Investigating Differences Between Drugs Used in the Australian Night-Time Economy: Demographics, Substance Use, and Harm.


BACKGROUND:Understanding the characteristics of drug users in the night-time economy (NTE), and whether particular drugs are associated with risky practices and experience of harm, is necessary to inform targeted policy responses in this context. OBJECTIVES:To investigate the correlates of drugs used in the Australian NTE relating to demographics, alcohol use, and experience of harm. METHODS:Patrons were interviewed in the NTE of five Australian cities in 2012-2013 (n = 7,028; 61.9% male, median age 22 years). A custom designed survey gathered demographic data, alcohol, and substance use on the current night, and experience of harm in/around licensed venues in the past 3 months. Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined the correlates of drug use. RESULTS:Ecstasy was most commonly reported (4.0%), followed by cannabis (2.9%), methamphetamine (2.6%), and cocaine (1.6%). Ecstasy users were more likely to be younger and report energy drink consumption. Cannabis users were more likely to be male, and to have been involved in intoxication-related accidents/injuries and sexual aggression in/around licensed venues in the past 3 months. Methamphetamine users were more likely to have been interviewed later, and to have engaged in pre-drinking. Cocaine users were more likely to be male, aged 21 years or more, have a blood alcohol concentration of greater than 0.10%, and to have been involved in intoxication-related accidents/injuries in the past three months. Conclusions/Importance: We identified significant differences between types of drug users and the harms they experience, underscoring the need to develop innovative harm reduction policies in the NTE rather than blanket population-based approaches.


Subst Use Misuse


Substance use & misuse


Pennay A,Jenkinson R,Quinn B,Droste NT,Peacock A,Lubman DI,Miller PG




Has Abstract


2017-01-02 00:00:00












  • Assessing covariates of drug use trajectories among adolescents admitted to a drug addiction center: mental health problems, therapeutic alliance, and treatment persistence.

    abstract::This study aimed to assess covariates of drug use trajectories among 102 adolescents admitted to a drug user treatment program between November 2005 and November 2006 in Québec, Canada. The influences of mental health, therapeutic alliance, and treatment persistence were examined. The Addiction Severity Index was used...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bertrand K,Brunelle N,Richer I,Beaudoin I,Lemieux A,Ménard JM

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • A Novel Approach for Streamlining Delivery of Brief Motivational Interventions to Mandated College Students: Using Group and Individual Sessions Matched to Level of Risk.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mandated college students (those in violation of a campus alcohol policy) are heterogenous with respect to alcohol consumption. Thus, when universities consider required treatment for mandated students, one promising option is to match treatment intensity according to level of alcohol involvement. The presen...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernstein MH,Baird GL,Yusufov M,Mastroleo NR,Carey KB,Graney DD,Wood MD

    更新日期:2017-12-06 00:00:00

  • Ethnic differences in substance use and alcohol-use-related mortality among first generation migrants to England and Wales.

    abstract::Epidemiological studies among migrant ethnic groups are potentially important as a way to provide insight into the relative importance of genetic, cultural, and socioeconomic factors in the etiology of substance use disorders. This paper summarizes prior United Kingdom studies of the prevalence of substance-use-associ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harrison L,Sutton M,Gardiner E

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Netnography of Female Use of the Synthetic Growth Hormone CJC-1295: Pulses and Potions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Communal online folk pharmacology fuels the drive for short cuts in attaining muscle enhancement, fat loss, and youthful skin. OBJECTIVES:The study used "netnography" to explore female use of CJC-1295, a synthetic growth hormone analogue from the perspectives contained in Internet forum activity. METHODS:A...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Van Hout MC,Hearne E

    更新日期:2016-01-02 00:00:00

  • Substance Use Patterns Among Adolescents in Europe: A Latent Class Analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several researchers have investigated substance use patterns using a latent class analysis; however, hardly no studies exist on substance use patterns across countries. OBJECTIVES:Adolescent substance use patterns, demographic factors, and international differences in the prevalence of substance use pattern...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Göbel K,Scheithauer H,Bräker AB,Jonkman H,Soellner R

