Need for closure and cognitive flexibility in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A preliminary study.


:The need for closure (NFC), a desire for a firm answer and less ambiguity, has a key role in cognitive flexibility in typical development (TD) populations. This study investigated this motivational construct and its relation to cognitive inflexibility in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared with individuals with TD, those with ASD reported higher levels in preference for predictability and closed-mindedness and lower levels in decisiveness. These NFC facets were significantly associated with cognitive flexibility in ASD as well as TD groups. The study findings provide further insights into the motivational underpinnings of flexible behavior in ASD.


Psychiatry Res


Psychiatry research


Fujino J,Tei S,Itahashi T,Aoki Y,Ohta H,Kubota M,Isobe M,Hashimoto RI,Nakamura M,Kato N,Takahashi H




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












  • Theory of mind deficits in chronic schizophrenia: evidence for state dependence.

    abstract::There is evidence that people with schizophrenia show specific deficits in theory of mind (ToM). However, it is a matter of debate whether these are trait or state dependent, and the nature of the relationship between ToM deficits and particular symptoms is controversial. This study aimed to shed further light on thes...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pousa E,Duñó R,Brébion G,David AS,Ruiz AI,Obiols JE

    更新日期:2008-02-28 00:00:00

  • Stress reactivity links childhood trauma exposure to an admixture of depressive, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms.

    abstract::Childhood trauma exposure has been associated with a clinically relevant mixed phenotype of psychopathology composed of depressive, anxiety, and psychosis symptoms, across healthy and clinical samples. Altered stress-reactivity after exposure to childhood trauma may be a plausible underlying mechanism explaining this ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Nierop M,Lecei A,Myin-Germeys I,Collip D,Viechtbauer W,Jacobs N,Derom C,Thiery E,van Os J,van Winkel R

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Polymorphisms in schizophrenia candidate gene UFD1L may contribute to cognitive deficits.

    abstract::We aimed to investigate UFD1L polymorphisms in schizophrenia and in relation to cognition. A total of 299 cases and 363 controls were genotyped, and 130 patients completed nine neuropsychological tests. We found that rs5992403 AA-genotype carriers showed lower scores on the set-shifting task. Therefore, UFD1L may part...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ota VK,Berberian AA,Gadelha A,Santoro ML,Ottoni GL,Matsuzaka CT,Mari JJ,Melaragno MI,Lara DR,Smith MA,Belangero SI,Bressan RA

    更新日期:2013-08-30 00:00:00

  • What is the relationship between body mass index and eating disorder symptomatology in professional female fashion models?

    abstract::Low body mass index (BMI<18/18.5) is utilized as a mandated cutoff for professional fashion model employment, based on assumptions that low BMI indicates eating disorder pathology. No previous studies have examined the association between experimenter-measured BMI and eating disorder symptomatology in professional fas...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ralph-Nearman C,Yeh HW,Khalsa SS,Feusner JD,Filik R

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Time to rehospitalization in patients with major depression vs. those with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder in a public psychiatric hospital.

    abstract::Compared rehospitalization rates in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder to patients with major depressive disorder remains unclear. This study aimed to compare the time to rehospitalization of the three groups. Other clinical variables were also examined. Rehospitalization status was monitored for all ad...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin CH,Chen MC,Chou LS,Lin CH,Chen CC,Lane HY

    更新日期:2010-12-30 00:00:00

  • Altered auditory processing in frontal and left temporal cortex in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a group at high genetic risk for schizophrenia.

    abstract::In order to investigate electroencephalographic (EEG) biomarkers of auditory processing for schizophrenia, we studied a group with a well known high-risk profile: patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11 DS) have a 30% risk of developing schizophrenia during adulthood. We performed high-density EEG source imagin...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rihs TA,Tomescu MI,Britz J,Rochas V,Custo A,Schneider M,Debbané M,Eliez S,Michel CM

    更新日期:2013-05-30 00:00:00

  • Personality traits in the differentiation of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder during a depressive episode.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine the differences in personality traits between individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder (BD) during a depressive episode, when it can be hard to differentiate them. Data on personality traits (NEO-FFI), mental disorders (Mini International Neuropsychia...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Araujo JMG,Passos MBD,Molina ML,da Silva RA,Souza LDM

    更新日期:2016-02-28 00:00:00

  • Binging at the campus: Motivations and impulsivity influence binge drinking profiles in university students.

    abstract::This study explored the involvement of two key psychological factors, drinking motives and impulsivity traits, in binge drinking. On the basis of a large screening phase (N=4424), 867 binge drinkers were selected and were first compared with 924 non-binge drinkers. Then, a cluster analysis was performed, focusing on t...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lannoy S,Billieux J,Poncin M,Maurage P

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Association study of dopamine receptor genes polymorphisms with the risk of schizophrenia in the Han Chinese population.

    abstract::Schizophrenia is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder often associated with dopamine-related genetic variations. Thus, we performed a case-control study in 1504 Han Chinese population to evaluate the association of DRD1, DRD2 and DRD3 polymorphisms with schizophrenia. No statistically significant difference in alle...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang B,Niu W,Chen S,Xu F,Li X,Wu X,Cao Y,Zhang R,Yang F,Wang L,Li W,Xu Y,He L,He G

