The association between alcohol and breast cancer: popular press coverage of research.


OBJECTIVES:This study was undertaken to examine popular press reports of the association between alcohol and breast cancer. METHODS:Articles from scientific journals and stories from newspapers and magazines published from January 1, 1985, to July 1, 1992, were retrieved from six on-line databases. Lay press stories were analyzed to determine which medical articles were publicized and what information was reported. RESULTS:Fifty-eight scientific articles on the relationship of alcohol and breast cancer were found, and 64 newspaper and 23 magazine stories were retrieved. The press cited 11 studies, 19% of those published during the study period. Three studies were featured in 77% of popular press stories. No scientific review articles were reported. Behavioral recommendations were given to the public in 63% of stories. CONCLUSIONS:The vast majority of scientific studies on alcohol and breast cancer were ignored in press reports. We encourage researchers and the popular press to give the public a broader understanding of public health issues.


Am J Public Health


Houn F,Bober MA,Huerta EE,Hursting SD,Lemon S,Weed DL




Has Abstract


1995-08-01 00:00:00




8 Pt 1








  • Historical and cultural roots of drinking problems among American Indians.

    abstract::Roots of the epidemic of alcohol-related problems among many Native North Americans are sought in cultural responses to European arrival, the role of alcohol in frontier society, and colonial and postcolonial policies. Evidence from the historical record is considered within the framework of current social science. In...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Frank JW,Moore RS,Ames GM

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Adolescents in West Africa.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated the prevalence and determinants of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among nonsmoking adolescents in 9 West African countries. METHODS:We conducted a pooled analysis with nationally representative 2006 to 2009 Global Youth Tobacco Survey data. We used descriptive statistics to determine the preva...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mamudu HM,Veeranki SP,John RM,Kioko DM,Ogwell Ouma AE

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumonia and influenza mortality among American Indian and Alaska Native people, 1990-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared pneumonia and influenza death rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) people with rates among Whites and examined geographic differences in pneumonia and influenza death rates for AI/AN persons. METHODS:We adjusted National Vital Statistics Surveillance mortality data for racial miscla...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Groom AV,Hennessy TW,Singleton RJ,Butler JC,Holve S,Cheek JE

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating the Risk of Exposure to Fentanyl in New York City: Testing Drug Residue in Used Syringes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To estimate the risk of exposure to fentanyl among syringe exchange program (SEP) participants in New York City. METHODS:We recruited a convenience sample from 11 SEPs in New York City between March and June 2017. Consenting participants (n = 434) received a labeled syringe for their next injection. We test...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blachman-Forshay J,Nolan ML,McAteer JM,Paone D

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality and cancer incidence among sawmill workers exposed to chlorophenate wood preservatives.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the association between exposure to chlorophenates and the risk of soft tissue sarcoma; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; Hodgkin's disease; and cancers of the lung, nose, and nasopharynx. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 26487 workers employed for at least 1 year between 1950...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hertzman C,Teschke K,Ostry A,Hershler R,Dimich-Ward H,Kelly S,Spinelli JJ,Gallagher RP,McBride M,Marion SA

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Institutional variation in the promotion of racial/ethnic minority faculty at US medical schools.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared faculty promotion rates by race/ethnicity across US academic medical centers. METHODS:We used the Association of American Medical College's 1983 through 2000 faculty roster data to estimate median institution-specific promotion rates for assistant professor to associate professor and for associa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nunez-Smith M,Ciarleglio MM,Sandoval-Schaefer T,Elumn J,Castillo-Page L,Peduzzi P,Bradley EH

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing return to work following hospitalization for traumatic injury.

    abstract::This paper describes the employment experience of 266 individuals one year after traumatic injury severe enough to require hospitalization. Of those working full-time prior to their injury, 56 per cent were employed full-time at one year; an additional 5 per cent were working part-time. Those sustaining a severe head ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacKenzie EJ,Shapiro S,Smith RT,Siegel JH,Moody M,Pitt A

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • Prejudice as stress: conceptual and measurement problems.

    abstract::In the field of social sciences, there has been a renewed interest in studying prejudice and discrimination as stressors and assessing their impact on various health outcomes. This raises a need for theoretically based and psychometrically sound measures of prejudice. As researchers approach this task, there are sever...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meyer IH

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Moving upstream: why rehabilitative justice in military discharge proceedings serves a public health interest.

