E-cigarettes and National Adolescent Cigarette Use: 2004-2014.


BACKGROUND:E-cigarette use is rapidly increasing among adolescents in the United States, with some suggesting that e-cigarettes are the cause of declining youth cigarette smoking. We hypothesized that the decline in youth smoking changed after e-cigarettes arrived on the US market in 2007. METHODS:Data were collected by using cross-sectional, nationally representative school-based samples of sixth- through 12th-graders from 2004-2014 National Youth Tobacco Surveys (samples ranged from 16 614 in 2013 to 25 324 in 2004). Analyses were conducted by using interrupted time series of ever (≥1 puff) and current (last 30 days) cigarette smoking. Logistic regression was used to identify psychosocial risk factors associated with cigarette smoking in the 2004-2009 samples; this model was then applied to estimate the probability of cigarette smoking among cigarette smokers and e-cigarette users in the 2011-2014 samples. RESULTS:Youth cigarette smoking decreased linearly between 2004 and 2014 (P = .009 for ever smoking and P = .05 for current smoking), with no significant change in this trend after 2009 (P = .57 and .23). Based on the psychosocial model of smoking, including demographic characteristics, willingness to wear clothing with a tobacco logo, living with a smoker, likelihood of smoking in the next year, likelihood of smoking cigarettes from a friend, and use of tobacco products other than cigarettes or e-cigarettes, the model categorized <25% of current e-cigarette-only users (between 11.0% in 2012 and 23.1% in 2013) as current smokers. CONCLUSIONS:The introduction of e-cigarettes was not associated with a change in the linear decline in cigarette smoking among youth. E-cigarette-only users would be unlikely to have initiated tobacco product use with cigarettes.






Dutra LM,Glantz SA




Has Abstract


2017-02-01 00:00:00












  • Diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media: an assessment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess compliance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) evidence-based guidelines for the judicious use of antimicrobials in children with acute otitis media (AOM). METHODS:Compliance with CDC's recommended diagnostic criteria and antimicrobial treatments for management of AOM was asse...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garbutt J,Jeffe DB,Shackelford P

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between periventricular intraparenchymal echodensities and germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage in the very low birth weight neonate.

    abstract::The pathogenesis of the periventricular intraparenchymal echodense lesion (IPE) observed in association with germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH) in premature neonates is unclear. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the temporal characteristics of GM-IVH and IPE, (2) the basic characteri...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perlman JM,Rollins N,Burns D,Risser R

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • Echocardiographic predictors of outcome in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Despite new treatments, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) still has high mortality. The aim of this study was to identify echocardiographic predictors of outcome in newborns with an isolated CDH. METHODS:We reviewed medical charts and echocardiograms of 40 newborns who presented with CDH in the first 24 ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suda K,Bigras JL,Bohn D,Hornberger LK,McCrindle BW

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Screen Violence and Youth Behavior.

    abstract::Violence in screen entertainment media (ie, television, film, video games, and the Internet), defined as depictions of characters (or players) trying to physically harm other characters (or players), is ubiquitous. The Workgroup on Media Violence and Violent Video Games reviewed numerous meta-analyses and other releva...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Anderson CA,Bushman BJ,Bartholow BD,Cantor J,Christakis D,Coyne SM,Donnerstein E,Brockmyer JF,Gentile DA,Green CS,Huesmann R,Hummer T,Krahé B,Strasburger VC,Warburton W,Wilson BJ,Ybarra M

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Economic evaluation of the US Environmental Protection Agency's SunWise program: sun protection education for young children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The SunWise School Program is a school-based sun safety education program that was developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency and aims to teach children how to protect themselves from overexposure to the sun. The objectives of this study were to assess the health benefits of the SunWise School Progra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kyle JW,Hammitt JK,Lim HW,Geller AC,Hall-Jordan LH,Maibach EW,De Fabo EC,Wagner MC

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Toxicity of over-the-counter cough and cold medications.

    abstract::Over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medications are marketed widely for relief of common cold symptoms, and yet studies have failed to demonstrate a benefit of these medications for young children. In addition, OTC medications can be associated with significant morbidity and even mortality in both acute overdoses an...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunn VL,Taha SH,Liebelt EL,Serwint JR

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms in nonresident african american fathers and involvement with their sons.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our objective was to determine whether paternal depressive symptoms were associated with less father involvement among African American fathers not living with their children (ie, nonresident fathers). METHODS:We analyzed survey data for 345 fathers enrolled in a program for nonresident African American fath...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis RN,Caldwell CH,Clark SJ,Davis MM

