Even if the fetus is not a person, abortion is immoral: The impairment argument.


:Much of the debate about the ethics of abortion has centered on whether the fetus is a person. In an attempt to sidestep this complex issue, I argue that, even if the fetus is not a person, abortion is immoral. To arrive at this conclusion, I argue that giving a fetus fetal alcohol syndrome is immoral, and that if this is so, then killing the fetus is immoral. Roughly, this is because killing the fetus impairs it more than giving it fetal alcohol syndrome. Since abortion (in most cases) amounts to killing the fetus, this means that abortion (in most cases) is immoral. I defend the premises of this argument against a plethora of objections, concluding that they either do not work, or commit their proponent to a controversial position.






Hendricks P




Has Abstract


2019-02-01 00:00:00












  • A Defence of the Counterfactual Account of Harm.

    abstract::In order to determine whether a particular course of conduct is ethically permissible it is important to have a concept of what it means to be harmed. The dominant theory of harm is the counterfactual account, most famously proposed by Joel Feinberg. This determines whether harm is caused by comparing what actually ha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Purshouse C

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • The ongoing charity of organ donation. Contemporary English Sunni fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Empirical studies in Muslim communities on organ donation and blood transfusion show that Muslim counsellors play an important role in the decision process. Despite the emerging importance of online English Sunni fatwas, these fatwas on organ donation and blood transfusion have hardly been studied, thus crea...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van den Branden S,Broeckaert B

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Adjusting the focus: A public health ethics approach to data research.

    abstract::This paper contends that a research ethics approach to the regulation of health data research is unhelpful in the era of population-level research and big data because it results in a primary focus on consent (meta-, broad, dynamic and/or specific consent). Two recent guidelines - the 2016 WMA Declaration of Taipei on...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ballantyne A

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Artificial womb technology and clinical translation: Innovative treatment or medical research?

    abstract::In 2017 and 2019, two research teams claimed 'proof of principle' for artificial womb technology (AWT). AWT has long been a subject of speculation in bioethical literature, with broad consensus that it is a welcome development. Despite this, little attention is afforded to more immediate ethical problems in the develo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Romanis EC

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • How will the economic downturn affect academic bioethics?

    abstract::An educated guess about the future of academic bioethics can only be made on the basis of the historical conditions of its success. According to its official history, which attributes its success primarily to the service it has done for the patient, it should be safe at least as long as the patient still needs its ser...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Epstein M

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Objection to Conscience: An Argument Against Conscience Exemptions in Healthcare.

    abstract::I argue that appeals to conscience do not constitute reasons for granting healthcare professionals exemptions from providing services they consider immoral (e.g. abortion). My argument is based on a comparison between a type of objection that many people think should be granted, i.e. to abortion, and one that most peo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giubilini A

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Presuming patient autonomy in the face of therapeutic misconception.

    abstract::Therapeutic misconception involves the failure of subjects either to understand or to incorporate into their own expectations the distinctions in nature and purpose of personally responsive therapeutic care, and the generic relationship between subject and investigator which is constrained by research protocols. Resea...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McConville P

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Medical confidentiality: legal and ethical aspects in Greece.

    abstract::Respect for confidentiality is firmly established in codes of ethics and law. Medical care and the patients' trust depend on the ability of the doctors to maintain confidentiality. Without a guarantee of confidentiality, many patients would want to avoid seeking medical assistance The principle of confidentiality, how...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Papadodima SA,Spiliopoulou CA,Sakelliadis EI

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Moral Philosophy, Moral Expertise, and the Argument from Disagreement.

    abstract::Several recent articles have weighed in on the question of whether moral philosophers can be counted as moral experts. One argument denying this has been rejected by both sides of the debate. According to this argument, the extent of disagreement in modern moral philosophy prevents moral philosophers from being classi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cross B

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Wrongs, preferences, and the selection of children: a critique of Rebecca Bennett's argument against the principle of procreative beneficence.

    abstract::Rebecca Bennett, in a recent paper dismissing Julian Savulescu's principle of procreative beneficence, advances both a negative and a positive thesis. The negative thesis holds that the principle's theoretical foundation - the notion of impersonal harm or non-person-affecting wrong - is indefensible. Therefore, there ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herissone-Kelly P

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge and power in the clinical setting.

    abstract::In this paper we consider the three categories offered by Howard Brody for understanding power in medicine. In his book The Healer's Power, Brody separates out power in medicine into the categories of Aesculapian, Social, and Charismatic power. We examine these three categories and then apply them to a case. In this c...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McMillan J,Anderson L

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond accountability for reasonableness.

    abstract::This paper is a critique of Norman Daniels' and James Sabin's 'Accountability for Reasonableness' framework for making priority-setting decisions in health care in the face of widespread disagreement about values. Accountability for Reasonableness has been rapidly gaining worldwide acceptance, arguably to the point of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Friedman A

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Duties to stakeholders amidst pressures from shareholders: lessons from an advisory panel on transplant policy.

    abstract::The distinction between stakeholders and shareholders frequently employed in business ethics can illuminate challenges faced by a bioethics advisory panel. I use the distinction to reflect back on the work of an advisory panel on which I served, a panel on US transplant policy. The panel hearings were akin to a shareh...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mongoven AM

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Racist organ donors and saving lives.

    abstract::This paper considers what should be done about offers of organs for transplant that come with racist strings attached. Saving lives or improving their quality seem powerful reasons to accept the offer. Fairness, justice, and rejecting racism seem like powerful reasons against. This paper argues that conditional alloca...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilkinson TM