    更新日期:2016-07-28 00:00:00

  • The rules of drug taking: wine and poppy derivatives in the ancient world. III. Wine as an instrument of aggressive behavior and of ritual madness.

    abstract::Wine-induced facilitation of aggressive behavior was well known by the Ancients but, being considered a sign of cowardice, its exploitation on the battlefield was attributed to barbarians only. Aspects of drinking behavior considered particularly negative, such as drinking undiluted wine or getting drunk, were also at...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Nencini P

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • Race, coping strategies, and substance use behaviors: a preliminary analysis examining white and American Indian adolescents.

    abstract::The association between stress exposure and substance use has been the subject of numerous studies. However, no prior study has explored the role of coping strategies in moderating the stress-substance use association for American Indian adolescents. Our preliminary study of coping strategies and substance use among a...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McNulty Eitle T,Eitle D

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of inhalant (whitener) use among street children in a South Indian city.

    abstract::A cross-sectional study was conducted in the year 2008 among 174 children in observation homes in Hyderabad, India, to estimate the distribution of inhalant (whitener) use among this population. Data were collected using an instrument developed for this purpose. About 61% of the children were boys and their mean age w...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Praveen D,Maulik PK,Raghavendra B,Khan M,Guggilla RK,Bhatia P

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Development and longitudinal test of an instrument to measure behavioral stages of smoking initiation.

    abstract::A dearth of longitudinal research has been observed regarding the measurement of the behavioral process of adolescent smoking initiation. The present study operationalizes the leading model on the process of smoking initiation, including two stages of nonpersistent smoking behavior that were previously unlabelled. An ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kremers SP,Mudde AN,de Vries H

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Natural recovery in a community-based sample of alcoholics: study design and descriptive data.

    abstract::The majority of alcoholics who recover do so without the benefit of treatment, yet little is known about these individuals and the factors associated with their success. A better understanding is needed of the self-initiated and maintained change processes ("natural recovery") associated with such recoveries. In the c...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell M,Peirce RS,Chan AW,Wieczorek WF,Moscato BS,Nochajski TH

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Can fantasizing while listening to music play a protective role against the influences of sensation seeking and peers on adolescents' substance use?

    abstract::"The combination of music and drugs proved to be potent, and scientific research has yet to explain it" (Levitin, 2008, p. 74; The World in Six Songs). This study examined if fantasizing while listening to music could represent a potential protective factor against adolescent substance use (cigarette, alcohol, a...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miranda D,Gaudreau P,Morizot J,Fallu JS

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recovery: with and without self-help.

    abstract::Although self-help/mutual-help groups, like Alcoholics Anonymous, are important factors in the recovery of many chemically dependent individuals, the large dropout rates from such groups and the awareness that many who drop out do not return to dependent behavior raises interesting questions about other paths to susta...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Godlaski TM,Leukefeld C,Cloud R

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Big five personality traits and interpersonal functioning in female and male substance abuse therapists.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to investigate whether gender differences occur in personality traits or interpersonal functioning among substance abuse therapists in the same way as they do on population level. The subjects (N = 162) were therapists in Finnish inpatient treatment institutions. Female therapists (N = 119...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saarnio P

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Using Bayesian space-time models to understand the substance use environment and risk for being referred to child protective services.

    abstract::Parental substance misuse has often been cited as a cause of children being referred for investigation of child abuse and neglect. Research on how the substance use environment might affect this relationship is still in its infancy with primarily only cross-sectional studies finding a positive relationship of alcohol ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freisthler B,Weiss RE

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Chapter 8. An indigenous narrative of resilience: Malama ko Aloha.