    更新日期:2016-11-30 00:00:00

  • Immune markers of social cognitive bias in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Social cognition is impaired in schizophrenia, is relatively independent of purely neurocognitive domains such as attention and executive functioning, and may be the strongest predictor of functional outcome in this disease. Within a motivated reasoning framework, we tested the hypothesis that the anti-inflammatory Th...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dunne PW,Roberts DL,Quinones MP,Velligan DI,Paredes M,Walss-Bass C

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Low brain serotonin transporter binding in major depressive disorder.

    abstract::We examined midbrain, medial temporal lobe, and basal ganglia serotonin transporter (SERT) distribution volume ratio (DVR) values in subjects with major depressive disorder versus healthy volunteers using a selective SERT radioligand and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). We hypothesized that the DVR ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newberg AB,Amsterdam JD,Wintering N,Shults J

    更新日期:2012-05-31 00:00:00

  • Abnormal night sleep duration and inappropriate sleep initiation time are associated with elevated anxiety symptoms in Chinese rural adults: the Henan Rural Cohort.

    abstract::Sleep problems have been demonstrated to cause mental symptoms, such as anxiety. However, research on the association of the night sleep duration and sleep initiation time on anxiety symptoms in rural China is still lacking. The current study, therefore, explored the independent and combined association of the night s...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou L,Zhang H,Luo Z,Liu X,Yang L,Hu H,Wang Y,Wang C,Wang F

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Striatal dopamine-2 receptor occupancy in psychotic patients treated with risperidone.

    abstract::Seventeen psychiatric patients (11 with schizophrenia, 5 with other psychotic disorders, and 1 with obsessive-compulsive disorder) were examined by single photon emission computed tomography with 123I-iodobenzamide (IBZM) as tracer. Patients were treated with risperidone in two different dosage groups (3 mg and 8 mg) ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Küfferle B,Brücke T,Topitz-Schratzberger A,Tauscher J,Gössler R,Vesely C,Asenbaum S,Podreka I,Kasper S

    更新日期:1996-11-25 00:00:00

  • Relationship between painful physical symptoms and severity of depressive symptomatology and suicidality.

    abstract::We examined the prevalence of painful physical symptoms in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), clinical correlations therewith, and associations between painful symptoms and depression severity, quality of life, and suicidality, in a clinical sample in Korea. A total of 414 psychiatric outpatients at least ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Bahk WM,Park S,Jon DI,Yoon BH,Min KJ,Hong JP

    更新日期:2011-10-30 00:00:00

  • High-dose naloxone affects task performance in normal subjects.

    abstract::Increasing intravenous doses of naloxone (0.3 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, and 2 mg/kg) were administered to normal subjects. Naloxone at 2 mg/kg, but not at lower doses, impaired aspects of memory as measured by a verbal learning task which assessed the direct free recall and recognition of presented versus non-presented words of...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen RM,Cohen MR,Weingartner H,Pickar D,Murphy DL

    更新日期:1983-02-01 00:00:00

  • Subgenual prefrontal cortex of child and adolescent bipolar patients: a morphometric magnetic resonance imaging study.

    abstract::The subgenual prefrontal cortex (SGPFC) plays an important role in emotional processing. We carried out a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study comparing the volume of the SGPFC in child and adolescent bipolar patients and healthy controls. The sample consisted of 15 children and adolescents who met DSM-IV criteria f...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanches M,Sassi RB,Axelson D,Nicoletti M,Brambilla P,Hatch JP,Keshavan MS,Ryan ND,Birmaher B,Soares JC

    更新日期:2005-01-30 00:00:00

  • How do socio-demographic and clinical factors interact with adherence attitude profiles in schizophrenia? A cluster-analytical approach.

    abstract::Knowledge regarding socio-demographic and clinical risk factors of medication nonadherence does not always help in addressing adherence in individual patients. Classifying patients according to subjective adherence influencing factors may aid practitioners in choosing adequate strategies for improving medication adher...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beck EM,Cavelti M,Wirtz M,Kossowsky J,Vauth R

    更新日期:2011-05-15 00:00:00

  • Gambling onset and progression in a sample of at-risk gamblers from the general population.

    abstract::The goal of this study was to investigate gambling-related behavior, onset and progression in a sample of at-risk gamblers from the community. A national household survey was conducted in Brazil, covering individuals 14 years old or older. Subjects were screened for at-risk gambling, those testing positive answered a ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carneiro E,Tavares H,Sanches M,Pinsky I,Caetano R,Zaleski M,Laranjeira R

    更新日期:2014-05-30 00:00:00

  • History of childhood trauma as risk factors to suicide risk in major depression.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare childhood trauma scores domains between Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with and without suicide risk. This is cross-sectional study including a clinical sample of adults (18-60 years) diagnosed with MDD through the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus versio...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dias de Mattos Souza L,Lopez Molina M,Azevedo da Silva R,Jansen K

