved and play fundamental roles in the circadian clock of living organisms, enabling them to adapt to the daily 24-h cycles. The role of CRYs in circadi...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Damulewicz M,Mazzotta GM

    更新日期:2020-03-05 00:00:00

  • Identification of Wolbachia-Responsive miRNAs in the Small Brown Planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus.

    abstract::Laodelphax striatellus is naturally infected with the Wolbachia strain wStri, which induces strong cytoplasmic incompatibility of its host. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous non-coding small RNAs that play a critical role in the regulation of gene expression at post-transcriptional level in various biologic...

    journal_title:Frontiers in physiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu L,Zhang KJ,Rong X,Li YY,Liu H

    更新日期:2019-07-24 00:00:00