Incarceration as forced migration: effects on selected community health outcomes.


OBJECTIVES:We estimated the effects of high incarceration rates on rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies. METHODS:We calculated correlations between rates of incarceration in state prisons and county jails and rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies for each of the 100 counties in North Carolina during 1995 to 2002. We also estimated increases in negative health outcomes associated with increases in incarceration rates using negative binomial regression analyses. RESULTS:Rates of sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancies, adjusted for age, race, and poverty distributions by county, consistently increased with increasing incarceration rates. In the most extreme case, teenage pregnancies exhibited an increase of 71.61 per 100000 population (95% confidence interval [CI]=41.88, 101.35) in 1996 after an increase in the prison population rate from 223.31 to 468.58 per 100000 population in 1995. CONCLUSIONS:High rates of incarceration can have the unintended consequence of destabilizing communities and contributing to adverse health outcomes.


Am J Public Health


Thomas JC,Torrone E




Has Abstract


2006-10-01 00:00:00














  • Promoting breast and cervical cancer screening at the workplace: results from the Woman to Woman Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This article reports findings from a peer-delivered intervention designed to increase use of breast and cervical cancer screening. METHODS:Twenty-six worksites were randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison group. The 16-month intervention consisted of group discussions, outreach, and educational ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Allen JD,Stoddard AM,Mays J,Sorensen G

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • The choice of weapons in firearm suicides.

    abstract::We report on the firearms used in 235 suicides in Sacramento County, California, during 1983-85. Handguns were used in 69 per cent of firearm suicides--65 per cent for males, 88 per cent for females--and in all such deaths among women ages 35 and older. We tested the hypothesis that the choice of firearms by persons c...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wintemute GJ,Teret SP,Kraus JF,Wright MW

    更新日期:1988-07-01 00:00:00


    abstract::[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304412.]. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 已发布勘误



    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Community Vision and Interagency Alignment: A Community Planning Process to Promote Active Transportation.

    abstract::In 2010, the Brooklyn Active Transportation Community Planning Initiative launched in 2 New York City neighborhoods. Over a 2-year planning period, residents participated in surveys, school and community forums, neighborhood street assessments, and activation events-activities that highlighted the need for safer stree...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeGregory ST,Chaudhury N,Kennedy P,Noyes P,Maybank A

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Social support and self-reported health status of older adults in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We determined whether a representative national probability sample of US community-dwelling older adults who reported less social support also reported poorer general health status, which is a robust predictor of prospective mortality among elders. METHODS:We analyzed 2 subsamples generated via random sampl...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White AM,Philogene GS,Fine L,Sinha S

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating the Prevalence of HIV and Sexual Behaviors Among the US Transgender Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, 2006-2017.

    abstract::Background. Transgender women (transwomen) in the United States have been shown to have high HIV risk with Black and Hispanic transwomen being particularly vulnerable. Growing research on transgender men (transmen) also shows increased HIV risk and burden, although not as much is known for this transgender population....

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Becasen JS,Denard CL,Mullins MM,Higa DH,Sipe TA

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Association of hepatitis B virus infection with other sexually transmitted infections in homosexual men. Omega Study Group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study determined the prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among men who have sex with men. METHODS:At the baseline visit of an HIV study among men who have sex with men, we asked about HBV vaccination status and tested for HBV markers. RESULTS:Of 625 subjects, 48% h...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Remis RS,Dufour A,Alary M,Vincelette J,Otis J,Mâsse B,Turmel B,LeClerc R,Parent R,Lavoie R

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pregnant women as a reservoir of undetected sexually transmitted diseases in rural South Africa: implications for disease control.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in pregnant women in rural South Africa and to determine the value of using abnormal urogenital symptoms to identify infected women. METHODS:This was a cross-sectional study of 327 patients attending prenatal clini...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sturm AW,Wilkinson D,Ndovela N,Bowen S,Connolly C

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • The mortality consequences of raising the speed limit to 65 mph on rural interstates.

    abstract::As of April 1987, states were permitted to raise the speed limit on rural interstates to 65 mph without incurring federal sanctions; 38 states elected to do so in 1987. Fatality data for the months when the new limit was in effect in 1987 were compared with fatalities in the same months of 1982-86 on rural interstates...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baum HM,Lund AK,Wells JK