    更新日期:2016-12-30 00:00:00

  • The independence of schizotypy from affective temperaments--a combined confirmatory factor analysis of SPQ and the short TEMPS-A.

    abstract::Sparse evidence of a co-aggregation of the risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder provides support for a shared but nonspecific genetic etiology of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Temperaments are conceptualized as trait sub-syndromic conditions of major pathologies. This study set out to test the hypothesis o...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preti A,Corrias I,Gabbrielli M,Lai V,Muratore T,Pintus E,Pintus M,Sanna S,Scanu R,Tronci D,Vellante M,Siddi S,Petretto DR,Carta MG

    更新日期:2015-01-30 00:00:00

  • A virtual reality application in role-plays of social skills training for schizophrenia: a randomized, controlled trial.

    abstract::Although social skills training (SST) is an effective approach for improving social skills for schizophrenia, the motivational deficit attenuates its efficacy. Virtual reality (VR) applications have allowed individuals with mental disabilities to enhance their motivation for rehabilitation. We compared SST using VR ro...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Park KM,Ku J,Choi SH,Jang HJ,Park JY,Kim SI,Kim JJ

    更新日期:2011-09-30 00:00:00

  • Caffeine taste test for panic disorder: adenosine receptor supersensitivity.

    abstract::The present study introduces a novel measure of adenosine receptor sensitivity that is based on the action of specific receptor blockers (e.g., caffeine) to potentiate the ability to detect threshold quinine concentrations. The test is used to compare gustatory adenosinergic responses to caffeine challenges in normal ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeMet E,Stein MK,Tran C,Chicz-DeMet A,Sangdahl C,Nelson J

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Psychiatric patients' internet use corresponds to the internet use of the general public.

    abstract::The use of Internet has grown in the past number of years, including the increased application of various therapy programs for psychiatric patients which can be accessed online. Few studies investigating psychiatric patients' Internet use exist. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the number of psychiatric...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trefflich F,Kalckreuth S,Mergl R,Rummel-Kluge C

    更新日期:2015-03-30 00:00:00

  • Thinking or doing? An examination of well-established suicide correlates within the ideation-to-action framework.

    abstract::Limited research has examined differences in well-established suicide correlates between individuals with various histories of suicidality within the ideation to action framework. We hypothesized that individuals without a history of elevated suicidality would exhibit lowest levels of suicide correlates (perceived bur...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khazem LR,Anestis MD

    更新日期:2016-11-30 00:00:00

  • The number of past manic episodes is the best predictor of antidepressant-emergent manic switch in a cohort of bipolar depressed patients.

    abstract::The present study sought to identify factors associated with the onset of a manic or hypomanic episode during the month following a new antidepressant therapy in depressed bipolar patients. Patients receiving mood stabilizers for ≥3 months were screened from 400 French centers and were assessed for a 4-week period fol...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gorwood P,Richard-Devantoy S,Sentissi O,Le Strat Y,Olié JP

    更新日期:2016-06-30 00:00:00

  • Disruptions to processing of self referential emotional material are associated with positive symptoms of schizotypy.

    abstract::The current experiment examined emotional processing difficulties related to self referential material in high schizotypal individuals employing the mnemic neglect paradigm. Participants read about behaviors, in reference to themselves, that were either central or peripheral, and positive or negative, before recalling...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saunders J,Vallath S,Reed P

    更新日期:2015-10-30 00:00:00

  • Regional homogeneity and resting state functional connectivity: associations with exposure to early life stress.

    abstract::Early life stress (ELS) confers risk for psychiatric illness. Previous literature suggests ELS is associated with decreased resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in adulthood, but there are no studies of resting-state neuronal activity in this population. This study investigated whether ELS-exposed individuals...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Philip NS,Kuras YI,Valentine TR,Sweet LH,Tyrka AR,Price LH,Carpenter LL

    更新日期:2013-12-30 00:00:00

  • Computed tomography and neurological soft signs in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::Computed tomography was used to compare the following three groups: obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with high scores on a soft neurological sign examination, OCD patients with low soft neurological sign scores, and control subjects. Neuranatomical structures were measured using quantitative volumetric ana...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stein DJ,Hollander E,Chan S,DeCaria CM,Hilal S,Liebowitz MR,Klein DF

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Stability of sex differences by diagnosis in psychiatric hospitalizations.

    abstract::We examined sex differences in the distribution of psychiatric diagnoses among hospitalized patients, controlling for socio-demographic variables. The sample included 1865 psychiatric inpatients consecutively admitted during a 9-year period. The finding of a higher proportion of men among patients hospitalized for sch...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martínez-Ortega JM,Jurado D,Gutiérrez-Rojas L,Molero P,Ramos MA,Gurpegui M

    更新日期:2012-06-30 00:00:00

  • Adherence to physical activity recommendations and physical and mental health risk in people with severe mental illness in Uganda.

    abstract::This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Uganda...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vancampfort D,Probst M,Basangwa D,De Hert M,Myin-Germeys I,van Winkel R,Ward PB,Rosenbaum S,Mugisha J

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00