    abstract::The cultural divide between US military and civilian institutions amplifies the consequences of military discharge status on public health and criminal justice systems in a manner that is invisible to a larger society. Prompt removal of problematic wounded warriors through retributive justice is more expedient than le...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seamone ER,McGuire J,Sreenivasan S,Clark S,Smee D,Dow D

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Can dietary interventions change diet and cardiovascular risk factors? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated the effectiveness of dietary advice in primary prevention of chronic disease. METHODS:A meta-analysis was conducted of 17 randomized controlled trials of dietary behavior interventions of at least 3 months' duration. Results were analyzed as changes in reported dietary fat intakes and b...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Brunner E,White I,Thorogood M,Bristow A,Curle D,Marmot M

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Harnessing the Question-Behavior Effect to Enhance Colorectal Cancer Screening in an mHealth Experiment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess whether asking questions about a future behavior changes this behavior (i.e., the question-behavior effect) when applied to a population-level intervention to enhance colorectal cancer screening. METHODS:In 2013, text-message reminders were sent to a national sample of 50 000 Israeli women and men...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hagoel L,Neter E,Stein N,Rennert G

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Workplace Violence Against General Practitioners in Hubei, China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the prevalence and factors associated with physical and nonphysical violence in a sample of general practitioners (GPs). METHODS:We used a cross-sectional design to collect data from December 2014 to March 2015 with a structured self-administered questionnaire from 1015 GPs in Hubei Province, Cent...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gan Y,Li L,Jiang H,Lu K,Yan S,Cao S,Fu W,Hu S,Qiao Y,Yang T,Wang C,Chen Y,Yang Y,Li H,Fang P,Yin X,Lu Z

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Contraception and induced abortion in Armenia: a critical need for family planning programs in eastern Europe.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine the number of induced abortions per woman and the reasons for selecting induced abortion among parous Armenian women. METHODS:A consecutive series of 200 women attending an abortion clinic in Yerevan, Armenia, were queried by a physician about their reproductive hi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolian G,Lüdicke F,Katchatrian N,Campana A,Morabia A

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Are HIV-infected injection drug users taking HIV tests?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Knowledge of infection is essential for human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) treatment initiation and epidemic control. This study evaluates infection knowledge among infected injection drug users and acceptance of confidential testing among injection drug users, particularly those infected with HIV-1...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reardon J,Warren N,Keilch R,Jenssen D,Wise F,Brunner W

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and prevention practices among US heterosexual adults: changes from 1990 to 1992.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The National AIDS Behavioral Survey (1990-1992) of heterosexual adults (18-49 years) measured human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk factors, condom use, and HIV antibody testing, with a focus on major "high-risk" cities. METHODS:A longitudinal survey was conducted. RESULTS:There was little reduction in t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Catania JA,Binson D,Dolcini MM,Stall R,Choi KH,Pollack LM,Hudes ES,Canchola J,Phillips K,Moskowitz JT

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Uses of ecologic analysis in epidemiologic research.

    abstract::Despite the widespread use of ecologic analysis in epidemiologic research and health planning, little attention has been given by health scientists and practitioners to the methodological aspects of this approach. This paper reviews the major types of ecologic study designs, the analytic methods appropriate for each, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morgenstern H

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Fraction of gestational diabetes mellitus attributable to overweight and obesity by race/ethnicity, California, 2007-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We calculated the racial/ethnic-specific percentages of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) attributable to overweight and obesity. METHODS:We analyzed 1 228 265 records of women aged 20 years or older with a live, singleton birth in California during 2007 to 2009. Using logistic regression, we estimated th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim SY,Saraiva C,Curtis M,Wilson HG,Troyan J,Sharma AJ

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Dynamic treatment regimes for managing chronic health conditions: a statistical perspective.

    abstract::Dynamic treatment regimes are an emerging and important methodological area in health research, particularly in the management of chronic health conditions. This paradigm encompasses the ideological shift in research from the acute care model to the chronic care model. It allows individualization of treatment (type, d...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chakraborty B

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Challenges associated with screening for traumatic brain injury among US veterans seeking homeless services.

    abstract::We identified the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among homeless veterans and assessed the TBI-4, a screening tool created to identify TBI history. Between May 2010 and October 2011, 800 US veterans from two hospitals, one eastern (n = 122) and one western (n = 678) completed some or all measures. Findings ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell LM,Devore MD,Barnes SM,Forster JE,Hostetter TA,Montgomery AE,Casey R,Kane V,Brenner LA

