Morbidity risk at birth for Asian Indian small for gestational age infants.


:Whether the traditional definition of small for gestational age (SGA) is an appropriate marker of risk for populations that have relatively lower birthweight is unclear. We determined proportions of White and Asian Indian SGA infants and those admitted to the special care nursery. Compared with White infants, Asian Indian infants were more likely to be SGA (14.5% versus 2.7%) and more likely to be admitted to the special care nursery (20.7% versus 3.7%), suggesting that traditional definitions of SGA may be applicable as a marker of risk.


Am J Public Health


Lee HC,Ramachandran P,Madan A




Has Abstract


2010-05-01 00:00:00














  • Infant mortality trends and differences between American Indian/Alaska Native infants and white infants in the United States, 1989-1991 and 1998-2000.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe changes in infant mortality rates, including birthweight-specific rates and rates by age at death and cause. METHODS:We analyzed US linked birth/infant-death data for 1989-1991 and 1998-2000 for American Indians/Alaska Native (AIAN) and White singleton infants at > or =20 weeks' gestation born t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tomashek KM,Qin C,Hsia J,Iyasu S,Barfield WD,Flowers LM

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents.

    abstract::To evaluate a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum, 16 schools were randomized to receive the multicultural curriculum or a standard curriculum and program effects on 1-year smoking initiation among 1430 never smokers were assessed. Hispanic boys who received the multicultural curriculum were less likely to ini...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Unger JB,Chou CP,Palmer PH,Ritt-Olson A,Gallaher P,Cen S,Lichtman K,Azen S,Johnson CA

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual mixing patterns in the spread of gonococcal and chlamydial infections.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to define, among sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic attendees, (1) patterns of sex partner selection, (2) relative risks for gonococcal or chlamydial infection associated with each mixing pattern, and (3) selected links and potential and actual bridge populations. METHODS:Mixing mat...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aral SO,Hughes JP,Stoner B,Whittington W,Handsfield HH,Anderson RM,Holmes KK

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • No care for the caregivers: declining health insurance coverage for health care personnel and their children, 1988-1998.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined trends in health insurance coverage for health care workers and their children between 1988 and 1998. METHODS:We analyzed data from the annual March supplements of the Current Population Survey (CPS), a Census Bureau survey that collects information about health insurance from a national...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Case BG,Himmelstein DU,Woolhandler S

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • The intended and unintended consequences of a legal measure to cut the flow of illegal cigarettes into New York City: the case of the South Bronx.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the impact of a change in New York tax law on the numbers of untaxed cigarettes bootlegged from Native American reservations and resold in the South Bronx. METHODS:Discarded cigarette packs were systematically collected in 30 randomized South Bronx census tracks before and after the amended tax ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kurti M,von Lampe K,Johnson J

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Role of local health departments in the delivery of ambulatory care.

    abstract::Many people (40 per cent) receive each year some personal health service provided by local health departments. A substantial number of poor children (50 per cent) look to public agencies including health departments for all or part of their medical care. A number of departments including those represented in this stud...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller CA,Moos MK,Kotch JB,Brown ML,Brainard MP

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ke 'Ano Ola: Moloka'i's community-based healthy lifestyle modification program.

    abstract::We evaluated a community-based 12-week healthy lifestyle program in Moloka'i, HI, called Ke 'Ano Ola, which was developed to decrease chronic disease risk through health education emphasizing weight loss, exercise, and risk factor reduction. Program leaders' strong commitment and positive role modeling, along with soc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gellert KS,Aubert RE,Mikami JS

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Staphylococcus aureus colonization and infection among drug users: identification of hidden networks.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We combined social-network analysis and molecular epidemiology to investigate Staphylococcus aureus among drug users. METHODS:From 2003 through 2005, we recruited adult drug users in Brooklyn, New York. Of 501 individuals recruited, 485 participated. Participants were screened for HIV infection and S. aureu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gwizdala RA,Miller M,Bhat M,Vavagiakis P,Henry C,Neaigus A,Shi Q,Lowy FD

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of two measures of life stress among outpatients at a Veterans Hospital.