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • The use of a crystalline amino acid mixture for parenteral nutrition in low-birth-weight infants.

    abstract::Thirty-six preterm, sick, low-birth-weight neonates were given either total or partial parenteral nutrition. The patients were divided into three groups according to their birth weights: group A -less than 1,000 gm, 12 patients: group B--between 1,000 and 1,500 gm, 15 patients: group C--more than 1,500 gm, 9 patients....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meng HC,Stahlman MT,Otten A,Dolanski EA,Caldwell MD,O'Neill JA

    更新日期:1977-05-01 00:00:00

  • The associations of suicide attempts in adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Suicide completion has increased in the United States among 15- to 24-year-olds from 4.5 per 100 000 (1950) to 13.2 per 100 000 (1990). Suicide attempts have been found to be associated with depression, substance use, overall number of life stressors, gender, and impulsive behaviors. We hypothesized that suic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woods ER,Lin YG,Middleman A,Beckford P,Chase L,DuRant RH

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Outpatient Rehabilitation for Medicaid-Insured Children Hospitalized With Traumatic Brain Injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the prevalence of postdischarge outpatient rehabilitation among Medicaid-insured children hospitalized with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify factors associated with receipt of services. METHODS:Retrospective cohort of children <21 years, hospitalized for a TBI between 2007 and 2012...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jimenez N,Symons RG,Wang J,Ebel BH,Vavilala MS,Buchwald D,Temkin N,Jaffe KM,Rivara FP

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Practitioner policies and beliefs and practice immunization rates: a study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings and the National Medical Association.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify vaccination policies and beliefs associated with practice immunization rates (PIR) among office-based pediatricians. METHODS:Primary care pediatricians recruited from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) network of the American Academy of Pediatrics or the Pediatric Section of the Nat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor JA,Darden PM,Brooks DA,Hendricks JW,Baker AE,Wasserman RC

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of COVID-19 Among Children in China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify the epidemiological characteristics and transmission patterns of pediatric patients with the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China. METHODS:Nationwide case series of 2135 pediatric patients with COVID-19 reported to the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention from January 1...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dong Y,Mo X,Hu Y,Qi X,Jiang F,Jiang Z,Tong S

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Difficult Family Relationships, Residential Greenspace, and Childhood Asthma.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Both the social environment and the physical environment are increasingly recognized as important to childhood diseases such as asthma. This study tested a novel hypothesis: that living in areas high in greenspace may help buffer the effects of difficult family relationships for children with ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen E,Miller GE,Shalowitz MU,Story RE,Levine CS,Hayen R,Sbihi H,Brauer M

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in Smoking Behaviors Among US Adolescent Cigarette Smokers.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Identifying trends in smoking behaviors among youth cigarette smokers could inform youth policy and interventions. METHODS:Using 2011-2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey data, logistic/linear regressions were used to analyze trends in smoking frequency, intensity, age of first cigarette use, and electronic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Azagba S,Manzione L,Shan L,King J

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Improvement of short- and long-term outcomes for very low birth weight infants: Edmonton NIDCAP trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our objective was to determine the impact of Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP)-based care on length of stay of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Secondary outcome measures were days of ventilation, incidence of chronic lung disease, and 18-month neurodevelopmental o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Peters KL,Rosychuk RJ,Hendson L,Coté JJ,McPherson C,Tyebkhan JM

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term pulmonary sequelae in children who were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for neonatal respiratory failure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving therapy for neonates with intractable respiratory failure, but the long-term pulmonary outcome is unknown. Our aim was to investigate the long-term pulmonary sequelae of these children. STUDY DESIGN:We studied 50 children at 11.1 +/- 1.1 years (mean...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamutcu R,Nield TA,Garg M,Keens TG,Platzker AC

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Relative efficacy of an incubator and an open warmer in producing thermoneutrality for the small premature infant.

    abstract::To determine which warming system more closely approximates a neutral thermal environment, the oxygen consumption of 16 premature babies, weighing less than 1,500 gm each, was measured in a convectively heated incubator and under an open radiant warmer. Both systems were controlled to maintain a skin temperature of 36...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: LeBlanc MH

    更新日期:1982-04-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in environmentally related childhood illnesses.

    abstract::Tracking incidence or prevalence of diseases and using that information to target interventions is a well-established strategy for improving public health. The need to track environmentally mediated chronic diseases is increasingly recognized. Trends in childhood illnesses are 1 element of a framework for children's e...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Woodruff TJ,Axelrad DA,Kyle AD,Nweke O,Miller GG,Hurley BJ

