A quality-of-life method for estimating the value of avoided morbidity.


:We developed a quality-of-life method for valuing changes in health status. Our model determines changes in health attributes for different illnesses and then estimates the dollar value of the corresponding welfare losses. We used our quality-of-life approach to estimate willingness to pay to avoid asthma, a headache, a cough, bronchitis, and arthritis. Estimates derived using our method are similar to those obtained from more expensive and restrictive traditional methods.


Am J Public Health


French MT,Mauskopf JA




Has Abstract


1992-11-01 00:00:00












  • Public bicycle share programs and head injuries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the effect of North American public bicycle share programs (PBSPs), which typically do not offer helmets with rentals, on the occurrence of bicycle-related head injuries. METHODS:We analyzed trauma center data for bicycle-related injuries from 5 cities with PBSPs and 5 comparison cities. We use...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graves JM,Pless B,Moore L,Nathens AB,Hunte G,Rivara FP

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of predictability at work and risk of acute myocardial infarction: an 18-year prospective study of industrial employees.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined whether the distinctive components of job control-decision authority, skill discretion, and predictability-were related to subsequent acute myocardial infarction (MI) events in a large population of initially heart disease-free industrial employees. METHODS:We prospectively examined the relation...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Väänänen A,Koskinen A,Joensuu M,Kivimäki M,Vahtera J,Kouvonen A,Jäppinen P

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Public Program Enrollment Following US State Medicaid Expansion and Outreach.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the joint impact of states' Medicaid expansion and participation in Medicaid enrollment outreach at the take-up of other means-tested public programs (Women, Infants, and Children [WIC], Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program [SNAP]). METHODS:Data were used from the American Community Survey, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lanese BG,Fischbein R,Furda C

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • The contribution of maternal age to racial disparities in birthweight: a multilevel perspective.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the contribution of age and other risk factors to racial disparities in rates of moderately low birthweight (MLBW; 1500-2499 g) and very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g). METHODS:Logistic regression models were developed to determine the effects on MLBW and VLBW of maternal age, race, and...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rauh VA,Andrews HF,Garfinkel RS

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual timetables for oral-genital, vaginal, and anal intercourse: sociodemographic comparisons in a nationally representative sample of adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We documented the prevalence and relative timing of oral-genital, vaginal, and anal intercourse during adolescence and examined whether these timetables varied by sociodemographic factors. METHODS:We used data from almost 14 ,000 Wave IV respondents to the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halpern CT,Haydon AA

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Optimal indicators of socioeconomic status for health research.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In this study we examined the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality for a representative sample of individuals. METHODS:The sample included 3734 individuals aged 45 and older interviewed in 1984 in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. In the current study, mortality was ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daly MC,Duncan GJ,McDonough P,Williams DR

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Breast-feeding and infant illness: a dose-response relationship?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine whether breast-feeding has a dose-related protective effect against illness and whether it confers special health benefits to poor infants. METHODS:The association between breast-feeding dose and illnesses in the first 6 months of life was analyzed with generalized...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raisler J,Alexander C,O'Campo P

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting social inclusion in schools: a group-randomized trial of effects on student health risk behavior and well-being.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to test the efficacy of an intervention that was designed to promote social inclusion and commitment to education, in reducing among students health risk behaviors and improving emotional well-being. METHODS:The design was a cluster-randomized trial in 25 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Patton GC,Bond L,Carlin JB,Thomas L,Butler H,Glover S,Catalano R,Bowes G

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of a breast health project for Hmong women and men in California.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used a community-based research approach to test a culturally based breast cancer screening program among low-income Hmong women in central and southern California. METHODS:We designed a culturally informed educational program with measures at baseline and 1-year follow-up in 2 intervention cities and 1 ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Kagawa-Singer M,Tanjasiri SP,Valdez A,Yu H,Foo MA

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • The integrated first year experience in the master of public health program.

