Dioxin and dioxin-like PCB impurities in some Japanese agrochemical formulations.

Abstract:

:The profile and amount of dioxin impurity in agrochemicals were studied through detailed analysis of historic Japanese formulations. The chemicals analyzed include pentachlorophenol (PCP), 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl-4'-nitrophenyl ether (chloronitrofen, CNP), 2,4-dichlorophenyl-4'-nitrophenyl ether (nitrofen, NIP), tetrachloro-iso-phthalonitrile (chlorothalonil, TPN), 2-methyl-4-chloro-phenoxyacetic acid (MCP) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Among the six, two herbicides, PCP and CNP, produced during the 1960s and 1970s, contained very high concentrations of PCDD/DFs and TEQ. Others contained relatively low concentrations of PCDD/DFs. Dioxin-like PCB concentrations in all chemicals studied were low and their contributions to TEQ were negligible. The total dioxin emissions from the use of agrochemicals in Japan during the past 40 years (1955-1995) were estimated to be about a few hundred thousand kg of PCDD/DFs and 250 kg of WHO-TEQ from PCP and 190 x 10(3) kg of PCDD/DFs and 440 kg of WHO-TEQ from CNP. The major dioxin congeners present in PCP formulations were highly chlorinated PCDD/DFs that can be formed by the coupling of PCP and/or 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, and those in the CNP formulations were tetra- to hexa-chlorinated PCDD/DFs that can be formed from 2,4,6-trichlorophenol and/or 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol.

journal_name

Chemosphere

journal_title

Chemosphere

authors

Masunaga S,Takasuga T,Nakanishi J

doi

10.1016/s0045-6535(00)00310-6

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2001-08-01 00:00:00

pages

873-85

issue

4

eissn

0045-6535

issn

1879-1298

pii

S0045-6535(00)00310-6

journal_volume

44

pub_type

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