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • School achievement: risk factor in teenage pregnancies?

    abstract::A review of live births, spontaneous fetal deaths, and induced abortions in residents of Upstate New York ages 12--17 shows that pregnancy rates increased during the period 1971 through 1974. This increase was attributable to pregnancies ending in induced abortion while live births remained relatively stable. White te...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hansen H,Stroh G,Whitaker K

    更新日期:1978-08-01 00:00:00

  • A method for estimating solid organ donor potential by organ procurement region.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to develop a methodology for estimating potential solid organ donors and measuring donation performance in a geographic region based on readily available data on the hospitals in that region. METHODS:Medical records were reviewed in a stratified random sample of 89 hospitals from 3 regions...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christiansen CL,Gortmaker SL,Williams JM,Beasley CL,Brigham LE,Capossela C,Matthiesen ME,Gunderson S

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of care seeking for children with pneumonia and diarrhea in Guatemala: implications for intervention strategies.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We identified barriers to care seeking for pneumonia and diarrhea among rural Guatemalan children. METHODS:A population-based survey was conducted twice from 2008 to 2009 among 1605 households with children younger than 5 years. A 14-day calendar recorded episodes of carer-reported pneumonia (n = 364) and d...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruce N,Pope D,Arana B,Shiels C,Romero C,Klein R,Stanistreet D

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Consumer demand for patient-oriented pharmacy services.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of consumer demand for patient-oriented pharmacy services. Data, collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 300 households, were analyzed using Kruskal's program for additive conjoint analysis. The results indicate substantial consumer demand ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carroll NV,Gagnon JP

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • A performance comparison: USMG-FMG house staff physicians.

    abstract::To determine whether differences exist in the performance of United States Medical Graduate (USMG) and Foreign Medical Graduate (FMG) House Staff physicians, inpatient hospital audits evaluating individual physician performance on patient histories and physical examinations were conducted in 14 Maryland and Pennsylvan...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saywell RW Jr,Studnicki J,Bean JA,Ludke RL

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Public bicycle share programs and head injuries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the effect of North American public bicycle share programs (PBSPs), which typically do not offer helmets with rentals, on the occurrence of bicycle-related head injuries. METHODS:We analyzed trauma center data for bicycle-related injuries from 5 cities with PBSPs and 5 comparison cities. We use...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graves JM,Pless B,Moore L,Nathens AB,Hunte G,Rivara FP

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating Public Health Interventions: 3. The Two-Stage Design for Confounding Bias Reduction-Having Your Cake and Eating It Two.

    abstract::In public health evaluations, confounding bias in the estimate of the intervention effect will typically threaten the validity of the findings. It is a common misperception that the only way to avoid this bias is to measure detailed, high-quality data on potential confounders for every intervention participant, but th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spiegelman D,Rivera-Rodriguez CL,Haneuse S

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying the health risks from very low-dose sparsely ionizing radiation.

    abstract::The health risks from low-dose sparsely ionizing (low-LET) radiation have been the subject of continued debate. At present, quantitative estimates of risk are extremely uncertain due to the controversy surrounding both the dosimetry for A-bomb survivor data and the choice of mathematical models for extrapolating risk ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dreyer NA,Friedlander E

    更新日期:1982-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dog and cat ownership among suicides and matched controls.

    abstract::In Washington County, Maryland, ownership of cats and/or dogs was compared among 48 residents who committed suicide in the years 1975-83 and 96 living controls matched to the suicides by race, sex, and date of birth. Another comparison used as controls persons of same race, sex, and age who died of causes other than s...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Helsing KJ,Monk M

    更新日期:1985-10-01 00:00:00

  • Onset of natural menopause in African American women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed predictors of the onset of natural menopause in African American women. METHODS:We used mailed questionnaires to collect data at baseline in 1995 and during follow-up from Black Women's Health Study participants. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess potential predictors...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmer JR,Rosenberg L,Wise LA,Horton NJ,Adams-Campbell LL

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between lifestyle and depressed mood: longitudinal results from the Maastricht Aging Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined whether healthy lifestyles are associated with absence of depressed mood. METHODS:A sample of 1169 adult participants in the Maastricht Aging Study provided baseline and 6-year follow-up data on smoking, alcohol use, physical exercise, body mass index, and mood. We examined associations between ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Gool CH,Kempen GI,Bosma H,van Boxtel MP,Jolles J,van Eijk JT

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00