    abstract::To measure test-retest reliability, 38 Veterans Administration clinic patients completed a modification of the Sarason Life Experience Survey (LES) twice within several weeks. Summary scores were found to be more reliable than scores on individual questions. Patients attending the Mental Hygiene Clinic responded less ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bailey GA,Koepsell TD,Belcher DW

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette smoking among San Francisco Hispanics: the role of acculturation and gender.

    abstract::We conducted a phone survey of 1,669 San Francisco Hispanics ages 15 to 64 years. The age-adjusted overall smoking prevalence was 25.4 per cent (95% CI = 23.3, 27.5) with more men (32.4 per cent) smoking than women (16.8 per cent). Age-adjusted smoking rates were higher among the less acculturated males (37.5 vs 26.7 ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marin G,Perez-Stable EJ,Marin BV

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Racial/ethnic differences in the likelihood of cesarean delivery, California.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine whether women's sociodemographic characteristics are independently associated with cesarean delivery. METHODS:A retrospective review was conducted of hospital discharge data for singleton first births in California in 1991. RESULTS:After insurance and personal, co...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braveman P,Egerter S,Edmonston F,Verdon M

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Participatory design of mass health communication in three languages for seniors and people with disabilities on Medicaid.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used participatory design methods to develop and test guidebooks about health care choices intended for 600 000 English-, Spanish-, and Chinese-speaking seniors and people with disabilities receiving Medicaid in California. METHODS:Design and testing processes were conducted with consumers and profession...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neuhauser L,Rothschild B,Graham C,Ivey SL,Konishi S

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • A preliminary analysis of the receipt of mental health services consistent with national standards among children in the child welfare system.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to examine the extent to which children in the child welfare system receive mental health care consistent with national standards. METHODS:We used data from 4 waves (3 years of follow-up) of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, the nation's first longitudinal study of children i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raghavan R,Inoue M,Ettner SL,Hamilton BH,Landsverk J

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Crime Victimization, Health, and Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting Among Somali Women and Adolescent Girls in the United States, 2017.

    abstract::Objectives. To examine if exposure to victimization (e.g., homicide, violence, sexual assault, arson, kidnapping) is related to health problems, health care access and barriers, and health needs-beyond the effects of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C)-among Somali women and adolescent girls.Methods. We colle...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fox KA,Johnson-Agbakwu C

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking and pregnancy outcome: trends among black teenage mothers in Missouri.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study is to analyze the smoking changes that have occurred among pregnant Black teenagers in Missouri. The study also examines changes in Black teenage pregnancy outcomes in relation to smoking behavior changes. METHODS:This analysis used computerized data files from the 1978 to 1990 Mis...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Land GH,Stockbauer JW

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Planning for posttrial access to antiretroviral treatment for research participants in developing countries.

    abstract::Despite recognition of the importance of posttrial access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), the implementation process has not been studied. We examined whether the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidance document was being implemented in NIH-funded ART trials conducted in developing countries between July 2005 an...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shah S,Elmer S,Grady C

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • The $5 man: the underground economic response to a large cigarette tax increase in New York City.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the mechanisms by which living in a disadvantaged minority community influences smoking and illegal cigarette sale and purchasing behaviors after a large cigarette tax increase. METHODS:Data were collected from 14 focus groups (n=104) that were conducted during the spring of 2003 among Blacks ag...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shelley D,Cantrell MJ,Moon-Howard J,Ramjohn DQ,VanDevanter N

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Expert evidence, the adversary system, and the jury.

    abstract::Many assertions have been made about the competence of juries in dealing with expert evidence. I review the types of expert evidence that jurors hear and the impact of adversary legal procedure on the form and manner in which evidence is presented. Empirical research indicates that jurors understand the adversary proc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vidmar N

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00


    abstract::[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304412.]. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 已发布勘误



    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of a Medicaid managed care program on the adequacy of prenatal care utilization in Rhode Island.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine whether adequacy of prenatal care utilization improved after the implementation of a Medicaid managed care program in Rhode Island. METHODS:Rhode Island birth certificate data (1993-1995; n = 37021) were used to analyze pre- and post-program implementation changes ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffin JF,Hogan JW,Buechner JS,Leddy TM