    abstract::Schools of Public Health historically introduced core curriculum courses in the first year of the Master of Public Health program as independent perspectives; these perspectives included epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental health, public health biology, health behaviors, and health policy. We performed a pilot ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dewar DM,Bloom MS,Choi H,Gensburg L,Hosler A

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Recurrence of Maltreatment After Newborn Home Visiting: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate whether a newborn home visiting program for primiparous adolescent mothers (aged 16-20 years at childbirth) reduced recurrence of child maltreatment in child protective services (CPS) reports. METHODS:We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Healthy Families Massachusetts, a statewide ho...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Easterbrooks MA,Kotake C,Fauth R

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of a theoretical model for oral health-related quality of life among youths with cleft.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated relationships among physical and psychological indicators and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in youths with cleft. METHODS:We recruited youths aged 7 to 18 years with cleft palate (n = 282) or cleft lip and palate (n = 918) and their caregivers into a 5-year observational investig...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broder HL,Wilson-Genderson M,Sischo L

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • The changing role of the World Bank in global health.

    abstract::The World Bank began operations on June 25, 1946. Although it was established to finance European reconstruction after World War II, the bank today is a considerable force in the health, nutrition, and population (HNP) sector in developing countries. Indeed, it has evolved from having virtually no presence in global h...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Ruger JP

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in black and white women.

    abstract::The relationships of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol with body composition, leisure-time physical activity, cigarette smoking, and education were examined in a community-based sample of 480 Black and 1337 White women. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated inverse associations of HDL with body mass ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heath GW,Macera CA,Croft JB,Mace ML,Gillette T,Wheeler FC

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Completion Among Female and Male Vaccine Initiators in Family Planning Centers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion and examined predictors of completion among adolescents and young adults in a large family planning network. METHODS:Our retrospective cohort study of vaccine completion within 12 months and time to completion used electronic health record da...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simons HR,Unger ZD,Lopez PM,Kohn JE

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Race and sex differences in mortality following fracture of the hip.

    abstract::This paper describes the all-cause mortality experience, following a fracture of the hip, of 712,027 persons covered by the Medicare program from 1984 through 1987. White women experienced the lowest mortality rate (17.2 per 1000 person-months), followed by Black women (22.9 per 1000 person-months), Black men (33.5 pe...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobsen SJ,Goldberg J,Miles TP,Brody JA,Stiers W,Rimm AA

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanical restraints on the medical wards: are protective devices safe?

    abstract::We prospectively identified 102 mechanically restrained hospital patients and determined their hospital course. The cohort was elderly, cognitively impaired with multiple chronic diseases. The in-hospital mortality was 21 percent. Nosocomial infection developed in 12 percent and new pressure sores in 22 percent. Prolo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lofgren RP,MacPherson DS,Granieri R,Myllenbeck S,Sprafka JM

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • The costs and effects of cervical and breast cancer screening in a public hospital emergency room. The Cancer Control Center of Harlem.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of cervix and breast cancer screening in a public hospital emergency room. METHODS:Age-eligible women with nonurgent conditions and without recent screening were offered screening by a nurse. A decision analysis compared the costs and outcomes of emergency room scr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mandelblatt J,Freeman H,Winczewski D,Cagney K,Williams S,Trowers R,Tang J,Gold K,Lin TH,Kerner J

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity on use of hospital services.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study investigated the associations of smoking, excess alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity with the use of hospital care. METHODS:A cohort of 19- to 63-year-old Finnish men (n = 2534) and women (n = 2668) were followed prospectively for 16 years. Number of hospital days was extracted from the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haapanen-Niemi N,Miilunpalo S,Vuori I,Pasanen M,Oja P

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a community-wide incentive program to promote safety restraint use.

    abstract::A program was designed and evaluated to determine the feasibility of implementing an incentive campaign to promote safety restraint use, primarily among children up to age 13. During a five-month period, community residents were eligible to win monthly prizes and a grand prize by buckling up all automobile occupants w...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foss RD