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Health care of poverty and nonpoverty children in Iowa.

    abstract::Responses to a survey of 637 Iowa children under age six years from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) households was conducted through telephone interviews with parents and compared to a second sample of children in 760 randomly sampled households. Utilization of health services for children in the AFDC s...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levey LA,MacDowell NM,Levey S

    更新日期:1986-08-01 00:00:00

  • Doula care, birth outcomes, and costs among Medicaid beneficiaries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared childbirth-related outcomes for Medicaid recipients who received prenatal education and childbirth support from trained doulas with outcomes from a national sample of similar women and estimated potential cost savings. METHODS:We calculated descriptive statistics for Medicaid-funded births natio...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozhimannil KB,Hardeman RR,Attanasio LB,Blauer-Peterson C,O'Brien M

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to the US Criminal Legal System and Well-Being: A 2018 Cross-Sectional Study.

    abstract::Objectives. To assess the association between exposure to the US criminal legal system and well-being.Methods. We used data from the 2018 Family History of Incarceration Survey, a nationally representative cross-sectional study of family incarceration experience (n = 2815), which includes measures of participants' own...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sundaresh R,Yi Y,Roy B,Riley C,Wildeman C,Wang EA

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of physically active smokers and implications for harm reduction.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to establish the prevalence of physical activity among smokers, whether or not physically active smokers were more likely to attempt cessation, and who these physically active smokers were. METHODS:We used logistic regression to contrast physically active and inactive smokers in a secondary data a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deruiter WK,Faulkner G,Cairney J,Veldhuizen S

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Denial of abortion because of provider gestational age limits in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the factors influencing delay in seeking abortion and the outcomes for women denied abortion care because of gestational age limits at abortion facilities. METHODS:We compared women who presented for abortion care who were under the facilities' gestational age limits and received an abortion (n ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Upadhyay UD,Weitz TA,Jones RK,Barar RE,Foster DG

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Position-specific HIV risk in a large network of homeless youths.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined interconnections among runaway and homeless youths (RHYs) and how aggregated network structure position was associated with HIV risk in this population. METHODS:We collected individual and social network data from 136 RHYs. On the basis of these data, we generated a sociomatrix, accomplished net...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rice E,Barman-Adhikari A,Milburn NG,Monro W

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Marital status, duration of cohabitation, and psychosocial well-being among childbearing women: a canadian nationwide survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the joint associations of marital status and duration of cohabitation on self-reported intimate partner violence, substance use, and postpartum depression among childbearing women. METHODS:We analyzed data from the 2006-2007 Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey, a cross-sectional nationwide sam...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Urquia ML,O'Campo PJ,Ray JG

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Working mothers, breastfeeding, and the law.

    abstract::Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murtagh L,Moulton AD

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Perspectives on the past and future of psychiatric epidemiology. The 1981 Rema Lapouse Lecture.

    abstract::Two generations of epidemiological studies of the true prevalence of mental disorders have been conducted since the turn of the century. The first and smaller in number took place prior to World War II and was characterized by the use of records and key informants to define "cases." The second, utilizing the greatly e...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dohrenwend BP,Dohrenwend BS

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Caregiving to children and grandchildren and risk of coronary heart disease in women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the relationship between burden of providing care to non-ill children and grandchildren and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) among women. METHODS:A prospective cohort study was conducted as part of the Nurses' Health Study among 54,412 women aged 46 to 71 years who were registered nurse...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Colditz G,Berkman L,Kawachi I

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemic campylobacteriosis associated with a community water supply.

    abstract::In May 1983, an estimated 865 cases of epidemic gastrointestinal disease occurred in Greenville, Florida. Surveillance of pharmacy sales of antidiarrheal medicines suggested that the outbreak was confined to Greenville and its immediate vicinity. Surveys demonstrated that the gastrointestinal illness attack rates insi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sacks JJ,Lieb S,Baldy LM,Berta S,Patton CM,White MC,Bigler WJ,Witte JJ

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Asylum seekers, violence and health: a systematic review of research in high-income host countries.