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • Leukemia incidence and ethnicity in Nassau County, New York.

    abstract::The religious distribution of Nassau County resident leukemia cases diagnosed between 1966 and 1974 was studied to see if the elevated incidence of the disease among Jews reported in the 1950s and early 1960s was persisting. The results showed, for both males and females, virtually no difference in attack rates betwee...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cuneo JM

    更新日期:1976-11-01 00:00:00

  • The tobacco use management system: analyzing tobacco control from a systems perspective.

    abstract::We use systems thinking to develop a strategic framework for analyzing the tobacco problem and we suggest solutions. Humans are vulnerable to nicotine addiction, and the most marketable form of nicotine delivery is the most harmful. A tobacco use management system has evolved out of governments' attempts to regulate t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borland R,Young D,Coghill K,Zhang JY

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Population-based estimates of mortality associated with diabetes: use of a death certificate check box in North Dakota.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Overall and cause-specific mortality among persons with diabetes in North Dakota was estimated and compared with estimates from previous population-based studies. METHODS:Data were derived from North Dakota death certificate data, which included unique information on decedents' diabetes status and Behaviora...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tierney EF,Geiss LS,Engelgau MM,Thompson TJ,Schaubert D,Shireley LA,Vukelic PJ,McDonough SL

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • With the best intentions: lead research and the challenge to public health.

    abstract::In 2001, Maryland's court of appeals was asked to decide whether researchers at Johns Hopkins University had engaged in unethical research on children. During the 1990s, Johns Hopkins's Kennedy Krieger Institute had studied 108 African American children, aged 6 months to 6 years, to find an inexpensive and "practical"...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Rosner D,Markowitz G

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Capodanno Senza Danno: the effects of an intervention program on fireworks injuries in Naples.

    abstract::To study the effects of a comprehensive, multifaceted intervention program to reduce fireworks-related injuries during the Italian New Year's holiday season, active surveillance was conducted in the 18 public emergency rooms of Naples, Italy, before and after implementation of the program. Preintervention data collect...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: D'Argenio P,Cafaro L,Santonastasi F,Taggi F,Binkin N

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rotating shift work, sleep, and accidents related to sleepiness in hospital nurses.

    abstract::A hospital-based survey on shift work, sleep, and accidents was carried out among 635 Massachusetts nurses. In comparison to nurses who worked only day/evening shifts, rotators had more sleep/wake cycle disruption and nodded off more at work. Rotators had twice the odds of nodding off while driving to or from work and...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gold DR,Rogacz S,Bock N,Tosteson TD,Baum TM,Speizer FE,Czeisler CA

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of the Social Security Administration master beneficiary record file and the National Death Index in the ascertainment of vital status.

    abstract::To evaluate the relative utility of the Social Security Administration and National Death Index as sources of mortality data, the vital status of 12,866 participants in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial was identified from these sources and compared to the known mortality experience. The SSA correctly identi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wentworth DN,Neaton JD,Rasmussen WL

    更新日期:1983-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in black and white women.

    abstract::The relationships of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol with body composition, leisure-time physical activity, cigarette smoking, and education were examined in a community-based sample of 480 Black and 1337 White women. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated inverse associations of HDL with body mass ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heath GW,Macera CA,Croft JB,Mace ML,Gillette T,Wheeler FC

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing the use of physical restraints in nursing homes: will it increase costs?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Reducing the widespread use of physical restraints in nursing homes is a primary goal of the federal nursing home reforms enacted as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987. However, some nursing home operators assert that reducing restraint use could be prohibitively expensive, costing payors ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips CD,Hawes C,Fries BE

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Development and implementation of client-centered nutrition education programs in a 4-stage framework.

    abstract::The Texas Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) sought to engage the WIC staff and community in the implementation of relevant and effective client-centered nutrition education. The program was implemented in a 4-stage framework. The collaborative process of developing client-ce...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Isbell MG,Seth JG,Atwood RD,Ray TC

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00