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cost analysis of the built environment: the case of bike and pedestrian trials in Lincoln, Neb.

    abstract::We estimated the annual cost of bike and pedestrian trails in Lincoln, Neb, using construction and maintenance costs provided by the Department of Parks and Recreation of Nebraska. We obtained the number of users of 5 trails from a 1998 census report. The annual construction cost of each trail was calculated by using ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang G,Macera CA,Scudder-Soucie B,Schmid T,Pratt M,Buchner D,Heath G

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • The "global settlement" with the tobacco industry: 6 years later.

    abstract::On June 20, 1997 a group of attorneys and health advocates proposed a "global settlement" of all public and private litigation against the tobacco industry. This agreement was controversial, and the subsequent implementing legislation was defeated. We sought to determine whether the global settlement represented a "mi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Givel M,Glantz SA

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with increased dental care utilization in five urban, low-income areas.

    abstract::Survey data were used to measure change in dental utilization in five urban low-income areas as a result of increased financial (Medicaid) and facility (community health centers) access to dental care. The average annual dental visit between the baseline and follow-up surveys showed a dramatic increase in four of the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okada LM,Wan TT

    更新日期:1979-10-01 00:00:00

  • Community-oriented primary care: a path to community development.

    abstract::Although community development and social change are not explicit goals of community-oriented primary care (COPC), they are implicit in COPC's emphasis on community organization and local participation with health professionals in the assessment of health problems. These goals are also implicit in the shared understan...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Geiger HJ

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Take heart: results from the initial phase of a work-site wellness program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term effects of a low-intensity work-site heart disease risk reduction program using a matched pair design with work site as the unit of analysis. METHODS:Twenty-six heterogeneous work sites with between 125 and 750 employees were matched on key organizati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Glasgow RE,Terborg JR,Hollis JF,Severson HH,Boles SM

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of two measures of life stress among outpatients at a Veterans Hospital.

    abstract::To measure test-retest reliability, 38 Veterans Administration clinic patients completed a modification of the Sarason Life Experience Survey (LES) twice within several weeks. Summary scores were found to be more reliable than scores on individual questions. Patients attending the Mental Hygiene Clinic responded less ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bailey GA,Koepsell TD,Belcher DW

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Immigration and acculturation in relation to health and health-related risk factors among specific Asian subgroups in a health maintenance organization.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine how risk factors for disease vary among Asian subgroups. METHODS:Using data from a case-control study conducted at Northern California Kaiser Medical Centers (from 1996 to 2001), we compared prevalence of selected risk factors among Asian subgroups and evaluated the associations of th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomez SL,Kelsey JL,Glaser SL,Lee MM,Sidney S

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Referrals from an emergency room to primary care practices at an urban hospital.

    abstract::Three hundred ninety-eight patients treated in the emergency room for non-urgent complaints who stated that they had no regular source of primary medical care were referred to one of several medical care centers in the area. Overall, 34 per cent of such patients complied with the referral. Correlates of compliance wer...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Straus JH,Orr ST,Charney E

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Geography should not be destiny: focusing HIV/AIDS implementation research and programs on microepidemics in US neighborhoods.

    abstract::African Americans and Hispanics are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Within the most heavily affected cities, a few neighborhoods account for a large share of new HIV infections. Addressing racial and economic disparities in HIV infection requires an implementation program and research agenda that...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nunn A,Yolken A,Cutler B,Trooskin S,Wilson P,Little S,Mayer K

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Past pregnancy outcomes among women living in the vicinity of a lead smelter in Kosovo, Yugoslavia.

    abstract::This analysis compares the rates of spontaneous abortion among women living in the vicinity of a lead smelter with those of women living in a town where blood lead levels were low. Data derive from the obstetric histories of both groups of women obtained while seeking prenatal care for a later pregnancy. A total of 63...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murphy MJ,Graziano JH,Popovac D,Kline JK,Mehmeti A,Factor-Litvak P,Ahmedi G,Shrout P,Rajovic B,Nenezic DU

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00