    abstract::We performed a systematic review of literature on violence and related health concerns among asylum seekers in high-income host countries. We extracted data from 23 peer-reviewed studies. Prevalence of torture, variably defined, was above 30% across all studies. Torture history in clinic populations correlated with h...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kalt A,Hossain M,Kiss L,Zimmerman C

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral risk reduction in a declining HIV epidemic: injection drug users in New York City, 1990-1997.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed trends in HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users in New York City from 1990 to 1997. METHODS:Injection drug users were recruited continuously from a large drug detoxification treatment program (N = 2588) and a research storefront located in a high-drug-use area (N = 2701). Informe...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Des Jarlais C,Perlis T,Friedman SR,Chapman T,Kwok J,Rockwell R,Paone D,Milliken J,Monterroso E

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Counterproductive Consequences of a Conservative Ideology: Medicaid Expansion and Personal Responsibility Requirements.

    abstract::Medicaid expansion, a key part of the Affordable Care Act, has been opposed by conservative politicians despite its fiscal and public health benefits. In response, some Republican-led states have expanded Medicaid with new reforms, including requirements for cost sharing and behavioral incentives, that promote conserv...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baker AM,Hunt LM

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Talking about public health: developing America's "second language".

    abstract::The mission of public health--improving the health of populations--is difficult to advance in public discourse because a language to express the values animating that mission has not been adequately developed. Following on the work of Robert Bellah, Dan Beauchamp, and others, we argue that the first "language" of Amer...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wallack L,Lawrence R

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Syndemic theory and HIV-related risk among young transgender women: the role of multiple, co-occurring health problems and social marginalization.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed whether multiple psychosocial factors are additive in their relationship to sexual risk behavior and self-reported HIV status (i.e., can be characterized as a syndemic) among young transgender women and the relationship of indicators of social marginalization to psychosocial factors. METHODS:Par...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brennan J,Kuhns LM,Johnson AK,Belzer M,Wilson EC,Garofalo R,Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV\/AIDS Interventions.

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in New York health care facilities, 1988. The New York MRSA Study Group.

    abstract::The emergence in 1988 of ciprofloxacin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in New York City was studied in nine hospitals and eight nursing homes. Of the 43 hospitalized patients studied, 21 were admitted from home, while nine of the 12 nursing home patients were transferred from a hospital. T...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Budnick LD,Schaefler S

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comprehensive approach to address the prescription opioid epidemic in Washington State: milestones and lessons learned.

    abstract::An epidemic of morbidity and mortality has swept across the United States related to the use of prescription opioids for chronic noncancer pain. More than 100,000 people have died from unintentional overdose, making this one of the worst manmade epidemics in history. Much of health care delivery in the United States i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franklin G,Sabel J,Jones CM,Mai J,Baumgartner C,Banta-Green CJ,Neven D,Tauben DJ

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • The State Children's Health Insurance Program: a multicenter trial of outreach through the emergency department.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated emergency department (ED)-based outreach for the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). METHODS:We conducted a multicenter trial among uninsured children (< or = 18 years) who presented to 5 EDs in 2001 and 2002. On-site staff enrolled consecutive subjects for a control period follo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Gordon JA,Emond JA,Camargo CA Jr

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Operationalization of community-based participatory research principles: assessment of the national cancer institute's community network programs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined how National Cancer Institute-funded Community Network Programs (CNPs) operationalized principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS:We reviewed the literature and extant CBPR measurement tools. On the basis of that review, we developed a 27-item questionnaire for CNPs to ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braun KL,Nguyen TT,Tanjasiri SP,Campbell J,Heiney SP,Brandt HM,Smith SA,Blumenthal DS,Hargreaves M,Coe K,Ma GX,Kenerson D,Patel K,Tsark J,Hébert JR

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Workplace assaults on nursing assistants in US nursing homes: a multilevel analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined risk factors for injuries to nursing assistants from assaults by nursing home residents at both the individual and the organizational level. METHODS:We analyzed data from the 2004 National Nursing Assistant Survey that were linked to facility information from the 2004 National Nursing Home Surve...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tak S,Sweeney MH,Alterman T,Baron S,Calvert GM

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00