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Misunderstanding death on a respirator.

    abstract::As Tom Tomlinson's study indicates, there is considerable misunderstanding and confusion among physicians and nurses working in the area. Brain death is often not well-understood by healthcare professionals and hence inadequately explained to relatives, leaving them confused as to whether their loved-one is alive or ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tomlinson T

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prescribing Posttraumatic Growth.

    abstract::This article introduces questions in psychiatric ethics regarding the substantial field of qualitative and quantitative research into 'posttraumatic growth', which investigates how, after devastating experiences, individuals can come to feel that they have developed warmer relationships, increased spirituality, or a c...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harbin A

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • A pain in the fetus: toward ending confusion about fetal pain.

    abstract::Are fetuses, at any stage of their development, capable of feeling pain? In his paper, "Locating the Beginnings of Pain," Stuart Derbyshire argues that they are not. We argue that he reaches this conclusion by way of conceptual confusion, a misreading of the available scientific data and the inclusion of irrelevant da...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benatar D,Benatar M

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • An Eliminativist Approach to Vulnerability.

    abstract::The concept of vulnerability has been subject to numerous different interpretations but accounts are still beset with significant problems as to their adequacy, such as their contentious application or the lack of genuine explanatory role for the concept. The constant failure to provide a compelling conceptual analysi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wrigley A

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Narrative ARTifice and women's agency.

    abstract::The choice to pursue fertility treatments is a complex one. In this paper I explore the issues of choice, agency, and gender as they relate to assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). I argue that narrative approaches to bioethics such as those by Arthur Frank and Hilde Lindemann Nelson clarify judgments about auton...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalbian AH

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Defining core health services: the New Zealand experience.

    abstract::The New Zealand health service has been extensively changed over the past four years, with the introduction of four new Regional Health Authorities, required to purchase services on behalf of the Government from a range of providers. In order to ensure fairness across the four regions a Core Services Committee has bee...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell AV

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Does human genome editing reinforce or violate human dignity?

    abstract::Germline genome editing is often disapproved of at the international policy level because of its possible threats to human dignity. However, from a critical perspective the relationship between this emerging technology and human dignity is relatively understudied. We explore the main principles that are referred to wh...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Segers S,Mertes H

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • For your interest? The ethical acceptability of using non-invasive prenatal testing to test 'purely for information'.

    abstract::Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is an emerging form of prenatal genetic testing that provides information about the genetic constitution of a foetus without the risk of pregnancy loss as a direct result of the test procedure. As with other prenatal tests, information from NIPT can help to make a decision about te...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deans Z,Clarke AJ,Newson AJ

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Felicitometry: measuring the 'quality' in quality of life.

    abstract::Following Bernheim,(1) we examine aspects of 'felicitometrics,'(2) the measurement of the 'quality' term in Quality of Life (QOL). Bernheim argued that overall QOL is best captured as the Gestalt(3) of a global self-assessment and suggested that the Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) approach, in which subj...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kowalski C,Pennell S,Vinokur A

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Positioning uterus transplantation as a 'more ethical' alternative to surrogacy: Exploring symmetries between uterus transplantation and surrogacy through analysis of a Swedish government white paper.

    abstract::Within the ethics and science literature surrounding uterus transplantation (UTx), emphasis is often placed on the extent to which UTx might improve upon, or offer additional benefits when compared to, existing 'treatment options' for women with absolute uterine factor infertility, such as adoption and gestational sur...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guntram L,Williams NJ

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hastening death and the boundaries of the self.

    abstract::When applying moral principles to concrete cases, we assume a background shared understanding of the boundaries of the persons to whom the principles apply. In most contexts, this assumption is unproblematic. However, in end-of-life contexts, when patients are receiving 'artificial' life-support, judgments about where...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jansen LA

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Justification for conscience exemptions in health care.

    abstract::Some bioethicists argue that conscientious objectors in health care should have to justify themselves, just as objectors in the military do. They should have to provide reasons that explain why they should be exempt from offering the services that they find offensive. There are two versions of this view in the literat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kantymir L,McLeod C

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human cloning: category, dignity, and the role of bioethics.

    abstract::Human cloning has been simultaneously a running joke for massive worldwide publicity of fringe groups like the Raelians, and the core issue of an international movement at the United Nations in support of a treaty to ban the use of cloning techniques to produce a child (so called reproductive cloning). Yet, even thoug...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shuster E

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Counterfactual reasoning in surrogate decision making -- another look.

    abstract::Incompetent patients need to have someone else make decisions on their behalf. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard the surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Objections have been raised against this traditional construal of the sta...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johansson M,Broström L

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • The genesis of public health ethics.

    abstract::As bioethics emerged in the 1960s and 1970s and began to have enormous impacts on the practice of medicine and research--fuelled, by broad socio-political changes that gave rise to the struggles of women, African Americans, gay men and lesbians, and the antiauthoritarianism impulse that characterised the New Left in d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bayer R,Fairchild AL

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Moral philosophers are moral experts! A reply to David Archard.

    abstract::In his article 'Why Moral Philosophers Are Not and Should Not Be Moral Experts' David Archard attempts to show that his argument from common-sense morality is more convincing than other competing arguments in the debate. I examine his main line of argumentation and eventually refute his main argument in my reply. ...


    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Gordon JS

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00