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • CHARGE (coloboma, heart defect, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genital hypoplasia, ear anomalies/deafness) syndrome and chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a comparison of immunologic and nonimmunologic phenotypic features.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:CHARGE (coloboma, heart defect, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, genital hypoplasia, ear anomalies/deafness) syndrome and chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome are known to have significant clinical overlap including cardiac anomalies, ear abnormalities, hearing loss, developmental delay, ren...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jyonouchi S,McDonald-McGinn DM,Bale S,Zackai EH,Sullivan KE

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescents.

    abstract::Consensus has recently been reached by international pediatric subspecialty societies that otherwise unexplained persistent hyperandrogenic anovulation using age- and stage-appropriate standards are appropriate diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. The purpose of this review is to su...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rosenfield RL

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal Intellectual or Developmental Disability and Newborn Discharge to Protective Services.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Approximately half of women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) lose custody of their children at some point in their child's development, but their rates of and risk factors for newborn discharge to child protective services from the birth hospitalization are relatively unknown. METHODS...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown HK,Potvin LA,Lunsky Y,Vigod SN

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of pediatric and adolescent patients attending a naturopathic college clinic in Canada.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown substantially in North America and has drawn the attention of conventional-medicine practitioners. Conventional-medicine practitioners have expressed concern about the potential for unregulated CAM therapies to cause harm, the sometimes-uncert...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson K,Busse JW,Gilchrist A,Vohra S,Boon H,Mills E

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Children, adolescents, obesity, and the media.

    abstract::Obesity has become a worldwide public health problem. Considerable research has shown that the media contribute to the development of child and adolescent obesity, although the exact mechanism remains unclear. Screen time may displace more active pursuits, advertising of junk food and fast food increases children's re...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Council on Communications and Media.,Strasburger VC

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Unexplained reduced microbiological efficacy of intramuscular benzathine penicillin G and of oral penicillin V in eradication of group a streptococci from children with acute pharyngitis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of oral penicillin V and intramuscular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) in eradicating group A streptococci from the upper respiratory tract. METHODOLOGY:Two randomized, single-blind, multicenter antibiotic efficacy trials in children using recommended doses of either oral penicillin V ...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Kaplan EL,Johnson DR

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Medically uninsured children in the United States: a challenge to public policy.

    abstract::This article is an examination of the nature and extent of the problem presented by medically uninsured children in the United States. First, the characteristics of the uninsured population are explored with a description of how age, family income, and employment status disproportionately affect families with children...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oberg CN

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • Albuterol protects against exercise-induced asthma longer than metaproterenol sulfate.

    abstract::Both metaproterenol sulfate and albuterol are inhaled medications commonly used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Their efficacy and duration of action in controlling exercise-induced bronchospasm were compared with placebo in 18 asthmatic children (age range: 12 to 17 years) in a single-blind randomized cross...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Berkowitz R,Schwartz E,Bukstein D,Grunstein M,Chai H

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring emergency contraception knowledge, prescription practices, and barriers to prescription for adolescents in the emergency department.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of emergency medicine physicians who had prescribed emergency contraception pills to adolescents, to identify potential barriers to emergency contraception pill prescription for adolescents, and to assess physician knowledge of emergency contraception p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goyal M,Zhao H,Mollen C

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood urolithiasis: experiences and advances.

    abstract::Between June 1979 and June 1989, 54 children with urolithiasis were evaluated and treated at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center. The most common symptoms were flank or abdominal pain (58%) and gross hematuria (28%). In 46 children (86%), stones were secondary to a preexisting condition and in only 8 (14%) no apparent...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gearhart JP,Herzberg GZ,Jeffs RD

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Slow-release terbutaline and theophylline for the long-term therapy of children with asthma: a Latin square and factorial study of drug effects and interactions.

    abstract::To evaluate the long-term effects of slow-release formulations of theophylline and terbutaline on pulmonary function, clinical symptoms, and side effects, 24 children with stable and moderately severe perennial asthma participated in a prospective double-blind cross-over study. The patients and the treatments were ran...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chow OK,Fung KP

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of male genital abnormalities: a population study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We conducted genital health wellness screens in male kindergarten children between the ages of 3 and 6 years to assess the incidence of congenital abnormalities and their treatment. METHODS:We performed genital examinations on 2241 male children in 8 kindergartens. We screened for 4 conditions: phimosis, hy...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wan S,Wang Y,Gu S

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00