Mild hypothermia attenuates circulatory and pulmonary dysfunction during experimental endotoxemia.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:We tested whether mild hypothermia impacts on circulatory and respiratory dysfunction during experimental endotoxemia. DESIGN:Randomized controlled prospective experimental study. SETTING:Large animal facility, Medical University of Graz, Austria. SUBJECTS:Thirteen anesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs. INTERVENTIONS:Lipopolysaccharide was administered for 4 hours. With the beginning of lipopolysaccharide infusion, animals were assigned to either normothermia (38°C, n = 7) or mild hypothermia (33°C, n = 6, intravascular cooling) and followed for 8 hours in total. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:At the end of the protocol, cardiac output was lower in mild hypothermia than in normothermia (4.5 ± 0.4 L/min vs 6.6 ± 0.4 L/min, p < 0.05), but systemic vascular resistance (885 ± 77 dyn·s/cm vs 531 ± 29 dyn·s/cm, p < 0.05) and (Equation is included in full-text article.)(77% ± 6% vs 54% ± 3%, p < 0.05) were higher. Indices of left ventricular contractility in vivo were not different between groups. The high-frequency band in spectral analysis of heart rate variability indicated a better preserved vagal autonomic modulation of sinuatrial node activity in mild hypothermia versus normothermia (87 ± 5 vs 47 ± 5, normalized units, p < 0.05). Plasma norepinephrine levels were elevated compared with baseline in normothermia (2.13 ± 0.27 log pg/mL vs 0.27 ± 0.17 log pg/mL, p < 0.05) but not in mild hypothermia (1.02 ± 0.31 vs 0.55 ± 0.26, p = not significant). At 38°C in vitro, left ventricular muscle strips isolated from the mild hypothermia group had a higher force response to isoproterenol. SaO2 (100% ± 0% vs 92% ± 3%, p < 0.05) and the oxygenation index (PO2/FIO2, 386 ± 52 mm Hg vs 132 ± 32 mm Hg, p < 0.05) were substantially higher in mild hypothermia versus normothermia. Plasma cytokine levels were not consistently different between groups (interleukin 10) or higher (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin 6 and 8) during mild hypothermia versus normothermia. CONCLUSION:The induction of mild hypothermia attenuates cardiac and respiratory dysfunction and counteracts sympathetic activation during experimental endotoxemia. This was not associated with lower plasma cytokine levels, indicating a reduction of cytokine responsiveness by mild hypothermia.

journal_name

Crit Care Med

journal_title

Critical care medicine

authors

Schwarzl M,Seiler S,Wallner M,von Lewinski D,Huber S,Maechler H,Steendijk P,Zelzer S,Truschnig-Wilders M,Obermayer-Pietsch B,Lueger A,Pieske BM,Post H

doi

10.1097/CCM.0b013e31829791da

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-12-01 00:00:00

pages

e401-10

issue

12

eissn

0090-3493

issn

1530-0293

journal_volume

41

pub_type

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