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    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson JL,Beamer K

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual Orientation Disparities in the Use of Emerging Drugs.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goldbach JT,Mereish EH,Burgess C

    更新日期:2017-01-28 00:00:00

  • Pharmacotherapy of alcohol use disorders.

    abstract::Therapeutic interventions to treat alcoholism have increased in number, including several pharmacotherapies. Aspects of epidemiology, gender, and psychiatric comorbidity as well as a brief overview of neurobiology are presented as an introduction. The medications used clinically for the treatment of alcoholism, disulf...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Buonopane A,Petrakis IL

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Benzodiazepines consumption: does dependence vary with age?

    abstract::We have compared two groups of chronic benzodiazepines (or zolpidem/zopiclone) users: "Seniors," aged 65 years or more, and "Adults," aged less than 65 years. The study took place in the Pays de Loire region. The questionnaire assesses dependence based on items from the DSM-IV. The analysis was based on 176 Senior que...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gérardin M,Victorri-Vigneau C,Guerlais M,Guillou-Landreat M,Grall-Bronnec M,Jolliet P

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cocaine Addiction Treatment and Home Remedies: Use of the Scopolamine Transdermal Patch.

    abstract::Recently, there has been an enormous increase in the number of people seeking treatment for cocaine addiction. Fifteen male cocaine users aged 20-30 years who requested hair analysis from our forensic toxicology laboratory (Perugia, Italy) from March to June 2012, reported using scopolamine without medical supervision...

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    authors: Gambelunghe C,Bacci M,Aroni K,De Falco F,Ayroldi EM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Volatile substance misuse in the United States.

    abstract::Volatile substance misuse (VSM) is prevalent in the United States and associated with manifold deleterious outcomes. This review summarizes research on: (1) the prevalence of VSM in the United States and its trends since 1975, (2) population subgroups at an elevated risk for VSM, (3) key correlates of VSM, (4) psychos...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garland EL,Howard MO,Vaughn MG,Perron BE

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Selected community characteristics and underage drinking.

    abstract::This study assessed the relationship between community characteristics and alcohol use among 6,636 youth, aged from 14 to 20, in 2004. After adjusting for individual-level characteristics, youth from communities with a greater proportion of grandparents as caregivers, larger numbers of married couple families, and hig...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Song EY,Reboussin BA,Foley KL,Kaltenbach LA,Wagoner KG,Wolfson M

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of Online-Only Friends on the Substance Use of Young Adults with a History of Childhood Maltreatment.

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    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Negriff S

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • New toxics, new poverty: a social understanding of the freebase cocaine/Paco in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    abstract::Included within the field of research on changes in drug use patterns and vulnerability are conditions of emergency related to economic crisis, wars, and political conflict. This study addresses the complex connections between the rapid propagation of freebase cocaine (FBC)-locally known as "pasta base" or "Paco" in A...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

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    authors: Epele ME

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mind the gap! Failure in understanding key dimensions of a drug user's life.

    abstract::This article discusses the failure to succeed in the treatment of the heterogeneous population of substance users, in terms of too little, or a total absence of, necessary available knowledge from an ethnographic perspective of the user's mental geographies. I suggest three dimensions that are critical to be knowledge...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hellman M

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual victimization in female and male college students: examining the roles of alcohol use, alcohol expectancies, and sexual sensation seeking.

    abstract::Alcohol and alcohol expectancies relate to sexual victimization. The present study examined these links in a sample of 407 predominantly Hispanic male and female college students, along the Mexico-US border. The study also examined the independent contribution of sexual sensation seeking to the prediction of victimiza...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monks SM,Tomaka J,Palacios R,Thompson SE

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Associations with substance abuse treatment completion among drug court participants.

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    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown R

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Demographic Trends of Adults in New York City Opioid Treatment Programs--An Aging Population.

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    authors: Han B,Polydorou S,Ferris R,Blaum CS,Ross S,McNeely J

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of craving self-report measurement on desire for heroin in opioid dependent individuals.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: de Jong CA,Gongora VC,Engelhardt P,Breteler MH

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magura S,Staines GL

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Association of Physical Activity with Alcohol Abuse and Dependence in a Nationally-Representative U.S. Sample.

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    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Damian AJ,Mendelson T

    更新日期:2017-11-10 00:00:00